Today's Science News

Monday, September 15, 2014

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Cutting the Cord on Soft Robots: Machine Walks Through Snow, Flames and Can Be Run Over by Cars

Sep. 11, 2014 — Engineers have developed the world's first untethered soft robot -- and demonstrated that the quadruped, which can literally stand up and walk away from its designers, can walk through snow, ... full story

Scientists Report First Semiaquatic Dinosaur, Spinosaurus: Massive Predator Was More Than 9 Feet Longer Than Largest T. Rex

Sep. 11, 2014 — Scientists today unveiled what appears to be the first truly semiaquatic dinosaur, Spinosaurus aegyptiacus. New fossils of the massive Cretaceous-era predator reveal it adapted to life in the water ... full story

Ceramics Don't Have to Be Brittle: Incredibly Light, Strong Materials Recover Original Shape After Being Smashed

Sep. 11, 2014 — Materials scientists have developed a method for creating new structural materials by taking advantage of the unusual properties that solids can have at the nanometer scale. They have used the method ... full story

'Hot Jupiters' Provoke Their Own Host Suns to Wobble

Sep. 11, 2014 — Blame the 'hot Jupiters.' These large, gaseous exoplanets can make their suns wobble when they wend their way through their own solar systems to snuggle up against their suns, according to ... full story

Scientists Revert Human Stem Cells to Pristine State

Sep. 11, 2014 — Researchers have resolved a long-standing challenge in stem cell biology by successfully 'resetting' human pluripotent stem cells to a fully pristine state, at a point of their greatest ... full story

Tipping the Balance of Behavior: Neurons Found That Control Social Behavior May Have Implications for Autism

Sep. 11, 2014 — Antagonistic neuron populations in the mouse amygdala that control whether the animal engages in social behaviors or asocial repetitive self-grooming have been recently discovered by researchers. ... full story

Clues to How Giant Elliptical Galaxies Move

Sep. 12, 2014 — New clues to how giant elliptical galaxies move have been discovered by an international team of astronomers. Elliptical galaxies have long been considered as essentially being made up of old stars ... full story

From Worm Muscle to Spinal Discs: An Evolutionary Surprise

Sep. 12, 2014 — Thoughts of the family tree may not be uppermost in the mind of a person suffering from a slipped disc, but those spinal discs provide a window into our evolutionary past. They are remnants of the ... full story

Gray Matter Matters When Measuring Risk Tolerance: May Explain Why Risk Tolerance Decreases With Age

Sep. 12, 2014 — The gray matter volume of a region in the right posterior parietal cortex is significantly predictive of individual risk attitudes, new research has found. Using a whole-brain analysis, scientists ... full story

15 Years of Carbon Dioxide Emissions on Earth Mapped

Sep. 11, 2014 — Scientists have developed a new approach to estimate carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels -- one that provides crucial information to policymakers. Called the 'Fossil Fuel Data ... full story

Eagle-Eyed Birds of Prey Help Scrounging Vultures Find Their Dinner

Sep. 9, 2014 — Zoologists have discovered how endangered vultures find their food, which will have important applications for their conservation. It turns out the iconic birds, which look like they belong in a ... full story

Unraveling Mysteries of the Venusian Atmosphere

Sep. 11, 2014 — Underscoring the vast differences between Earth and its neighbor Venus, new research shows a glimpse of giant holes in the electrically charged layer of the Venusian atmosphere, called the ... full story

Last Decade's Slowdown in Global Warming Enhanced by an Unusual Climate Anomaly

Sep. 11, 2014 — A hiatus in global warming ongoing since 2001 is due to a combination of a natural cooling phase, known as multidecadal variability (MDV) and a downturn of the secular warming trend. The exact causes ... full story

World's Largest DNA Origami Created

Sep. 11, 2014 — Researchers have created the world's largest DNA origami, which are nanoscale constructions with applications ranging from biomedical research to nanoelectronics. DNA origami are self-assembling ... full story

Lurking Bright Blue Star Caught: The Last Piece of a Supernova Puzzle

Sep. 11, 2014 — Astronomers have found evidence of a hot binary companion star to a yellow supergiant star, which had become a bright supernova. Its existence had been predicted by the team. This finding provides ... full story

Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Respiratory Virus Spreads To Northeast, Now In 21 States

Respiratory Virus Spreads To Northeast, Now In 21 States

Newsy (Sep. 14, 2014) — The respiratory virus Enterovirus D68, which targets children, has spread from the Midwest to 21 states. Video provided by Newsy
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Scientists Have Captured The Sound Of An Atom

