Reference Article

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


In botany, a fruit is the ripened ovary, together with seeds, of a flowering plant.

In many species, the fruit incorporates the ripened ovary and surrounding tissues.

Fruits are the means by which flowering plants disseminate seeds.

In cuisine, when discussing fruit as food, the term usually refers to just those plant fruits that are sweet and fleshy, examples of which include plum, apple and orange.

However, a great many common vegetables, as well as nuts and grains, are the fruit of the plant species they come from.Many foods are botanically fruit but are treated as vegetables in cooking.

These include cucurbits (e.g., squash, pumpkin, and cucumber), tomato, aubergine (eggplant), and sweet pepper, spices, such as allspice and chillies.

Seedlessness is an important feature of some fruits of commerce.

Commercial cultivars of bananas and pineapples are examples of seedless fruits.

Some cultivars of citrus fruits (especially navel oranges and mandarin oranges), table grapes, grapefruit, and watermelons are valued for their seedlessness.

In some species, seedlessness is the result of parthenocarpy, where fruits set without fertilization.

Parthenocarpic fruit set may or may not require pollination.

Most seedless citrus fruits require a pollination stimulus; bananas and pineapples do not.

Seedlessness in table grapes results from the abortion of the embryonic plant that is produced by fertilization, a phenomenon known as stenospermocarpy which requires normal pollination and fertilization.

Note: This article excerpts material from the Wikipedia article "Fruit", which is released under the GNU Free Documentation License.

See the following related content on ScienceDaily:

Related Videos

last updated on 2015-03-31 at 8:42 am EDT

The Acai Berry Takes Brazil by Storm

The Acai Berry Takes Brazil by Storm

AFP (July 7, 2012) Very popular in Brazil, the acai has invaded the US, Japan and Australia. This black berry, cultivated on the edges of the Amazon, is already known for its exceptional nutritional qualities even though lab research on the fruit is still in its early days. Nevertheless, the fruit's virtues are often overlooked in favor of financial gain.
Powered by
Climate: Nicaragua Solar Dryers Instead of Drought

Climate: Nicaragua Solar Dryers Instead of Drought

Deutsche Welle (June 3, 2013) Nicaragua's unique weather conditions are ideal for growing coffee and cocoa beans. But climate change is threatening the weather system there - the dry periods are becoming more humid and conditions during the wet season are becoming more severe. Increasingly, crops are spoiling before they're harvested. With the help of solar dryers however, coffee, cocoa, fruit and wood can be dried within hours and made to last longer without adding chemicals. The Austrian company CONA has become the leading exporter of the component parts of these devices, which are being installed in even the remotest parts of the country.
Powered by
Bat's Tongue a Showpiece of Feeding Efficiency

Bat's Tongue a Showpiece of Feeding Efficiency

Reuters (May 8, 2013) Researchers at Brown University have unravelled the secrets of the fruit bat's efficiency in collecting nectar from plants. Using a high speed camera, the scientists have shown that the bat's tongue becomes engorged with blood and changes shape to become a mop-like tool the animal uses to draw nectar into its mouth.
Powered by
Blueberries the Top Crop in the Peach State?

Blueberries the Top Crop in the Peach State?

AP (July 22, 2013) Many would be surprised to know that blueberries, not peaches are the most valuable fruit in the Peach State. Since 2005, Georgia's blueberry crop has more than tripled in value over its fuzzy orange competitor.
Powered by

Related Stories

Share This

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.


Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News


Free Subscriptions

Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile

Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?

Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins