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February 8, 2016

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February 8, 2016

Feb. 8, 2016 — Exposure to air pollution more than 30 years ago may still affect an individual's mortality risk today, according to new research. Highest risks were seen for respiratory disease, such as ... read more

Why Not Recycled Concrete?

Feb. 8, 2016 — From paper towels to cups to plastic bottles, products made from recycled materials permeate our lives. One notable exception is building materials. Why can’t we recycle concrete from our ... read more

Antiretroviral Therapy Reduces HIV in the Female Reproductive Tract

Feb. 8, 2016 — For the first time, investigators have determined how antiretroviral therapy (ART) affects the way HIV disseminates and establishes infection in the female reproductive tract. These observations have ... read more

Expanding Use of Vaccines Could Save Up to $44 for Every Dollar Spent, Study Suggests

Feb. 8, 2016 — Vaccinations, long recognized as an excellent investment that saves lives and prevents illness, could have significant economic value that far exceeds their original cost, a new study has ... read more

Predicting Who Will Develop Multiple Sclerosis

Feb. 8, 2016 — A team of investigators has launched a study of individuals at risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) to better understand the sequence of events that leads some people to develop the disease and set the ... read more

Newer Pain Management Strategies Can Lead to Quicker, Shorter Recovery After Total Knee Replacement

Feb. 8, 2016 — According to a new literature review , a team-based care approach (consisting of the patient, family members, the orthopaedic surgeon and other medical practitioners) on total knee replacement (TKR) ... read more

What's Nature Worth? Study Helps Put a Price on Groundwater and Other Natural Capital

Feb. 8, 2016 — Scientists have adapted traditional asset valuation approaches to measure the value of such natural capital assets, linking economic measurements of ecosystem services with models of natural dynamics ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Ever wonder how roaches are able to get into anything, no matter how tight the seams? Biologists have now shown that the American cockroach can flatten its body to one-fifth normal running height to ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Researchers have engineered a new synthetic biopathway that can more efficiently and cost-effectively turn agricultural waste, like corn stover and orange peels, into a variety of useful products ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Bioengineers have studied alternative CRISPR-Cas9 systems for precision genome editing, with a focus on improving its accuracy and limiting 'off-target' ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — An experimental nanoparticle therapy that combines low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and fish oil preferentially kills primary liver cancer cells without harming healthy cells, researchers ... read more

Researchers Identify New Borrelia Species That Causes Lyme Disease

Feb. 8, 2016 — A new bacterial species that causes Lyme disease in people has been identified by researchers. The new species has been provisionally named Borrelia mayonii. Prior to this finding, the only species ... read more

Secondary Tropical Forests Absorb Carbon at Higher Rate Than Old-Growth Forests

Feb. 8, 2016 — Forests are an important carbon sink. While most attention has focused on old-growth tropical forests, it turns out that secondary forests that re-grow after forest clearance or agricultural ... read more

Experts Urge Extreme Caution on 'Rewilding' to Save Wild Places

Feb. 8, 2016 — Efforts to 'rewild' the landscape have become increasingly popular in some corners, but researchers say that scientific evidence supporting the potential benefits of this form of ... read more

Higher Cellulolytic Activity of a Vital Microorganism Explained

Feb. 8, 2016 — Researchers say that a better understanding of a bacterium could lead to cheaper production of cellulosic ethanol and other advanced biofuels. Their discovery was made during an investigation into ... read more

Brain Scars in Multiple Sclerosis Patients Reveal Possible Cause of Taste Problems

Feb. 8, 2016 — Taste deficits appear to be more prevalent among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients than previously reported and correlate with brain lesions left by the debilitating disease, a new study has ... read more

Veterans Affairs Health System Faces Significant Challenges, Studies Find

Feb. 8, 2016 — A series of reports prepared as part of a Congressionally mandated review of the Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system finds that demands on the VA will continue to increase through the end of the ... read more

Climate Change Helps Bats to Spread Their Wings

Feb. 8, 2016 — Climate change is most likely behind the spread of a type of vesper bat across Europe over the last four decades. Kuhl's pipistrelle has extended its range by nearly 400 percent, according to a ... read more

Research Finds No Easy Answers to Use of Drug Screening for Pain Patients

Feb. 8, 2016 — Doctors who treat patients suffering from chronic pain face a quandary, according to research. Monitoring patients through urine drug screenings, part of the standard protocol to ensure patient ... read more

Wholesome Wholegrain

Feb. 8, 2016 — When it is a matter of health, whole grain has the X factor -- or rather the BX factor -- in the form of a certain group of bioactive compounds called benzoxazinoids, or BX. Scientists have ... read more

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