Health & Medicine News
October 3, 2015

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updated 11:40pm EDT

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October 3, 2015

Does Knowing High-Status People Help or Hurt?

Oct. 2, 2015 — How happy you are may have something to do with who you know -- and where you come from. A sociology professor, set out to discover whether knowing high-status people helped or harmed mental health, ... read more

Researcher Calls for Changes to Colorectal Cancer Screening Guidelines

Oct. 2, 2015 — Colorectal cancer will claim the lives of close to 50,000 Americans this year, according to the American Cancer Society. Screening is the most effective way to reduce the risk of dying from the ... read more

Oct. 2, 2015 — Scientists have gained new insight into the formation of the spindle, which is the molecular machine that divides up genetic material prior to cell division. Their work focuses on the motor protein, ... read more

High Opioid Use in Older People With COPD Raises Safety Concerns

Oct. 2, 2015 — Researchers are raising safety concerns about high rates of new opioid use among older adults with COPD, according to a study. Opioids, such as codeine, oxycodone and morphine might be prescribed ... read more

Reducing Aeromedical Transport for Traumas Saved Money and Lives

Oct. 2, 2015 — Changes to the trauma triage protocol in Maryland resulted in decreased use of helicopter transport for trauma patients and improved patient outcomes, saving lives and money. The results of a 11-year ... read more

Irrigation of Cutaneous Abscesses May Not Be Necessary

Oct. 2, 2015 — A procedure commonly performed in emergency departments on cutaneous abscesses may not have any impact on the need for further interventions and therefore may not be necessary, according to a ... read more

Can Exercise Be Replaced With a Pill?

Oct. 2, 2015 — Everyone knows that exercise improves health and with this knowledge in hand, scientists may be better equipped to develop 'exercise pills' that could mimic at least some of the beneficial ... read more

Oct. 2, 2015 — Employees with sit-stand desks stood 60 minutes more a day at work compared with their co-workers with sitting desks, and they continued to do so long after their newfangled desks lost their novelty, ... read more

First-Aid for Defective Mucus

Oct. 2, 2015 — Proper lubrication is crucial to keep not only machines but also humans functioning smoothly. The mucus membranes in our mouths, eyes, stomachs and genital area help keep friction to a minimum and ... read more

High-Fructose Diet Slows Recovery from Brain Injury

Oct. 2, 2015 — A diet high in processed fructose sabotages rat brains’ ability to heal after head trauma, neuroscientists report. Revealing a link between nutrition and brain health, the finding offers ... read more

Exercise Is Good for Everyone, but Some Struggle More Than Others

Oct. 2, 2015 — People with increased risk of type 2 diabetes need to exercise more than others to achieve the same results, according to new ... read more

Oct. 2, 2015 — 'Why, Grandma, what big eyes you have!' Though similar in appearance, the hidden cause of those big eyes Little Red Riding Hood notices in Grimms' fairy tale has nothing to do with the ... read more

Oct. 2, 2015 — A less painful treatment strategy for Pneumothorax treatment has been created by scientists. By analyzing the partial pressure of oxygen and carbon dioxide in thoracic cavity gas during Pneumothorax ... read more

From Nuclear Research to Surgery Technology

Oct. 2, 2015 — A JRC invention initially stemming from its research in the nuclear sector will soon be used by hospitals for minimally-invasive robotic surgery. TELELAP ALF-X is an advanced multi-port robotic ... read more

Fruit Fly Research Reveals Genetic Mechanisms of Dietary Sugar Sensing

Oct. 2, 2015 — A sugar sensing regulatory network, which is composed of several genes, has been identified by researchers. Deregulation of this sugar sensing network leads to severely disturbed energy metabolism. ... read more

Studying Cardiac Arrhythmias in Nematodes

Oct. 2, 2015 — A simple model using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has been developed that can be used to test substances for treating genetically-mediated cardiac arrhythmias. They used the nematode feeding ... read more

Cancer Test Predicts Treatment Outcome

Oct. 2, 2015 — Researchers have announced a new tool in the fight against cancer, with the development of a world-first test that will direct treatment choices for patients with some forms of blood ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Research finds around 1000 molecular reactions to exercise, opening the door for drug treatments to mirror the health benefits of ... read more

Tallness Linked to Increased Risk of Premature Death for Patients on Dialysis

Oct. 1, 2015 — Tallness has been associated with higher premature mortality risk and shorter life spans in patients on dialysis. The association was observed in white, Asian, and American Indian/Alaskan native ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Teenagers and adults who go to bed late on weeknights are more likely to gain weight than their peers who hit the hay earlier, according to a study that has found a correlation between sleep and body ... read more

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