Health & Medicine News
February 9, 2016

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February 9, 2016

National Underutilization of Preemptive, Early Kidney Transplants

Feb. 8, 2016 — A kidney transplant is a life-changing and life-saving procedure. Yet, a new study shows that only one-third of patients who ultimately receive a living donor kidney transplant receive it ... read more

Device Hits Pancreatic Tumors Hard With Toxic 4-Drug Cocktail, Sparing the Body

Feb. 8, 2016 — An implantable device can deliver a particularly toxic cocktail of drugs directly to pancreatic tumors to stunt their growth or in some cases, shrink them -- all while showing signs that the rest of ... read more

Researchers Identify Most Dangerous Strains of Often-Deadly Bacteria

Feb. 8, 2016 — For the first time, researchers have determined the genetic makeup of various strains of E. coli, which every year kills hundreds of thousands of people around the world. The study analyzed the DNA ... read more

New Evidence Gives Women Informed Choice in the Prolapse Surgery Debate

Feb. 8, 2016 — New evidence published today highlights benefits and harms of using artificial mesh when compared with tissue repair in the surgical treatment of vaginal prolapse. Slightly better repair with mesh ... read more

Arthroscopic Knee Surgery Does Not Cure Sensations of Knee Catching or Locking

Feb. 8, 2016 — A commonly used surgical treatment does not help patients who suffer from 'mechanical symptoms' associated with a degenerative knee, a new Finnish study ... read more

Diabetes Drug Shown to Help Body Rebuild After Heart Attack

Feb. 8, 2016 — New light has been shed on how a common diabetes drug can be used to aid recovery from a heart attack. Metformin is a cost-efficient drug usually used as a first-line treatment in Type 2 diabetes as ... read more

Stress Could Help Activate Brown Fat

Feb. 8, 2016 — Mild stress stimulates the activity and heat production by brown fat associated with raised cortisol, according to a study. Brown adipose tissue (BAT), also known as brown fat, is one of two types of ... read more

Five Common Causes of Erectile Dysfunction

Feb. 8, 2016 — You’ve seen the late night commercial come across your screen. An older man is on a date with a beautiful woman in a romantic setting. A big smile stretches across his face as he looks in her eyes, ... read more

Predicting Who Will Develop Multiple Sclerosis

Feb. 8, 2016 — A team of investigators has launched a study of individuals at risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) to better understand the sequence of events that leads some people to develop the disease and set the ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — A team led by engineers has 3-D-printed a tissue that closely mimics the human liver's sophisticated structure and function. The new model could be used for patient-specific drug screening and ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — A novel study answers age-old questions about how cancers spread by applying tools from evolutionary biology. The new insights will help scientists better understand the genetic origins of tumor ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Infant girls at risk for autism pay more attention to social cues in faces than infant boys, according to a new study — the first one known to prospectively examine sex-related social differences ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — The dengue virus affects 390 million people globally every year, and fears are that early 2016 will see an epidemic, particularly in South-East Asia, due to the predicted extreme intensity of El ... read more

Leishmania Parasites Reveal Their Sexuality

Feb. 8, 2016 — With 16 million people affected worldwide, mainly in developing countries, leishmaniosis (also called leishmaniasis) is a major public health problem. It is, however, a neglected disease, from the ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Bioengineers have studied alternative CRISPR-Cas9 systems for precision genome editing, with a focus on improving its accuracy and limiting 'off-target' ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — An experimental nanoparticle therapy that combines low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and fish oil preferentially kills primary liver cancer cells without harming healthy cells, researchers ... read more

Researchers Identify New Borrelia Species That Causes Lyme Disease

Feb. 8, 2016 — A new bacterial species that causes Lyme disease in people has been identified by researchers. The new species has been provisionally named Borrelia mayonii. Prior to this finding, the only species ... read more

Scientists Discover a Unique Mechanism for a High-Risk Leukemia

Feb. 8, 2016 — Researchers have uncovered the aberrant mechanism underlying a notoriously treatment-resistant acute lymphoblastic leukemia subtype; findings offer lessons for understanding all ... read more

Risk of Suicide Increased 3-Fold in Adults After a Concussion

Feb. 8, 2016 — The long-term risk of suicide for adults who have had a concussion is three times higher than the population norm, and the risk increases further if the concussion occurred on a weekend, found a new ... read more

Brain Scars in Multiple Sclerosis Patients Reveal Possible Cause of Taste Problems

Feb. 8, 2016 — Taste deficits appear to be more prevalent among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients than previously reported and correlate with brain lesions left by the debilitating disease, a new study has ... read more

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