Matter & Energy News
December 2, 2015

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December 2, 2015

Physicists Show Skyrmions Can Exist in Ferroelectrics

Nov. 30, 2015 — New theoretical physics research shows that swirling particles known as skyrmions, which have been found in magnetic systems, can also exist in ... read more

Liquid Foam: Plastic, Elastic and Fluid

Nov. 30, 2015 — What differentiates complex fluids from mere fluids? What makes them unique is that they are neither solid nor liquid. Among such complex fluids are foams. They are used as a model to understand the ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — A camera so advanced that it can photograph and film methane in the air around us is now presented by a team of researchers. It can be an important part of the efforts to measure and monitor ... read more

Benefits and Trade-Offs of Low-Carbon Energy

Nov. 30, 2015 — Policymakers, industry and government officials will have to invest US $2.5 trillion for electricity generation over the next 20 years. A new report presents the environmental costs and benefits ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — A new report warns of the potential for major negative impacts on fish and fish habitat caused by large hydroelectric dams, like that currently under evaluation through the Next Generation Hydro ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — Using an old 19th century apartment block in Oslo as a case study, researchers are looking for conservation measures for heritage buildings. How can we make them watertight, insulated and protected ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — A new model of pneumatic muscle and an active type of assistive equipment incorporating this pneumatic muscle has been developed. This wearable equipment, called the Unplugged Powered Suit (UPS), ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — Researchers demonstrate plasmonic nanoparticles can support catalysts without losing their beneficial optical properties. Such alloys could make industrial processes more efficient or enable ... read more

New Membrane May Solve Fresh Water Shortages

Nov. 30, 2015 — Researchers have developed a technology that improves the removal of salt from seawater, a breakthrough that may alleviate the increasing demand for fresh water in some ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — CRISPR gene-editing is allowing rapid scientific advances in many fields, including human health and now it has been shown that crop research can also benefit from this latest exciting ... read more

Nov. 27, 2015 — An alternative technology to Li-ion has been designed for application in specific sectors. The researchers have developed the first battery using sodium ions in the usual "18650" format, an ... read more

Graphene Microphone Outperforms Traditional Nickel and Offers Ultrasonic Reach

Nov. 27, 2015 — Scientists have developed a graphene based microphone nearly 32 times more sensitive than microphones of standard nickel-based ... read more

Doping Powers New Thermoelectric Material

Nov. 26, 2015 — In power production, nearly two-thirds of energy input from fossil fuels is lost as waste heat. Industry is hungry for materials that can convert this heat to useful electricity, but a good ... read more

Nuclear Waste Storage Sites in Rock Salt May Be More Vulnerable Than Previously Thought

Nov. 26, 2015 — Research shows that rock salt, used by Germany and the United States as a subsurface container for radioactive waste, might not be as impermeable as ... read more

Nov. 26, 2015 — A research team has found a simple way to fix defects in atomically thin monolayer semiconductors. The development could open doors to transparent LED displays, ultra-high efficiency solar cells, ... read more

Nov. 26, 2015 — Researchers will develop new synthesis processes for long-chain molecules in order to characterize and construct them with so far unreached precision. This will result in an innovative leap in a ... read more

Nov. 26, 2015 — Fires are frequently caused by smoldering cables. Novel sensors now help detect such smoldering fires at an early stage by analyzing the plastic vapors released by overheated insulating cables. ... read more

Shedding Light on Oil Behaviors Before the Next Spill

Nov. 25, 2015 — There are still critical research gaps hampering efforts to both assess the environmental impacts of crude oil spills and to effectively remediate them, a Canadian, comprehensive scientific report ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Scientists have discovered how to make the electrical wiring on top of solar cells nearly invisible to incoming light. The new design, which uses silicon nanopillars to hide the wires, could ... read more

New Technology Promises Fast, Accurate Stroke Diagnosis

Nov. 25, 2015 — A new approach to identifying biomarkers in blood has proven successful in helping diagnose stroke, and the technology could be expanded to diagnose such conditions as concussion, some forms of ... read more

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