Reference Article

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Infrastructure

Infrastructure is basic physical and organizational structures needed for the operation of a society or enterprise, or the services and facilities necessary for an economy to function.

It can be generally defined as the set of interconnected structural elements that provide framework supporting an entire structure of development.

It is an important term for judging a country or region's development.

The term typically refers to the technical structures that support a society, such as roads, bridges, water supply, sewers, electrical grids, telecommunications, and so forth, and can be defined as "the physical components of interrelated systems providing commodities and services essential to enable, sustain, or enhance societal living conditions."

Viewed functionally, infrastructure facilitates the production of goods and services, and also the distribution of finished products to markets, as well as basic social services such as schools and hospitals; for example, roads enable the transport of raw materials to a factory.

In military parlance, the term refers to the buildings and permanent installations necessary for the support, redeployment, and operation of military forces.

Note: This article excerpts material from the Wikipedia article "Infrastructure", which is released under the GNU Free Documentation License.

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