Health & Medicine News
August 28, 2015

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August 28, 2015

Aug. 28, 2015 — A growing, dividing cell uses most of its energy store to make its "protein factories," the ribosomes. An important player in their "assembly" is the exosome, a molecular ... read more

In Diabetic Eye Disease, Peripheral Lesions in the Retina Point to Risks of Progression

Aug. 27, 2015 — Investigators have now shown that eyes with diabetic retinal lesions predominantly in peripheral areas of the retina that are seen in UWF images but not in traditional retinal photographs show ... read more

Degenerating Neurons Respond to Gene Therapy Treatment for Alzheimer's Disease

Aug. 27, 2015 — Degenerating neurons in patients with Alzheimer's disease measurably responded to an experimental gene therapy in which nerve growth factor was injected into their brains, report ... read more

Circadian Genes Go to Sleep Every Day at the Periphery of the Nucleus

Aug. 27, 2015 — Mobility between different physical environments in the cell nucleus regulates the daily oscillations in the activity of genes that are controlled by the internal biological clock, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers have uncovered key cellular functions that help regulate inflammation -- a discovery that could have important implications for the treatment of allergies, heart disease, and certain ... read more

Creative and Neurotic: Is Neuroticism Fueled by Overthinking?

Aug. 27, 2015 — Psychologists have presented a new theory for why neurotic unhappiness and creativity go hand-in-hand. The authors argue that the part of the brain responsible for self-generated thought is highly ... read more

Viral Infection in Colon Cancer Stem Cells Mimicked; Druggable Target Identified

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers targeting colorectal cancer stem cells – the root cause of disease, resistance to treatment and relapse – have discovered a mechanism to mimic a virus and potentially trigger an ... read more

Mammary Gland Is Shaped by Adaptive Immune System During Development

Aug. 27, 2015 — In experiments with mouse tissue, researchers have discovered that the adaptive immune system, generally associated with fighting infections, plays an active role in guiding the normal development of ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers show how DNA repair proteins sound the alarm to threats, pointing to a novel cancer ... read more

Parkinson’s Disease Brain Cells at Risk of Burnout, Like an Overheating Motor

Aug. 27, 2015 — The death of brain cells in Parkinson’s disease may be caused by a form of cellular energy crisis in neurons that require unusually high quantities of energy to carry out their job of regulating ... read more

Alzheimer’s Disease Thought to Be Accelerated by an Abnormal Build-Up of Fat in the Brain

Aug. 27, 2015 — People with Alzheimer’s disease have fat deposits in the brain. For the first time since the disease was described 109 years ago, researchers have discovered accumulations of fat droplets in the ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — A chemistry professor has uncovered a major development in the study of anions, negatively-charged molecules such as chloride, bromide and nitrate, which have strategic roles within the human body. ... read more

About 10 Percent of Mothers Experienced Depression Two Years After Hurricane Katrina

Aug. 27, 2015 — About 10 percent of mothers experienced chronic, persistent depressive symptoms two years after Hurricane Katrina slammed into the Gulf Coast, killing more than 1,800 people, displacing hundreds of ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — A finding reveals why the transformation process of differentiated cells into stem cells results in significant damage to the DNA. Researchers have managed to rectify this damage using a simple ... read more

Cause of Resilience to Tinnitus and Potential Drug Therapy Identified

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers have identified in an animal model the molecular mechanisms behind resilience to noise-induced tinnitus and a possible drug therapy that could reduce susceptibility to this chronic and ... read more

Safety of Microfocused Ultrasound With Visualization in Darker Skin Types

Aug. 27, 2015 — Microfocused ultrasound treatment to tighten and lift skin on the face and neck appeared to be safe for patients with darker skin types in a small study that resulted in only a few temporary adverse ... read more

21-Gene Recurrence Score and Receipt of Chemotherapy in Patients With Breast Cancer

Aug. 27, 2015 — Use of the 21-gene recurrence test score was associated with lower chemotherapy use in high-risk patients and greater use of chemotherapy in low-risk patients compared with not using the test among a ... read more

Is Lack of Guidance on The Sunshine Act Hampering Publication of Clinical Trial Results?

Aug. 27, 2015 — A research article has concluded that a lack of professional guidance on how to interpret elements of The Physician Payments Sunshine Act (2010) may be having a “chilling effect” on physicians’ ... read more

Many Physicians Overestimate Their Ability to Assess Patients' Risk of Ebola

Aug. 27, 2015 — While most primary care physicians responding to a survey expressed confidence in their ability to identify potential cases of Ebola and communicate Ebola risks to their patients, when asked how they ... read more

Dry Eyes: Progress in Diagnosis and Treatment

Aug. 27, 2015 — Do you have problems with dry eyes? If so, you're not alone -- it's one of the most common reasons for patient visits to eye care professionals. Recent years have seen significant progress ... read more

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