Health & Medicine News
October 7, 2015

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October 7, 2015

Oct. 7, 2015 — Immunobiologists have discovered Kidins220/ARMS in B cells, and demonstrate its functions. B lymphocytes, also known as B cells, are the only cells to produce antibodies, which the immune system ... read more

Smoking Cessation Drug Proves Initially More Effective for Women

Oct. 7, 2015 — The most effective prescription drug used to quit smoking initially helps women more than men, according to a study, which found that varenicline, marketed as Chantix, was more effective earlier in ... read more

Virus-Drug Combination Shows Improved Effectiveness Against Brain Tumor Cells

Oct. 6, 2015 — A rabbit virus currently being developed for cancer therapy can be paired with one of several existing drugs to deliver a more potent punch to a deadly type of brain tumor cell, researchers have ... read more

How, Mathematically, to Make Something Go Viral on Facebook

Oct. 6, 2015 — Researchers have proposed a strategic approach for information spreading via Facebook using cancer screenings as a health intervention. They use Facebook to identify social clusters and opinion ... read more

Vaginal Microbes Influence Whether Mucus Can Trap HIV

Oct. 6, 2015 — HIV particles are effectively trapped by the cervicovaginal mucus from women who harbor a particular vaginal bacteria species, Lactobacillus crispatus. The findings could lead to new ways to reduce ... read more

Oct. 6, 2015 — Normal T-cell development requires Notch signaling but hyperactivity can lead to cancer. Drugs that inhibit Notch, such as gamma-secretase inhibitors, are currently being tested in different cancer ... read more

Mutation Involved in Neurodegeneration Discovered

Oct. 6, 2015 — A mutation that increases the level of a special class of sphingolipids -- molecules important to cell structure and signaling -- can lead to neurodegeneration due to problems with neuronal ... read more

Scientists Identify How Normally Protective Immune Responses Kill Neurons

Oct. 6, 2015 — Scientists have discovered why certain immune responses, which typically help cells recognize and fight viral and bacterial infections, can sometimes be harmful to the brain. Many brain disorders ... read more

Routine Use of Laparoscopic Surgery for Rectal Cancer Still to Be Established

Oct. 6, 2015 — A comparison of the surgical removal of rectal tumors by a laparoscopically assisted procedure and open surgery reveals that the case for routine use of laparoscopic procedures has not yet been ... read more

Study Questions Benefit of Exercise Program Following Immobilization of Ankle Fracture

Oct. 6, 2015 — A supervised exercise program and self-management advice, like those commonly given with physical therapy, did not improve activity limitation or quality of life compared with advice alone after ... read more

Simulation Training Saves Precious Minutes in Speeding Treatment of Trauma Patients

Oct. 6, 2015 — To help trauma teams optimize a limited window of time after an emergency, trauma surgeons have developed a simulation training program that cuts precious minutes off evaluation times and gets trauma ... read more

Male Suicide on Rise as Result of Austerity, Report Suggests

Oct. 6, 2015 — Young males between the ages of 10 and 24 have committed suicide in growing numbers as a direct result of austerity measures brought in across Europe following the 2009 recession, a new report ... read more

Cell Growth: Protein Reactions Identified With Subatomic Resolution

Oct. 6, 2015 — Using subatomic resolution, researchers have gained insights into the dynamic modus operandi of two switch proteins which are responsible for the import of compounds into the nucleus and for cell ... read more

Oct. 6, 2015 — Researchers have found a mycobacterium that is more effective in treating superficial bladder cancer and does not cause infections, unlike those used up to now. Mycobacteria are the only bacteria ... read more

Flu Shot Reduces Risk of Stroke, Study Suggests

Oct. 6, 2015 — The risk of suffering a stroke is significantly reduced for up to two months after receiving a flu vaccine, a major new study has ... read more

Sugar Governs How Antibodies Work in the Immune System

Oct. 6, 2015 — Antibodies protect the body against diseases – but can also harm their own organism if the reactions are misdirected. Researchers have now discovered that a particular sugar in the antibodies ... read more

Birth Weight, Poor Childhood Growth Linked to Hearing, Vision Problems in Middle Age

Oct. 6, 2015 — A study of up to 433,390 UK adults has linked being under and overweight at birth with poorer hearing, vision and cognition in middle ... read more

Nutritional Needs for Skeletal Health Change as You Age, Says New Scientific Review

Oct. 6, 2015 — Whether you're young or old, the right nutrition can make a difference to your bone health and influence your ability to live an independent, mobile, fracture-free life into your more senior ... read more

Rebates a Cost-Effective Way to Boost Healthy Eating Among Low-Income People, Study Finds

Oct. 6, 2015 — Nationwide expansion of USDA's Healthy Incentives Pilot would promote purchase, consumption of fruits, vegetables, and slightly increase longevity of SNAP recipients, a new report ... read more

Of Skin and Teeth: Identifying Key Differences in Asians

Oct. 6, 2015 — Key differences in a suite of genes important for skin and bone development have been identified by scientists, which may have bestowed specific advantages among ... read more

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