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October 6, 2015

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October 6, 2015

Oct. 5, 2015 — Regrowth of trees explains why grasslands in western Africa known as the Sahel have recovered after devastating droughts in the 1970s and 1980s, according to research. Previous studies have suggested ... read more

Using, Sharing, New Technologies Is Key for Conservation

Oct. 5, 2015 — Scientists estimate that we are losing species at 1,000 times the natural background rate. New technologies are improving conservation efforts by making it easier, faster, and cheaper to monitor ... read more

New Metabolomic Platform Reveals Fundamental Flaw in Common Lab Technology

Oct. 5, 2015 — A technology used in thousands of laboratories, called gas chromatography mass spectrometry, fundamentally alters the samples it analyzes, new research ... read more

If Relationships Are Good, Any Humor by Leaders Improves Job Satisfaction

Oct. 5, 2015 — Past research about the use of humor by leaders suggests that positive humor should result in happier subordinates who are satisfied with their jobs. Conventional wisdom also suggests that leaders ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Rats exposed to frequent physical, social, and predatory stress during adolescence solved problems and foraged more efficiently under high-threat conditions in adulthood compared with rats that ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A two-dimensional crystal, combined with graphene, has the capability to detect optical pulses with a response faster than 10 picoseconds, while maintaining a high efficiency, a new study ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Physicists have wondered in recent years if they could control how atoms interact using light. Now they know that they can, by demonstrating games of quantum billiards with unusual new ... read more

Simpler Way to Estimate Feedback Between Permafrost Carbon, Climate

Oct. 5, 2015 — A simple model of permafrost carbon based on direct observations has been developed by a team of scientists. Their approach could help climate scientists evaluate how well permafrost dynamics are ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Perovskite solar cells are cheaper to make than traditional silicon cells and their electricity conversion efficiency is improving rapidly. To be commercially viable, perovskite cells need to scale ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — How do we know that the melanosomes found in the fossils are actually melanosomes and not something else, like leftover impressions from the microbes (some of which also make melanin) that coated the ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The part of the brain responsible for seeing is more powerful than previously believed. In fact, the visual cortex can essentially make decisions just like the brain's traditional 'higher ... read more

Phone App Allows Researchers to Conduct Concealed Food Safety Observations

Oct. 5, 2015 — Smartphones are so ubiquitous, and text messaging and social media activities so common in public places, that no one questions what anyone does with their phone. That pervasiveness allows a phone ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Studying the 'gut-brain axis,' researchers find evidence of an association between the gut microbiota and the eating disorder anorexia ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Scientists have used a transmission electron microscope to record almost 3500 images in 3.5 seconds for the reconstruction of a 3D electron tomogram. Previously, 10 to 60 minutes and a ten-fold ... read more

Study Examines Incidence of Serious, Highly Drug-Resistant Group of Bacteria

Oct. 5, 2015 — The overall incidence in 2012-2013 was relatively low of a serious, highly drug-resistant group of bacteria (Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae that are an important cause for health-care ... read more

Patients With Flu-Associated Pneumonia Less Likely to Have Received Flu Vaccine

Oct. 5, 2015 — Among children and adults hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia, those with influenza-associated pneumonia, compared with those with pneumonia not associated with influenza, had lower odds ... read more

Sharing of Genetic Data Empowers Discovery of New Disorders in Children

Oct. 5, 2015 — Four new genetic disorders have been identified by the team behind the Deciphering Developmental Disorders (DDD) Study, one of the world's largest nationwide rare disease genome-wide sequencing ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Thirty-one percent of cactus species are threatened with extinction, according to the first comprehensive, global assessment of the species group. This places cacti among the most threatened ... read more

The Warmer the Higher: Sea-Level Rise from Filchner-Ronne Ice in Antarctica

Oct. 5, 2015 — The more ice is melted of the Antarctic Filchner-Ronne shelf, the more ice flows into the ocean, and the more the region contributes to global sea-level rise. Unlike some some other parts of ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A team of engineers has built a quantum logic gate in silicon for the first time, making calculations between two qubits of information possible -- and thereby clearing the final hurdle to making ... read more

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