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February 8, 2016

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February 8, 2016

Alcohol Consumption in Valencia Rockets During Fallas

Feb. 8, 2016 — It is possible to measure the alcohol consumption of a given population based on the presence of a stable metabolite excreted in urine in wastewaters: ethyl sulphate. Now research is focused on the ... read more

Faces of Black Children as Young as 5 Evoke Negative Biases

Feb. 8, 2016 — People are more likely to misidentify a toy as a weapon after seeing a black face than a white face, even when the face in question is that of a five-year-old child, new research ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Ocean acidification (the ongoing decrease in the pH of Earth's oceans, caused by the uptake of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere), is affecting the formation of the skeleton of coralline algae ... read more

Treatments That Reduce Knee Buckling May Help Prevent Falls in Older Adults

Feb. 8, 2016 — Symptoms of knee instability in older adults may indicate an increased risk of falling and of experiencing the various physical and psychological effects that can result from falling, according to a ... read more

Study Compares Effectiveness of Phone-Based and Web-Based Smoking Cessation Programs in Four States

Feb. 8, 2016 — A new analysis indicates that states' Web-based and phone-based tobacco cessation programs can help people quit smoking, but certain personal characteristics may lead individuals to prefer one ... read more

Public Back Ban on Children's Junk Food Advertising

Feb. 7, 2016 — Three quarters of the UK public back a ban on junk food advertising before the 9pm TV watershed, according to a new survey. And one in two support a tax on sugary drinks, which could help tackle the ... read more

Where Infants Sleep May Affect How Long They Are Breastfed

Feb. 6, 2016 — A new study indicates that mothers who frequently sleep, or bed-share, with their infants consistently breastfeed for longer than mothers who do not bed-share. Also, pregnant women who expressed a ... read more

Record Missouri Flooding Was Humanmade Calamity, Scientist Says

Feb. 5, 2016 — Why was the New Year's flood in Missouri so bad? Most news reports blamed it on the heavy rain, but a professor of earth and planetary sciences says analysis of the flood data shows much of the ... read more

Study Evaluates Pay-for-Performance Program for Medicaid Children in an ACO

Feb. 5, 2016 — The first pay-for-performance (P4P) evaluation of pediatricians under a full-risk Medicaid accountable care organization (ACO) for children shows P4P incentives were partially responsible for higher ... read more

Gene Family Turns Cancer Cells Into Aggressive Stem Cells That Keep Growing

Feb. 5, 2016 — An examination of 130 gene expression studies in 10 solid cancers has found that when any of four related genes is overexpressed, patients have much worse outcomes, including reduced ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — Sorry, Explorers Club, but woolly mammoth is no longer on the menu. Neither is the giant ground ... read more

Does Shopping Helps You Feel Better After a Setback?

Feb. 5, 2016 — If you just flubbed a big work project, you might be feeling down on yourself. Maybe you'll head to the mall to indulge in a little retail therapy. Buying products is a common way to make ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — By chance, scientists have discovered a malaria parasite that infects white-tailed deer. It's the first-ever malaria parasite known to live in a deer species and the only native malaria parasite ... read more

Proteomics and Precision Medicine

Feb. 5, 2016 — Researchers have used personalized proteomics to devise a successful treatment strategy for a patient with uveitis, a potentially blinding eye disease that can have many causes, making it ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — Stars do not accumulate their final mass steadily, but in a series of violent events manifesting themselves as sharp stellar brightening. Stellar brightening can be caused by fragmentation due to ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — Elastin is a crucial building block in our bodies -- its flexibility allows skin to stretch and twist, blood vessels to expand and relax with every heartbeat, and lungs to swell and contract with ... read more

Protein That Switches Cancers from Inflammation to Proliferation Identified

Feb. 5, 2016 — PAD4 has been observed in cancers but its role was unclear. An Oxford University team have found that PAD4 citrullinates protein E2F-1, which causes it to form a protein complex with BRD4 that drives ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — First-ever interlaboratory study of four versions of a therapeutic protein drug -- all manufactured from living cells -- reports that an established analytical tool akin to magnetic resonance imaging ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — Cells reach a state called senescence when they stop dividing in response to DNA damage. This change can matter greatly to health, but scientists do not yet have a clear picture of how this change ... read more

Hallucinogen May Protect Against Intimate Partner Violence, Researcher Suggests

Feb. 5, 2016 — Hallucinogen research gains traction, suggests class of substance could be therapeutic for problem behaviors, including intimate partner violence, according to one ... read more

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