Scientists Have Captured The Sound Of An Atom

Newsy (Sep. 12, 2014) — Scientists have captured the sound of a single atom by measuring its vibrations. We can't hear it, but it's reportedly the faintest sound possible. Video provided by Newsy
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The Ozone Layer Is Recovering, But It's Not All Good News

The Ozone Layer Is Recovering, But It's Not All Good News

Newsy (Sep. 11, 2014) — The Ozone layer is recovering thickness! Hooray! But in helping its recovery, we may have also helped put more greenhouse gases out there. Hooray? Video provided by Newsy
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Meet Spinosaurus, the First-Known Water Dinosaur

Meet Spinosaurus, the First-Known Water Dinosaur

AFP (Sep. 11, 2014) — Spinosaurus aegyptiacus was adapted for both land and water, and an exhibit featuring a life-sized model, based on new fossils unearthed in eastern Morocco, opens at the National Geographic Museum in Washington on Friday. Duration: 01:02 Video provided by AFP
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last updated on 2014-09-15 at 5:38 am EDT

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Worldwide Study Demonstrates Accuracy of Genetic Analyses

Sep. 12, 2014 — Physicians envision a future in which genomic data from patients is heavily used to manage care, but experts have questioned the accuracy and reliability of these analyses. Now, a study by 150 ... full story

Environmental Costs, Health Risks, and Benefits of Fracking Examined

Sep. 12, 2014 — Rising supplies of natural gas could benefit the environment by replacing coal as a fuel for electricity, but hydraulic fracturing poses dangers for people living near the wells, a new analysis ... full story

No Innocent Bystander: Cartilage Contributes to Arthritis

Sep. 12, 2014 — Cartilage plays an active role in the destruction and remodeling of joints seen in rheumatoid arthritis, rather than being an 'innocent bystander' as previously thought, researchers ... full story

Brain Inflammation Dramatically Disrupts Memory Retrieval Networks, Study Finds

Sep. 12, 2014 — Brain inflammation can rapidly disrupt our ability to retrieve complex memories of similar but distinct experiences, according to scientists. The study specifically identifies how immune system ... full story

Experts Call for Massive Global Response to Tackle Ebola

Sep. 12, 2014 — The current Ebola outbreak now requires a 'rapid response at a massive global scale,' according to experts. The outbreak which began in December 2013 now spans five countries in West Africa and has ... full story

Protein Appears to Protect Against Bone Loss in Arthritis

Sep. 12, 2014 — A small protein named GILZ appears to protect against the bone loss that often accompanies arthritis and its treatment, researchers report. Arthritis as well as aging prompt the body to make more fat ... full story

Dendritic Cells Affect Onset, Progress of Psoriasis

Sep. 12, 2014 — Different types of dendritic cells in human skin have assorted functions in the early and more advanced stages of psoriasis report researchers. The scientists suggest that new strategies to regulate ... full story

Potential Link Between Assisted Reproduction, Autism: No Link Found

Sep. 12, 2014 — Over the past five years, several studies have focused on infertility treatment, partly because of the coincidental rise in both the diagnosis of autism and the use of assisted reproduction. A recent ... full story

Nicotine Withdrawal Reduces Response to Rewards Across Species

Sep. 12, 2014 — While more than half of US smokers try to quit every year, less than 10 percent are able to remain smoke-free, and relapse commonly occurs within 48 hours of smoking cessation. In a first of its kind ... full story

Anemia: One-Minute Point-of-Care Test Shows Promise in New Study

Sep. 12, 2014 — A simple point-of-care testing device for anemia could provide more rapid diagnosis of the common blood disorder and allow inexpensive at-home self-monitoring of persons with chronic forms of the ... full story

A Wife's Happiness Is More Crucial Than Her Husband's in Keeping Marriage on Track

Sep. 12, 2014 — When it comes to a happy marriage, a new study finds that the more content the wife is with the long-term union, the happier the husband is with his life no matter how he feels about the ... full story

Few Mild-to-Moderate Parkinson's Disease Patients Suffer from Malnutrition, Yet Almost One Third Are at Risk

Sep. 11, 2014 — Many factors could lead to poor nutrition in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, including motor difficulties with swallowing and chewing (dysphagia), cutting, and bringing food to the mouth. ... full story

Meditation May Mitigate Migraine Misery

Sep. 11, 2014 — Meditation might be a path to migraine relief, according to a new study. "For the approximate 36 million Americans who suffer from migraines, there is big need for non-pharmaceutical treatment ... full story

Elderly Who Have Had Serious Falls May Show Symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress

Sep. 11, 2014 — Older adults who experience a serious fall may develop symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the days following the event, finds a study. Women, people who were unemployed or who had ... full story

