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September 1, 2015

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September 1, 2015

Ancient Hybridization Key to Domestic Dog's Origin, Wolf Conservation Efforts

Sep. 1, 2015 — The ancestry of man's best friend is more complicated than its furry coat and soulful eyes betray. Understanding the evolutionary history of the domesticated dog may help protect endangered ... read more

Study Identifies Potential Genes Associated With Most Common Form of Liver Damage

Sep. 1, 2015 — In a first-of-its-kind exploratory study, researchers identified a potential gene associated with the initiation of the most common cause of liver damage. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is the most ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — Water sampling and aerial photography show that the algal blooms currently coloring lower Chesapeake Bay are among the most intense and widespread of recent ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — A new study links being born premature with low wages. Researchers have identified a link between being born preterm and decreased intelligence, reading and in particular mathematical ability and ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — Scientists have solved a decades-old geological mystery into what caused the death of a Florida cave ... read more

Central Sleep Apnea Device Increases Mortality in Heart Failure

Sep. 1, 2015 — Adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) therapy increases mortality and should not be used to treat central sleep apnea in heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction, the SERVE-HF trial ... read more

Lupus: A Disease With Many Faces

Sep. 1, 2015 — Lupus is an autoimmune disease with so many different symptoms that it is often difficult to diagnose and to treat. Despite huge medical advances over the last few years, lupus is incurable. Modern, ... read more

Accuracy of Dementia Brain Imaging Must Improve

Sep. 1, 2015 — MRI scans and other tools to detect and diagnose dementia are helpful but not definitive. A new report evaluates how well different types of brain imaging tests work to detect Alzheimer's and ... read more

Heat and Acid Could Squeeze Trout out of Southern Appalachian Streams

Sep. 1, 2015 — A newly published research study that combines effects of warming temperatures from climate change with stream acidity projects average losses of around 10 percent of stream habitat for coldwater ... read more

Helping Toddlers Understand Emotion Key to Development

Sep. 1, 2015 — The simple parenting strategy of helping toddlers understand emotion may reduce behavioral problems later on, finds an American study. Toddlers with higher risk, specifically those with more ... read more

How Does an Insecticide Treated Bed Net Actually Work?

Sep. 1, 2015 — Scientists developed infrared video tracking technology that follows individual mosquitoes in flight as they try to reach a human sleeper inside a bed ... read more

Timing of Sleep Just as Important as Quantity

Sep. 1, 2015 — The timing of an animal's sleep can be just as important as how much sleeps it gets, researchers have ... read more

Why Do Certain Hormonal Contraceptives Increase the Risk of HIV?

Sep. 1, 2015 — In recent years, evidence has been building that injectable contraceptive depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo-Provera or DMPA) is associated with an increased risk of HIV infection. Now a study ... read more

Treatment With Life-Saving Drugs Increases but Still Suboptimal in Ischemic Heart Disease

Sep. 1, 2015 — Treatment with life-saving medications has increased over the past 10 years in ischemic heart disease but levels are still suboptimal, according to the first results a new study. Statin prescriptions ... read more

Reading Emotions in a Second Language

Sep. 1, 2015 — If we read about someone who is smiling and happy, without realizing it, we smile as well. If, however, the text is not in our mother tongue but in a second language, then our mind and body react in ... read more

Smaller Cities in Developing World Often Unprepared for Disaster

Sep. 1, 2015 — While many planners focus on the threat of natural disasters to major metropolises around the world, a new study shows smaller cities are often even less equipped to handle such ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — Electrical engineers have demonstrated a new wireless communication technique that works by sending magnetic signals through the human body. The new technology could offer a lower power and more ... read more

Which Blood Thinner Works Better During Stent Placement? It's Still a Toss-Up

Sep. 1, 2015 — A large, ambitious contrast of blood-thinning medications used during cardiac stent placement suggests that a very expensive drug offers no clear safety benefits over a much more affordable option, ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — As astronomers continue finding new rocky planets around distant stars, high-pressure physicists are considering what the interiors of those planets might be like and how their chemistry could differ ... read more

Redefining Pediatric Malnutrition to Improve Treatment

Sep. 1, 2015 — The new definition of pediatric malnutrition has been reviewed by experts, identifying populations where the new guidelines can be problematic in clinical practice. The review also describes the ... read more

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