Mind & Brain News
July 1, 2015

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July 1, 2015

Causal Pathway May Link Job Stress, Sleep Disturbances

June 30, 2015 — There may be a reciprocal, causal pathway between job strain and disturbed sleep, implying that interventions to treat sleep problems may improve work satisfaction, researchers have ... read more

Hospital-Wide Program for Delirium, Alcohol Withdrawal and Suicide/harm Impacts Readmission Rates

June 30, 2015 — In a new report, clinicians describe the implementation and effectiveness of a hospital-wide clinical improvement initiative for acute care patients at risk for delirium, alcohol withdrawal and ... read more

Almost One in Three US Adults Owns at Least One Gun

June 29, 2015 — Almost one in three US adults owns at least one gun, and they are predominantly white married men over the age of 55, reveals research. Gun owners are are more than twice as likely as non-gun owners ... read more

Clot-Removal Devices Now Recommended for Some Stroke Patients

June 29, 2015 — Updated stroke treatment recommendations include using a stent retrieval device to remove blood clots from large arteries in select patients. Clot-busting medication -- tPA -- continues to be the ... read more

Children from High Conflict Homes Process Emotion Differently, Could Face Social Challenges

June 29, 2015 — Children of parents who are frequently in conflict process emotional interactions differently and may face social challenges later in life compared with children from low conflict homes. The findings ... read more

Huge Congregations View Racial Inequality Differently Than Others Do, Study Shows

June 29, 2015 — Congregation size has an impact on how people view the reasons for racial inequality in America, according to a new study. Those who attend very large congregations do not tend to attribute social ... read more

June 29, 2015 — Stringing together meaningless sounds to create meaningful signals was previously thought to be the preserve of humans alone, but a new study has revealed that babbler birds are also able to ... read more

June 29, 2015 — Laboratories that test chemicals for neurological toxicity could reduce their use of laboratory mice and rats by replacing these animal models with tiny aquatic flatworms known as freshwater ... read more

Upsetting a Fragile Alliance Triggers a Deadly Childhood Disease

June 29, 2015 — SMA is a devastating neuromuscular disorder that robs children of their ability to walk, eat, or breathe. Mostly caused by an inherited flaw in the Survival Motor Neuron (SMN) gene, SMA is presently ... read more

Specialized Therapy Can Aid Traumatized Children in Developing Nations

June 29, 2015 — A specific type of talk therapy dispensed in the developing world to orphans and other vulnerable children who experienced trauma such as sexual and domestic abuse showed dramatic results, despite ... read more

When Times Are Tough, Parents Favor Daughters Over Sons

June 29, 2015 — In tough economic times, parents financially favor daughters over sons, according to researchers. The study found participants preferred to enroll a daughter rather than a son in beneficial programs, ... read more

Tamper-Resistant Opioids Will Not Solve Opioid Addiction Problem, Study Suggests

June 29, 2015 — Governments in Canada and the United States are promoting tamper-resistant drugs, which are more difficult to crush, snort or inject, to prevent addiction and other harms. Opioid users may tamper ... read more

June 29, 2015 — With the advent of video games, a frequently asked question has been whether we get as engrossed in them emotionally as we do when we see a scary movie. The answer is yes and in new ways, according ... read more

Predicting Which Glioblastoma Patients May Benefit from Drug Treatment

June 29, 2015 — Clinicians testing the drug dasatinib, approved for several blood cancers, had hoped it would slow the aggressive growth of the deadly brain cancer glioblastoma; however, clinical trials to date have ... read more

Feeling Impulsive or Frustrated? Take a Nap

June 29, 2015 — It's becoming increasingly common for people, especially adults, to not sleep an entire night. This can negatively impair a person's attention span and memory, as well as contribute to ... read more

Two Techniques of Temporal Migraine Surgery Are 'Equally Effective'

June 29, 2015 — Two migraine surgery techniques targeting a specific "trigger site" are both highly effective in reducing the frequency and severity of migraine headaches, according to a randomized ... read more

Millennials Accept Working Mothers, Traditional Gender Roles More Than GenXers

June 29, 2015 — American adults and adolescents are now significantly more accepting of mothers who work fulltime, but a growing minority from younger generations believe that wives should mind the household and ... read more

Reassurance Can Be as Important as Waiting Times for Ambulance Patients

June 29, 2015 — Ambulance services should be assessed on how reassured patients and their families feel during an emergency as well as on response times, researchers have found. Offering reassurance to patients and ... read more

June 29, 2015 — New animal research reveals fundamental sex differences in how pain is processed. These findings have far-reaching implications for our basic understanding of pain, how we develop the next generation ... read more

On the Brink of Chaos: Physicists Find Phase Transition in Visual Cortex

June 29, 2015 — Intense visual input forces the brain into a brief moment of chaos, but the visual cortex spontaneously returns the brain to its optimal function, physicists have found. The finding advances ... read more

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