Health & Medicine News
August 27, 2015

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August 27, 2015

Cervical Pessary Does Not Reduce the Rate of Preterm Births or Neonatal Complications in Twin Gestations

Aug. 27, 2015 — Having twins accounts for only 1.5% of all births but 25% of preterm births, the leading cause of infant mortality worldwide. Successful strategies for reducing singleton preterm births include ... read more

Circadian Genes Go to Sleep Every Day at the Periphery of the Nucleus

Aug. 27, 2015 — Mobility between different physical environments in the cell nucleus regulates the daily oscillations in the activity of genes that are controlled by the internal biological clock, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers show how DNA repair proteins sound the alarm to threats, pointing to a novel cancer ... read more

Parkinson’s Disease Brain Cells at Risk of Burnout, Like an Overheating Motor

Aug. 27, 2015 — The death of brain cells in Parkinson’s disease may be caused by a form of cellular energy crisis in neurons that require unusually high quantities of energy to carry out their job of regulating ... read more

Alzheimer’s Disease Thought to Be Accelerated by an Abnormal Build-Up of Fat in the Brain

Aug. 27, 2015 — People with Alzheimer’s disease have fat deposits in the brain. For the first time since the disease was described 109 years ago, researchers have discovered accumulations of fat droplets in the ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — A chemistry professor has uncovered a major development in the study of anions, negatively-charged molecules such as chloride, bromide and nitrate, which have strategic roles within the human body. ... read more

About 10 Percent of Mothers Experienced Depression Two Years After Hurricane Katrina

Aug. 27, 2015 — About 10 percent of mothers experienced chronic, persistent depressive symptoms two years after Hurricane Katrina slammed into the Gulf Coast, killing more than 1,800 people, displacing hundreds of ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — A finding reveals why the transformation process of differentiated cells into stem cells results in significant damage to the DNA. Researchers have managed to rectify this damage using a simple ... read more

Cause of Resilience to Tinnitus and Potential Drug Therapy Identified

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers have identified in an animal model the molecular mechanisms behind resilience to noise-induced tinnitus and a possible drug therapy that could reduce susceptibility to this chronic and ... read more

Is Lack of Guidance on The Sunshine Act Hampering Publication of Clinical Trial Results?

Aug. 27, 2015 — A research article has concluded that a lack of professional guidance on how to interpret elements of The Physician Payments Sunshine Act (2010) may be having a “chilling effect” on physicians’ ... read more

Many Physicians Overestimate Their Ability to Assess Patients' Risk of Ebola

Aug. 27, 2015 — While most primary care physicians responding to a survey expressed confidence in their ability to identify potential cases of Ebola and communicate Ebola risks to their patients, when asked how they ... read more

Dry Eyes: Progress in Diagnosis and Treatment

Aug. 27, 2015 — Do you have problems with dry eyes? If so, you're not alone -- it's one of the most common reasons for patient visits to eye care professionals. Recent years have seen significant progress ... read more

Probiotics Show No Impact Preventing Gastrointestinal Colonization With Drug-Resistant Bugs in ICU

Aug. 27, 2015 — Probiotics show no benefit for preventing or eliminating gastrointestinal colonization with drug-resistant organisms in patients in the intensive care unit compared to standard care, according to new ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — More than a cause of a simple infection, viruses are often involved in the development of serious diseases. Such is the case with liver cancer, which often develops in an organ that has been weakened ... read more

Mating With the Wrong Insect May Cut Yellow Fever Mosquito Populations

Aug. 27, 2015 — Asian tiger mosquitoes can drive down yellow fever mosquito populations when the female chooses the wrong male with which to mate, UF/IFAS scientists say. Both insects transmit chikungunya and ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers have tested a new device for delivering hormone treatments for mental illness through the nose. This method was found to deliver medicine to the brain with few side ... read more

Health Workers Wasting Expensive Malaria Drugs in Nigeria

Aug. 27, 2015 — Health providers trained to perform malaria rapid diagnostic tests are still prescribing valuable malaria medicines to patients who do not have malaria, according to new ... read more

Exploding the Drug Deadlock: Repurposing Nitroglycerin for Anti-Cancer Treatments

Aug. 27, 2015 — For over a century, nitroglycerin has been used medically – particularly in the treatment of angina, or chest pain. It is a safe, cheap and effective treatment. Now, researchers have found that ... read more

Suicide: Difficulty Making Good Choices Is One of the Factors That Make Certain People Vulnerable to Suicide

Aug. 27, 2015 — Few people who face challenges or live with severe depression commit suicide. Some people are clearly more vulnerable than others. A series of studies has shown that the way in which a person makes ... read more

Differences in Brain Structure and Memory Suggest Adolescents May Not ‘grow out Of’ ADHD

Aug. 27, 2015 — Young adults diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence show differences in brain structure and perform poorly in memory tests compared to their peers, according to ... read more

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