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February 8, 2016

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February 8, 2016

Researchers Identify New Borrelia Species That Causes Lyme Disease

Feb. 8, 2016 — A new bacterial species that causes Lyme disease in people has been identified by researchers. The new species has been provisionally named Borrelia mayonii. Prior to this finding, the only species ... read more

Secondary Tropical Forests Absorb Carbon at Higher Rate Than Old-Growth Forests

Feb. 8, 2016 — Forests are an important carbon sink. While most attention has focused on old-growth tropical forests, it turns out that secondary forests that re-grow after forest clearance or agricultural ... read more

Experts Urge Extreme Caution on 'Rewilding' to Save Wild Places

Feb. 8, 2016 — Efforts to 'rewild' the landscape have become increasingly popular in some corners, but researchers say that scientific evidence supporting the potential benefits of this form of ... read more

Higher Cellulolytic Activity of a Vital Microorganism Explained

Feb. 8, 2016 — Researchers say that a better understanding of a bacterium could lead to cheaper production of cellulosic ethanol and other advanced biofuels. Their discovery was made during an investigation into ... read more

Veterans Affairs Health System Faces Significant Challenges, Studies Find

Feb. 8, 2016 — A series of reports prepared as part of a Congressionally mandated review of the Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system finds that demands on the VA will continue to increase through the end of the ... read more

Search Technique Helps Researchers Find DNA Sequences in Minutes Rather Than Days

Feb. 8, 2016 — Database searches for DNA sequences that can take biologists and medical researchers days can now be completed in a matter of minutes, thanks to a new search method developed by computer ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Gene expression in a fruit fly embryo can be accurately and predictably tuned, new research shows. This study has important implications in cellular and developmental biology, with potential ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Despite strong preferences for ethical chocolate in focus groups, only 14 percent of millennials in individual choice studies selected candy with ethical or social factors labeling, according to a ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Researchers have new insight into the complex interchange that can raise blood levels of unhealthy lipids, or fat, in type 1 diabetes, and early evidence that a drug under study to block cancer cell ... read more

Kitchen Skills Are Highly Dependent on Level of Income and Children Living at Home

Feb. 8, 2016 — Our knowledge of food and our kitchen skills are highly dependent on our level of income and on whether we have children living at home, say investigators at the conclusion of their study in ... read more

New Type 2 Diabetes Biomarker Identified

Feb. 8, 2016 — Type 2 diabetes accounts for around 90 percent of diabetes cases as well as being one of the major cardiovascular risk factors. Researchers have found an epigenetic mechanism implicated in the ... read more

Oregano May Reduce Methane in Cow Burps

Feb. 8, 2016 — A new research project aims to reduce methane emissions from dairy cows by up to 25 per cent. This benefits not only the environment, but also arable farmers and milk producers, and it uses one key ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — In a randomized control trial, volunteer participants were subjected to Taser shocks and tested for cognitive impairment. Some showed short-term declines in cognitive functioning comparable to ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — New research on the brain and memory could help in developing therapies for people with schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease. This work sheds new light on the internal workings of the brain, ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Ultra runner Susie Chan has set a new 12-hour treadmill world record with the support of sport science and exercise experts. The 40 year old, from Farnham, Surrey, ran a total distance of 68.54 miles ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — The discovery of the world's oldest storage of fermented fish in southern Sweden could rewrite the Nordic prehistory with findings indicating a far more complex society than previously thought. ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — A new study sheds light on unique property of 2-D materials -- ability to shield chemical interactions at the molecular level. Discovery of shielding effect allows scientists to control reactivity of ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Electrical engineers have developed a pedestrian detection system that performs in near real-time (two-four frames per second) and with higher accuracy (close to half the error) compared to existing ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Scientists have studied the reduced-soreness phenomenon for decades, but they still can't figure out exactly why people feel less sore the second time around. What they do know is the immune ... read more

Muscles on-a-Chip Provide Insight Into Cardiac Stem Cell Therapies

Feb. 8, 2016 — Stem cell-derived heart muscle cells may fail to effectively replace damaged cardiac tissue because they don't contract strongly enough, according to a new study. This may help explain why stem ... read more

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