Today's Science News

Thursday, April 2, 2015

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from universities, journals, and other organizations

New Instrument Dates Old Skeleton Before 'Lucy'; 'Little Foot' 3.67 Million Years Old

Apr. 1, 2015 — A skeleton named Little Foot is among the oldest hominid skeletons ever dated at 3.67 million years old, according to an advanced dating method. Little Foot is a rare, nearly complete skeleton of ... full story

Mystery Galaxies: Astronomers Discover Likely Precursors of Galaxy Clusters We See Today

Mar. 30, 2015 — Observations made with two space observatories, Herschel and Planck, reveal glimpses into how today's galaxies came to be. Using one-of-a-kind instrumentation, astronomers were able to study ... full story

Intelligent Neuroprostheses Mimic Natural Motor Control

Mar. 30, 2015 — Neuroscientists are taking inspiration from natural motor control to design new prosthetic devices that can better replace limb function. Researchers have tested a range of brain-controlled devices ... full story

Earthlike 'Star Wars' Tatooines May Be Common

Mar. 30, 2015 — Luke Skywalker's home in "Star Wars" is the desert planet Tatooine, with twin sunsets because it orbits two stars. So far, only uninhabitable gas-giant planets have been identified ... full story

Earliest Humans Had Diverse Range of Body Types, Just as We Do Today

Mar. 26, 2015 — New research harnessing fragmentary fossils suggests our genus has come in different shapes and sizes since its origins over two million years ago, and adds weight to the idea that humans began to ... full story

Experimental Ebola Vaccine Safe, Prompts Immune Response

Apr. 1, 2015 — An early-stage clinical trial of an experimental Ebola vaccine found that the vaccine, called VSV-ZEBOV, was safe and elicited robust antibody responses in all 40 of the healthy adults who received ... full story

Failed Synchronization of the Womb's Clock With Mother's Body Clock Critical in Miscarriages

Apr. 1, 2015 — If you are trying to have a baby, a good night's sleep is more important than ever. A new research report shows that the womb has its own 'body clock' that needs to synchronize with ... full story

How We Hear Distance: Echoes Are Essential for Humans to Perceive How Far Away a Sound Is

Apr. 1, 2015 — Mammals are good at figuring out which direction a sound is coming from, whether it's a predator breathing down our necks or a baby crying for its mother. But how we judge how far away that ... full story

Quantum Teleportation on a Chip: Significant Step Towards Ultra-High Speed Quantum Computers

Apr. 1, 2015 — The core circuits of quantum teleportation, which generate and detect quantum entanglement, have been successfully integrated into a photonic chip by an international team of scientists. These ... full story

Polar Bears Unlikely to Thrive on Land-Based Foods

Apr. 1, 2015 — Polar bears, increasingly forced on shore due to sea ice loss, may be eating terrestrial foods including berries, birds and eggs, but any nutritional gains are limited to a few individuals and likely ... full story

Springing Ahead of Nature: Device Increases Walking Efficiency

Apr. 1, 2015 — It's taken millions of years for humans to perfect the art of walking. But research results show that humans can get better 'gas mileage' using an unpowered exoskeleton to modify the ... full story

Mice Sing Like Songbirds to Woo Mates

Apr. 1, 2015 — Male mice sing ultrasonic vocalizations beyond human hearing to seduce females, according to a new study. The male's loud, more complex hailing song is replaced by a softer, simpler song when ... full story

Oxygen-Depleted Toxic Oceans Had Key Role in Mass Extinction Over 200 Million Years Ago

Apr. 1, 2015 — Changes in the biochemical balance of the ocean were a crucial factor in the end-Triassic mass extinction, during which half of all plant, animal and marine life on Earth perished, according to new ... full story

Worm Lizards Dispersed by 'Rafting' Over Oceans, Not Continental Drift

Mar. 31, 2015 — Tiny, burrowing reptiles known as worm lizards became widespread long after the breakup of the continents, leading scientists to conclude that they must have dispersed by rafting across oceans soon ... full story

Tiny Songbird Discovered to Migrate Non-Stop, 1,500 Miles Over the Atlantic

Mar. 31, 2015 — For the first time biologists report 'irrefutable evidence' that tiny blackpoll warblers complete a nonstop flight from about 1,410 to 1,721 miles (2,270 to 2,770 km) in just two to three ... full story

Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

California Unveils Historic Water Restrictions Over Drought

California Unveils Historic Water Restrictions Over Drought

AFP (Apr. 1, 2015) — California announced sweeping state-wide water restrictions for the first time in history Wednesday in order to combat the region's devastating drought, the worst since records began. Duration: 00:36 Video provided by AFP
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7-Year-Old Girl Gets 3-D Printed 'robohand'

