Reference Article

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Pollination management

Pollination Management is the label for horticultural practices that accomplish or enhance pollination of a crop, to improve yield or quality, by understanding of the particular crop's pollination needs, and by knowledgeable management of pollenizers, pollinators, and pollination conditions.

With the decline of both wild and domestic pollinator populations, pollination management is becoming an increasingly important part of horticulture.

Factors that cause the loss of pollinators include pesticide misuse, unprofitability of beekeeping for honey, rapid transfer of pests and diseases to new areas of the globe, urban/suburban development, changing crop patterns, clearcut logging (particularly when mixed forests are replaced by monoculture pine), clearing of hedgerows and other wild areas, loss of nectar corridors for migratory pollinators, and human paranoia of stinging insects (killer bee hype).

The increasing size of fields and orchards (monoculture) increase the importance of pollination management.

Monoculture can cause a brief period when pollinators have more food resources than they can use, while other periods of the year can bring starvation or pesticide contamination of food sources.

Most pollinator species rely on a steady nectar source and pollen source throughout the growing season to build up their numbers.

In 1989, following Hurricane Hugo, massive aerial applications for mosquitoes were done in South Carolina.

The following year, watermelon growers who did not place beehives in the fields, observed the fruit begin to develop, then abort, or develop into small deformed fruit.

There were entire fields that never yielded a single usable melon.

Some growers went out of business; others began to seriously manage pollination.

Since beekeepers were also heavily damaged by the mosquito spraying, the supply of bees for pollination was critically short for several years.

Organisms that are currently being used as pollinators in managed pollination are honey bees, bumblebees, alfalfa leafcutter bees, orchard mason bees, and fuzzyfooted bees.

Other species are expected to be added to this list as this field develops.

Humans also can be pollinators, as the gardener who hand pollinates her squash blossoms, or the Middle Eastern farmer, who climbs his date palms to pollinate them.

Note: This article excerpts material from the Wikipedia article "Pollination management", which is released under the GNU Free Documentation License.

See the following related content on ScienceDaily:

Related Videos

last updated on 2015-03-28 at 8:39 pm EDT

How to Pollinate Squash

How to Pollinate Squash

Howdini (Oct. 9, 2013) If your immature squash plants are turning brown and rotting on the vine, you may have a pollination issue. Fine Gardening's Danielle Sherry shows Fine Cooking's Sarah Breckenridge how to ensure a bountiful yield by pollinating the blooms by hand.
Powered by
How to Care for Your Eggplants

How to Care for Your Eggplants

Howdini (May 5, 2014) Eggplants growing slowly? Refusing to blossom? Don't sweat it. Just watch this video from Fine Gardening's Danielle Sherry and Fine Cooking's Sarah Breckenridge to learn how to fix whatever is wrong. Hint: hand-pollination might be in order. Video provided by Howdini
Powered by
RAW VIDEO: Louisiana Sinkhole Swallows Giant Trees

RAW VIDEO: Louisiana Sinkhole Swallows Giant Trees

AP (Aug. 22, 2013) It took just seconds for a sinkhole to swallow several giant trees in Louisiana's Assumption Parish. The parish's emergency management department caught it on video.
Powered by
Rare Florida Panther Released Into the Wild

Rare Florida Panther Released Into the Wild

AP (Apr. 3, 2013) An endangered Florida panther rescued as a kitten and raised in captivity has made a rare run back into the wild. The state's wildlife agency released the panther into a wildlife management area in the Florida Everglades.
Powered by

Related Stories

Share This

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.


Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News


Free Subscriptions

Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile

Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?

Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins