Mind & Brain News
October 13, 2015

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October 13, 2015

Oct. 12, 2015 — Being able to understand speech is essential to our evolution as humans. Hearing lets us perceive the same word even when spoken at different speeds or pitches, and also gives us extra sensitivity to ... read more

New Optoelectronic Probe Enables Communication With Neural Microcircuits

Oct. 12, 2015 — The burgeoning field of optogenetics makes it possible for scientists to control brain activity using pulses of light. Now, researchers have developed an optoelectronic device which opens the ... read more

Study Examines Concussion-Like Symptom Reporting in Uninjured Athletes

Oct. 12, 2015 — Uninjured athletes reported concussion-like symptoms in a new study that suggests symptom reporting in the absence of recent concussion is related to male or female sex and preexisting conditions, ... read more

Women: A Longer Break from Work Leads to Less Interest in a Career

Oct. 12, 2015 — Family policy influences not only families’ economic behavior, but also sends out clear normative signals on which people base their individual life plans: The longer a mother takes a break from ... read more

Why Being Single Is Much More Than Handling Just Loneliness

Oct. 12, 2015 — With 51% of Britain’s population registered as unmarried, half of adult Americans currently unattached, and over half of the households in Paris, the city of love, made up by only-ones, having no ... read more

Oct. 12, 2015 — Researchers are using a high-precision instrument to inject toxins that alleviate migraine attacks. This means even better needle guidance and ... read more

Lithium Safe, Effective for Children With Bipolar Disorder, Study Suggests

Oct. 12, 2015 — A multicenter study of young patients with bipolar disorder provides what may be the most scientifically rigorous demonstration to date that lithium -- a drug used successfully for decades to treat ... read more

Hard-to-Detect Chromosomal Anomalies Explain Neurodevelopmental Birth Defects

Oct. 10, 2015 — Balanced chromosomal abnormalities (BCAs), a category of structural changes to the human genome, may account for a large portion of birth defects related to brain development and function, according ... read more

Exercise and Stop Smoking to Improve Depression After Heart Attack

Oct. 10, 2015 — Exercise and stop smoking to improve depression after a heart attack, experts ... read more

Blood Clotting Protein Triggers Immune Attack on Brain

Oct. 9, 2015 — A single drop of blood in the brain is sufficient to activate an autoimmune response akin to multiple sclerosis, new research shows. This is the first demonstration that introduction of blood in the ... read more

Pressure to 'Publish or Perish' May Discourage Innovative Research

Oct. 9, 2015 — The traditional pressure in academia for faculty to 'publish or perish' advances knowledge in established areas. But it also might discourage scientists from asking the innovative questions ... read more

Pain Is in the Brain

Oct. 9, 2015 — A new study might finally provide a new direction for research seeking to help patients suffering from neuropathic ... read more

Immune Gene Prevents Parkinson's Disease, Dementia

Oct. 9, 2015 — An estimated seven to ten million people worldwide are living with Parkinson's disease (PD). More than half of PD patients develop progressive disease showing signs of dementia similar to ... read more

Dying at Home Leads to More Peace, Less Grief, but Requires Wider Support

Oct. 9, 2015 — Dying at home could be beneficial for terminally ill cancer patients and their relatives, according to research. The study shows that, according to questionnaires completed by their relatives, those ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Upper limb amputees, who typically struggle to learn how to use a new prosthesis, would be more successful if fellow amputees taught them, new research suggests. Most usually learn by watching a ... read more

Study Sheds Light on Protecting Transgender Individuals from Suicide

Oct. 8, 2015 — The likelihood of a transgender person attempting suicide is very high, often because of the prejudice, transphobia and other stressors. A new study examined factors that may protect transgender ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — New discoveries at the cellular and molecular levels have been made about how the eye processes light. The findings improve the scientific understanding of the signaling cascade necessary for ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Use of an iPad app that fosters parent-child interactions around math markedly increases children's math achievement across the school year, especially for children with parents who are ... read more

Protecting Newborn Brains Using Hypothermia

Oct. 8, 2015 — A unique study of newborns treated with hypothermia for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) – a condition that occurs when the brain is deprived of an adequate oxygen supply – confirms its ... read more

Poor Infant Sleep May Predict Problematic Toddler Behavior

Oct. 8, 2015 — A recent study finds a definite link between poor infant sleep and compromised attention and behavior at the toddler ... read more

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