Health & Medicine News
August 28, 2015

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August 28, 2015

Aug. 28, 2015 — Researchers have for the first time created and used a nanoscale vehicle made of DNA to deliver a CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing tool into cells in both cell culture and an animal ... read more

Important Steps Toward Developing a Blood Test to Catch Pancreatic Cancer Early

Aug. 28, 2015 — Pancreatic cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death in the United States and has a 5-year survival rate of only 6 percent, which is the lowest rate of all types of cancer.  ... read more

Lack of Folic Acid Enrichment in Europe Causes Mortality Among Fetuses

Aug. 28, 2015 — A new international study shows that 5,000 fetuses in Europe annually are affected by spina bifida and other severe defects on the central nervous system. Seventy percent of these pregnancies are ... read more

Aug. 28, 2015 — A new device which transforms paralysis victims’ breath into words – believed to be the first invention of its kind – has been ... read more

Aug. 28, 2015 — Researchers have unraveled a role for tumor suppressor genes in restricting the growth of neighboring cell populations. The study might have implications for understanding the early events of ... read more

New Mechanism in Adrenal Gland Tumors

Aug. 28, 2015 — Scientists have elucidated a mechanism that is responsible for the development of adrenal gland tumors. They discovered that the BMP7 protein plays a key role in this process and that it could be a ... read more

Brain Scans Predict Response to Antipsychotic Medications

Aug. 28, 2015 — Investigators have discovered that brain scans can be used to predict patients' response to antipsychotic drug ... read more

New Embryo Image Processing Technology Could Assist in IVF Implantation Success Rates

Aug. 28, 2015 — Biologists and engineers have developed a new non-invasive image processing technique to visualize embryo formation. Researchers were able to see, for the first time, the movement of all of the cells ... read more

Women With Hypertension in Pregnancy and Their Siblings Face Increased Risk of Heart Disease

Aug. 27, 2015 — High blood pressure during pregnancy is a risk factor for future hypertension and cardiovascular disease, but it’s not clear if this increased risk is because these women are more likely to have a ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — The fungus Cryptococcus causes meningitis, a brain disease that kills about 1 million people each year. It's difficult to treat because fungi are genetically quite similar to humans, so ... read more

Goth Teens Could Be More Vulnerable to Depression and Self-Harm

Aug. 27, 2015 — Young people who identify with the goth subculture might be at increased risk of depression and self-harm, according to new ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — With all but two countries worldwide, Pakistan and Afghanistan, declared polio-free, the eradication of the devastating viral disease in the near future is a real possibility. A new study however ... read more

Cervical Pessary Does Not Reduce the Rate of Preterm Births or Neonatal Complications in Twin Gestations

Aug. 27, 2015 — Having twins accounts for only 1.5% of all births but 25% of preterm births, the leading cause of infant mortality worldwide. Successful strategies for reducing singleton preterm births include ... read more

HIV Particles Do Not Cause AIDS, Our Own Immune Cells Do

Aug. 27, 2015 — Scientists have discovered that HIV does not cause AIDS by the virus's direct effect on the host's immune cells, but rather through the cells' lethal influence on one another. In a new ... read more

Growth Hormone Reduces Risk of Osteoporosis Fractures in Older Women

Aug. 27, 2015 — For years after it was administered, growth hormone continued to reduce the risk of fractures and helped maintain bone density in postmenopausal women who had ... read more

Interrupting Sitting With Walking Breaks Improves Children's Blood Sugar

Aug. 27, 2015 — Taking 3-minute breaks to walk in the middle of a TV marathon or other sedentary activity can improve children's blood sugar compared to continuously sitting, according to a new ... read more

Antibiotic Use Linked to Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosis

Aug. 27, 2015 — People who developed type 2 diabetes tended to take more antibiotics in the years leading up to the diagnosis than people who did not have the condition, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — RNA can be translated into protein or transformed into gene-regulating molecules. A newly discovered 'reader' protein recognizes a chemical instruction tag affixed to RNA, an important step ... read more

Researchers Thwart Cancer Cells by Triggering 'Virus Alert'

Aug. 27, 2015 — Working with human cancer cell lines and mice, researchers have found a way to trigger a type of immune system 'virus alert' that may one day boost cancer patients' response to ... read more

Circadian Genes Go to Sleep Every Day at the Periphery of the Nucleus

Aug. 27, 2015 — Mobility between different physical environments in the cell nucleus regulates the daily oscillations in the activity of genes that are controlled by the internal biological clock, according to a new ... read more

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