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August 28, 2015

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August 28, 2015

15 Percent of Cigarettes Sold in NYC Have Illegal Tax Stamps, Study Finds

Aug. 27, 2015 — Licensed tobacco retailers throughout New York City are selling a substantial number of cigarette packs carrying either counterfeit or out-of-state tax ... read more

Scientists Warn Leaders of Dangers of Thawing Permafrost

Aug. 27, 2015 — WHRC scientists have counseled the State Department on policies that could control permafrost thaw, including reducing global carbon emissions from fossil fuel use and deforestation, and limiting ... read more

Four-Day School Week Can Improve Academic Performance, Study Finds

Aug. 27, 2015 — Shortening the school week to four days has a positive impact on elementary school students' academic performance in mathematics, according to ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Psychologists have completed a major review of the findings of 100 psychology studies. Less than half could be ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Scientists have discovered that in addition to proteins, lipids are also necessary for guiding axons. The study shows how a phospholipid released by glial cells -- the cells in the nervous system ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Scientists can now watch dynamic biological processes with unprecedented clarity in living cells using new imaging techniques. The new methods dramatically improve on the spatial resolution provided ... read more

Cervical Pessary Does Not Reduce the Rate of Preterm Births or Neonatal Complications in Twin Gestations

Aug. 27, 2015 — Having twins accounts for only 1.5% of all births but 25% of preterm births, the leading cause of infant mortality worldwide. Successful strategies for reducing singleton preterm births include ... read more

A New Technique to Make Drugs More Soluble

Aug. 27, 2015 — Before Ibuprofen can relieve your headache, it has to dissolve in your bloodstream. The problem is Ibuprofen, in its native form, isn't particularly soluble.  Its rigid, crystalline structures ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Research may lead to reevaluation of the current understanding of information flow and neural circuit maturation in the visual ... read more

HIV Particles Do Not Cause AIDS, Our Own Immune Cells Do

Aug. 27, 2015 — Scientists have discovered that HIV does not cause AIDS by the virus's direct effect on the host's immune cells, but rather through the cells' lethal influence on one another. In a new ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers are turning to an unusual source -- otoliths, the inner ear bones of fish -- to identify the nursery grounds of winter flounder, the protected estuaries where the potato chip-sized ... read more

Growth Hormone Reduces Risk of Osteoporosis Fractures in Older Women

Aug. 27, 2015 — For years after it was administered, growth hormone continued to reduce the risk of fractures and helped maintain bone density in postmenopausal women who had ... read more

Interrupting Sitting With Walking Breaks Improves Children's Blood Sugar

Aug. 27, 2015 — Taking 3-minute breaks to walk in the middle of a TV marathon or other sedentary activity can improve children's blood sugar compared to continuously sitting, according to a new ... read more

Antibiotic Use Linked to Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosis

Aug. 27, 2015 — People who developed type 2 diabetes tended to take more antibiotics in the years leading up to the diagnosis than people who did not have the condition, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — RNA can be translated into protein or transformed into gene-regulating molecules. A newly discovered 'reader' protein recognizes a chemical instruction tag affixed to RNA, an important step ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Neuroscientists have discovered a set of cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain that broadcast messages throughout the cerebral cortex, rapidly informing multiple distributed subregions of any ... read more

Circadian Genes Go to Sleep Every Day at the Periphery of the Nucleus

Aug. 27, 2015 — Mobility between different physical environments in the cell nucleus regulates the daily oscillations in the activity of genes that are controlled by the internal biological clock, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Diets rich in fish oil versus diets rich in lard (e.g., bacon) produce very different bacteria in the guts of mice, reports a new study. The researchers transferred these microbes into other mice to ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Researchers have uncovered key cellular functions that help regulate inflammation -- a discovery that could have important implications for the treatment of allergies, heart disease, and certain ... read more

Creative and Neurotic: Is Neuroticism Fueled by Overthinking?

Aug. 27, 2015 — Psychologists have presented a new theory for why neurotic unhappiness and creativity go hand-in-hand. The authors argue that the part of the brain responsible for self-generated thought is highly ... read more

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