Matter & Energy News
April 27, 2015

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April 27, 2015

Apr. 27, 2015 — For the first time, industry and policymakers have a comprehensive report detailing the U.S. hydropower fleet's 2,198 plants that provide about 7 percent of the nation's ... read more

Apr. 27, 2015 — The 'holographic principle,' the idea that a universe with gravity can be described by a quantum field theory in fewer dimensions, has been used for years as a mathematical tool in strange ... read more

Artificial Spin Ice: A New Playground to Better Understand Magnetism

Apr. 27, 2015 — For the first time, nanomagnet islands or arrays were arranged into an exotic structure (called “shakti”) that does not directly relate to any known natural material. The “shakti” artificial ... read more

Use of Pocket-Sized Ultrasound Device Reduces Need for Further Testing in Clinical Settings

Apr. 25, 2015 — The use of a pocket-sized ultrasound device (PUD) helps to reduce the need for further testing in both the inpatient and outpatient ... read more

Apr. 24, 2015 — Using a novel microscopy technique, scientists revealed a major enhancement of coupling between electric and magnetic dipoles. The discovery could lead to devices for use in computer memory or ... read more

Fast and Accurate 3-D Imaging Technique to Track Optically-Trapped Particles

Apr. 24, 2015 — Researchers have developed a novel technique to precisely track the 3-D positions of optically-trapped particles having complicated geometry in high ... read more

Apr. 24, 2015 — Researchers have shown that a laser-generated microplasma in air can be used as a source of broadband terahertz radiation. They demonstrate that an approach for generating terahertz waves using ... read more

Picture This: Graphene Brings 3-D Holograms Clearer and Closer

Apr. 24, 2015 — From mobile phones and computers to television, cinema and wearable devices, the display of full-color, wide-angle, 3-D holographic images is moving ever closer to ... read more

Heat Makes Electrons' Spin in Magnetic Superconductors

Apr. 24, 2015 — Physicists have shown how heat can be exploited for controlling magnetic properties of matter. The finding helps in the development of more efficient mass ... read more

Improvement to Global Software Standard for Analyzing Fusion Plasmas

Apr. 24, 2015 — The gold standard for analyzing the behavior of fusion plasmas may have just gotten better. Computer scientists have just updated the worldwide computer program known as TRANSP to better simulate the ... read more

Apr. 23, 2015 — The fourth dimension is time, shape shifting in fact, and scientists are already working on the next revolution in additive ... read more

Chemists' Synthesis of Silicon Oxides Opens 'New World in a Grain of Sand'

Apr. 23, 2015 — In an effort that reaches back to the 19th-century laboratories of Europe, a discovery by chemistry researchers establishes new research possibilities for silicon chemistry and the semiconductor ... read more

Apr. 23, 2015 — Scientists use a novel form of nanotechnology to create a positionable silver cluster with DNA-programmed tunable fluorescent ... read more

Apr. 23, 2015 — Using a technique that introduces tiny wrinkles into sheets of graphene, researchers have developed new textured surfaces for culturing cells in the lab that better mimic the complex surroundings in ... read more

Revolutionary Discovery Leads to Invention of New 'Building Blocks'

Apr. 23, 2015 — Taking a revolutionary 'building blocks' approach, a research team has invented a new thinking pathway in the design and synthesis of macromolecules by creating an original class of giant ... read more

Apr. 23, 2015 — For the first time, germanium nanowires have been deposited on indium tin oxide substrate by a simple, one-step process called electrodeposition. The nanowires produced by this method have ... read more

Apr. 23, 2015 — Thermal imaging, microscopy and ultra-trace sensing could take a quantum leap with a new technique. Scientists used quantum correlated beams of light to overcome the fundamental detection limit of ... read more

Apr. 23, 2015 — Drizzling honey on toast can produce mesmerizing, meandering patterns, as the syrupy fluid ripples and coils in a sticky, golden thread. Dribbling paint on canvas can produce similarly serpentine ... read more

Apr. 23, 2015 — Since its first use in the 1980s -- a breakthrough dramatized in recent crime-solving dramas -- DNA profiling has been a vital tool for forensic investigators.  Now researchers have solved one of ... read more

Apr. 23, 2015 — Use of clean fuels and updated pollution control measures in the school buses 25 million children ride every day could result in 14 million fewer absences from school a year, based on a new ... read more

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