Asperger syndrome, also referred to as Asperger's syndrome, Asperger's, or just AS, is one of five neurobiological pervasive developmental disorders (PDD) that is characterized by deficiencies in social and communication skills.
It is considered to be part of the autistic spectrum and is differentiated from other PDDs and from high functioning autism in that early development is normal and there is no language delay.
It is possible for people with AS to have learning disabilities concurrently with Asperger syndrome.
In these cases, differential diagnosis is essential to identify subsequent support requirements.
Conversely, IQ tests may show normal or superior intelligence, and standard language development compared with classical autism.
AS is often not identified in early childhood, and many individuals do not receive diagnosis until after puberty or when they are adults.
Assistance for core symptoms of AS consists of therapies that apply behavior management strategies and address poor communication skills, obsessive or repetitive routines, and physical clumsiness.