Reference Article

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Automobile safety

Automobile safety is the study and practice of design, construction, equipment and regulation to minimize the occurrence and consequences of automobile accidents.

Road traffic safety more broadly includes roadway design.

One of the first formal academic studies into improving vehicle safety was by Cornell Aeronautical Labs of Buffalo, New York.

The main conclusion of their extensive report is the crucial importance of seat belts and padded dashboards.

However, the primary vector of traffic-related deaths and injuries is the disproportionate mass and velocity of an automobile compared to that of the predominant victim, the pedestrian.

In the United States a pedestrian is injured by an automobile every 8 minutes, and are 1.5 times more likely than a vehicle's occupants to be killed in an automobile crash per outing.

Improvements in roadway and automobile designs have steadily reduced injury and death rates in all first world countries.

Nevertheless, auto collisions are the leading cause of injury-related deaths, an estimated total of 1.2 million in 2004, or 25% of the total from all causes.

Of those killed by autos, nearly two-thirds are pedestrians.

Risk compensation theory has been used in arguments against safety devices, regulations and modifications of vehicles despite the efficacy of saving lives.

Note: This article excerpts material from the Wikipedia article "Automobile safety", which is released under the GNU Free Documentation License.

See the following related content on ScienceDaily:


Related Videos

last updated on 2014-04-17 at 1:37 am EDT

Environmentally-Friendly Prototypes Dominate Tokyo Motor Show

Environmentally-Friendly Prototypes Dominate Tokyo Motor Show

EFE (Nov. 20, 2013) The Tokyo Motor Show opened its doors Tuesday with the latest from the automobile sector, which is increasingly dominated by sustainable vehicles, technology and unbelievable futuristic designs The 43rd biennial event, which will be open until 1 December, has brought together 180 companies from 12 countries, which will present 76 new models.
Powered by NewsLook.com
Dreamliner Lifts Boeing to Record Altitude

Dreamliner Lifts Boeing to Record Altitude

Reuters (Oct. 23, 2013) After months of being dogged by safety issues and setbacks for the 787 Dreamliner, finally some good news for Boeing. Conway G. Gittens reports.
Powered by NewsLook.com
Tesla Model S Safety Investigation Launched

Tesla Model S Safety Investigation Launched

Newsy (Nov. 19, 2013) US safety regulators have launched a formal investigation into Tesla Motors' Model S after several incidents of the electric cars catching fire.
Powered by NewsLook.com
How to Get Smart About Toy Recalls

How to Get Smart About Toy Recalls

Howdini (Dec. 15, 2011) Parents always worry when they hear about a toy being recalled for safety reasons. Toy expert Chris Byrne explains how to find out about toy recalls and what to do if you have one of the recalled toys in your home.
Powered by NewsLook.com

Related Stories


Share This



Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins