Mind & Brain News
July 29, 2015

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July 29, 2015

Probiotics Improve Behavioral Symptoms of Chronic Inflammatory Diseases in Mice

July 28, 2015 — Probiotics may improve the behavioral symptoms of chronic inflammatory diseases by altering communication between the immune system and the brain, according to an animal ... read more

How to Digitally Stoke That Old-Time Auction Fever

July 28, 2015 — The authors explore the impact of time pressure and social competition on bidders in online auctions and how those factors influence auction results and users' ... read more

Neurology Researchers Evaluate Evidence Base for Tests for Clinical Cognitive Assessment

July 28, 2015 — Researchers have been conducting evidence-based reviews of testing used for five domains -- attention, language, memory, spatial cognition, and executive function. New recommendations for improving ... read more

National Study of Deep Brain Stimulation for Depression Fails to Demonstrate Efficacy

July 28, 2015 — Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide, and treatment-resistant symptoms of depression have a terrible personal and societal cost. They can devastate lives, careers, and families. Some ... read more

Geography, Skills, Local Companies Affect Higher Education Impact on Economic Development

July 28, 2015 — Policy makers need to take factors like geography, available skills and knowledge and the networks of local companies into account to boost the impact of higher education on economic development, ... read more

Stress Hormone Reduces Heroin Cravings

July 28, 2015 — Every addiction is characterized by a strong desire for a certain addictive substance, be it nicotine, alcohol or other drug. Researchers recently conducted a study on heroin addiction and ... read more

Fatty Acid Increases Performance of Cellular Powerhouse

July 28, 2015 — An entirely new control mechanism that regulates the function of mitochondria, the powerhouses of the cell, has been discovered by researchers. Surprisingly, a fatty acid is playing a key role in ... read more

Where Memory Is Encoded and Retrieved: New Findings in a Long-Standing Debate

July 28, 2015 — Are the same regions and even the same cells of the brain area called hippocampus involved in encoding and retrieving memories or are different areas of this structure engaged? This question has kept ... read more

Brain Disease Scenarios Revised by Step-by-Step Imaging of Toxic Aggregation

July 28, 2015 — Diseases like Alzheimer's are caused when proteins aggregate and clump together. In a world first, scientists have successfully distinguished between the disease-causing aggregation forms of ... read more

Specific Cardiovascular Risk Factors May Predict Alzheimer's Disease

July 28, 2015 — Specific cardiovascular risk factors, such as alcohol consumption, smoking, obesity and diabetes, are associated with smaller regional brain volumes that may be early indicators of Alzheimer's ... read more

Very Early Birth Linked to Introversion, Neuroticism, Risk Aversion in Adulthood

July 27, 2015 — Babies born very premature or severely underweight are at heightened risk of becoming introverted, neurotic, and risk averse as adults, indicates research. Very premature birth at less than 32 weeks ... read more

Experimental Drug Treatment for Rett Syndrome Suggests Disorder Is Reversible, Mouse Study Shows

July 27, 2015 — A strikingly new approach for treating Rett syndrome has been developed by scientists, a devastating autism spectrum disorder. In their report, the researchers demonstrate that treatment with ... read more

Compulsory Schooling Laws Could Bolster Free Community College Argument

July 27, 2015 — Compulsory schooling laws significantly increased school attendance rates, especially among lower-class children, and also shifted the occupational distribution toward skilled and non-manual ... read more

Mobile Stroke Treatment Units May Greatly Improve Survival Rates, Chance of Recovery for Ischemic Stroke Patients

July 27, 2015 — Mobile Stroke Treatment Units (MSTUs) can significantly reduce the time it takes to diagnose and treat patients for stroke, new research confirms. MSTUs resemble ambulances on the outside, but ... read more

Blood Markers Identify Women at Risk for Postpartum Depression

July 27, 2015 — The hormone oxytocin, sometimes called 'the love hormone,' may be a factor in postpartum depression, when a mother has a lower than normal level. A blood marker now may help identify the ... read more

Some Stroke Treatments Proven to Reduce Health Care Costs

July 27, 2015 — Use of mechanical thrombectomy on qualifying stroke patients could result in major savings to the healthcare economy in the United Kingdom and other western countries with a similar healthcare ... read more

Connection Found Between Audience Reaction, Candidate Debate Success

July 27, 2015 — Audience laughter and applause have unique effects on presidential primary debates, say a researcher in political non-verbal communication. Among other things, he found that laughter benefited ... read more

Consumers Don't View GMO Labels as Negative 'Warnings'

July 27, 2015 — A new study released just days after the U.S. House passed a bill that would prevent states from requiring labels on genetically modified foods reveals that GMO labeling would not act as warning ... read more

Selective Imitation Shows Children Are Flexible Social Learners, Study Finds

July 27, 2015 — Children flexibly choose when to imitate and when to innovate the behavior of others, psychologists have found, demonstrating that children are precocious social ... read more

July 27, 2015 — Like Duke Ellington's 1931 jazz standard, the human brain improvises while its rhythm section keeps up a steady beat. But when it comes to taking on intellectually challenging tasks, groups of ... read more

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