Cervical cancer is a malignancy of the cervix.
Worldwide, it is the second most common cancer of women.
It may present with vaginal bleeding but symptoms may be absent until the cancer is in advanced stages, which has made cervical cancer the focus of intense screening efforts utilizing the Pap smear.
Most scientific studies have found that human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is responsible for greater than 90 percent of the cases of cervical cancer.
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