Health & Medicine News
May 29, 2015

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updated 6:50am EDT

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May 29, 2015

New Tool to Study an Important Anti-Cancer, Immunosuppressive Target

May 28, 2015 — The chemical rapamycin is used clinically as an immunosuppressant and as an anti-cancer agent that works by inactivating a protein named TOR (Target Of Rapamycin). This protein is essential for the ... read more

New Rapid-Deployment Plasma Protocol Effectively Treats Trauma Patients Quicker in the ER

May 28, 2015 — Traumatic injury is the leading cause of death among people under age 45, but if trauma physicians could deliver plasma to these injury victims within minutes of their arrival in the emergency room, ... read more

Scientists Discover Key to What Causes Immune Cell Migration to Wounds

May 28, 2015 — Immune cells play an important role in the upkeep and repair of our bodies, helping us to defend against infection and disease. Until now, how these cells detect a wounded or damaged site has largely ... read more

Controlling Typhoid Bacterium Key to Prevent Gallbladder Cancer in India and Pakistan

May 28, 2015 — Controlling bacterial infections responsible for typhoid fever could dramatically reduce the risk of gallbladder cancer in India and Pakistan, according to study. The findings establish the causal ... read more

Health Factors Influence Ex-Prisoners' Chances of Returning to Jail

May 28, 2015 — Ex-prisoners with a history of risky drug use, mental illness or poverty are more likely to end up back behind bars. Those who are obese, are chronically ill or have attempted suicide are more likely ... read more

May 27, 2015 — When cells are normal and unstressed, the molecule keeps transcription moving so that genes are "expressed" and RNA is jotted down more quickly. When cells are stressed and transcription ... read more

May 27, 2015 — A three-dimensional imaging technique often used in the automotive and aerospace industries for accurate measurement may be useful to measure the efficacy of injectable wrinkle reducers such as Botox ... read more

Weak Electric Current to the Brain May Improve Thinking in People With Schizophrenia

May 27, 2015 — Lightly stimulating the brain with electricity may improve short-term memory in people with schizophrenia, according to a new study. The procedure, known as transcranial direct current stimulation, ... read more

Starting Antiretroviral Treatment Early Improves Outcomes for HIV-Infected Individuals

May 27, 2015 — HIV-infected individuals have a considerably lower risk of developing AIDS or other serious illnesses if they start taking antiretroviral drugs sooner, when their CD4+ T-cell count--a key measure of ... read more

Machine-Learning Breakthrough Paves Way for Medical Screening, Prevention and Treatment

May 27, 2015 — A breakthrough in machine learning has also brought about a 'game changer' for the science of metabolomics -- and will hasten the development of diagnostic and predictive tests for ... read more

Pre-Surgery Beta Blockers, Risk of Death Examined in Noncardiac Surgery

May 27, 2015 — The controversial practice of administering pre-surgery beta-blockers to patients having noncardiac surgery was associated with an increased risk of death in patients with no cardiac risk factors but ... read more

Internet Acne Education With Automated Counseling Tested in Clinical Trial

May 27, 2015 — An Internet-based acne education program that included automated counseling was not better than a standard educational website in improving acne severity and quality of life in adolescents, according ... read more

High Rates of MRSA Transmission Found Between Nursing Home Residents, Healthcare Workers

May 28, 2015 — Healthcare workers frequently contaminate their gloves and gowns during every day care of nursing homes residents with drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus or MRSA, according to a new ... read more

Study Cites Federal Policy as Key to Primary Care Access and Nurse Practitioner Workforce Development

May 28, 2015 — With demand for primary care expected to increase sharply over the next five years– due to passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), population growth and aging – the role of advanced-practice ... read more

Treatment for Genetically Caused Emphysema Effective, Experts Say

May 28, 2015 — A landmark clinical study provides convincing evidence that a frequently overlooked therapy for genetically-caused emphysema is effective and slows the progression of lung disease. Alpha-1 ... read more

Allergies: Europe's Ragweed Pollen Counts to Quadruple by 2050?

May 28, 2015 — Airborne concentrations of common ragweed pollen, a potent allergen, could increase fourfold in Europe by 2050. Researchers believe climate change will be responsible for two thirds of this increase, ... read more

May 28, 2015 — Normal aging affects our ability to carry out complex cognitive tasks. But exactly how our brain functions change during this process is largely unknown. Now, researchers have demonstrated that aging ... read more

Large but Unexplained Variations in Paracetamol-Induced Liver Failure Among European Countries

May 28, 2015 — A 50-fold between-country difference in rates of paracetamol-induced acute liver failure that leads to liver transplant has been revealed by a study that compared patient data from seven countries at ... read more

Trial Creates Six Percent Weight Loss After Breast Cancer Treatment

May 27, 2015 — Obesity is a risk factor for breast cancer. A new study shows that female breast cancer survivors are able to lose weight through modest lifestyle ... read more

Turning Traditional Textiles Smart

May 26, 2015 — Researchers have invented a "motherboard" able to turn textiles smart. For example, this technology included in bed sheets can measure the hours slept by a ... read more

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