Epigenetics News
February 8, 2016

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updated 6:31pm EST

More Epigenetics News
February 8, 2016

Exact Pol(e) Position -- Precisely Where the Polymerase Is Changed

Jan. 21, 2016 — A method for the thorough analysis of protein modifications has been developed by researchers who have mapped the phosphorylation sites of the RNA polymerase II enzyme, which is responsible for ... read more

Neils Help Removing Epigenetic Marks

Jan. 12, 2016 — Two proteins have been identified that are important for the demethylation of DNA, report ... read more

Innate Immune Defenses Triggered by Unsuspected Mechanism

Jan. 12, 2016 — A previously unsuspected mechanism is activated in the presence of pathogens after only a few hours: the activation of thousands of genes in the cells of the innate immune system and the triggering ... read more

Jan. 11, 2016 — A new single-cell genomics protocol allows researchers to study links between DNA modifications (methylation) and the activity of a gene. The method is the first to enable parallel profiling of the ... read more

Jan. 8, 2016 — Nearly every girl and woman on Earth carries two X chromosomes in nearly every one of her cells -- but one of them does (mostly) nothing. That's because it's been silenced, keeping most of ... read more

Epigenetic Discovery Suggests DNA Modifications More Diverse Than Previously Thought

Dec. 21, 2015 — The world of epigenetics -- where molecular 'switches' attached to DNA turn genes on and off -- has just got bigger with a new discovery that suggests that many more DNA modifications than ... read more

New Insights Into Molecular Basis of Memory

Dec. 17, 2015 — Scientists have shed new light on the molecular basis of memory. Their study confirms that the formation of memories is accompanied by an altered activity of specific genes. In addition, they found ... read more

Dec. 16, 2015 — Proteins are like bricks that form our cells and they are built by the orders given by our genetic material, DNA. In human diseases, eventually DNA alterations modify proteins and they don't do ... read more

Our Epigenome Is Influenced by Our Habitat and Lifestyle

Nov. 30, 2015 — Research on the genomes of Pygmy hunter-gatherer populations and Bantu farmers in Central Africa has shown for the first time that our habitat and lifestyle can have an impact on our epigenome -- the ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — An international research collaboration has shed new light on how DNA sequence variation can influence gene activity in the developing human brain. The team conducted the first study of how genetic ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Scientists are closer to understanding the mechanisms underlying the phenomenon of genomic imprinting. In this intriguing event, one copy of a gene is 'turned off', or silenced, depending ... read more

Master Switch for Brain Development

Nov. 18, 2015 — A complex regulatory mechanism has been disovered, which explains how a single gene can drive the formation of brain cells. The research is an important step towards a better understanding of how the ... read more

Nov. 16, 2015 — Changes in cellular metabolites, the simple compounds generated during life-sustaining chemical activities in cells, have been shown to regulate embryonic stem cell development at the earliest stages ... read more

Packaging and Unpacking of the Genome

Nov. 6, 2015 — DNA represents a dynamic form of information, balancing efficient storage and access requirements. Packaging approximately 1.8m of DNA into something as small as a cell nucleus is no mean feat, but ... read more

Cray-Active Solution for Cancer Research

Nov. 2, 2015 — A new species has been discovered that is helping scientists understand epigenetics: all individuals of the marbled crayfish examined so far have been female. They reproduce by parthenogenesis, the ... read more

Factor Found to Balance Medically Useful Stem Cell Qualities

Oct. 29, 2015 — Each of us develops from an unspecialized single cell into hundreds of different specific cell types. Stem cells multiply (proliferate) and mature (differentiate) in the womb to become muscle, bone, ... read more

X-Citing X Chromosome Discovery Could Aid Research on Many Sex-Linked Disorders

Oct. 19, 2015 — A new genetic discovery could help scientists understand exactly how one X chromosome in each cell of a female's body gets 'silenced' -- and perhaps lead to better treatment for ... read more

Suppression of Epigenetic Brain Proteins Induces Autism-Like Syndrome

Oct. 15, 2015 — Findings of a new study reveal a key role of the BET protein family in the regulation of selected genes that control normal development and function of nerve ... read more

Prostate Cells Undergo 'Reprogramming' to Form Tumors, Study Finds

Oct. 12, 2015 — Researchers link early prostate cancer to alterations in a program controlled by a 'master regulator' of cell growth. These epigenetic changes point to new avenues for preventing and ... read more

Shaking Up the Foundations of Epigenetics

Oct. 7, 2015 — Cells of multicellular organisms contain identical genetic material (the genome) yet can have drastic differences in their structural arrangements and functions. This variation of the distinct cell ... read more

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