Health & Medicine News
September 1, 2015

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September 1, 2015

Aug. 31, 2015 — A researcher is working to make everyday objects easier to maintain so they last longer and don’t end up in a landfill. His first such creation is an easy-to-clean ... read more

Human Body Has Gone Through Four Stages of Evolution

Aug. 31, 2015 — Research into 430,000-year-old fossils collected in northern Spain found that the evolution of the human body's size and shape has gone through four main ... read more

Dialect Influences Appalachian Students' Experiences in College

Aug. 31, 2015 — Language diversity isn't always celebrated on campus, a linguist writes in a new article, callomg dialect the 'last acceptable personal trait to make fun ... read more

Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders in Primary Care Increases Patient Access

Aug. 31, 2015 — Expanding the number of sites offering office-based opioid treatment with buprenorphine utilizing addiction nurse care managers, trainings and technical support resulted in more physicians becoming ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — When physicians prepare for patient visits, one of their first steps is to review clinic notes or health records that recap their patients’ medical history. Since the Health Information Technology ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — When we move our head, the whole visual world moves across our eyes. Yet we can still make out a bee buzzing by or a hawk flying overhead, thanks to unique cells in the eye called object motion ... read more

Researchers Examine Risk Factors/patient Outcomes Associated With Colorectal Cancer

Aug. 31, 2015 — About 20 percent of colorectal cancer patients have cancers that have spread beyond the colon at the time of their diagnosis. In a new study, researchers provide a detailed comparison of patient ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — HIV-1 infection with multiple founder variants points to poorer clinical outcomes than infection with a single variant, according to research. In the study, researchers analyzed large sample sets ... read more

Preventive Medicine Experts Speak out About Reducing Firearm Violence

Aug. 31, 2015 — A wide range of critical topics related to firearm violence, from the interaction of alcohol abuse with gun violence, effects of changes to gun laws in various states, how criminals obtain guns in a ... read more

Five-Color Nutritional Labelling System Is the Most Effective for Consumers

Aug. 31, 2015 — The 5-colour nutrition label (5-CNL) is the most effective nutritional information system for allowing consumers to recognize and compare the nutritional quality of foods, a group of researchers ... read more

Closer to a Treatment for 'Asthma of the Esophagus'

Aug. 31, 2015 — Scientists have elucidated the chemical process behind a mysterious gastrointestinal disease that is becoming more frequent every day: the eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), also known as the ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — Blocking glycolysis -- the molecular mechanism that makes it possible to extract energy from glucose -- is especially damaging to the division of cancer cells, research shows. Specifically acting on ... read more

'Eat Me' Signal Whets Appetites for Tumor-Devouring Dendritic Cells

Aug. 31, 2015 — The therapeutic effect of CD47 blockade as a cancer treatment relies more on dendritic cells than macrophages, scientists report. Anti-CD47-mediated tumor rejection will require both innate and ... read more

Exclusive Breastfeeding and the Effect on Postpartum Multiple Sclerosis Relapses

Aug. 31, 2015 — Women with multiple sclerosis who intended to breastfeed their infants exclusively for two months had a lower risk of relapse during the first six months after giving birth compared with women who ... read more

Religion, Physicians and Surrogate Decision-Makers in the Intensive Care Unit

Aug. 31, 2015 — Religious or spiritual considerations were discussed in 16 percent of family meetings in intensive care units and health care professionals only rarely explored the patient's or family's ... read more

Examining Service Delivery, Patient Outcomes in Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program

Aug. 31, 2015 — Outpatient human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) health care facilities funded by the federal Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program were more likely to provide case management, mental health, substance abuse and ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — In animals, numerous behaviors are governed by the olfactory perception of their surrounding world. Whether originating in the nose of a mammal or the antennas of an insect, perception results from ... read more

Vitamin D May Play Key Role in Preventing Macular Degeneration

Aug. 31, 2015 — Women who are deficient in vitamin D and have a specific high-risk genotype are 6.7 times more likely to develop AMD than women with sufficient vitamin D status and no high risk genotype, scientists ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — Scientists have developed a novel approach to control the activity of enzymes through the use of synthetic, antibody-like proteins known as monobodies. The findings have widespread implications for a ... read more

'Happy Meals' Bill Could Improve Healthfulness of Fast Food Meals for Kids in New York City

Aug. 31, 2015 — A bill to improve the nutritional value of fast food restaurant meals marketed to children could have a wide enough impact to reduce calories, fat, and sodium, according to a new ... read more

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