Matter & Energy News
July 30, 2015

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July 30, 2015

Detecting Small Metallic Contaminants in Food Via Magnetization

July 29, 2015 — Researchers have developed a practical metallic-contaminant detector using three high-Tc RF superconducting quantum interference devices for food inspection. While the detection of small metallic ... read more

New Database Could Make Airport Ground Movements Quicker, Greener and Cheaper

July 29, 2015 — A new system for calculating the quickest and most fuel efficient routes for moving aircraft on the ground could transform the way our airports operate, according to new ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Rewritable CDs, DVDs and Blu-Ray discs owe their existence to phase-change materials, those materials that change their internal order when heated and whose structures can be switched back and forth ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Researchers have observed 'Luttinger-liquid' plasmons in metallic single-walled nanotubes. This holds great promise for novel plasmonic and nanophotonic devices over a broad frequency ... read more

July 28, 2015 — US farmers have long hoped to extend sugarcane's growing range northward from the Gulf coast, substantially increasing the land available for sugar and biofuels. Several hybrid canes developed ... read more

National Study of Deep Brain Stimulation for Depression Fails to Demonstrate Efficacy

July 28, 2015 — Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide, and treatment-resistant symptoms of depression have a terrible personal and societal cost. They can devastate lives, careers, and families. Some ... read more

Doctor Warns About Lead Poisoning Risk from Recycling Older Electronic Equipment

July 28, 2015 — The disposal and recycling of electronic devices has increased exposure to lead and other toxicants and created 'an emerging health concern,' according to a pediatrician who has expertise ... read more

Lobster-Eye Imager Detects Soft X-Ray Emissions

July 28, 2015 — A group of scientists have described developing and launching their imager, which centers on "Lobster-Eye optics," as well as its capabilities and future applications in space ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Researchers have come up with a new definition of chaos that applies more broadly than Lyapunov exponents and other previous definitions of chaos. The new definition fits on a few lines, can be ... read more

July 28, 2015 — For the first time, researchers have directly seen how organic molecules bind to other materials at the atomic level. Using a special kind of electron microscopy, this information can lead to ... read more

Identifying Ever-Growing Disturbances Leading to Freak Waves

July 28, 2015 — Physicists now better understand wave systems exhibiting unusual disturbances by identifying growing localized patterns as early indicators of such ... read more

Flexible Future of Point-of-Care Disease Diagnostic

July 28, 2015 — The world-wide deployment of biomedical devices for health monitoring, point-of-care diagnostics and environmental sensing is hampered by their high cost that is not readily affordable for developing ... read more

Scientists’ New Chemical Blueprint Could Be the Answer to Tackling Stone Theft

July 28, 2015 — Scientists hope their early trials of a new chemical blueprint technique could assist a crackdown on stone ... read more

July 28, 2015 — The growing organic produce industry may soon have a new way to ensure the safety of fresh fruits. Scientists have shown that ultraviolet C light is effective against foodborne pathogens on the ... read more

July 27, 2015 — Solar energy could be made cheaper if solar cells could be coaxed to generate more power. A huge gain in this direction has been made by a team of chemists that has found an ingenious way to make ... read more

July 27, 2015 — The discovery of a previously unknown type of metal deformation -- sinuous flow -- and a method to suppress it could lead to more efficient machining and other manufacturing advances by reducing the ... read more

July 27, 2015 — Using powerful computer simulations, researchers have identified a material with a higher melting point than any known substance. The computations show that a material made with hafnium, nitrogen, ... read more

July 27, 2015 — Researchers have created a polymer gel that could allow for the development of long-acting devices that reside in the stomach, including orally delivered capsules that can release drugs over a number ... read more

Latest Results from the LHC Experiments

July 27, 2015 — The LHC has already delivered over 10 thousand billion collisions to the large experiments since the start of Run 2. This has allowed the LHC collaborations to measure a full suite of detector ... read more

Data Transmission Devices: Smaller, Faster, Cheaper

July 27, 2015 — Transmitting large amounts of data, such as those needed to keep the internet running, requires high-performance modulators that turn electric signals into light signals. Researchers have now ... read more

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