Matter & Energy News
October 6, 2015

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October 6, 2015

Protein Reactions Identified With Subatomic Resolution

Oct. 6, 2015 — Using subatomic resolution, researchers have gained insights into the dynamic modus operandi of two switch proteins which are responsible for the import of compounds into the nucleus and for cell ... read more

Section Speed Control Reduces the Number of Killed, Severely Injured by Half

Oct. 6, 2015 — Section control reduces injury crashes and, even more, the number of killed or severely injured. The results of this study refer to the section of road between the two ... read more

Physicists Shrink Particle Accelerator

Oct. 6, 2015 — Researchers have built the first prototype of a miniature particle accelerator that uses terahertz radiation instead of radio frequency structures. The terahertz technology holds the promise of ... read more

New Metabolomic Platform Reveals Fundamental Flaw in Common Lab Technology

Oct. 5, 2015 — A technology used in thousands of laboratories, called gas chromatography mass spectrometry, fundamentally alters the samples it analyzes, new research ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The efficiency of solar cells depends on precise engineering of polymers that assemble into films 1,000 times thinner than a human hair. Today, formation of that polymer assembly requires solvents ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A two-dimensional crystal, combined with graphene, has the capability to detect optical pulses with a response faster than 10 picoseconds, while maintaining a high efficiency, a new study ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A newly upgraded high-power laser will blaze new trails across many fields of science by recreating the universe’s most extreme conditions, such as those at the heart of stars and planets, in a ... read more

Expert Opinion: Are CT Scans Safe?

Oct. 5, 2015 — With questions lingering about the safety of medical imaging and the radiation that is used in some of those tests, a radiation safety expert has written a paper that provides clear answers that she ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Perovskite solar cells are cheaper to make than traditional silicon cells and their electricity conversion efficiency is improving rapidly. To be commercially viable, perovskite cells need to scale ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Researchers have created tiny pores in single sheets of graphene that have an array of preferences and characteristics similar to those of ion channels in living ... read more

Flame Retardant Breakthrough Is Naturally Derived, Nontoxic

Oct. 5, 2015 — A new flame retardant has been created to replace commercial additives that are often toxic and can accumulate over time in the environment and living animals, including ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Scientists have used a transmission electron microscope to record almost 3500 images in 3.5 seconds for the reconstruction of a 3D electron tomogram. Previously, 10 to 60 minutes and a ten-fold ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A team of engineers has built a quantum logic gate in silicon for the first time, making calculations between two qubits of information possible -- and thereby clearing the final hurdle to making ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — When pathologists perform autopsies on smokers who died with severe emphysema, they find that lungs are black in appearance. Until recently, researchers and physicians could only guess at the ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A model microscopic system to demonstrate the transmission of torque in the presence of thermal fluctuations -- necessary for the creation of a tiny 'clutch' operating at the nanoscale -- ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Physicists have developed a method to synthesize a unique and novel type of material which resembles a graphene nanoribbon but in molecular form. This material could be important for the further ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Many of you will remember them from your physics lessons at school: often represented as colourful clouds or balloons, electron orbitals provide information on the whereabouts of the electrons in ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A novel prosthetic heart valve has been developed, known as VeloX, which can be implanted through a small incision for the treatment of a serious heart valve disorder called mitral regurgitation. ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — Scientists have made simulations of the processes that happen when a layer of carbon atoms is irradiated with strong laser ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — A new class of light-emitting quantum dots (QDs) with tunable and equalized fluorescence brightness across a broad range of colors has been introduced by scientists. This results in more accurate ... read more

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