Health & Medicine News
October 9, 2015

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October 9, 2015

Oct. 9, 2015 — Treatment patterns for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) have shifted since the 1990s, with more U.S. women opting for lumpectomy in combination with radiation rather than single-breast mastectomy, ... read more

Magnet Hospitals Better Patient Experiences May Positively Enhance Reimbursement

Oct. 9, 2015 — A new study shows that Magnet hospitals nationally accredited for nursing excellence have higher patient ratings of care than other hospitals. The study suggests that hospitals seeking to improve ... read more

Oct. 9, 2015 — Physicists have devised a way to use diamonds to identify cancerous tumors before they become life threatening. Their findings reveal how a nanoscale, synthetic version of the precious gem can light ... read more

Adoption of Streamlined Breast Cancer Treatment Has Stagnated, Study Finds

Oct. 9, 2015 — It was hoped that the development of accelerated partial breast irradiation would increase the number of early-stage breast cancer patients getting radiation treatment. A new study, however, has ... read more

Immune Gene Prevents Parkinson's Disease, Dementia

Oct. 9, 2015 — An estimated seven to ten million people worldwide are living with Parkinson's disease (PD). More than half of PD patients develop progressive disease showing signs of dementia similar to ... read more

When Should Pediatric Residents Consult Supervisors on Issues That Come Up After Hours?

Oct. 9, 2015 — While resident physicians responsible for the care of hospital patients are always able to call a supervising senior physician for advice on handling situations that may come up, which situations ... read more

Low Awareness of DVLA Safe Driving Guidelines Among Hospital Doctors

Oct. 8, 2015 — New research concludes that medically disqualified patients may wrongly assume themselves fit to drive on discharge from hospital because of inadequate knowledge among doctors of DVLA guidelines ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Upper limb amputees, who typically struggle to learn how to use a new prosthesis, would be more successful if fellow amputees taught them, new research suggests. Most usually learn by watching a ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — A mammalian photoreceptive protein melanopsin spontaneously releases the chromophore retinal, say researchers. The property would be important to regulate non-visual photoreception in ... read more

Presenting Options to Patients: Menu Approach Good for Patients, Physicians

Oct. 8, 2015 — Presenting and discussing a menu of treatment options is good for both the patient and the physician according to a new ... read more

Older Tobacco Users Pay More for Health Insurance Under Affordable Care Act

Oct. 8, 2015 — A new study finds tobacco users would pay more for a health insurance plan from the Affordable Care Act exchanges than non-tobacco users in nearly every county of the 37 states that used ... read more

New Adipogenic Cocktail That Produces Functional Adipocytes from Mesechymal Stromal Cells

Oct. 8, 2015 — Multipotent mesechymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been recognized as a source of adipocytes both in vivo and in vitro. It is reported that, simultaneous activation of canonical signaling pathways by ... read more

Study Sheds Light on Protecting Transgender Individuals from Suicide

Oct. 8, 2015 — The likelihood of a transgender person attempting suicide is very high, often because of the prejudice, transphobia and other stressors. A new study examined factors that may protect transgender ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — A life-sized artificial human lung is the first diagnostic tool for understanding in real time how tiny particles behave in the deepest part of the human lungs. It could shed light on airborne ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — If you have diabetes, or cancer or even heart problems, maybe you should blame it on your dad's behavior or environment. Or even your grandfather's. That's because, in recent years, ... read more

Study Ties Restless Legs Syndrome to Heart, Kidney Problems

Oct. 8, 2015 — Those with restless legs syndrome are at higher risk for stroke, heart and kidney disease, and earlier death, a database study of Veterans found. Studies in the past had suggested such links, but the ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Epinephrine autoinjectors can be life-saving for patients experiencing anaphylaxis -- a life-threatening emergency -- but according to a new case series, the most commonly used autoinjector appears ... read more

Epidural, Spinal Anesthesia Safe for Cesarean Deliveries, Study Finds

Oct. 8, 2015 — New research could ease the minds of expectant mothers who may be nervous about epidurals or spinal anesthesia for childbirth. According to ASA practice guidelines, spinal or epidural anesthesia is ... read more

Breast Cancer Genomic Analysis Reveals Invasive Lobular Carcinoma Subtypes

Oct. 8, 2015 — Researchers analyzed hundreds of breast cancer samples to reveal genetic drivers of invasive lobular carcinoma, the second most commonly diagnosed invasive form of breast cancer. The work, the ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — A new technique allows scientists to study diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's using cells from human patients. Historically, animal models -- from fruit flies to mice -- have been ... read more

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