7-Year-Old Girl Gets 3-D Printed 'robohand'

AP (Mar. 31, 2015) — Although she never had much interest in prosthetic limbs before, Faith Lennox couldn't wait to slip on her new robohand. The 7-year-old, who lost part of her left arm when she was a baby, grabbed it as soon as it came off a 3-D printer. (March 31) Video provided by AP
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The Universe Could Be Full Of Tatooine Sunsets

The Universe Could Be Full Of Tatooine Sunsets

Newsy (Mar. 30, 2015) — University of Utah researchers say mathematical simulations show small, rocky planets, like Tatooine from "Star Wars," can form in dual-star systems. Video provided by Newsy
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Ancient Egyptian Beer Making Vessels Discovered in Israel

Ancient Egyptian Beer Making Vessels Discovered in Israel

AFP (Mar. 30, 2015) — Fragments of pottery used by Egyptians to make beer and dating back 5,000 years have been discovered on a building site in Tel Aviv, the Israeli Antiquities Authority said on Sunday. Duration: 00:51 Video provided by AFP
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last updated on 2015-04-02 at 4:03 am EDT

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Common Cholesterol Drug Stimulates the Same Receptors as Marijuana

Apr. 1, 2015 — If you want the benefits of medical marijuana without the 'unwanted side effects' of cannabis, new research should leave you on a high note. According to a research, fenofibrate, also known by the ... full story

Low Testosterone Not Just in Males: Testosterone, Atherosclerosis and Obesity May Be Linked in Females

Apr. 1, 2015 — While testosterone replacement therapies may be controversial in males, new research may extend this controversy to females too. That's because research involving mice suggests that there is an ... full story

Computer Model Predicts How Our Livers Will Store Fat

Apr. 1, 2015 — As part of an effort to understand how an experimental drug for atherosclerosis causes the build-up of fat in the liver, scientists have developed a computer model that can predict how the rate at ... full story

Lethal Prostate Cancer Can Spread from Other Metastatic Sites, Study Affirms

Apr. 1, 2015 — A new genomic analysis of tissue from patients with prostate cancer has added more evidence that cells within metastases from such tumors can migrate to other body parts and form new sites of spread ... full story

'Firefly' Mechanism Makes Cancer Studies More Efficient, Less Expensive

Apr. 1, 2015 — The mechanism that makes fireflies glow through a process called bioluminescence can be used to study tumor response to therapy as well, researchers have found. Bioluminescence has a major role in ... full story

Eyeliner Application May Cause Eye Problems, Study Finds

Apr. 1, 2015 — People who apply eyeliner on the inner eyelid run the risk of contaminating the eye and causing vision trouble, according to research. This is the first study to prove that particles from pencil ... full story

Researchers 'Smell' New Receptors That Could Underlie the Many Actions of the Anesthetic Drug Ketamine

Apr. 1, 2015 — Researchers are continuing their work in trying to understand the mechanisms through which anesthetics work to elicit the response that puts millions of Americans to sleep for surgeries each day. ... full story

Presence of Heart Pouch May Explain Strokes of Unknown Origin, Study Finds

Apr. 1, 2015 — A pouchlike structure inside the heart's left atrial chamber in some people may explain strokes that otherwise lack an identifiable cause, according to researchers. Stroke is the leading cause of ... full story

Predicting Chronic Pain in Whiplash Injuries

Apr. 1, 2015 — While most people recover from whiplash injuries within a few months, about 25 percent have long-term pain and disability for many months or years. Using special MRI imaging, scientists identified, ... full story

Migrating Immune Cells Promote Nerve Cell Demise in the Brain

Apr. 1, 2015 — The death of dopamine-producing nerve cells in a certain region of the brain is the principal cause underlying Parkinson's disease. In mice, it is possible to simulate the Parkinson's symptoms using ... full story

Antioxidant Therapy May Have Promising Potential in Concussion Treatment

Apr. 1, 2015 — Antioxidants may play a key role in reducing the long-term effects of concussions and could potentially offer a unique new approach for treatment, a new study suggests. Common among athletes and ... full story

Phone Counseling Reduces Pain, Disability After Back Surgery

Apr. 1, 2015 — Having a short series of phone conversations with trained counselors can substantially boost recovery and reduce pain in patients after spinal surgery, a new study shows. The phone calls, designed to ... full story