Yogic Breathing Shows Promise in Reducing Symptoms of PTSD

Sep. 11, 2014 — New research offers hope for those suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder. Researchers there have shown that a breathing-based meditation practice called Sudarshan Kriya Yoga can be an ... full story

Molecular Mechanisms of Birth Defects Among Older Women: Why Older Women Can Have Babies With Down Syndrome

Sep. 11, 2014 — Researchers studying cell division in fruit flies have discovered a pathway that may improve understanding of molecular mistakes that cause older women to have babies with Down ... full story

Compound Protects Brain Cells After Traumatic Brain Injury

Sep. 11, 2014 — A new class of compounds, given orally, protects brain cells from the damage caused by blast-induced traumatic brain injury and preserves normal brain functions, even when the compound is given 24 to ... full story

Chemical Signals in Brain Help Guide Risky Decisions

Sep. 11, 2014 — A gambler's decision to stay or fold in a game of cards could be influenced by a chemical in the brain, suggests new research. The rise and fall of dopamine plays a key role in decisions involving ... full story

Cells Put Off Protein Production During Times of Stress

Sep. 11, 2014 — When a stressed cell recognizes the buildup of misfolded proteins, it responds by reshuffling its workload, much like a stressed out employee might temporarily move papers from an overflowing inbox ... full story

You Can Classify Words in Your Sleep

Sep. 11, 2014 — When people practice simple word classification tasks before nodding off -- knowing that a 'cat' is an animal or that 'flipu' isn't found in the dictionary, for example -- their brains will ... full story

High Protein Diets Lead to Lower Blood Pressure, Study Finds

Sep. 11, 2014 — Adults who consume a high-protein diet may be at a lower risk for developing high blood pressure, concludes a study that found participants consuming the highest amount of protein -- an average of ... full story

Increased Access to Nature Trails Could Decrease Youth Obesity Rates, Study Finds

Sep. 11, 2014 — Local governments can help reduce youth obesity levels by increasing the amount and type of public lands available for recreation, researchers say. "More non-motorized nature trails available for use ... full story

Brain Differences: Sometimes, Adolescents Just Can't Resist

Sep. 11, 2014 — A new study finds teenagers are far more sensitive than adults to the immediate effect or reward of their behaviors. Even when a behavior is no longer in a teenager’s best interest to continue, ... full story

Breast Milk Reveals a Correlation Between Dietary Fats and Academic Success

Sep. 11, 2014 — You are what you eat, the saying goes, and now a study suggests that the oft-repeated adage applies not just to physical health, but to brain power as well. Researchers compared the fatty acid ... full story

High Levels of Physical Activity Linked to Better Academic Performance in Boys

Sep. 11, 2014 — Higher levels of physical activity are related to better academic achievement during the first three school years, particularly in boys, research shows. For instance, boys with higher levels of ... full story

New Superfoods Could Help Key Protein Keep Bodies Healthy

Sep. 11, 2014 — A new generation of new superfoods that tackle heart disease and diabetes could be developed following research into a protein that helps keep cells in our bodies healthy. The beneficial substances ... full story

Bully Victims More Likely to Suffer Night Terrors, Nightmares by Age 12

Sep. 11, 2014 — Children who are bullied at ages 8-10 are more likely to suffer from sleep walking, night terrors or nightmares by the time they are 12 years old. The authors suggest that: "If a child is ... full story

Babies Born in Winter Start Crawling Earlier Than Those Born in Summer

Sep. 11, 2014 — The season of a baby’s birth influences its motor development during its first year of life, researchers report. "The difference in crawling onset of four weeks constitutes 14 percent of a ... full story

'Fat Shaming' Doesn't Encourage Weight Loss

Sep. 10, 2014 — Discrimination against overweight and obese people does not help them to lose weight, finds new research. In a study of 2,944 UK adults over four years, those who reported experiencing weight ... full story

Binge Drinking in Pregnancy Can Affect Child's Mental Health, School Results

Sep. 10, 2014 — Binge drinking during pregnancy can increase the risk of mental health problems (particularly hyperactivity and inattention) in children aged 11 and can have a negative effect on their school ... full story

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Study Sheds New Light on Why Batteries Go Bad

Sep. 14, 2014 — A comprehensive look at how tiny particles in a lithium ion battery electrode behave shows that rapid-charging the battery and using it to do high-power, rapidly draining work may not be as damaging ... full story

Three's a Charm: Detectors Reveal Entangled Photon Triplets

Sep. 14, 2014 — Researchers have directly entangled three photons in the most technologically useful state for the first time, thanks in part to superfast, super-efficient single-photon ... full story

Boosting Armor for Nuclear-Waste Eating Microbes

Sep. 12, 2014 — A microbe developed to clean up nuclear waste has just been improved. In earlier research, Gemma Reguera, A microbiologist identified that Geobacter bacteria's tiny conductive hair-like appendages, ... full story

New Math and Quantum Mechanics: Fluid Mechanics Suggests Alternative to Quantum Orthodoxy

Sep. 12, 2014 — The central mystery of quantum mechanics is that small chunks of matter sometimes seem to behave like particles, sometimes like waves. For most of the past century, the prevailing explanation of this ... full story

Moving Silicon Atoms in Graphene With Atomic Precision

Sep. 12, 2014 — In recent years, it has become possible to see directly individual atoms using electron microscopy -- especially in graphene, the one-atom-thick sheet of carbon. Scientists have now shown how an ... full story

Scientists Fabricate Single-Photon Sources in Solid Matter

Sep. 11, 2014 — A breakthrough in quantum information processing was achieved using state-of-the-art diamond growth technology. A research group has successfully fabricated for the first time in the world ... full story

Liposome Research Meets Nanotechnology to Improve Cancer Treatment

Sep. 11, 2014 — In treating cancer, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are two of the best weapons in a doctor’s arsenal. Reports have shown that ideally, both methods would be employed at the same time. But doing so ... full story

New Species of Electrons Can Lead to Better Computing

Sep. 11, 2014 — Electrons that break the rules and move perpendicular to the applied electric field could be the key to delivering next generation, low-energy ... full story

'Talking' and 'Listening' to Atoms: Scientists Make Acoustic Waves Couple to an Artificial Atom

Sep. 11, 2014 — Scientists have used sound to communicate with an artificial atom. They can thereby demonstrate phenomena from quantum physics with sound taking on the role of ... full story

How Salt Causes Buildings to Crumble

Sep. 11, 2014 — Salt crystals are often responsible when buildings start to show signs of aging. Researchers have studied salt damage in greater depth and can now predict weathering processes more ... full story

NASA's Mars Curiosity Rover Arrives at Martian Mountain

Sep. 11, 2014 — NASA's Mars Curiosity rover has reached the Red Planet's Mount Sharp, a Mount-Rainier-size mountain at the center of the vast Gale Crater and the rover mission's long-term prime ... full story

First Map of Rosetta's Comet

Sep. 11, 2014 — Scientists have found that the surface of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko -- the target of study for the European Space Agency's Rosetta mission -- can be divided into several regions, each ... full story

Alien Life Search: Spotting Atmospheric Chemistry of Alien Worlds Devoid of Life

Sep. 11, 2014 — Astronomers searching the atmospheres of alien worlds for gases that might be produced by life can't rely on the detection of just one type, such as oxygen, ozone, or methane, because in some cases ... full story

Astronomers Pinpoint 'Venus Zone' Around Stars

Sep. 10, 2014 — Astronomers have defined the 'Venus Zone,' the area around a star in which a planet is likely to exhibit the unlivable conditions found on the planet Venus. The research will aid Kepler astronomers ... full story

Mysterious Quasar Sequence Explained

Sep. 10, 2014 — Quasars are supermassive black holes that live at the center of distant massive galaxies. They shine as the most luminous beacons in the sky by rapidly accelerating matter into their gravitationally ... full story

Where to Grab Space Debris: Algorithm Analyzes the Rotation of Objects in Space

Sep. 10, 2014 — Objects in space tend to spin -- and spin in a way that's totally different from the way they spin on earth. Understanding how objects are spinning, where their centers of mass are, and how their ... full story

Bright Clumps in Saturn Ring Now Mysteriously Scarce

Sep. 10, 2014 — Compared to the age of the solar system -- about four-and-a-half billion years -- a couple of decades are next to nothing. Some planetary locales change little over many millions of years, so for ... full story

Geomagnetic Storm Mystery Solved: How Magnetic Energy Turns Into Particle Energy

Sep. 10, 2014 — Magnetic reconnection can trigger geomagnetic storms that disrupt cell phone service, damage satellites and black out power grids. But how reconnection, in which the magnetic field lines in plasma ... full story

This Star Cluster Is Not What It Seems: Messier 54 Shows Lithium Problem Also Applies Outside Our Galaxy

Sep. 10, 2014 — A new image from the VLT Survey Telescope at ESO’s Paranal Observatory in northern Chile shows a vast collection of stars, the globular cluster Messier 54. This cluster looks very similar to many ... full story

Companion Star Hidden for 21 Years in a Supernova's Glare

Sep. 9, 2014 — Astronomers have discovered a companion star to a rare class of supernova, known as a Type IIb. The discovery confirms a long-held theory that the supernova, dubbed SN 1993J, occurred inside what is ... full story

