Reference Article

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


The tongue is the large bundle of muscles on the floor of the mouth that manipulates food for chewing and swallowing.

It is one of the organs of taste.

Much of the surface of the tongue is covered in taste buds.

The tongue assists in forming the sounds of speech.

Note: This article excerpts material from the Wikipedia article "Tongue", which is released under the GNU Free Documentation License.

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last updated on 2015-03-29 at 6:59 am EDT

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AP (Nov. 27, 2013) In a new study, patients paralyzed from the neck down may have gained more mobility and independence by flicking their tongues. Researchers created an experimental device that relies on tongue movements to pilot a wheelchair and use a computer. (Nov. 27)
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Language Acquisition: How and When Do We Learn to Talk?

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Deutsche Welle (Apr. 21, 2013) We talk to Prof. Angela D. Friederici, of the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig. She asserts that babies learn language right from birth, even cry with the intonations of their mother tongue.
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Bat's Tongue a Showpiece of Feeding Efficiency

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Reuters (May 8, 2013) Researchers at Brown University have unravelled the secrets of the fruit bat's efficiency in collecting nectar from plants. Using a high speed camera, the scientists have shown that the bat's tongue becomes engorged with blood and changes shape to become a mop-like tool the animal uses to draw nectar into its mouth.
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MIT Researchers Create 'World's Toughest Tongue Twister'

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Newsy (Dec. 5, 2013) While studying speech patterns, MIT researchers came up with a tongue twister so difficult that participants struggled to repeat it.
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