Study of Brain Networks Shows Differences in Children With OCD

Apr. 1, 2015 — Communication between some of the brain's most important centers is altered in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder, a new study shows. The results are highly consistent with observations in ... full story

Mighty Microexons Take Center Stage in Shaping of the Brain

Apr. 1, 2015 — Complex brain disorders, such as autism or schizophrenia, still puzzle scientists because their causes lie hidden in early events of brain development, which are still poorly understood. This is ... full story

Depression Often Co-Occurs With Joint Diseases

Apr. 1, 2015 — Depression is one of the leading health risks and affects 350 million people worldwide. Roughly one third of the participants in a recent study who were suffering from depression also suffered from ... full story

Interview Blues: Anxious, Slow Talkers Often Do Not Get the Job

Apr. 1, 2015 — Job candidates should focus on exuding warmth and assertiveness, a new study says. Researchers offer a few tips for those who are worried that their nerves might stand between them and acing their ... full story

Well-Designed Classrooms Can Boost Learning Progress in Primary School Pupils by Up to 16% in a Single Year, Research Reveals

Apr. 1, 2015 — Clear evidence has now been gathered that well-designed primary school classrooms boost children's learning progress in reading, writing and math. Natural light, temperature, air quality, color and ... full story

Insight Creates New Memories in the Brain

Apr. 1, 2015 — Scientists have visualized - for the first time - how the brain recombines memories of past events when these are complemented by new ... full story

Poses of Power Are Less Powerful Than We Thought

Apr. 1, 2015 — Hands pressed to the hips or perhaps leaning back with arms crossed behind the head are typical poses of power. Referred to power poses or high status gestures in technical jargon, they are assumed ... full story

Neuroscientists Call for Immediate Action to Determine the Dangers and Benefits of Cognitive-Enhancing Drug Use in Healthy People

Mar. 31, 2015 — The government, pharmaceutical industry, and national medical organizations need to work together to look at the harms and benefits of long-term use of cognitive-enhancing drugs by healthy ... full story

ActiveGuard Mattress Liners Reduce Bed Bugs' Ability to Lay Eggs, Study Finds

Apr. 1, 2015 — Entomologists have found that bed bugs exposed to permethrin-impregnated ActiveGuard Mattress Liners are significantly less likely to take bloodmeals and to lay eggs -- even in pyrethroid-resistant ... full story

Cultivating Timeflow: Can Consumers Shape How They Experience Time?

Mar. 31, 2015 — Why does time seem to crawl if you're waiting in line at the post office, but hours can fly by in minutes when you're doing something fun? A new study examines the factors that determine how ... full story

Physician Recommendations Result in Greater Weight Loss

Mar. 31, 2015 — Patients advised to lose weight by their physicians dropped more pounds on average than those who didn't receive a recommendation, according to new research. Using a national data set from the ... full story

Age Matters: Discovering Why Antidepressants Don't Work Well for Kids

Mar. 31, 2015 — A new study had researchers seeking answers to why the therapeutic benefit afforded by SSRIs was so limited in children and teenagers. If researchers can uncover the biological mechanisms preventing ... full story

Early Education Narrows the Achievement Gap With Younger Starts and Longer Stays

Mar. 31, 2015 — New research reveals high-quality early education is especially advantageous for children when they start younger and continue longer. Not only does more high-quality early education significantly ... full story

History of Depression Puts Women at Risk for Diabetes During Pregnancy, Study Finds

Mar. 31, 2015 — A history of depression may put women at risk for developing diabetes during pregnancy, according to research. This study also pointed to how common depression is during pregnancy and the need for ... full story

Score! Video Gamers May Learn Visual Tasks More Quickly

Mar. 31, 2015 — Video games not only sharpen the visual processing skills of frequent players, they might also improve the brain's ability to learn those skills, according to a new study. Gamers showed faster ... full story

Poor Behavior Linked to Time Spent Playing Video Games, Not the Games Played

Mar. 31, 2015 — Children who play video games for more than three hours a day are more likely to be hyperactive, get involved in fights and not be interested in school, says a new study. It examined the effects of ... full story

What Makes a Child Feel Unsafe in Their Neighborhood?

Mar. 31, 2015 — Differences in the way children and adults perceive the world extend to their sense of safety in their social and physical environments and this in turn can impact their health, say researchers. ... full story

Internet Searches Create Illusion of Personal Knowledge, Research Finds

Mar. 31, 2015 — Searching the Internet for information may make people feel smarter than they actually are, according to new research. In a series of experiments, participants who searched for information on the ... full story

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How Long Do Firms Live? Finding Patterns of Company Mortality in Market Data

Apr. 1, 2015 — New research reveals a surprising insight: publicly-traded firms die off at the same rate regardless of their age or economic ... full story

Where No Smartphone Has Gone Before

Apr. 1, 2015 — Star Trek's 'Tricorder' was an essential tool, a multifunctional hand-held device used to sense, compute, and record data in a threatening and unpredictable universe -- and it's no longer completely ... full story

Light-Powered Gyroscope Is World's Smallest: Promises a Powerful Spin on Navigation

Apr. 1, 2015 — A new detection scheme that may lead to the world's smallest gyroscope has been uncovered by scientists. More than creative learning toys, gyroscopes are indispensable components in a number of ... full story

Combining Magnetism and Light to Fight Cancer

Apr. 1, 2015 — By combining, in a liposome, magnetic nanoparticles and photosensitizers that are simultaneously and remotely activated by external physical stimuli (a magnetic field and light), scientists obtained ... full story

New Pain Relief Delivery Method Discovered

Apr. 1, 2015 — A new drug release gel, which may help avoid some of the side effects of painkillers such as ibuprofen and naproxen, has been developed by chemists looking for a way of eliminating the adverse ... full story

Skin Tough: Why Skin Is Resistant to Tearing

Mar. 31, 2015 — Researchers have recorded the first direct observations of the micro-scale mechanisms behind the ability of skin to resist tearing. The results could be applied to the improvement of artificial skin, ... full story

Daily Dam Releases on Massachusetts' Deerfield River Reduce Downstream Flows

Mar. 31, 2015 — In the first-of-its-kind study of the environmental effects of hydropeaking, that is releasing water at hydropower dams to meet peak daily electricity demand, two researchers say their unexpected ... full story

Soft, Energy-Efficient Robotic Wings

Mar. 31, 2015 — Researchers have discovered a new resonance phenomenon in a dielectric elastomer rotary joint that can make the artificial joint bend up and down, like a flapping ... full story

Wobbly No More: Work on Analogical Processing Helps Children Learn Key Engineering Principle

Mar. 31, 2015 — Children love to build things. Often half the fun for them is building something and then knocking it down. But in a new study children had just as much fun learning how to keep their masterpieces ... full story

A Robot Prepared for Self-Awareness: Expanded Software Architecture for Walking Robot Hector

Mar. 31, 2015 — A year ago, researchers showed that their software endowed the walking robot Hector with a simple form of consciousness. Their new research goes one step further: they have now developed a software ... full story

Astronomers Solve Decades-Long Mystery of the Lonely Old Stars

Apr. 1, 2015 — Many, perhaps most, stars in the Universe live their lives with companions by their sides – in so-called binary systems. Until recently, however, the ancient RR Lyrae stars appeared, for ... full story

ALMA Disentangles Complex Birth of Giant Stars

Mar. 31, 2015 — Astronomers have conducted observations of the massive-star forming region IRAS 16547-4247. The observation results shows the presence of multiple, or at least two, gas outflows from a protostar, ... full story

As Stars Form, Magnetic Fields Influence Regions Big and Small

Mar. 30, 2015 — Stars form when gravity pulls together material within giant clouds of gas and dust. But gravity isn't the only force at work. Both turbulence and magnetic fields battle gravity, either by stirring ... full story

Comet Dust: Planet Mercury's 'Invisible Paint'

Mar. 30, 2015 — Scientists have long puzzled over the planet Mercury's excessively dark surface. New research suggests that carbon from passing comets could be the planet's mystery darkening ... full story

More Evidence for Groundwater on Mars: Conditions Would Be Conducive for Microbial Colonization If on Earth

Mar. 27, 2015 — Scientists investigated the Equatorial Layered Deposits (ELDs) of Arabia Terra in Firsoff crater area, Mars, to understand their formation and potential habitability. On the plateau, ELDs consist of ... full story

Dark Matter Even Darker Than Once Thought

Mar. 26, 2015 — Astronomers have studied how dark matter in clusters of galaxies behaves when the clusters collide. The results show that dark matter interacts with itself even less than previously thought, and ... full story

Best View Yet of Dusty Cloud Passing Galactic Center Black Hole

Mar. 26, 2015 — The best observations so far of the dusty gas cloud G2 confirm that it made its closest approach to the supermassive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way in May 2014 and has survived the ... full story

Ancient Martian Lake System Records Two Water-Related Events

Mar. 25, 2015 — Researchers have completed a new analysis of an ancient Martian lake system in Jezero Crater, near the planet's equator. The study finds that the onslaught of water that filled the crater was one of ... full story

