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July 29, 2015

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July 29, 2015

Targeted Therapy Shows Effectiveness Against a Subtype of the Brain Tumor Medulloblastoma

July 29, 2015 — A subset of medulloblastoma tumors briefly stopped growing or disappeared entirely during treatment with vismodegib, researchers report after a trial with both adults and ... read more

New Research Opens the Door for Treatment of Relapsing Bacterial Infections

July 29, 2015 — A new discovery could put people with relapsing urinary tract infections (UTIs) on the fast track for a new therapeutic regimen. An estimated 150 million UTIs occur each year worldwide, accounting ... read more

State Immunization Laws Should Eliminate Non-Medical Exemptions, Say Internists

July 29, 2015 — Support for eliminating existing exemptions, except for medical reasons, from immunization laws was among the policy recommendations adopted at the summer meeting of the Board of Regents of the ... read more

Researchers Illuminate Key Role of NOX Proteins in Liver Disease

July 29, 2015 — A direct connection between two signaling proteins and liver fibrosis, a scarring process underlying chronic liver disease, the 12th leading cause of death in the United States, has been demonstrated ... read more

Science Educators Analyze Genetics Content of Next Generation Science Standards

July 29, 2015 — The genetics content of the Next Generation Science Standards -- a recent set of performance-based expectations for elementary, middle, and high school students in science classes -- represents, on ... read more

July 29, 2015 — An analysis of data on stomach acidity and diet in birds and mammals suggests that high levels of stomach acidity developed not to help animals break down food, but to defend animals against food ... read more

Bioethicists Call for End to 'Pay-to-Play' Clinical Research

July 29, 2015 — Charging people to participate in research studies is likely to undermine the fundamental ethical basis of clinical research, according to a new paper written by bioethicists. The paper outlines the ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Researchers studied six under-tree vegetation-free strip widths and supplemental irrigation in years 4-8 of a young peach orchard to determine effects on peach tree growth and fruit yield, harvest ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Researchers have developed a smartphone test for chlamydia that can detect the disease with high accuracy, which could reduce the prevalence of this sexually transmitted disease (STD) by making ... read more

First Lab-on-Cartridge Device That Can Perform All Common Medical Tests

July 29, 2015 — Clinical laboratory tests play a crucial role in making sure patients get appropriate care, yet many small labs and clinics in low resource settings cannot afford the instruments needed to provide ... read more

Hospital Penalties Based on Total Number of Blood Clots May Be Unfairly Imposed, Study Shows

July 29, 2015 — Researchers say their review of 128 medical case histories suggests that financial penalties imposed on Maryland hospitals based solely on the total number of patients who suffer blood clots in the ... read more

July 29, 2015 — For centuries, people have transformed and splintered landscapes and ecosystems in North America. This radical altering of nature makes it tough for scientists to analyze the continent’s ... read more

Study of Birds' Sense of Smell Reveals Important Clues for Behavior, Adaptation

July 29, 2015 — From slight sparrows to preening peacocks to soaring falcons, birds have long been known to possess distinct abilities in their sense of smell, but little has been known about the evolution of ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Researchers have developed a yarn from ordinary gelatine that has good qualities similar to those of merino wool fibers. Now they are working on making the yarn even more water ... read more

Climbing a Tree Can Improve Cognitive Skills, Researchers Say

July 29, 2015 — Climbing a tree and balancing on a beam can dramatically improve cognitive skills, according to a study. The findings suggest working memory improvements can be made in just a couple of hours of ... read more

Henry V's Agincourt Naval Fleet Much Smaller Than Previously Believed

July 29, 2015 — The naval preparations that allowed Henry V’s army to travel from England to France in August, 1415 have been the focus of recent study. Using English exchequer rolls in the National Archives at ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Physicists have revealed a new understanding of nucleosynthesis in stars, providing insight into the role massive stars play in the evolution of the Milky Way and the origins of the Solar ... read more

Detecting Small Metallic Contaminants in Food Via Magnetization

July 29, 2015 — Researchers have developed a practical metallic-contaminant detector using three high-Tc RF superconducting quantum interference devices for food inspection. While the detection of small metallic ... read more

When Cars and Wildlife Collide: Virtual Reality Could Prevent Real-Life Road Accidents

July 29, 2015 — Using a novel simulation approach, researchers took a closer look at how an interactive system, meant to reduce road accidents involving wild animals, can actually affect driver ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Researchers have made a discovery with the potential to impact the treatment of middle ear infections and other illnesses. They found that the bacterial pathogen Haemophilus influenzae, which causes ... read more

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