Fossils & Ruins News
December 1, 2015

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December 1, 2015

Rice Basket Study Rethinks Roots of Human Culture

Nov. 26, 2015 — Although teaching is useful, it is not essential for cultural progress because people can use reasoning and reverse engineering of existing items to work out how to make tools, suggests a new ... read more

Nov. 26, 2015 — A glaciologist has created animations from satellite images of the Karakoram mountain range in Asia to show how its glaciers flow and ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Genes for important skin proteins arose in a common ancestor shared by humans and turtles 310 million years ago, a genome comparison has ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — The world-famous Australian reef is providing an effective barrier against landslide-induced tsunamis, new research shows. An underwater landslide has been found to have occurred some 20,000 years ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — A new Lower Paleolithic elephant butchering site has been discovered in Megalopolis, Greece. The site has yielded stratified stone artifacts in association with a nearly complete skeleton of Elephas ... read more

Nov. 24, 2015 — New research suggests that betrayals of trust were the missing link in understanding the rapid spread of our own species around the world. Moral disputes motivated by broken trust and a sense of ... read more

Nov. 24, 2015 — A 'dinosaur' fossil originally discovered on Prince Edward Island, Canada, has been shown to have steak knife-like teeth, and researchers have changed its name to Dimetrodon borealis -- ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — The role volcanic activity played in mass extinction events in Earth's early history is likely to have been much less severe than previously thought, according to a ... read more

Bivalve Family Tree Offers Evolutionary Clues

Nov. 23, 2015 — Researchers have compiled the most complete look to date of the evolutionary family tree of cardiid bivalves. Bivavles include clams, oysters, cockles, mussels, scallops and numerous other organisms ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — If Pleistocene megafauna -- mastodons, mammoths, giant sloths and others -- had not become extinct, humans might not be eating pumpkin pie and squash for the holidays, according to an international ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — Genomic analysis of ancient human remains identifies specific genes that changed during and after the transition in Europe from hunting and gathering to farming about 8,500 years ago. Many of the ... read more

Nov. 23, 2015 — Genetic material from ancient viral infections is critical to human development, according to ... read more

Getting Under the Skin of a Medieval Mystery

Nov. 23, 2015 — A simple PVC eraser has helped an international team of scientists led by bioarchaeologists to resolve the mystery surrounding the tissue-thin parchment used by medieval scribes to produce the first ... read more

Adapting to -70 Degrees in Siberia: A Tale of Yakutian Horses

Nov. 23, 2015 — From an evolutionary perspective, it happened almost overnight. In less than 800 years Yakutian horses adapted to the extremely cold temperatures found in the environments of eastern Siberia. The ... read more

Nov. 21, 2015 — A new study shows that larger eye size is the source of a sizable reproductive advantage for a tiny freshwater crustacean, Daphnia obtusa. The research provides hard data for eye microevolution that, ... read more

Nov. 20, 2015 — Earth's oxygen-rich atmosphere emerged in whiffs from a kind of cyanobacteria in shallow oceans around 2.5 billion years ago, according to new ... read more

3D Imaging Sheds New Light on 250 Million Year Old Fossil

Nov. 20, 2015 — A new study has used high-resolution imaging techniques to reinterpret fossilized bones first encountered in northeast Italy in ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — Ancient fossil forests have beenunearthed in Arctic Norway, thought to be partly responsible for one of the most dramatic shifts in the Earth's climate in the past 400 million ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — In 1495, a "new" disease spread throughout Europe: syphilis. Christopher Columbus was said to have brought this sexually transmitted disease back from his voyage to America. At least, that ... read more

Low-Oxygen 'Dead Zones' in North Pacific Linked to Past Ocean-Warming Events

Nov. 18, 2015 — A new study has found a link between abrupt ocean warming at the end of the last ice age and the sudden onset of low-oxygen, or hypoxic conditions that led to vast marine dead ... read more

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