The Quantum Revolution Is a Step Closer: New Way to Run a Quantum Algorithm

Sep. 11, 2014 — A new way to run a quantum algorithm using much simpler methods than previously thought has been discovered. These findings could dramatically bring forward the development of a 'quantum computer' ... full story

Experts Making Maps Through Google Earth to Predict Malaria

Sep. 10, 2014 — Experts are working to create an online platform that health workers around the world can use to predict where malaria is likely to be transmitted using data on Google Earth Engine. The goal is to ... full story

Electronics That Need Very Little Energy? Nanotechnology Used to Help Cool Electrons With No External Sources

Sep. 10, 2014 — A team of researchers has discovered a way to cool electrons to minus 228 degrees Celsius without external means and at room temperature, an advancement that could enable electronic devices to ... full story

Algorithms Reveal Forecasting Power of Tweets, Predicts Individual's Behavior

Sep. 10, 2014 — Researchers used 500 million tweets to develop algorithms that not only paint a picture of everyday human dynamics, but can predict an individual's behavior hours in ... full story

First Graphene-Based Flexible Display Produced

Sep. 10, 2014 — A flexible display incorporating graphene in its pixels’ electronics has been successfully demonstrated, the first time graphene has been used in a transistor-based flexible ... full story

New Method to Detect Prize Particle for Future Quantum Computing

Sep. 10, 2014 — Scientists have uncovered a new method to detect Majorana particles, a key element for a next-generation quantum computing platform. Quantum computing relies on the laws of quantum mechanics to ... full story

Squeezed Quantum Communication: Flashes of Light in Quantum States Transmitted Through Atmosphere

Sep. 9, 2014 — Scientists have sent a pulse of bright light in a particularly sensitive quantum state through 1.6 kilometers of air. This quantum state, which they call squeezed, was maintained, which is something ... full story

Smart Headlights Spare the Eyes of Oncoming Drivers

Sep. 9, 2014 — A smart headlight enables drivers to take full advantage of their high beams without fear of blinding oncoming drivers or suffering from the glare that can occur when driving in snow or rain at ... full story

Researchers Advance Artificial Intelligence for Player Goal Prediction in Gaming

Sep. 9, 2014 — Researchers have developed artificial intelligence software that is significantly better than any previous technology at predicting what goal a player is trying to achieve in a video game. The ... full story

Buckyballs and Diamondoids in Tiny Electronic Gadget: Two Exotic Types of Carbon Form Molecule for Steering Electron Flow

Sep. 9, 2014 — Scientists have married two unconventional forms of carbon -- one shaped like a soccer ball, the other a tiny diamond -- to make a molecule that conducts electricity in only one direction. This tiny ... full story

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How an Ancient Vertebrate Uses Familiar Tools to Build a Strange-Looking Head

Sep. 14, 2014 — show that the sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus, a survivor of ancient jawless vertebrates, exhibits a pattern of gene expression that is reminiscent of its jawed cousins, who evolved much, much ... full story

Genetic Analysis on a Species of African Midge

Sep. 13, 2014 — Scientists have completed the genetic analysis on a species of African midge, which can survive a wide array of extreme conditions including large variations in temperature, extreme drought and even ... full story

Corn Spots: Study Finds Important Genes in Defense Response

Sep. 12, 2014 — When corn plants come under attack from a pathogen, they sometimes respond by killing their own cells near the site of the attack, committing "cell suicide" to thwart further damage from the ... full story

Piglet Health: A Better Understanding of the Immune Response to Intestinal Parasites

Sep. 12, 2014 — Parasitologists are closer to understanding the disease process behind porcine neonatal coccidiosis. The disease affects piglets during the first days of their life and can cause heavy diarrhea in ... full story

Volunteer 'Eyes on the Skies' Track Peregrine Falcon Recovery in California

Sep. 11, 2014 — Datasets from long-running volunteer survey programs, calibrated with data from sporadic intensive monitoring efforts, have allowed ecologists to track the recovery of peregrine falcons in California ... full story

Microbes Evolve Faster Than Ocean Can Disperse Them

Sep. 11, 2014 — Scientists have created an advanced model aimed at exploring the role of neutral evolution in the biogeographic distribution of ocean microbes. Over the past sev­eral decades, ecol­o­gists have ... full story

Fat Gene and Mitochondria: Surprising Cellular Connection Sheds New Light on Energy Control

Sep. 11, 2014 — An unusual biochemical connection has been discovered by researchers, which has implications for diseases linked to mitochondria, which are the primary sources of energy production within our ... full story

