Health & Medicine News
December 1, 2015

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updated 1:30pm EST

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December 1, 2015

Dec. 1, 2015 — A group of biophysicists have developed a mathematical model of arterial thrombus formation, which is the main cause of heart attacks and strokes. The scientists described the process of platelet ... read more

Dec. 1, 2015 — In a first, researchers show the potential a PD-1 antibody, nivolumab, has in fighting the disease. Nivolumab, an inhibitory antibody for PD-1, has shown efficacy in several types of malignancies ... read more

Scientists Draw Evidence-Based Blueprint for HIV Treatment, Prevention

Dec. 1, 2015 — For many years, clinicians debated the best time to start antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection, with some worrying that the risks of treatment in terms of drug toxicities could outweigh the ... read more

Dec. 1, 2015 — With the aim of producing high-quality X-rays with minimal radiation exposure, particularly in children, researchers have developed a new approach to imaging patients based on the Xbox gaming system. ... read more

Childbirth an Athletic Event? Sports Medicine Used to Diagnose Injuries Caused by Deliveries

Dec. 1, 2015 — Childbirth is arguably the most traumatic event the human body can undergo, and new imaging techniques show that up to 15 percent of women sustain pelvic injuries that don't ... read more

State Workers' Compensation Policies Affect Costs, Disability Time

Dec. 1, 2015 — Certain workers' compensation (WC) policies explain much of the state-level variation in costs and outcomes of claims for low back pain (LBP), reports an American ... read more

Why Some People Would Pay for a Drug They Probably Won't Ever Need

Dec. 1, 2015 — A sick person is obviously willing to pay for a good medical treatment, but economists have found that healthy people are potentially a much broader, if largely overlooked, market for medical ... read more

Sleep Gene Found to Be Linked to Heart Failure

Nov. 30, 2015 — A gene that, when working properly, appears to reduce the risk of heart failure and improve treatment outcomes has been identified by researchers, highlighting a possible target for the development ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — When preliminary tests show that a new drug has remarkable effectiveness against a lethal illness, everyone wants to know how it works. A team reports a surprising mechanism through which an ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — A method to efficiently turn human stem cells into retinal ganglion cells, the type of nerve cells located within the retina that transmit visual signals from the eye to the brain, has been ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — A new genetic model has been developed that is yielding new insights into what happens when astrocytes go awry. Damage to astrocytes -- star-shaped cells found in the brain and spinal cord -- is ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — Many human gene variants have evolved specifically to protect older adults against neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases, thus preserving their contributions to society, report ... read more

First Outcomes Report from Novel Heart Surgery Registry Shows Excellent Results for TAVR

Nov. 30, 2015 — Four years after its approval in the United States, transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) continues to evolve and demonstrate positive outcomes for patients with aortic stenosis, a common ... read more

Level of Computer Use in Clinical Encounters Associated With Patient Satisfaction

Nov. 30, 2015 — Patients at safety-net hospital clinics where there was high computer use by clinicians were less likely to rate their care as excellent, according to an ... read more

Promising New Antimicrobials Could Fight Drug-Resistant MRSA Infection

Nov. 30, 2015 — A novel class of antimicrobials that inhibits the function of a key disease-causing component of bacteria could be effective in fighting methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), one of the ... read more

Method to Prevent Lethal Bone Marrow Transplant Complication Discovered

Nov. 30, 2015 — Researchers discover method to prevent graft-versus-host disease, a dangerous and common complication of bone marrow ... read more

Folding Your Genes: New Discovery Sheds Light on Disease Risk

Nov. 30, 2015 — New research has revealed how gaps between genes interact to influence the risk of acquiring diseases such as arthritis and type 1 ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — A new model of pneumatic muscle and an active type of assistive equipment incorporating this pneumatic muscle has been developed. This wearable equipment, called the Unplugged Powered Suit (UPS), ... read more

Threats Against Children During the Separation Process for Women in Abusive Relationships

Nov. 30, 2015 — Mothers who separate from their abusive partners are four times more likely to report threats to take or to harm their children than those who stay in the relationship, a new study has ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — The active ingredient in aspirin blocks an enzyme that triggers cell death in several neurodegenerative diseases. More potent forms of salicylic aspirin exist, which may provide treatments for these ... read more

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