Mind & Brain News
December 1, 2015

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December 1, 2015

Gender Segregation in Jobs Is Not Rooted in Early Family Planning

Nov. 30, 2015 — Despite decades of efforts to banish the idea of 'jobs for men' -- construction worker, firefighter, mechanic -- and 'jobs for women' -- teacher, flight attendant, registered ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — A new genetic model has been developed that is yielding new insights into what happens when astrocytes go awry. Damage to astrocytes -- star-shaped cells found in the brain and spinal cord -- is ... read more

Threats Against Children During the Separation Process for Women in Abusive Relationships

Nov. 30, 2015 — Mothers who separate from their abusive partners are four times more likely to report threats to take or to harm their children than those who stay in the relationship, a new study has ... read more

How Can I Tell If They're Lying?

Nov. 27, 2015 — Sarcasm, white lies and teasing can be difficult to identify for those with certain disorders. For those who suffer from diseases like Alzheimer's or Parkinson's, or neurodevelopmental ... read more

Synapse Discovery Could Lead to New Treatments for Alzheimer's Disease

Nov. 27, 2015 — A team of scientists has discovered how connections between brain cells are destroyed in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease -- work that opens up a new avenue for research on possible ... read more

Thinking of Bagging Yourself a Black Friday Bargain?

Nov. 27, 2015 — Revealing the motives, characteristics and experiences of sale shoppers, a new article lends some information to would-be shoppers, advice that will be useful even long after Black Friday ... read more

Instrument to Measure Brand Embarrassment Developed by Economists

Nov. 27, 2015 — Whether people wear T-shirts with a big logo of a brand depends on a person's "brand embarrassment tendency" (BET). Embarrassment is an intense, negative emotion and it derives from ... read more

Nov. 27, 2015 — Even patients over the age of 75 may recover from severe traumatic brain injury, suggests new research. This is the first study to describe the results of surgically treated elderly patients with ... read more

Cognitive Behavior Therapy Can Help Overcome Fear of the Dentist

Nov. 27, 2015 — Cognitive behavioral therapy could help many people with a dental phobia overcome their fear of visiting the dentist and enable them to receive dental treatment without the need to be sedated, ... read more

White Matter Damage Caused by 'Skunk-Like' Cannabis, Study Shows

Nov. 27, 2015 — Smoking high potency 'skunk-like' cannabis can damage a crucial part of the brain responsible for communication between the two brain hemispheres, according to a new ... read more

Molecular Trigger for Cerebral Cavernous Malformation Identified

Nov. 26, 2015 — Researchers in Italy, Germany and the United States have identified a regulatory protein crucial for the development of cerebral cavernous malformation -- a severe and incurable disease mainly ... read more

Oxytocin Increases Social Altruism

Nov. 26, 2015 — Nowadays, much emphasis is placed on sustainability. The degree to which people are willing to donate their own money for this depends on their level of oxytocin. Scientists have discovered that the ... read more

Mosquito-Borne Virus May Lead to Severe Brain Infection

Nov. 25, 2015 — The mosquito-borne virus chikungunya may lead to severe brain infection and even death in infants and people over 65, according to a new study that reviewed a chikungunya outbreak on Reunion Island ... read more

New Technology Promises Fast, Accurate Stroke Diagnosis

Nov. 25, 2015 — A new approach to identifying biomarkers in blood has proven successful in helping diagnose stroke, and the technology could be expanded to diagnose such conditions as concussion, some forms of ... read more

Two-Thirds of Studies on 'Psychosocial' Treatments Fail to Declare Conflicts of Interest

Nov. 25, 2015 — The creators of commercially sold counseling programs increasingly profit from public health services across the world. However, a new study on the evidence basis for some of the market leaders ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Atom by atom, researchers reveal the structure of CAP-Gly, a protein that binds to the latticework of microtubules in our cells. When mutations occur in CAP-Gly, neurological diseases and disorders ... read more

Halteres, Essential for Flight in All Flies, Are Needed by Some to Climb Walls

Nov. 25, 2015 — Sensory organs called halteres may play multiple roles in how flies behave, providing clues to how brains absorb and use multiple streams of information, new research ... read more

Willingness to Adopt Children With Special Needs the Focus of Recent Study

Nov. 25, 2015 — A new study has focused on the attitudes and preferences of prospective adoptive parents in Canada. The study examined the preferences and attitudes of 5,830 AdoptOntario online registrants between ... read more

Contact With Nature May Mean More Social Cohesion, Less Crime

Nov. 25, 2015 — In a first-of-its-kind study, an international team tested social correlates of both objective and subjective contact with nature in a systematic way, revealing complex linkages between nature, ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — Even with 20/20 vision in broad daylight on a clear day, our peripheral vision can be surprisingly poor, particularly when the scene in front of us is cluttered. Now, scientists believe they are a ... read more

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