Health & Medicine News
September 4, 2015

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September 4, 2015

Adolescents More Likely Not to Smoke When Cigarette Ads Feature Older Adults

Sep. 4, 2015 — For decades, the tobacco and alcohol industries have been accused of advertising their products to kids. Tremendous public pressure has prompted the implementation of strict guidelines. Today, ... read more

Inexpensive Drug Saves Blood and Money, Study Shows

Sep. 4, 2015 — Using an inexpensive drug for every hip or knee replacement has helped one hospital reduce its number of red blood cell transfusions performed during these surgeries by more than 40 percent without ... read more

Rapid Testing for TB Aims to Reduce Drug Resistance, Lower Mortality Rate

Sep. 3, 2015 — Researchers have documented the accuracies of three new tests for more rapidly diagnosing drug-resistant forms of tuberculosis (TB), which are much harder and more expensive to treat and which, ... read more

Teens Lose Sleep After Change to Daylight Saving Time, Study Shows

Sep. 3, 2015 — High school students lose sleep on school nights following the change to daylight saving time that occurs in March, a study has concluded. The loss of sleep during the school week was associated with ... read more

Genetic Factors Drive Roles of Gut Bacteria in Diabetes, Obesity

Sep. 3, 2015 — One strain of mice that were genetically prone to become obese became resistant to excess weight gain after their populations of gut microbiota were transformed simply by an sharing an environment ... read more

One Step Closer to Cheaper Antivenom

Sep. 3, 2015 — Researchers involved in an international collaboration across six institutions have successfully identified the exact composition of sea snake venom, which makes the future development of synthetic ... read more

Acupuncture Reduces Hot Flashes in Breast Cancer Survivors

Sep. 3, 2015 — Acupuncture may be a viable treatment for women experiencing hot flashes as a result of estrogen-targeting therapies to treat breast cancer, according to a new study. Hot flashes are particularly ... read more

Targeting Newly Discovered Pathway Sensitizes Tumors to Radiation and Chemotherapy

Sep. 3, 2015 — In some patients, aggressive cancers can become resistant to chemotherapy and radiation treatments. In a new paper, researchers identified a pathway that causes the resistance and a new therapeutic ... read more

Babies Benefit from Parenting Classes Even Before Birth

Sep. 3, 2015 — A brief series of classes to help first-time parents better support each other through the often stressful transition to parenthood has a positive effect on birth outcomes as well, according to ... read more

Sep. 3, 2015 — One of the longstanding debates in science, that has, perhaps unsurprisingly, permeated into the field of stem cell research, is the question of nature versus nurture influencing development. Science ... read more

Switch for Health Heart Muscle

Sep. 3, 2015 — Researchers have discovered a protein, called Mel18, that regulates the development of heart muscle. Faults in the production of Mel18 in early cardiac cells may play a role in heart defects. The ... read more

Aspirin Could Hold Key to Supercharged Cancer Immunotherapy

Sep. 3, 2015 — Giving cancer patients aspirin at the same time as immunotherapy could dramatically boost the effectiveness of the treatment, according to new research. Aspirin is part of a group of molecules called ... read more

Study Finds Increased Risk of MGUS in Vietnam Vets Exposed to Agent Orange

Sep. 3, 2015 — A study that used stored blood samples from US Air Force personnel who conducted aerial herbicide spray missions of Agent Orange during the Vietnam war found a more than two-fold increased risk of ... read more

Sep. 3, 2015 — The multifunctional ubiquitin tweaks the activity of newly made proteins, which can influence DNA damage repair via BRCA1 and anti-inflammatory responses, scientists report. One enzyme in particular, ... read more

Health Risks of Saturated Fats Aggravated by Immune Response

Sep. 3, 2015 — High levels of saturated fat in the blood could make an individual more prone to inflammation and tissue damage, a new study suggests. The new research shows that the presence of saturated fats ... read more

Genetic Testing All Women for Breast Cancer Might Not Be Worth the Cost

Sep. 3, 2015 — Women who are carriers of mutated BRCA genes are known to have a significantly higher risk for developing breast and ovarian cancers than those who don’t have the mutations. But a new study ... read more

Emotional Behavior Altered After Multiple Exposures to Anesthesia During Infancy

Sep. 3, 2015 — Repeated exposure to anesthesia early in life causes alterations in emotional behavior that may persist long-term, according to a ... read more

Sep. 3, 2015 — In the breast, cancer stem cells and normal stem cells can arise from different cell types and tap into distinct yet related stem cell programs, according to researchers. The differences between ... read more

Sep. 3, 2015 — A number of illnesses causing blindness can be cured from transplanting cells from the oral cavity. New findings make the treatment accessible to the places where the condition strikes the most ... read more

Novel Genes Found in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Under Age Five

Sep. 3, 2015 — Researchers analyzing the complicated genetic influences in inflammatory bowel disease have discovered new gene variants associated with an often-severe type of the disease that affects children ... read more

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