A New Spin on Saturn's Peculiar Rotation

Mar. 25, 2015 — The precise measurement of Saturn's rotation has presented a great challenge to scientists, as different parts of this sweltering ball of hydrogen and helium rotate at different speeds whereas its ... full story

Supermassive Black Hole Clears Star-Making Gas from Galaxy's Core

Mar. 25, 2015 — A new study provides the first observational evidence that a supermassive black hole at the center of a large galaxy can power huge, wide-angled outpourings of material from deep inside the galaxy's ... full story

Non-Invasive Technique Allows Amputee to Use Bionic Hand, Powered by His Thoughts

Mar. 31, 2015 — Medical researchers have created an algorithm that allowed a man to grasp a bottle and other objects with a prosthetic hand, powered only by his ... full story

Researchers Map Seasonal Greening in US Forests, Fields, and Urban Areas

Mar. 31, 2015 — Using the assessment tool ForWarn, US Forest Service researchers can monitor the growth and development of vegetation that signals winter's end and the awakening of a new growing season. Now these ... full story

Using Twitter to Probe Political Polarization

Mar. 31, 2015 — Most often on Twitter, those we engage with are like-minded, and the ensuing electronic maelstrom of 140-character missives serves to reinforce, pulling us and them further along in the direction we ... full story

Secrets of the Seahorse Tail Revealed

Mar. 31, 2015 — A team of engineers and biologists reports new progress in using computer modeling and 3D shape analysis to understand how the unique grasping tails of seahorses evolved. These prehensile tails ... full story

Wearable Technology Can Help With Public Speaking

Mar. 30, 2015 — Speaking in public is the top fear for many people. Now, researchers have developed an intelligent user interface for 'smart glasses' that gives real-time feedback to the speaker on volume modulation ... full story

'Wikipedia' for Neurons Created

Mar. 30, 2015 — To help scientists make sense of 'brain big data,' researchers have used data mining to create, a publicly available website that acts like Wikipedia, indexing physiological ... full story

Crowdsourced Tool for Depression

Mar. 30, 2015 — A new peer-to-peer networking tool has been developed that enables sufferers of anxiety and depression to build online support communities and practice therapeutic ... full story

System Clusters Similar Student Computer Programs Together, So Instructors Can Identify Broad Trends

Mar. 30, 2015 — Computer scientists have developed a new system that automatically compares students' solutions to programming assignments, lumping together those that use the same ... full story

Thin Transparent Flexible Screens: Roll Up Your Screen and Stow It Away?

Mar. 30, 2015 — As the demand for instant, constant communication grows, so too does the urgency for more convenient portable devices -- especially computer displays that can be easily rolled up and stored or ... full story

Physicists Report Technology With Potential for Sub-Micron Optical Switches

Mar. 30, 2015 — New technology could result in optical switches with sub-square-micron footprints, potentially allowing densely packed switching fabrics on a ... full story

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Ancient Seashell Coloration Patterns Revealed Using Ultraviolet Light

Apr. 1, 2015 — Nearly 30 ancient seashell species coloration patterns were revealed using ultraviolet ... full story

Complete Camel Skeleton Unearthed in Austria

Apr. 1, 2015 — Archaeologists working on a rescue excavation uncovered a complete camel skeleton in Tulln, Lower Austria. The camel, which was dated to the time of the Second Ottoman War in the 17th century, most ... full story

Hong Kong's First Identified Dinosaur-Era Vertebrate

Apr. 1, 2015 — A ~147 million-year-old Jurassic-aged osteoglossoid osteoglossomorph fish Paralycoptera from outcrops at Lai Chi Chong has been described. This fossil represents the first dinosaur-era fish - as well ... full story

Old Cancer Drug Could Have New Use in Fighting Cancer

Apr. 1, 2015 — An old cancer drug can not only kill cancer cells, but also works to change how certain cancer cells function, weakening those cells so they can be killed by other drugs, a veterinary researcher has ... full story

Food-Poisoning Pathogen: A Multi-Faceted Poison?

