Health & Medicine News
October 9, 2015

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October 9, 2015

Oct. 8, 2015 — Upper limb amputees, who typically struggle to learn how to use a new prosthesis, would be more successful if fellow amputees taught them, new research suggests. Most usually learn by watching a ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Cigarette smoking and heavy alcohol use cause epigenetic changes to DNA that reflect accelerated biological aging in distinct, measurable ways, according to research. The researchers estimated ... read more

Menopause Diminishes Impact of Good Cholesterol

Oct. 8, 2015 — What has previously been known as good cholesterol -- high density lipoprotein -- has now been shown to be not so good in protecting women against atherosclerosis while they are transitioning through ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — New discoveries at the cellular and molecular levels have been made about how the eye processes light. The findings improve the scientific understanding of the signaling cascade necessary for ... read more

Study Examines Cancer-Care Outcomes Among American Hospitals

Oct. 8, 2015 — Efforts to rank hospitals by long-term survival rates have been hindered by the readily available administrative data derived from Medicare claims, which lacks information about cancer stage. A new ... read more

Affordable Care Act Helps Virginia Improve HIV Outcomes

Oct. 8, 2015 — Low-income HIV patients enrolled in Affordable Care Act health-care plans achieved better outcomes and the resulting cost savings allowed the state of Virginia to support care for more patients, ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — A new study could explain why elephants rarely get cancer. The results show that elephants have extra copies of a gene encoding a tumor suppressor, p53. Further, elephants may have a more robust ... read more

Fracking Industry Wells Associated With Premature Birth

Oct. 8, 2015 — Expectant mothers who live near active natural gas wells operated by the fracking industry in Pennsylvania are at an increased risk of giving birth prematurely and for having high-risk pregnancies, ... read more

Preventing Memory Loss Before Symptoms Appear

Oct. 8, 2015 — A clinical trial is looking at removing a key protein from the brain to prevent memory loss at least a decade before symptoms are noticed in healthy older adults. The trial is focused on an ... read more

Sex Change Hormonal Treatments Alter Brain Chemistry

Oct. 8, 2015 — Hormonal treatments administered as part of the procedures for sex reassignment have well-known and well-documented effects on the secondary sexual characteristics of the adult body, shifting a ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Compared with direct gene injection, cell-mediated GDNF gene delivery led to considerably more pronounced preservation of myelinated fibers in the remote segments of the spinal cord (5 vs 3 mm from ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — The organization of DNA packaged in chromosomes during cell division has been very difficult to study experimentally. Researchers have found that the structure of translocations in cancer cells shows ... read more

'Alarm Clock' of a Leukemia-Causing Oncogene Identified

Oct. 8, 2015 — Mutations in DNMT3A gene cause MEIS1 activacion, triggering leukemia, a research team ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — SOCE (Store Operated Calcium Entry) is a process by which Calcium ions slowly enter cells to refill depleted calcium stores. This process in nerve cells is now thought to play a role in maintaining ... read more

Major Flu Drug Report Underway

Oct. 8, 2015 — A new landmark report reveals that anti-viral drugs called NAIs (like Tamiflu) have been successful in reducing deaths in flu patients in hospital. The report also reveals that preventative use of ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Engineering researchers have found that walking at varying speeds can burn up to 20 percent more calories compared to maintaining a steady pace. The study is one of the first to measure the metabolic ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Most robotic parts used to today are rigid, have a limited range of motion and don't really look lifelike. Inspired by both nature and biology, a scientist has designed a novel robotic finger ... read more

Protein Research Uncovers Potential New Diagnosis, Therapy for Breast Cancer

Oct. 8, 2015 — Scientists, using clinical specimens from charity Breast Cancer Now's Tissue Bank, have conducted new research into a specific sodium channel that indicates the presence of cancer cells and ... read more

Living in Fear: Mental Disorders as Risk Factors for Chronic Pain in Teenagers

Oct. 8, 2015 — One in four young people have experienced chronic pain and a mental disorder. According to a new report, the onset of pain is often preceded by mental disorders: an above-average rate of incidence of ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — 5 billion are expected to be myopic (short-sighted) by 2050, scientists say, adding that nearly 1 billion high myopes are at risk of blindness by 2050. Parents are urged to have their children's ... read more

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