Matter & Energy News
July 27, 2015

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July 27, 2015

July 27, 2015 — Solar energy could be made cheaper if solar cells could be coaxed to generate more power. A huge gain in this direction has been made by a team of chemists that has found an ingenious way to make ... read more

July 27, 2015 — The discovery of a previously unknown type of metal deformation -- sinuous flow -- and a method to suppress it could lead to more efficient machining and other manufacturing advances by reducing the ... read more

July 27, 2015 — Coating the inside of glass microtubes with a polymer hydrogel material dramatically alters the way capillary forces draw water into the tiny structures, researchers have found. The discovery could ... read more

July 24, 2015 — Researchers explores the promise and peril of computer-based writing assessment ... read more

Bomb-Proof Lining Contains Explosion in Luggage Hold of Aircraft

July 24, 2015 — Using new technology, tests show plane's luggage hold may be able to contain force of an explosion if a device hidden in a passenger's luggage ... read more

July 24, 2015 — A team of researchers specializes in SLAM, or simultaneous localization and mapping, the technique whereby mobile autonomous robots map their environments and determine their locations. Now these ... read more

Wind Energy Provides 8% of Europe's Electricity

July 24, 2015 — EU’s grid connected cumulative capacity in 2014 reached 129 GW, meeting 8% of European electricity demand, equivalent to the combined annual consumption of Belgium, the Netherlands, Greece and ... read more

July 24, 2015 — How do catalytic converters work? Scientists have studied the reactions under close-to-reality conditions: With the help of X-rays, they observed the interactions of the nitrogen monoxide pollutant ... read more

July 23, 2015 — You don't need a magnetic material to create spin current from insulators, researchers say. This work has important implications for the field of spintronics and the development of high-speed, ... read more

Powerful, Efficient Ceramic Fuel Cells Could Enable in-Home Production of Electricity from Natural Gas

July 23, 2015 — The development of affordable and efficient ceramic fuel cells that could be used to power homes is the culmination of five years worth of work, investigators say. The research would enable more ... read more

July 23, 2015 — Scientists describe in a new study how they constructed elastic conducting fibers by wrapping lighter-than-air, electrically conductive sheets of tiny carbon nanotubes to form a jelly-roll-like ... read more

July 23, 2015 — Researchers have developed a method that could improve medical imaging and cancer treatments and increase the efficiency of commercial solar cells by 25 to 30 ... read more

July 23, 2015 — A mechanical wrist less than 1/16th of an inch thick -- small enough to use in needlescopic surgery, the least invasive form of minimally invasive surgery -- has been created by scientists. ... read more

Cages Offer New Direction in Sustainable Catalyst Design

July 23, 2015 — Engineers have developed a new approach to structuring the catalysts used in essential reactions in the chemical and energy fields. The advance offers a pathway for industries to wean themselves off ... read more

July 23, 2015 — By encoding information in photons via their spin, 'photonic' computers could be orders of magnitude faster and efficient than their current-day counterparts. Likewise, encoding information ... read more

July 23, 2015 — A new fabrication technique that produces platinum hollow nanocages with ultra-thin walls could dramatically reduce the amount of the costly metal needed to provide catalytic activity in such ... read more

More Efficient Process to Produce Graphene Developed

July 23, 2015 — Researchers have developed an ultra-bright lamp-ablation method that surmounts the shortcomings and has succeeded in synthesizing few-layer (4-5) graphene in higher yields. It involves a novel ... read more

Synthetic Coral Could Remove Toxic Heavy Metals from the Ocean

July 23, 2015 — A new material that mimics coral could help remove toxic heavy metals like mercury from the ocean, according to a new study. The researchers say their new material could provide inspiration for other ... read more

New Finding Could Lead to Cheap, Efficient Metal-Based Solar Cells

July 23, 2015 — Although the domestic solar-energy industry grew by 34 percent in 2014, fundamental technical breakthroughs are needed if the U.S. is to meet its national goal of reducing the cost of solar ... read more

Researchers Boost Wireless Power Transfer With Magnetic Field Enhancement

July 23, 2015 — Passing wireless power transfer through a magnetic resonance field enhancer (MRFE) -- which can be as simple as a copper loop -- can boost the transfer efficiency by at least 100 percent as compared ... read more

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