Apr. 1, 2015 — The Bacillus cereus bacteria is one of the potential causes of food poisoning. A recent study shows that this versatile pathogen produces 19 different variants of a poison that causes nausea and ... full story

Simplifying SNP Discovery in the Cotton Genome

Apr. 1, 2015 — Researchers have developed a strategy that simplifies the discovery of useful single-nucleotide polymorphisms within the complex cotton genome. This method will be useful for marker-assisted ... full story

Value of Local Knowledge in Recovering Endangered Species

Apr. 1, 2015 — A new study explores how recreational anglers' understanding of the ecosystem and fishing practices influence their views of conserving bocaccio, canary rockfish, and yelloweye rockfish in Puget ... full story

Life for Microbial Specialists in the Poisonous Breath of Sleeping Volcanoes

Apr. 1, 2015 — Researchers have analyze the microbial community in volcanically active soils. In a mofette close to the Czech river Plesnα in north-western Bohemia, the team found numerous organisms that were ... full story

Widespread Agricultural Contaminant Impacts Fish Reproductive Behavior

Apr. 1, 2015 — A common growth-promoting hormone used worldwide in the cattle industry has been found to affect the sexual behaviors of fish at a very low concentration in waterways – with potentially serious ... full story

Discovering Missing Body Parts of Ancient Fossils: Waves and Storms Lifted Fossils Off the Seafloor 550 Million Years Ago

Mar. 31, 2015 — Certain specimens of the fossil Dickinsonia are incomplete because ancient currents lifted them from the sea floor, a team of paleontologists has found. Sand then got deposited beneath the lifted ... full story

Deforestation Is Messing With Our Weather, and Our Food

Apr. 1, 2015 — Insight into how large-scale deforestation could impact global food production by triggering changes in local climate has been gained by new research. In the study, researchers from the United States ... full story

Better Method for Forecasting Hurricane Season

Mar. 31, 2015 — A better method for predicting the number of hurricanes in an upcoming season has been developed by atmospheric scientists. The team's new model improves the accuracy of seasonal hurricane forecasts ... full story

Model Helps City Planners Prepare to Weather Large Storms

Mar. 31, 2015 — Researchers have developed a modeling tool to help local communities better understand their vulnerabilities to large storms stoked by climate ... full story

Lizard Activity Levels Can Help Scientists Predict Environmental Change

Mar. 31, 2015 — As average global temperatures rise, animals dependent on external sources to raise their body temperature may spend more time in the shade and less time eating and reproducing. Now, a study of the ... full story

Soil Organic Matter Susceptible to Climate Change

Mar. 31, 2015 — Soil organic matter, long thought to be a semi-permanent storehouse for ancient carbon, may be much more vulnerable to climate change than previously thought. Scientists have found that the common ... full story

Bacteria Play an Important Role in Long Term Storage of Carbon in the Ocean

Mar. 31, 2015 — The ocean is a large reservoir of dissolved organic molecules, and many of these molecules are stable against microbial utilization for hundreds to thousands of years. They contain a similar amount ... full story

Scientists Discover Elusive Secret of How Continents Formed

Mar. 31, 2015 — Geoscientists have revealed information about how continents were generated on Earth more than 2.5 billion years ago -- and how those processes have continued within the last 70 million years to ... full story

Keeping Hungry Elephants at Bay

Mar. 31, 2015 — Until now electric fences and trenches have proved to be the most effective way of protecting farms and villages from night time raids by hungry elephants. But researchers think they may have come up ... full story

200th Anniversary of Tambora Eruption a Reminder of Volcanic Perils

Mar. 31, 2015 — The volcanologist Stephen Self, an expert on super-eruptions, was the first modern-day scientist to visit Tambora in Indonesia, the site of the largest volcanic eruption in 1,000 years. On the 200th ... full story

Travelling Pollution: East Asian Human Activities Affect Air Quality in Remote Tropical Forests

Mar. 31, 2015 — Researchers have detected a human fingerprint deep in the Borneo rainforest in Southeast Asia. Cold winds blowing from the north carry industrial pollutants from East Asia to the equator, with ... full story

The 100 Million Year-Old Piggyback: Amber Reveals Earliest Example of Maternal Care in Insects

Mar. 31, 2015 — Scientists have uncovered the earliest fossilized evidence of an insect caring for its young. The findings push back the earliest direct evidence of insect brood care by more than 50 million years, ... full story

Discovery of Two New Species of Primitive Fishes

Mar. 31, 2015 — Paleontologists have discovered two new species of Saurichthys. The ~242 million year old predatory fishes were found in the fossil Lagerstδtte Monte San Giorgio, in Ticino. They are distinct from ... full story

What 300,000 Year Old Eggshells Reveal About the Environment of the Paleolithic

Mar. 31, 2015 — In the 1990s the discovery of the oldest human made and completely preserved wooden hunting weapons made the Paleolithic excavation site in Schoningen internationally renowned. Contained within the ... full story

Climate-Related Disruptions of Marine Ecosystems: Decades to Destroy, Millennia to Recover