Commensal Bacteria Help Orchestrate Immune Response in Lung

Sep. 11, 2014 — Signals from the bacteria that harmlessly -- and often beneficially -- inhabit the human gastrointestinal tract boost the immune system's ability to kill a major respiratory pathogen, Klebsiella ... full story

BP Deepwater Horizon Disaster: Researchers Continue Working to Safeguard Shoreline

Sep. 11, 2014 — A research team has estimated the total mass of oil that reached the Gulf of Mexico shore in the wake of the BP Deepwater Horizon blowout. It's the first time such an estimate was ... full story

Malaria Parasites Sense and React to Mosquito Presence to Increase Transmission

Sep. 11, 2014 — Many pathogens are transmitted by insect bites. The abundance of vectors (as the transmitting insects are called) depends on seasonal and other environmental fluctuations. A new article demonstrates ... full story

Glaciers in Northern Antarctic Peninsula Melting Faster Than Ever Despite Increased Snowfall

Sep. 14, 2014 — Increased snowfall will not prevent the continued melting of glaciers in the northern Antarctic Peninsula, according to new research. Scientists have discovered that small glaciers that end on land ... full story

Rules of Thumb for Climate Change Turned Upside Down: Wet and Dry Regions Recalculated

Sep. 14, 2014 — With a new analysis of land regions, climate researchers are challenging the general climate change paradigm that dry regions are getting drier and wet regions are getting wetter. In some regions ... full story

How Evolutionary Principles Could Help Save Our World

Sep. 12, 2014 — The age of the Anthropocene -- the scientific name given to our current geologic age -- is dominated by human impacts on our environment. A warming climate. Increased resistance of pathogens and ... full story

Unusual Host Preference of a Moth Species Could Be Useful for Biological Control

Sep. 11, 2014 — Biologists have discovered that Gynnodomorpha permixtana, a well-known moth species from Europe and Asia, has changed its host preferences in order to adjust to Iran's northern region environmental ... full story

Secrets of Animal Weapons Revealed

Sep. 11, 2014 — From antlers to horns, humans have long been fascinated by animals' ability to defend themselves with their natural-born weapons. But until now, no studies have directly tested whether those weapons ... full story

Ticks That Vector Lyme Disease Move West Into North Dakota

Sep. 11, 2014 — Ixodes scapularis, also known as the blacklegged tick or deer tick -- is moving westward, and for the first time has been found to be established in North ... full story

Two New Species of Carabid Beetles Found in Ethiopia

Sep. 11, 2014 — Scientists have found two new beetles in the genus Calathus -- Calathus juan and Calathus carballalae -- in Ehtiopia. There are more than 150 species of beetles in the genus Calathus, 17 of which ... full story

Atmosphere in Northern Hemisphere Has Lower Self-Cleaning Capacity Than Previously Thought

Sep. 11, 2014 — Pollution is being removed more slowly from the atmosphere in the northern hemisphere than previously assumed. An international research team established that the atmospheric cleaning agent hydroxyl ... full story

Pesticides More Toxic for Soil Organisms in Dry Soil, at Enhanced Temperatures

Sep. 11, 2014 — Soil organisms react more sensitive to marketable pesticides when exposed in dry soil and at enhanced temperatures. Both conditions may occur more often in the future due to climate change. ... full story

Cat Bites Dog: In India's Human Dominated Landscapes, Top Prey for Leopards Is Dogs

Sep. 11, 2014 — In India’s human dominated agricultural landscapes, where leopards prowl at night, it’s not livestock that’s primarily on the menu -- it is man’s best ... full story

Groundwater Tied to Human Evolution

Sep. 10, 2014 — Our ancient ancestors' ability to move around and find new sources of groundwater during extremely dry periods in Africa millions of years ago may have been key to their survival and the evolution of ... full story

Three Extinct Squirrel-Like Species Discovered: Mammals May Have Originated Much Earlier Than Thought

Sep. 10, 2014 — Paleontologists have described three new small squirrel-like species that place a poorly understood Mesozoic group of animals firmly in the mammal family tree. The study supports the idea that ... full story

Ancient Swamp Creature Had Lips Like Mick Jagger

Sep. 10, 2014 — A swamp-dwelling, plant-munching creature that lived 19 million years ago in Africa has been named after Rolling Stones lead singer Sir Mick Jagger, because of its big, sensitive lips and snout. The ... full story

Non-Dominant Hand Vital to the Evolution of the Thumb

Sep. 10, 2014 — New research from biological anthropologists has shown that the use of the non-dominant hand was likely to have played a vital role in the evolution of modern human hand morphology: the production of ... full story

