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October 6, 2015

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October 6, 2015

Oct. 5, 2015 — Regrowth of trees explains why grasslands in western Africa known as the Sahel have recovered after devastating droughts in the 1970s and 1980s, according to research. Previous studies have suggested ... read more

Using, Sharing, New Technologies Is Key for Conservation

Oct. 5, 2015 — Scientists estimate that we are losing species at 1,000 times the natural background rate. New technologies are improving conservation efforts by making it easier, faster, and cheaper to monitor ... read more

New Metabolomic Platform Reveals Fundamental Flaw in Common Lab Technology

Oct. 5, 2015 — A technology used in thousands of laboratories, called gas chromatography mass spectrometry, fundamentally alters the samples it analyzes, new research ... read more

If Relationships Are Good, Any Humor by Leaders Improves Job Satisfaction

Oct. 5, 2015 — Past research about the use of humor by leaders suggests that positive humor should result in happier subordinates who are satisfied with their jobs. Conventional wisdom also suggests that leaders ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Rats exposed to frequent physical, social, and predatory stress during adolescence solved problems and foraged more efficiently under high-threat conditions in adulthood compared with rats that ... read more

Newfound Gene Linked to Amyloid Beta Plaque Buildup in Alzheimer's Disease

Oct. 5, 2015 — A multi-institutional team of scientists has discovered an immune system gene associated with higher rates of amyloid plaque buildup in the brains of Alzheimer's patients and older adults at ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The efficiency of solar cells depends on precise engineering of polymers that assemble into films 1,000 times thinner than a human hair. Today, formation of that polymer assembly requires solvents ... read more

Severe Liver Damage in Mid/late-Adulthood Among People Who Inject Drugs With Chronic Hepatitis C

Oct. 5, 2015 — The Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a chronic blood-borne viral infection that affects an estimated 160 million people worldwide. Alarmingly, chronic HCV infection accounts for one-quarter of ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A two-dimensional crystal, combined with graphene, has the capability to detect optical pulses with a response faster than 10 picoseconds, while maintaining a high efficiency, a new study ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Physicists have wondered in recent years if they could control how atoms interact using light. Now they know that they can, by demonstrating games of quantum billiards with unusual new ... read more

Transplantation of Unique, Newly Discovered Stems Cells May Lead to Promising Stroke Therapy

Oct. 5, 2015 — When rats modeled with stroke were transplanted with newly discovered and unique Muse cells, neuronal regeneration resulted in significant improvements in neurological and motor functions and did not ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — It is recommended that melanoma patients perform a thorough skin self-exam on a regular basis to look for potential disease recurrence or new melanomas. Research, however, shows that fewer than 15 ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A newly upgraded high-power laser will blaze new trails across many fields of science by recreating the universe’s most extreme conditions, such as those at the heart of stars and planets, in a ... read more

Expert Opinion: Are CT Scans Safe?

Oct. 5, 2015 — With questions lingering about the safety of medical imaging and the radiation that is used in some of those tests, a radiation safety expert has written a paper that provides clear answers that she ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Scientists have found that individuals with multiple sclerosis who had a history of neuro-ophthalmic syndromes performed poorly on visual neuropsychological tasks based on processing speed. Future ... read more

Blood Clots May Complicate Aortic Valve Replacements

Oct. 5, 2015 — Heart valve replacements made from tissue (bioprosthetic valves) have long been thought to be spared the complication of blood clot formation. Researchers have now found that about 15 percent of all ... read more

Simpler Way to Estimate Feedback Between Permafrost Carbon, Climate

Oct. 5, 2015 — A simple model of permafrost carbon based on direct observations has been developed by a team of scientists. Their approach could help climate scientists evaluate how well permafrost dynamics are ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Perovskite solar cells are cheaper to make than traditional silicon cells and their electricity conversion efficiency is improving rapidly. To be commercially viable, perovskite cells need to scale ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — How do we know that the melanosomes found in the fossils are actually melanosomes and not something else, like leftover impressions from the microbes (some of which also make melanin) that coated the ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The part of the brain responsible for seeing is more powerful than previously believed. In fact, the visual cortex can essentially make decisions just like the brain's traditional 'higher ... read more

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