Matter & Energy News
August 5, 2015

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August 5, 2015

Aug. 4, 2015 — An atomic view of microtubules has been produced that enabled researchers to identify the crucial role played by a family of end-binding proteins in regulating microtubule dynamic instability, the ... read more

Profit, People and Planet: Balancing Revenue Vs. Responsibility in Fashion

Aug. 4, 2015 — Businesses within the fashion industry face many ethical decisions over the importance of profit vs. social responsibility. Exploitation is rife in developing countries where cheap, unregulated labor ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Compressor disks for aircraft turbines are milled from a single piece of material. During processing, the blades begin to vibrate. Now, a novel clamping system boosts vibration absorption for the ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — The usage of pulsed electric field for conditioning substrates can significantly enhance biogas yield in commercial biogas plants, scientists say. Although the primary effect of the electric field is ... read more

Consortium of Motile, Cellulose Degrading Bacteria Can Be Used for Solid State Cellulose Hydrolysis

Aug. 4, 2015 — Cellulose hydrolysis has many industrial applications in such fields as biofuel production, food, paper, cosmetic, pharmaceutical industries and textile manufacture. A novel approach to cellulose ... read more

Goose Barnacles Helping Solve the Mystery of the Crash Site of MH370

Aug. 3, 2015 — On the 29th of July, airplane wreckage washed up on the island of Réunion. It is highly likely that it belongs to the missing Malaysia Airlines airplane MH370. Geologists may be able to identify the ... read more

Aug. 3, 2015 — Loads of cosmetics like sunscreen lotions contain titanium dioxide. These nanoparticles are contentious. Experts suspect they may have harmful effects on people and the environment. But it is ... read more

Aug. 3, 2015 — A multitude of professional drivers suffer from back problems. One cause: driver seats that are inadequately adjusted to each driver‘s ergonomic needs. Researchers have engineered a driver‘s seat ... read more

Aug. 1, 2015 — After debuting the world's first solar air battery last fall, researchers have now reached a new milestone. They report that their patent-pending design -- which combines a solar cell and a ... read more

July 31, 2015 — As the demand grows for ever smaller, smarter electronics, so does the demand for understanding materials’ behavior at ever smaller scales. Physicists are building a unique optical magnetometer to ... read more

July 31, 2015 — A device to mix liquids utilizing ultrasonics is the first and most difficult component in a miniaturized system for low-cost analysis of sputum from patients with pulmonary diseases such as ... read more

July 31, 2015 — A transparent electrode with high electrical conductivity has been developed for solar cells and other optoelectronic components -- that uses minimal amounts of material. It consists of a random ... read more

Shaping the Hilly Landscapes of a Semi-Conductor Nanoworld

July 31, 2015 — Nanoscale worlds sometimes resemble macroscale roller-coaster style hills, placed at the tip of a series of hexagons. Surprisingly, these nanohills stem from the self-organization of particles -- the ... read more

July 31, 2015 — Researchers have discovered a way to tweak design recipes for a special class of materials. The discovery has significant technological implications in manufacturing new functional materials, they ... read more

Gold-Diamond Nanodevice for Hyperlocalized Cancer Therapy

July 31, 2015 — Precise targeting biological molecules, such as cancer cells, for treatment is a challenge, due to their sheer size. Now, scientists have proposed an advanced solution that can potentially be applied ... read more

Protein Machines Make Fluctuating Flows Unconsciously

July 31, 2015 — Protein machines, regardless of their specific functions, can collectively induce fluctuating hydrodynamic flows and substantially enhance the diffusive motions of particles in the cell, an ... read more

July 31, 2015 — Using ultracold atoms trapped in light crystals, scientists have observed a novel state of matter that never ... read more

July 31, 2015 — Researchers used LEDs and a thin film of gold to turbocharge the heating and cooling cycles of the PCR test so results are ready in minutes, not hours. The innovation greatly expands the clinical and ... read more

Butterflies Heat Up the Field of Solar Research

July 31, 2015 — The humble butterfly could hold the key to unlocking new techniques to make solar energy cheaper and more efficient, pioneering new research has shown. By mimicking the v-shaped posture adopted by ... read more

July 31, 2015 — Brain-controlled prostheses sample a few hundred neurons to estimate motor commands that involve millions of neurons. Sampling errors can reduce the precision and speed of thought-controlled keypads. ... read more

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