Meteorology is the scientific study of the atmosphere that focuses on weather processes and forecasting.
Meteorological phenomena are observable weather events which illuminate and are explained by the science of meteorology.
Those events are bound by the variables that exist in Earth's atmosphere.
They are temperature, pressure, water vapor, and the gradients and interactions of each variable, and how they change in time.
The majority of Earth's observed weather is located in the troposphere.
Although meteorologists now rely heavily on computer models (numerical weather prediction), it is still relatively common to use techniques and conceptual models that were developed before computers were powerful enough to make predictions accurately or efficiently.