Matter & Energy News
August 4, 2015

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August 4, 2015

Profit, People and Planet: Balancing Revenue Vs. Responsibility in Fashion

Aug. 4, 2015 — Businesses within the fashion industry face many ethical decisions over the importance of profit vs. social responsibility. Exploitation is rife in developing countries where cheap, unregulated labor ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Compressor disks for aircraft turbines are milled from a single piece of material. During processing, the blades begin to vibrate. Now, a novel clamping system boosts vibration absorption for the ... read more

Aug. 3, 2015 — A multitude of professional drivers suffer from back problems. One cause: driver seats that are inadequately adjusted to each driver‘s ergonomic needs. Researchers have engineered a driver‘s seat ... read more

July 31, 2015 — As the demand grows for ever smaller, smarter electronics, so does the demand for understanding materials’ behavior at ever smaller scales. Physicists are building a unique optical magnetometer to ... read more

July 31, 2015 — A device to mix liquids utilizing ultrasonics is the first and most difficult component in a miniaturized system for low-cost analysis of sputum from patients with pulmonary diseases such as ... read more

July 31, 2015 — A transparent electrode with high electrical conductivity has been developed for solar cells and other optoelectronic components -- that uses minimal amounts of material. It consists of a random ... read more

Shaping the Hilly Landscapes of a Semi-Conductor Nanoworld

July 31, 2015 — Nanoscale worlds sometimes resemble macroscale roller-coaster style hills, placed at the tip of a series of hexagons. Surprisingly, these nanohills stem from the self-organization of particles -- the ... read more

July 31, 2015 — Researchers have discovered a way to tweak design recipes for a special class of materials. The discovery has significant technological implications in manufacturing new functional materials, they ... read more

Gold-Diamond Nanodevice for Hyperlocalized Cancer Therapy

July 31, 2015 — Precise targeting biological molecules, such as cancer cells, for treatment is a challenge, due to their sheer size. Now, scientists have proposed an advanced solution that can potentially be applied ... read more

Protein Machines Make Fluctuating Flows Unconsciously

July 31, 2015 — Protein machines, regardless of their specific functions, can collectively induce fluctuating hydrodynamic flows and substantially enhance the diffusive motions of particles in the cell, an ... read more

July 31, 2015 — Using ultracold atoms trapped in light crystals, scientists have observed a novel state of matter that never ... read more

July 31, 2015 — Researchers used LEDs and a thin film of gold to turbocharge the heating and cooling cycles of the PCR test so results are ready in minutes, not hours. The innovation greatly expands the clinical and ... read more

Butterflies Heat Up the Field of Solar Research

July 31, 2015 — The humble butterfly could hold the key to unlocking new techniques to make solar energy cheaper and more efficient, pioneering new research has shown. By mimicking the v-shaped posture adopted by ... read more

Research Explores Future Energy Security of China

July 30, 2015 — China needs to reduce its dependence on coal and improve the range of fuels it uses if it is to have long term energy security, according to new research. The study looks at the future of electricity ... read more

July 30, 2015 — By analyzing the natural mechanics of the water strider that enable it to launch off water's surface scientists have emulated this extreme form of locomotion in novel robotic ... read more

July 30, 2015 — Two key physical phenomena take place at the surfaces of materials: catalysis and wetting. A catalyst enhances the rate of chemical reactions; wetting refers to how liquids spread across a surface. ... read more

July 30, 2015 — New findings have implications for questions regarding how animals and plants grow minerals into shapes that have no relation to their original crystal symmetry, and why some contaminants are ... read more

Cheaper, High-Performance Prosthetic Knee

July 30, 2015 — Researchers report that they have designed a cheap prosthetic knee that mimics normal walking motion. The team reports that it has calculated the ideal torque that a prosthetic knee should produce, ... read more

Take a Trip Through the Brain: New Imaging Tool

July 30, 2015 — A new imaging tool could do for the brain what the telescope did for space exploration. In the first demonstration of how the technology works, the researchers look inside the brain of an adult mouse ... read more

Electric Fields Signal 'No Flies Zone'

July 30, 2015 — The behavior of fruit flies, which are commonly used in laboratory experiments, is altered by electric fields, new research shows. The research indicates that the wings of the insects are disturbed ... read more

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