Health & Medicine News
October 6, 2015

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October 6, 2015

Oct. 5, 2015 — Rats exposed to frequent physical, social, and predatory stress during adolescence solved problems and foraged more efficiently under high-threat conditions in adulthood compared with rats that ... read more

Newfound Gene Linked to Amyloid Beta Plaque Buildup in Alzheimer's Disease

Oct. 5, 2015 — A multi-institutional team of scientists has discovered an immune system gene associated with higher rates of amyloid plaque buildup in the brains of Alzheimer's patients and older adults at ... read more

Severe Liver Damage in Mid/late-Adulthood Among People Who Inject Drugs With Chronic Hepatitis C

Oct. 5, 2015 — The Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a chronic blood-borne viral infection that affects an estimated 160 million people worldwide. Alarmingly, chronic HCV infection accounts for one-quarter of ... read more

Transplantation of Unique, Newly Discovered Stems Cells May Lead to Promising Stroke Therapy

Oct. 5, 2015 — When rats modeled with stroke were transplanted with newly discovered and unique Muse cells, neuronal regeneration resulted in significant improvements in neurological and motor functions and did not ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — It is recommended that melanoma patients perform a thorough skin self-exam on a regular basis to look for potential disease recurrence or new melanomas. Research, however, shows that fewer than 15 ... read more

Expert Opinion: Are CT Scans Safe?

Oct. 5, 2015 — With questions lingering about the safety of medical imaging and the radiation that is used in some of those tests, a radiation safety expert has written a paper that provides clear answers that she ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Scientists have found that individuals with multiple sclerosis who had a history of neuro-ophthalmic syndromes performed poorly on visual neuropsychological tasks based on processing speed. Future ... read more

Blood Clots May Complicate Aortic Valve Replacements

Oct. 5, 2015 — Heart valve replacements made from tissue (bioprosthetic valves) have long been thought to be spared the complication of blood clot formation. Researchers have now found that about 15 percent of all ... read more

Phone App Allows Researchers to Conduct Concealed Food Safety Observations

Oct. 5, 2015 — Smartphones are so ubiquitous, and text messaging and social media activities so common in public places, that no one questions what anyone does with their phone. That pervasiveness allows a phone ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Scientists have used a transmission electron microscope to record almost 3500 images in 3.5 seconds for the reconstruction of a 3D electron tomogram. Previously, 10 to 60 minutes and a ten-fold ... read more

Ethnic, Racial, Socioeconomic Disparities in Retinoblastoma in Children

Oct. 5, 2015 — Ethnic, racial and socioeconomic disparities appear to exist among children with retinoblastoma, a once uniformly fatal but now treatable eye cancer, and those disparities are associated with greater ... read more

Disparities in Time Spent Seeking Medical Care in the United States

Oct. 5, 2015 — Racial/ethnic minorities and unemployed individuals had a longer total time burden (time spent traveling to, waiting for and receiving ambulatory medical care) in a nationally representative study, ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The whimsically named sonic hedgehog gene, best known for controlling embryonic development, also maintains the normal physiological state and repair process of an adult healthy lung, if damaged, ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — When pathologists perform autopsies on smokers who died with severe emphysema, they find that lungs are black in appearance. Until recently, researchers and physicians could only guess at the ... read more

Study Examines Antibullying Policies, Bullying in 25 States

Oct. 5, 2015 — Students who lived in states with an antibullying law that includes at least one US Department of Education-recommended legislative component had lower odds of reporting bullying and cyberbullying ... read more

Gastric Bypass Surgery Improves Blood Sugar Handling and Insulin Sensitivity, Study Finds

Oct. 5, 2015 — Gastric bypass surgery can lead to remission of type 2 diabetes along with weight loss. A new study examines why, finding that insulin sensitivity of the body's main glucose (sugar) storage ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A novel prosthetic heart valve has been developed, known as VeloX, which can be implanted through a small incision for the treatment of a serious heart valve disorder called mitral regurgitation. ... read more

Type 1 Diabetes Prevention: Insulin Vaccine Undergoes Second Trial

Oct. 5, 2015 — A vaccination against type 1 diabetes may soon be available to young children: the Pre-POINTearly vaccination study will involve children between the ages of six months and two years from across ... read more

Depression Can Lead to Work Disability

Oct. 5, 2015 — In Norway, men suffering from depression are three times more likely to become work disabled than non-sufferers. This risk is only twice as great for women. Now researchers have carried out a study ... read more

Genetic Polymorphism Associated With Lung Cancer Progression

Oct. 5, 2015 — Genetic polymorphisms associated with cancer progression lead to variations in gene expression and may serve as prognostic markers for lung cancer, researchers show. They found that in patients with ... read more

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