Health & Medicine News
August 31, 2015

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August 31, 2015

Older People Getting Smarter, but Not Fitter

Aug. 31, 2015 — Older populations are scoring better on cognitive tests than people of the same age did in the past -- a trend that could be linked to higher education rates and increased use of technology in our ... read more

Dialect Influences Appalachian Students' Experiences in College

Aug. 31, 2015 — Language diversity isn't always celebrated on campus, a linguist writes in a new article, callomg dialect the 'last acceptable personal trait to make fun ... read more

Raising Pay Can Reduce Smoking Rates

Aug. 31, 2015 — In addition to restricting when and where tobacco is used at work, research shows that employers can do something else to reduce smoking: raise ... read more

Lyme Disease Testing: Canadians May Receive False-Positives from Some US Labs

Aug. 31, 2015 — Lyme disease is becoming increasingly common in Canada, and Canadians with Lyme disease symptoms may seek diagnoses from laboratories in the United States, although many of the results will be ... read more

Heart Rate, Heart Rate Variability in Older Adults Linked to Poorer Function

Aug. 31, 2015 — A higher resting heart rate and lower heart rate variability in older adults at high risk of heart disease are associated with poorer ability to function in daily life as well as future decline, ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — When physicians prepare for patient visits, one of their first steps is to review clinic notes or health records that recap their patients’ medical history. Since the Health Information Technology ... read more

Preventive Medicine Experts Speak out About Reducing Firearm Violence

Aug. 31, 2015 — A wide range of critical topics related to firearm violence, from the interaction of alcohol abuse with gun violence, effects of changes to gun laws in various states, how criminals obtain guns in a ... read more

Five-Color Nutritional Labelling System Is the Most Effective for Consumers

Aug. 31, 2015 — The 5-colour nutrition label (5-CNL) is the most effective nutritional information system for allowing consumers to recognize and compare the nutritional quality of foods, a group of researchers ... read more

Religion, Physicians and Surrogate Decision-Makers in the Intensive Care Unit

Aug. 31, 2015 — Religious or spiritual considerations were discussed in 16 percent of family meetings in intensive care units and health care professionals only rarely explored the patient's or family's ... read more

Examining Service Delivery, Patient Outcomes in Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program

Aug. 31, 2015 — Outpatient human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) health care facilities funded by the federal Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program were more likely to provide case management, mental health, substance abuse and ... read more

Vitamin D May Play Key Role in Preventing Macular Degeneration

Aug. 31, 2015 — Women who are deficient in vitamin D and have a specific high-risk genotype are 6.7 times more likely to develop AMD than women with sufficient vitamin D status and no high risk genotype, scientists ... read more

'Happy Meals' Bill Could Improve Healthfulness of Fast Food Meals for Kids in New York City

Aug. 31, 2015 — A bill to improve the nutritional value of fast food restaurant meals marketed to children could have a wide enough impact to reduce calories, fat, and sodium, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — A strong physical gene interaction network has been discovered that is responsible for holding genes in a silencing grip during early development. In the same way that people can interact with others ... read more

Watching More TV as a Young Adult Predicts Obesity

Aug. 31, 2015 — The more hours young adults spend watching television each day, the greater the likelihood that they'll have a higher body mass index and bigger waist circumference, a 15-year analysis ... read more

Television Viewing Linked to Higher Injury Risk in Hostile People

Aug. 31, 2015 — People with hostile personality traits who watch more television than their peers may be at a greater risk for injury, potentially because they are more susceptible to the influence of television on ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — A group in Japan has developed tissue adhesive porous films that promote angiogenesis without using growth factors. This new technology may contribute to medical cost reduction making expensive ... read more

Fatal Bleeding Rare With Extended Dual Antiplatelet Therapy

Aug. 31, 2015 — Fatal bleeding is rare with extended dual antiplatelet therapy, according to a secondary analysis of the DAPT Study. Bleeding-related mortality accounted for a minority of deaths in patients treated ... read more

Prasugrel Associated With Increased Major Bleeding in High-Risk Patients With Stable Coronary Artery Disease

Aug. 31, 2015 — Prasugrel-based dual antiplatelet therapy is associated with increased major bleeding after stent implantation for high-risk patients with stable coronary artery disease, according to a secondary ... read more

Ticagrelor Administered in the Ambulance Reduces Ischaemic Events 24 Hours After PCI

Aug. 31, 2015 — Ticagrelor administered in the ambulance reduces ischaemic events 24 hours after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to new ... read more

Depressed Patients Have More Frequent Chest Pain Even in the Absence of Coronary Artery Disease

Aug. 31, 2015 — Depressed patients have more frequent chest pain even in the absence of coronary artery disease, according to results. The findings suggest that pain and depression may share a common neurochemical ... read more

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