Matter & Energy News
August 28, 2015

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August 28, 2015

Aug. 28, 2015 — Computer scientists studied human mobility in urban areas from the point of view that mobility can be described as random walk with many short steps and fewer extremely long steps. Combining GPS data ... read more

Draw out of the Predicted Interatomic Force

Aug. 28, 2015 — Liquid Bi shows a peculiar dispersion of the acoustic mode, which is related to the Peierls distortion in the crystalline state. These results will provide valuable inspiration to researchers ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — A chemistry professor has uncovered a major development in the study of anions, negatively-charged molecules such as chloride, bromide and nitrate, which have strategic roles within the human body. ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — A team of physicists has found new hints of particles -- leptons, to be more precise -- being treated in strange ways not predicted by the Standard Model. The discovery could prove to be a ... read more

Charging a Lithium-Ion Battery Efficiently With a Solar Cell

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers have wired four perovskite solar cells in series to enhance the voltage and directly photo-charged lithium batteries with 7.8 percent efficiency -- the most efficient reported to date, ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Physicists have succeeded in synthesizing boron-doped graphene nanoribbons and characterizing their structural, electronic and chemical properties. The modified material could potentially be used as ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — The historic September 2013 storm that triggered widespread flooding across Colorado's Front Range eroded the equivalent of hundreds, or even as much as 1,000 years worth of accumulated sediment ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Physicists have found a radical new way confine electromagnetic energy without it leaking away, akin to throwing a pebble into a pond with no splash.The theory could have broad ranging applications ... read more

Graphics Processors Accelerate Pattern Discovery

Aug. 28, 2015 — Using normal graphics processors, a new program for identifying repeated patterns in complex networks significantly boosts search ... read more

Turning Sewage Sludge Into Concrete

Aug. 28, 2015 — Dried sewage sludge could be an alternative cement material for concrete, researchers have ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers have developed a dual catalyst system that directly installs alkyl groups -- fragments containing singly bonded carbon and hydrogen atoms that have extremely useful properties for drug ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — Patients suffering from aneurysms that extend from their chest into their groin may be helped by a new stent graft, thanks to collaborative research. Mechanical engineers fluid flow modeling ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — In mere seconds, a device that can identify and characterize a solid or liquid ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — Scientists have reported a major advance in understanding the biological chemistry of radioactive metals, opening up new avenues of research into strategies for remedial action in the event of ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — A new study has demonstrated a new, efficient way to accelerate positrons, the antimatter opposites of electrons. The method may help boost the energy and shrink the size of future linear particle ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — For more than a decade, gene sequencers have been improving more rapidly than the computers required to make sense of their outputs. Searching for DNA sequences in existing genomic databases can ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — New cost-effective material which mimics natural 'extracellular matrix' has allowed scientists to capture previously unseen behavior in individual plant cells, including new shapes and ... read more

Fair Sharing of Flight Delays Among Airlines

Aug. 26, 2015 — A study presents a new method for dealing with delays that, they conclude, keeps system-wide delays virtually constant while distributing delays among airlines more evenly. Specifically, it lets ... read more

Self-Healing Material Could Plug Life-Threatening Holes in Spacecraft

Aug. 26, 2015 — For astronauts living in space with objects zooming around them at 22,000 miles per hour like rogue super-bullets, it's good to have a backup plan. Although shields and fancy maneuvers could ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — Everyday cosmetic and cleaning products contain huge quantities of plastic particles, which are released to the environment and could be harmful to marine life, according to a new ... read more

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