Mar. 30, 2015 — A new study reports that marine ecosystems can take thousands, rather than hundreds, of years to recover from climate-related upheavals. The study's authors analyzed thousands of invertebrate fossils ... full story

Research Links Two Millennia of Cyclones, Floods, El Niρo

Mar. 30, 2015 — Scientists have created a 2,200-year-long record of extreme rainfall events that might also help predict future climate ... full story

New Lobster-Like Predator Found in 508 Million-Year-Old Fossil-Rich Site

Mar. 27, 2015 — What do butterflies, spiders and lobsters have in common? They are all surviving relatives of a newly identified species called Yawunik kootenayi, a marine creature with two pairs of eyes and ... full story

The Stapes in the Middle Ear of a Neanderthal Child Shows Anatomical Differences from Humans

Mar. 27, 2015 — Scientists have produced a 3-D reconstruction of the remains of a two-year-old Neanderthal recovered from an excavation carried out back in the 1970s at La Ferrassie (Dordogne, France). The work ... full story

Study Underscores Complexity of Geopolitics in the Age of the Aztec Empire

Mar. 25, 2015 — New findings from an international team of archaeological researchers highlight the complexity of geopolitics in Aztec era Mesoamerica and illustrate how the relationships among ancient states ... full story

Prehistoric Super Salamander Was Top Predator, Fossils Suggest

Mar. 24, 2015 — A previously undiscovered species of crocodile-like amphibian that lived during the rise of dinosaurs was among Earth's top predators more than 200 million years ago, a study shows. Palaeontologists ... full story

Archaeologists Discover Maya 'Melting Pot'

Mar. 23, 2015 — Archaeologists working in Guatemala has unearthed new information about the Maya civilization's transition from a mobile, hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a sedentary way of life. They have found ... full story

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Cancer Prevention Efforts in the US a Mixed Bag

Apr. 1, 2015 — While there has been substantial progress in some cancer control efforts in the past several decades, like reductions in smoking and increased utilization of cancer screening, progress in some areas ... full story

Exercise Largely Absent from US Medical School Curriculum, Study Shows

Mar. 31, 2015 — Fewer than half of the physicians trained in the United States in 2013 received formal education or training on the subject of exercise, according to new research. "There are immense medical benefits ... full story

Criminologist Challenges Effectiveness of Solitary Confinement

Mar. 31, 2015 — A criminologist finds that solitary confinement does not deter inmates from committing further violence in prison. The prisoners in the study who received solitary confinement were no more -- or less ... full story

Significant Reduction in Fatal Car Crashes After Increase in Alcohol Taxes

Mar. 31, 2015 — Increasing state alcohol taxes could prevent thousands of deaths a year from car crashes, say researchers, who found alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes decreased after taxes on beer, wine and ... full story

The Rapid Rise of Human Language

Mar. 31, 2015 — Human language likely developed quite rapidly into a sophisticated system, a linguist contends. Instead of mumbles and grunts, people deployed syntax and structures resembling the ones we use today, ... full story

How to Make a Profit from Rotting Garbage

Mar. 31, 2015 — Landfills can make a profit from all their rotting waste and a new patent explains exactly how to make the most out of the stinky garbage sites. Decomposing trash produces methane, a landfill gas ... full story

Innovative Strategies Needed to Address US Transplant Organ Shortage

Mar. 31, 2015 — As the United States faces transplant waiting lists that continue to grow longer over time, there is increasing debate about the proper way to incentivize living donations. Due to organ shortages, ... full story

Stop Blaming the Moon: Intelligent People Can Develop Strong Entirely Incorrect Beliefs

Mar. 30, 2015 — The moon does not influence the timing of human births or hospital admissions, a new study finds, confirming what astronomers have known for decades. The study illustrates how intelligent people ... full story

Marketing of Energy Drinks Placed on TV Channels That Appeal to Teens

Mar. 30, 2015 — Though the Academy of Pediatrics advises against the consumption of energy drinks by teens, research finds that manufacturers market the bulk of their products on TV channels that likely appeal to ... full story

How's My Driving? Using Smartphones to Take Distracted-Driving Research on the Road

Mar. 30, 2015 — One researcher has developed a clever solution to gather naturalistic driving data. For several years, she has been using a detailed driving simulator to study how participants respond to ... full story

The Brain in the Supermarket: Index Strategy Informs Decision-Making

Mar. 26, 2015 — Researchers suggest that your brain is most likely deploying an 'index strategy,' a straightforward ranking of products, when you shop. It may not be an absolutely perfect calculation, given all the ... full story

Work Site Wellness Centers Equate to Weight Loss and Health Care Savings, Expert Says

Mar. 25, 2015 — As employees and employers face higher health care costs, work site wellness are becoming increasingly more important to help control the costs of health care and encourage healthy lifestyle ... full story

Study Provides Academic Support for New Steve Jobs Portrayal

Mar. 24, 2015 — The new Steve Jobs biopic, 'Becoming Steve Jobs,' paints a picture of a less arrogant, humbler leader than previously thought. It portrays a softer side of Jobs that executives at Apple say is more ... full story

High-Energy TV Commercials: Too Much Stress for Consumers?

