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Spaying and neutering

Spaying and neutering are the respective surgical processes of female and male animal sterilization, to keep them from producing offspring.

Neutering is sometimes used to refer to the surgery in either males or females.

The process in males is also referred to as castration, or gelding.

Note: This article excerpts material from the Wikipedia article "Spaying and neutering", which is released under the GNU Free Documentation License.

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last updated on 2015-03-30 at 5:27 am EDT

The Rewilding of California Wolf Territory

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FORA.tv (Dec. 18, 2014) The Rewilding of California Wolf Territory California Academy of Sciences - California Academy of Sciences What would it be like to live in a world with no predators roaming our landscapes? Would their elimination bring about a pastoral, peaceful human civilization? Or in fact is their existence critical to our own, and do we need to be doing more to assure their health and the health of the landscapes they need to thrive? In this talk, Cristina Eisenberg delivers a compelling call for the necessity of top predators in large, undisturbed landscapes, and shows us how a continental-long corridor-a "carnivore way"-provides the room they need to roam and disperse. Along the way we will follow in the footsteps of six large carnivores-wolves, grizzly bears, lynx, jaguars, wolverines, and cougars-on a 7,500-mile wildlife corridor from Alaska to Mexico along the Rocky Mountains. Backed by robust science, Eisenberg shows how their well-being is a critical factor in sustaining healthy landscapes and how it is possible for humans and large carnivores to coexist peacefully and even to thrive. University students in natural resource science programs, resource managers, conservation organizations, and anyone curious about carnivore ecology and management in a changing world will find a thoughtful guide to large carnivore conservation that dispels long-held myths about their ecology and contributions to healthy, resilient landscapes. Video provided by FORA.tv
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Bugs to the Rescue: Antibiotic Compounds From Insects

Bugs to the Rescue: Antibiotic Compounds From Insects

Deutsche Welle (Oct. 13, 2013) An increasing number of antibiotics is proving less effective and developing new drugs is not lucrative for the pharmaceuticals industry. Now there's help from a relatively young scientific discipline that marries entomology and biotechnology.Many bugs are masters at adaptation and survival and they boast an incredibly robust immune system. Scientists from Giessen are searching for molecules and proteins with which insects successfully fight off bacteria and fungi. They've isolated a molecule from the multicolored Asian lady beetle which could work against tuberculosis and malaria. And even the honeycomb moth produces molecules that can combat disease-causing pathogens.
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Explaining How We Differ From Our Closest Ape Relatives

Explaining How We Differ From Our Closest Ape Relatives

FORA.tv (Dec. 22, 2014) Explaining How We Differ From Our Closest Ape Relatives California Academy of Sciences - Cal Academy of Sciences Walking upright on two legs is the hallmark of the human lineage. Understanding when and how we made the transition to this unique way of moving about the world is key to deciphering how, and why, we evolved. Scientists have traditionally studied hands, feet, arms and legs to understand animal movement, but primates differ in body shape as much as they do in their limbs, and this is related to the ways they are designed to move about the world - whether they hold their bodies upright or horizontally, whether they hang below branches in the trees or walk above them on all fours, and more. Over the past few decades, more bones associated with the trunk, including ribs, pelves and vertebrae, have been discovered for fossil hominins and our relatives, shedding new light on the evolution of body form in apes and humans. In addition, new 3D computer technologies allow us to study these fossils in new ways. These new insights into the evolution of human body form paint a striking new picture of the transition from ape to hominin, leading to a whole new way of thinking about our origins. Video provided by FORA.tv
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Climate: Reforestation in Tajikistan

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Deutsche Welle (Aug. 12, 2013) During the Soviet era, people in the mountainous regions of Tajikistan received coal for heating free of charge. When the Soviet Union collapsed, so did the supply, and people began to clear the forests - with fatal consequences for nature and the microclimate. Species extinction, mudslides and sandstorms were the result. With funding from the International Climate Protection Initiative, the forests are now being regenerated and supervised by the GIZ. The residents can rent parcels of land, reforest them, and in use the sustainably grown crops, such as timber and buckthorn, themselves. 450 families have been involved in the project to date, and just under 2000 hectares have been reforested.
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