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October 9, 2015

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October 9, 2015

Oct. 9, 2015 — Treatment patterns for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) have shifted since the 1990s, with more U.S. women opting for lumpectomy in combination with radiation rather than single-breast mastectomy, ... read more

Magnet Hospitals Better Patient Experiences May Positively Enhance Reimbursement

Oct. 9, 2015 — A new study shows that Magnet hospitals nationally accredited for nursing excellence have higher patient ratings of care than other hospitals. The study suggests that hospitals seeking to improve ... read more

Oct. 9, 2015 — Physicists have devised a way to use diamonds to identify cancerous tumors before they become life threatening. Their findings reveal how a nanoscale, synthetic version of the precious gem can light ... read more

Adoption of Streamlined Breast Cancer Treatment Has Stagnated, Study Finds

Oct. 9, 2015 — It was hoped that the development of accelerated partial breast irradiation would increase the number of early-stage breast cancer patients getting radiation treatment. A new study, however, has ... read more

Immune Gene Prevents Parkinson's Disease, Dementia

Oct. 9, 2015 — An estimated seven to ten million people worldwide are living with Parkinson's disease (PD). More than half of PD patients develop progressive disease showing signs of dementia similar to ... read more

When Should Pediatric Residents Consult Supervisors on Issues That Come Up After Hours?

Oct. 9, 2015 — While resident physicians responsible for the care of hospital patients are always able to call a supervising senior physician for advice on handling situations that may come up, which situations ... read more

Oct. 9, 2015 — Soft steps and large feet can allow animals and robots to maintain high speeds on very loose soil and sand. These findings offer a new insight into how animals respond to different terrain, and how ... read more

Dying at Home Leads to More Peace, Less Grief, but Requires Wider Support

Oct. 9, 2015 — Dying at home could be beneficial for terminally ill cancer patients and their relatives, according to research. The study shows that, according to questionnaires completed by their relatives, those ... read more

Low Awareness of DVLA Safe Driving Guidelines Among Hospital Doctors

Oct. 8, 2015 — New research concludes that medically disqualified patients may wrongly assume themselves fit to drive on discharge from hospital because of inadequate knowledge among doctors of DVLA guidelines ... read more

Common Gene Variant Linked to Chromosome Errors, Early Pregnancy Loss

Oct. 8, 2015 — Researchers have identified a common genetic variant strongly associated with chromosome gains and losses during the early stages of human embryonic development. These errors in cell division, which ... read more

Certain Blood Markers May Indicate Early Signs of Kidney Disease

Oct. 8, 2015 — Newly discovered blood markers may lead to improved and earlier diagnoses of kidney disease, according to a study. The findings could help clinicians monitor patients' kidney ... read more

Adult High Blood Pressure Risk Identifiable in Childhood

Oct. 8, 2015 — Groups of people at risk of having high blood pressure and other related health issues by age 38 can be identified in childhood, new research suggests. The findings are the latest to emerge from the ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Upper limb amputees, who typically struggle to learn how to use a new prosthesis, would be more successful if fellow amputees taught them, new research suggests. Most usually learn by watching a ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Striga, also known as witchweed, is a parasitic plant that affects 100 million people in sub-Saharan Africa. Researchers have made a discovery that could lead to more effective ways to protect ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — A mammalian photoreceptive protein melanopsin spontaneously releases the chromophore retinal, say researchers. The property would be important to regulate non-visual photoreception in ... read more

Presenting Options to Patients: Menu Approach Good for Patients, Physicians

Oct. 8, 2015 — Presenting and discussing a menu of treatment options is good for both the patient and the physician according to a new ... read more

Older Tobacco Users Pay More for Health Insurance Under Affordable Care Act

Oct. 8, 2015 — A new study finds tobacco users would pay more for a health insurance plan from the Affordable Care Act exchanges than non-tobacco users in nearly every county of the 37 states that used ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Cigarette smoking and heavy alcohol use cause epigenetic changes to DNA that reflect accelerated biological aging in distinct, measurable ways, according to research. The researchers estimated ... read more

New Adipogenic Cocktail That Produces Functional Adipocytes from Mesechymal Stromal Cells

Oct. 8, 2015 — Multipotent mesechymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been recognized as a source of adipocytes both in vivo and in vitro. It is reported that, simultaneous activation of canonical signaling pathways by ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Scientists have described ancient water flows and lakes on Mars, and what this might mean about the ancient ... read more

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