Mar. 24, 2015 — Consumers are tuning out TV commercials, making advertisers run louder, higher-energy ads to force their attention. This may be backfiring critically when consumers are watching sad or relaxing ... full story

Apple of the Mind's Eye: How Good Is Our Memory of Everyday Visual Stimuli?

Mar. 20, 2015 — In our world of branding and repetitive advertising, it is feasible that we dutifully soak up visuals and messages and store them accurately in our mind’s eye. New research tests this theory by ... full story

The Cost of Dominance: Aggressively Pursuing Higher Social Status May Exact a Toll on Health

Mar. 19, 2015 — Researchers conducted four studies to gauge the health effects of the hostile-dominant personality style compared with the warm-dominant style. Their findings are bad news for aggressive ... full story

New Optical Materials Break Digital Connectivity Barriers

Mar. 18, 2015 — In our increasingly networked world, we need much faster computer components to support enormous amounts of data transfer and data processing. A new study finds that new optical materials could serve ... full story

New Work Schedule Could Cure Your 'Social Jetlag'

Mar. 12, 2015 — Many of us are walking around all the time in a fog caused by 'social jetlag.' That's what happens when we lose sleep because our daily schedules don't match our bodies' natural rhythms. The ... full story

'Sugar Papers' Reveal Industry Role in 1970s U.S. National Caries Program, Analysis Shows

Mar. 10, 2015 — A newly discovered cache of industry documents reveals that the sugar industry worked closely with the National Institutes of Health in the 1960s and '70s to develop a federal research program ... full story

New Model of Cybercrime Factors in Perishability of Stolen Data

Mar. 10, 2015 — A new model examining cybercrimes adds an important way of examining the perishable value of stolen data so policy makers can plan against future hacks like the recent Anthem data breach, according ... full story

'Lightning Bolts' in Brain Show Learning in Action

Mar. 30, 2015 — Researchers have captured images of the underlying biological activity within brain cells and their tree-like extensions, or dendrites, in mice that show how their brains sort, store and make sense ... full story

Classroom Behaviour and Dyslexia Research

Mar. 30, 2015 — The significance of copying and note-taking in the classroom has been studied by researchers including a view on how it affects the learning of Dyslexic children. "Classroom learning is the bedrock ... full story

Why Good Solutions Make Us Oblivious to Better Ones

Mar. 26, 2015 — Psychologists have known about the so-called Einstellung effect since the 1940s. Now researchers are developing a solid understanding of how the phenomenon ... full story

Pre-K Children Outpace Normal Expectations Through Kindergarten

Mar. 25, 2015 — Students who were enrolled in the NC Pre-K Program are making significant gains across all areas of learning through the end of kindergarten, according to a new ... full story

Education May Not Improve Our Life Chances of Happiness

Mar. 25, 2015 — Getting a good education may not improve your life chances of happiness, according to new mental health ... full story

After Learning New Words, Brain Sees Them as Pictures

Mar. 24, 2015 — When we look at a known word, our brain sees it like a picture, not a group of letters needing to be processed. That's the finding from a new study that shows the brain learns words quickly by tuning ... full story

Are Our Schools Damaging Children's Eyes?

Mar. 24, 2015 — Shockingly, research has shown a dramatic increase in the number of students leaving secondary school with short-sightedness, or myopia, and a new study suggests lighting in schools could be a ... full story

More Schools, More Challenging Assignments Add Up to Higher IQ Scores

Mar. 24, 2015 — More schooling -- and the more mentally challenging problems tackled in those schools -- may be the best explanation for the dramatic rise in IQ scores during the past century, often referred to as ... full story

IQ of Children in Better-Educated Households Is Higher

Mar. 24, 2015 — A study comparing the IQs of male siblings in which one member was reared by biological parents and the other by adoptive parents found that the children adopted by parents with more education had ... full story

Supercomputers Give Universities a Competitive Edge

Mar. 23, 2015 — Researchers have long believed that supercomputers give universities a competitive edge in scientific research, but now they have some hard data showing it's true. Scientists have found that ... full story

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