Mind & Brain News
July 28, 2015

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July 28, 2015

Majority Rule: Why Conformity Can Actually Be a Good Thing

July 28, 2015 — Like to go your own way? Most of us actually prefer to follow the pack, according to research. That's one of the outcomes from a study that examines how mathematical models predict human ... read more

Neurology Researchers Evaluate Evidence Base for Tests for Clinical Cognitive Assessment

July 28, 2015 — Researchers have been conducting evidence-based reviews of testing used for five domains -- attention, language, memory, spatial cognition, and executive function. New recommendations for improving ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Researchers are looking for biomarkers that might serve as an early warning system for Alzheimer's disease. The process is not without complications, but these scientists possess a collective ... read more

Illuminating Mechanisms of Repetitive Thinking

July 28, 2015 — The ability to engage in mental time travel is a unique and central part of the human experience. And yet this very ability can have detrimental consequences for both physical and mental well-being ... read more

Geography, Skills, Local Companies Affect Higher Education Impact on Economic Development

July 28, 2015 — Policy makers need to take factors like geography, available skills and knowledge and the networks of local companies into account to boost the impact of higher education on economic development, ... read more

Hormones Influence Unethical Behavior, Experts Say

July 28, 2015 — Hormones play a two-part role in encouraging and reinforcing cheating and other unethical behavior, according to new research. With cheating scandals a persistent threat on college campuses and ... read more

July 28, 2015 — The complex mechanisms of interaction and dynamics between the gut microbiota and its host have been illuminated by recent research. Data show that relatively minor changes in microbiota profiles or ... read more

Link Between Mood, Pain in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

July 28, 2015 — Depressive symptoms and mood in the moment may predict momentary pain among rheumatoid arthritis patients, according to researchers. Individuals in the study who reported greater depressive symptoms ... read more

Study Finds Unexpected Biases Against Teen Girls' Leadership

July 28, 2015 — Are today's teen girls poised to close the gender gap tomorrow? A new research report suggests that teen girls face a powerful barrier to leadership: gender ... read more

Stress Hormone Reduces Heroin Cravings

July 28, 2015 — Every addiction is characterized by a strong desire for a certain addictive substance, be it nicotine, alcohol or other drug. Researchers recently conducted a study on heroin addiction and ... read more

Where Memory Is Encoded and Retrieved: New Findings in a Long-Standing Debate

July 28, 2015 — Are the same regions and even the same cells of the brain area called hippocampus involved in encoding and retrieving memories or are different areas of this structure engaged? This question has kept ... read more

Very Early Birth Linked to Introversion, Neuroticism, Risk Aversion in Adulthood

July 27, 2015 — Babies born very premature or severely underweight are at heightened risk of becoming introverted, neurotic, and risk averse as adults, indicates research. Very premature birth at less than 32 weeks ... read more

Connection Found Between Audience Reaction, Candidate Debate Success

July 27, 2015 — Audience laughter and applause have unique effects on presidential primary debates, say a researcher in political non-verbal communication. Among other things, he found that laughter benefited ... read more

Selective Imitation Shows Children Are Flexible Social Learners, Study Finds

July 27, 2015 — Children flexibly choose when to imitate and when to innovate the behavior of others, psychologists have found, demonstrating that children are precocious social ... read more

July 27, 2015 — Like Duke Ellington's 1931 jazz standard, the human brain improvises while its rhythm section keeps up a steady beat. But when it comes to taking on intellectually challenging tasks, groups of ... read more

In Lab Tests, New Therapy Slows Spread of Deadly Brain Tumor Cells

July 27, 2015 — The rapid spread of a common and deadly brain tumor has been slowed down significantly in a mouse model by cutting off the way some cancer cells communicate, according to a team of ... read more

Insulin Resistance Increases Risk for Alzheimer's Disease, Study Finds

July 27, 2015 — A strong association between insulin resistance and memory function decline has been found by researchers who suggest that this link increases the risk for Alzheimer's ... read more

Strong Link Between Delirium, Inflammation in Older Patients

July 27, 2015 — Delirium is an acute state of confusion that often affects older adults following surgery or serious illness. Now a study confirms that inflammation -- an immune response that develops when the body ... read more

Emergency Transport Times for Stroke Patients Still in Need of Improvement

July 27, 2015 — Despite efforts to close the time gap between symptom onset and stroke treatment -- including improvements in public education, 911 dispatch operations, pre-hospital detection and triage, hospital ... read more

Device Innovation Is Driving Improvement in Stroke Treatment Outcomes

July 27, 2015 — Two new studies reinforce the value and progress of Intra-Arterial treatment with conclusions that the innovative new devices that facilitate this approach are reducing treatment times, improving ... read more

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