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Mammoth

A mammoth is any of a number of an extinct genus of elephant, often with long curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair.

They lived during the Pleistocene epoch from 1.6 million years ago to around 3,500 years ago.

The woollies were a spectacularly successful species; they ranged from Spain to North America and are thought to have existed in huge numbers.

Researchers have estimated that during the last Ice Age, parts of Siberia may have had an average population density of sixty animals per hundred square kilometres - equivalent to African elephants today.

Most mammoths died out at the end of the last Ice Age.

Note: This article excerpts material from the Wikipedia article "Mammoth", which is released under the GNU Free Documentation License.

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last updated on 2014-04-20 at 9:09 am EDT

Woolly Mammoth Discovery Raises Exciting Possibilities

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CBC (June 1, 2013) The recent discovery of a well-preserved woolly mammoth carcass and mammoth blood on a Siberian Island has the potential to "raise the ceiling" on scientific research on extinct species, say Canadian researchers who work with mammoth DNA.
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What Really Killed Off the Woolly Mammoth?

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Newsy (Sep. 11, 2013) The cause of the woolly mammoth's extinction has been debated for a long time. Possibilities include over-hunting and the spread of disease.
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Russian Boy Discovers 'Woolly Mammoth of the Century'

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AFP (Oct. 7, 2012) An 11-year-old boy from a nomadic family in Russia's north has stumbled upon a massive well-preserved woolly mammoth, in what scientists describe as the best such discovery since 1901.
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Ancient Mammoth Blood Still Running

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Reuters (May 30, 2013) Russian scientists extract blood still in liquid form as well as muscle tissue from a frozen mammoth.
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