New Study Reconstructs Mega-Earthquakes Timeline in Indian Ocean

Sep. 10, 2014 — A new study on the frequency of past giant earthquakes in the Indian Ocean region shows that Sri Lanka, and much of the Indian Ocean, is affected by large tsunamis at highly variable intervals, from ... full story

Sloths Are No Slouches When It Comes to Evolution

Sep. 10, 2014 — Today's sloths might be known as slow, small animals, but their ancestors developed large body sizes at an amazing rate, according to an evolutionary reconstruction. The fast rate of change suggests ... full story

New Digital Map Reveals Stunning Hidden Archaeology of Stonehenge

Sep. 9, 2014 — A host of previously unknown archaeological monuments have been discovered around Stonehenge as part of an unprecedented digital mapping project that will transform our knowledge of this iconic ... full story

New Species of Extinct Dolphin Sheds Light on River Dolphin History

Sep. 9, 2014 — Researchers described a new fossil dolphin species from the Miocene -- dating to more than 16 million years ago -- of the Pisco Basin, a desert on the coast of Peru. It belongs to a rare extinct ... full story

Study Traces Ecological Collapse Over 6,000 Years of Egyptian History

Sep. 8, 2014 — Depictions of animals in ancient Egyptian artifacts have helped scientists assemble a detailed record of the large mammals that lived in the Nile Valley over the past 6,000 years. A new analysis of ... full story

Paleontologists Discover New Species of Titanosaurian Dinosaur in Tanzania

Sep. 8, 2014 — Paleontologists have identified a new species of titanosaurian, a member of the large-bodied sauropods that thrived during the final period of the dinosaur age, in Tanzania. Although many fossils of ... full story

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Ebola Paper Demonstrates Disease Transmission Rate

Sep. 11, 2014 — Transmission rates for each single case of Ebola consistently showed at least one new case of the disease being transmitted. Country-specific analysis of transmission rates in Liberia and Sierra ... full story

Illegal Land Clearing for Commercial Agriculture Responsible for Half of Tropical Deforestation

Sep. 10, 2014 — A comprehensive new analysis says that nearly half of all recent tropical deforestation is the result of illegal clearing for commercial agriculture. The study also finds that the majority of this ... full story

Psychological Study of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 Conspiracy Theories

Sep. 10, 2014 — Conspiracy theories flourish even when there is no official explanation to react against, finds a psychologist who has examined reactions to the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 -- the ... full story

PTSD, Respiratory Illness: A Signature Long-Term Problem of 9/11 Responders

Sep. 10, 2014 — As many as 60 percent of 9/11 World Trade Center responders continue to experience clinically significant symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and lower respiratory illness, according to ... full story

Impact of Violent Media on the Brain: Depends on Each Individual's Brain Circuitry, Study Finds

Sep. 10, 2014 — With the longstanding debate over whether violent movies cause real world violence as a backstop, a study has found that each person's reaction to violent images depends on that individual's brain ... full story

A Novel Method for Portable Detection of Potent Drugs Known as 'Bath Salts'

Sep. 10, 2014 — Despite being outlawed in 2012 in the US, the synthetic drugs known as 'bath salts' -- which really aren't meant for your daily bath -- are still readily available in some retail shops, on the ... full story

Working During Depression Can Offer Health Benefits to Employees

Sep. 10, 2014 — Attending work while suffering a depressive illness could help employees better manage their depression more than taking a sickness absence from work, a new study has found. The study is the first ... full story

Air Pollution Harmful to Young Brains, Study Finds

Sep. 10, 2014 — Pollution in many cities threatens the brain development in children. Findings from a recent study reveal that children living in megacities are at increased risk for brain inflammation and ... full story

U.S. Cityscapes Show Consistent Patterns of 'Urban Evolution'

Sep. 10, 2014 — Scientists studying urban ecosystems say U.S. urban landscapes are remarkably similar geologically and biochemically, share certain traits that can function as markers for urbanization, and evolve ... full story

Male–male Bonds as a Key to the Evolution of Complex Social Systems

Sep. 10, 2014 — A new study shows tolerance and cooperative ties between male Guinea baboons. Contests, threats, at best ignore one another: The relationships between male mammals are usually described in this or a ... full story

There Could Be Increased Numbers of Psychopaths in Senior Managerial Positions, High Levels of Business, Research Shows

Sep. 8, 2014 — For the first time, it has been demonstrated that people with psychopathic tendencies who have high IQs can mask their symptoms by manipulating tests designed to reveal their personalities. It raises ... full story

