Matter & Energy News
October 13, 2015

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October 13, 2015

Oct. 13, 2015 — Many mysteries of nature are locked up in the world of the very small and the very fast. Chemical reactions and material phase transitions, for example, happen on the scale of atoms -- which are ... read more

Oct. 13, 2015 — Using computational modeling, researchers have come up with a design for a sturdier liposome. Their findings, while theoretical, could provide the basis for efficiently constructing new vehicles for ... read more

Africa's Urban Waste: A Valuable Source of Electricity

Oct. 13, 2015 — Estimated electricity production from the total waste generated in Africa could reach 122.2 TWh in 2025, or more than 20 percent of the electricity consumed in 2010 at continental level (661.5TWh), ... read more

Not Shaken, Not Stirred: New Molecular Modeling Techniques for Catalysis in Unmixed Systems

Oct. 12, 2015 — Scientists have developed molecular modeling simulations and new theoretical formulations to help understand and optimize catalytic reactions that take place in chemical environments where the ... read more

Establishment of Systems Metabolic Engineering Strategies to Develop Microbial Strains

Oct. 12, 2015 — Ten general strategies of systems metabolic engineering have been proposed by experts to successfully develop industrial microbial ... read more

Oct. 12, 2015 — Stratos II+, a rocket built entirely by students of Delft University of Technology, will be launched again on Wednesday October 14. The first attempt in 2014 unfortunately failed due to technical ... read more

Scientists Produce Shortest Electron Bunches Ever by Surfing Plasma Waves

Oct. 9, 2015 — The shortest electron bunches ever produced have emerged in new research. The bunches were produced by focusing a high-power laser pulse into a supersonic helium gas jet. These 'bullets' of ... read more

Researchers Develop Deep-Learning Method for Computers to Predict Daily Activities

Oct. 9, 2015 — Researchers have developed a new method that teaches computers to 'see' and understand what humans do in a typical day using 40,000 images taken from an ego-centric ... read more

Oct. 9, 2015 — Genomicists have sequenced the RNA of the most complicated gene known in nature, using a hand-held sequencer no bigger than a cell phone. The researchers show that a new nanopore sequencer can ... read more

Oct. 9, 2015 — Researchers have developed a method for measuring soft, structured surfaces using optical forces. Surfaces separate outside from inside, control chemical reactions, and regulate the exchange of ... read more

Oct. 9, 2015 — Physicists have devised a way to use diamonds to identify cancerous tumors before they become life threatening. Their findings reveal how a nanoscale, synthetic version of the precious gem can light ... read more

Electronics Get a Power Boost With the Addition of Simple Material

Oct. 9, 2015 — Materials scientist have just discovered a way to give the workhorse transistor a big boost, using a new technique to incorporate vanadium oxide, one of a family of materials called functional ... read more

Oct. 9, 2015 — Researchers have succeeded in building protein gates for artificial nano-vesicles that become transparent only under specific conditions. The gate responds to certain pH values, triggering a reaction ... read more

Oct. 9, 2015 — An airport apron bustles with traffic. The tow tractors, tankers and buses moving busily around an aircraft run the risk of colliding. An enhanced positioning system will increase safety and the ... read more

Oct. 9, 2015 — Lasers with a wavelength of two microns could move the boundaries of surgery and molecule detection. Researchers have managed to generate such lasers using a simple and inexpensive ... read more

Solitons Acquire Chirality

Oct. 8, 2015 — A team of Korean scientists has discovered a new class of solitons, which they named chiral ... read more

Wearable Sensing Fabrics: Knit It, Braid It, Turn It on and Use It

Oct. 9, 2015 — Researchers are using traditional kitting and braiding fabrication techniques to produce electrically conducting, wearable fabrics capable of sensing a wide range of human ... read more

Oct. 9, 2015 — Soft steps and large feet can allow animals and robots to maintain high speeds on very loose soil and sand. These findings offer a new insight into how animals respond to different terrain, and how ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — While the cleaning of car exhausts is among the best known applications of catalytic processes, it is only the tip of the iceberg. Practically the entire chemical industry relies on catalytic ... read more

Fracking Industry Wells Associated With Premature Birth

Oct. 8, 2015 — Expectant mothers who live near active natural gas wells operated by the fracking industry in Pennsylvania are at an increased risk of giving birth prematurely and for having high-risk pregnancies, ... read more

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