Health & Medicine News
October 9, 2015

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October 9, 2015

Researchers Gauge Heritability of Childhood-Onset Autoimmune Diseases

Oct. 9, 2015 — Scientists have calculated more precise measurements of heritability -- the influence of underlying genes -- in nine autoimmune diseases that begin in childhood. The research may strengthen ... read more

Immune Gene Prevents Parkinson's Disease, Dementia

Oct. 9, 2015 — An estimated seven to ten million people worldwide are living with Parkinson's disease (PD). More than half of PD patients develop progressive disease showing signs of dementia similar to ... read more

Dying at Home Leads to More Peace, Less Grief, but Requires Wider Support

Oct. 9, 2015 — Dying at home could be beneficial for terminally ill cancer patients and their relatives, according to research. The study shows that, according to questionnaires completed by their relatives, those ... read more

Low Awareness of DVLA Safe Driving Guidelines Among Hospital Doctors

Oct. 8, 2015 — New research concludes that medically disqualified patients may wrongly assume themselves fit to drive on discharge from hospital because of inadequate knowledge among doctors of DVLA guidelines ... read more

Common Gene Variant Linked to Chromosome Errors, Early Pregnancy Loss

Oct. 8, 2015 — Researchers have identified a common genetic variant strongly associated with chromosome gains and losses during the early stages of human embryonic development. These errors in cell division, which ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Upper limb amputees, who typically struggle to learn how to use a new prosthesis, would be more successful if fellow amputees taught them, new research suggests. Most usually learn by watching a ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — A new technique allows scientists to study diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's using cells from human patients. Historically, animal models -- from fruit flies to mice -- have been ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Antioxidants can double the rate of melanoma metastasis in mice, new research shows. The results reinforce previous findings that antioxidants hasten the progression of lung cancer. People with ... read more

Study Examines Cancer-Care Outcomes Among American Hospitals

Oct. 8, 2015 — Efforts to rank hospitals by long-term survival rates have been hindered by the readily available administrative data derived from Medicare claims, which lacks information about cancer stage. A new ... read more

Affordable Care Act Helps Virginia Improve HIV Outcomes

Oct. 8, 2015 — Low-income HIV patients enrolled in Affordable Care Act health-care plans achieved better outcomes and the resulting cost savings allowed the state of Virginia to support care for more patients, ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — A new study could explain why elephants rarely get cancer. The results show that elephants have extra copies of a gene encoding a tumor suppressor, p53. Further, elephants may have a more robust ... read more

Fracking Industry Wells Associated With Premature Birth

Oct. 8, 2015 — Expectant mothers who live near active natural gas wells operated by the fracking industry in Pennsylvania are at an increased risk of giving birth prematurely and for having high-risk pregnancies, ... read more

Preventing Memory Loss Before Symptoms Appear

Oct. 8, 2015 — A clinical trial is looking at removing a key protein from the brain to prevent memory loss at least a decade before symptoms are noticed in healthy older adults. The trial is focused on an ... read more

Sex Change Hormonal Treatments Alter Brain Chemistry

Oct. 8, 2015 — Hormonal treatments administered as part of the procedures for sex reassignment have well-known and well-documented effects on the secondary sexual characteristics of the adult body, shifting a ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Compared with direct gene injection, cell-mediated GDNF gene delivery led to considerably more pronounced preservation of myelinated fibers in the remote segments of the spinal cord (5 vs 3 mm from ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — The organization of DNA packaged in chromosomes during cell division has been very difficult to study experimentally. Researchers have found that the structure of translocations in cancer cells shows ... read more

'Alarm Clock' of a Leukemia-Causing Oncogene Identified

Oct. 8, 2015 — Mutations in DNMT3A gene cause MEIS1 activacion, triggering leukemia, a research team ... read more

Treatment for Rare Bleeding Disorder Is Effective, Research Shows

Oct. 8, 2015 — For the first time, researchers have shown that the relative safety and effectiveness of treatment, eltrombopag, in children with persistent or chronic immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), as part of an ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — SOCE (Store Operated Calcium Entry) is a process by which Calcium ions slowly enter cells to refill depleted calcium stores. This process in nerve cells is now thought to play a role in maintaining ... read more

Major Flu Drug Report Underway

Oct. 8, 2015 — A new landmark report reveals that anti-viral drugs called NAIs (like Tamiflu) have been successful in reducing deaths in flu patients in hospital. The report also reveals that preventative use of ... read more

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