Self-Deceived Individuals Deceive Others Better

Aug. 27, 2014 — Over-confident people can fool others into believing they are more talented than they actually are, a study has found. These 'self-deceived' individuals could be more likely to get promotions and ... full story

Feeling Bad at Work Can Be a Good Thing (and Vice Versa)

Aug. 21, 2014 — Contrary to popular opinion, it can be good to feel bad at work, whilst feeling good in the workplace can also lead to negative outcomes, researchers say. The commonly-held assumption that positivity ... full story

Sleepy College Students Stressed by Jobs

Aug. 20, 2014 — College students are typically more sleep deprived than the rest of us and often ignore the health benefits of adequate slumber, said a researcher who studies the topic. "Sleep is extremely important ... full story

In an Already Stressful Workplace, Great Recession's Health Effects Hard to Find

Aug. 19, 2014 — The Great Recession of 2007-2009 had little direct effect on the health of workers who survived the waves of job cuts that took place during that period, according to a new ... full story

Disconnect Between Parenting and Certain Jobs a Source of Stress

Aug. 16, 2014 — Some working parents are carrying more psychological baggage than others — and the reason has nothing to do with demands on their time and energy. The cause is their ... full story

Shift Workers: Evidence for Sleep-Inducing and Alertness Drugs Is Weak

Aug. 12, 2014 — Shift workers are taking drugs to help them stay awake or get to sleep despite weak evidence for their benefit, according to a new review. The authors of the review found only small numbers of trials ... full story

Study Measures Steep Coastal Costs of China's GDP Growth

Aug. 8, 2014 — Economic reforms declared in 1978 led to a surge of growth in China, but resulting increases in human impact activities are seriously degrading the nation's coastal ecosystems, according to a newly ... full story

Geography Matters: Model Predicts How Local 'Shocks' Influence U.S. Economy

Aug. 6, 2014 — Hurricanes. Foreclosures. Factory shutdowns. How do these local industry 'shocks' influence the country as a whole? A new model measures the power of industry dips and boosts nationwide. Overall, ... full story

All-in-One Energy System Offers Greener Power for Off–grid Homes, Farms and Businesses

July 30, 2014 — An innovative ‘trigeneration’ system fuelled entirely by raw plant oils could have great potential for isolated homes and businesses operating outside grid ... full story

Cellphone Addiction Harming Academic Performance Is 'an Increasingly Realistic Possibility'

Aug. 28, 2014 — Women college students spend an average of 10 hours a day on their cellphones, with men college students spending nearly eight hours, according to a study on cellphone activity. "As cellphone ... full story

Readers With Dyslexia Have Disrupted Network Connections in the Brain, Map the Circuitry of Dyslexia Shows

Aug. 28, 2014 — Dyslexia, the most commonly diagnosed learning disability in the United States, is a neurological reading disability that occurs when the regions of the brain that process written language don't ... full story

Social Class Makes a Difference in How Children Tackle Classroom Problems

Aug. 27, 2014 — Social class can account for differences in how parents coach their children to manage classroom challenges, a study shows. Such differences can affect a child's education by reproducing inequalities ... full story

Combining Math and Music to Open New Possibilities

Aug. 25, 2014 — The power of mathematics to open new possibilities in music has been demonstrated by scientists for years. Modern experiments with computer music are just the most recent ... full story

ADHD Children Make Poor Decisions Due to Less Differentiated Learning Processes

Aug. 21, 2014 — Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders among school children. Pupils with ADHD often make poorer decisions than their unaffected classmates. ... full story

Children's Drawings Indicate Later Intelligence, Study Shows

Aug. 18, 2014 — How 4-year-old children draw pictures of a child is an indicator of intelligence at age 14, according to a new study. The researchers studied 7,752 pairs of identical and non-identical twins and ... full story

How Children's Brains Memorize Math Facts

Aug. 17, 2014 — As children learn basic arithmetic, they gradually switch from solving problems by counting on their fingers to pulling facts from memory. The shift comes more easily for some kids than for others, ... full story

Expecting to Teach Enhances Learning, Recall

Aug. 8, 2014 — People learn better and recall more when given the impression that they will soon have to teach newly acquired material to someone else, suggests new research. Findings of the study suggest that ... full story

Musical Training Offsets Some Academic Achievement Gaps, Research Says

Aug. 8, 2014 — Learning to play a musical instrument or to sing can help disadvantaged children strengthen their reading and language skills, according to research. The findings, which involved hundreds of kids ... full story

New Insights Into How Young and Developing Readers Make Sense of Words

Aug. 7, 2014 — Skilled readers are often able to make sense of words suffering from 'typos' and jumbled up letter orders as long as the beginning and end letters of the words are ... full story

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