Health & Medicine News
October 7, 2015

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updated 12:10pm EDT

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October 7, 2015

Oct. 7, 2015 — Immunobiologists have discovered Kidins220/ARMS in B cells, and demonstrate its functions. B lymphocytes, also known as B cells, are the only cells to produce antibodies, which the immune system ... read more

Oct. 7, 2015 — British scientists have been funded to develop a gel that will match many of the biological structures of human breast tissue, to advance cancer research and reduce animal ... read more

Youngest Students in Class 30% More Likely to Die in Suicide Than Older Classmates, Japanese Study Shows

Oct. 7, 2015 — Researchers found for the first time that those who were born right before the school cutoff day and thus youngest in their cohort have 30% higher mortality rates by suicide, compared to their peer ... read more

Should Women Consume Alcohol During Pregnancy?

Oct. 6, 2015 — Experts discuss the evidence and current guidelines on the controversial topic of alcohol consumption during ... read more

American Placebo: New Analysis of Chronic Pain Drug Trials Shows Increasing Placebo Responses Over Time, in the US Only

Oct. 6, 2015 — Rising placebo responses may play a part in the increasingly high failure rate for clinical trials of drugs designed to control chronic pain caused by nerve damage, suggests a new report. ... read more

Virus-Drug Combination Shows Improved Effectiveness Against Brain Tumor Cells

Oct. 6, 2015 — A rabbit virus currently being developed for cancer therapy can be paired with one of several existing drugs to deliver a more potent punch to a deadly type of brain tumor cell, researchers have ... read more

Oct. 6, 2015 — A potential treatment for a serious clotting condition that can strike patients who receive heparin to treat or prevent blood clots may lie within reach by elucidating the structure of the protein ... read more

How, Mathematically, to Make Something Go Viral on Facebook

Oct. 6, 2015 — Researchers have proposed a strategic approach for information spreading via Facebook using cancer screenings as a health intervention. They use Facebook to identify social clusters and opinion ... read more

Vaginal Microbes Influence Whether Mucus Can Trap HIV

Oct. 6, 2015 — HIV particles are effectively trapped by the cervicovaginal mucus from women who harbor a particular vaginal bacteria species, Lactobacillus crispatus. The findings could lead to new ways to reduce ... read more

Unlikely Partners? Cell's Waste Disposal System Regulates Body Clock Proteins

Oct. 6, 2015 — Researchers have a new genome screen that has identified partner molecules of cell-waste disposal proteins. They applied their new method to identify other clock partners that target a multipurpose ... read more

Marijuana Extract Doesn't Reduce Postoperative Nausea, Vomiting

Oct. 6, 2015 — The marijuana extract tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) isn't effective in preventing nausea and vomiting after surgery in patients at high risk of this common complication, reports a ... read more

Research Calls for Stricter Screening Recommendations for Family History of Colon Cancer

Oct. 6, 2015 — All relatives of individuals with colorectal cancer are at increased risk for this cancer, regardless of the age of diagnosis of the index patient in the family, according to a new ... read more

New Test Predicts Teens' Future Risk of Heart Disease

Oct. 6, 2015 — A new test can predict teenagers' future risk of heart disease, the number one killer of both men and women. By identifying those at risk early, the test enables doctors to encourage the healthy ... read more

Melatonin and Mealtime: Common Genetic Difference Could Put Some at Greater Risk of Diabetes

Oct. 6, 2015 — New light has been shed on why people who carry a common genetic mutation may be more at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. By carefully studying healthy subjects, researchers were able to chart ... read more

Oct. 6, 2015 — Normal T-cell development requires Notch signaling but hyperactivity can lead to cancer. Drugs that inhibit Notch, such as gamma-secretase inhibitors, are currently being tested in different cancer ... read more

Mutation Involved in Neurodegeneration Discovered

Oct. 6, 2015 — A mutation that increases the level of a special class of sphingolipids -- molecules important to cell structure and signaling -- can lead to neurodegeneration due to problems with neuronal ... read more

Scientists Identify How Normally Protective Immune Responses Kill Neurons

Oct. 6, 2015 — Scientists have discovered why certain immune responses, which typically help cells recognize and fight viral and bacterial infections, can sometimes be harmful to the brain. Many brain disorders ... read more

Routine Use of Laparoscopic Surgery for Rectal Cancer Still to Be Established

Oct. 6, 2015 — A comparison of the surgical removal of rectal tumors by a laparoscopically assisted procedure and open surgery reveals that the case for routine use of laparoscopic procedures has not yet been ... read more

Study Questions Benefit of Exercise Program Following Immobilization of Ankle Fracture

Oct. 6, 2015 — A supervised exercise program and self-management advice, like those commonly given with physical therapy, did not improve activity limitation or quality of life compared with advice alone after ... read more

Simulation Training Saves Precious Minutes in Speeding Treatment of Trauma Patients

Oct. 6, 2015 — To help trauma teams optimize a limited window of time after an emergency, trauma surgeons have developed a simulation training program that cuts precious minutes off evaluation times and gets trauma ... read more

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