Mind & Brain News
May 29, 2015

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May 29, 2015

Study Shows How Students Understand Mathematics

May 27, 2015 — A new paper examines if the labels educators use to identify patterns affects preschoolers' understanding of patterns. Understanding that problem and developing strategies to overcome it is the ... read more

May 28, 2015 — A connection between certain approaches to racial socialization in early childhood and parents' expectations for greater success in school has been uncovered by a new study. The researchers ... read more

News May Influence Racial Bias

May 28, 2015 — A recent study suggests that long-term exposure to news may negatively influence racial bias towards social ... read more

May 28, 2015 — The mechanisms behind a genetic mutation that produces certain autistic behaviors in mice has been identified by researchers, as well as therapeutic strategies to restore normal ... read more

May 28, 2015 — One night of poor sleep significantly decreases performance on intelligence tests in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and also in neurotypical children (without ASD). The researchers ... read more

Protecting Women from Multiple Sclerosis

May 28, 2015 — An innocent mistake made by a graduate student in a lab who accidentally used male mice instead of female mice during an experiment, has led scientists to a novel discovery that offers new insight ... read more

May 28, 2015 — Some decisions arouse far more anxiety than others. Among the most anxiety-provoking are those that involve options with both positive and negative elements, such choosing to take a higher-paying job ... read more

Acquiring 'Perfect' Pitch May Be Possible for Some Adults

May 28, 2015 — If you're a musician, this sounds too good to be true: psychologists have been able to train some adults to develop the prized musical ability of absolute pitch, and the training's effects ... read more

Health Factors Influence Ex-Prisoners' Chances of Returning to Jail

May 28, 2015 — Ex-prisoners with a history of risky drug use, mental illness or poverty are more likely to end up back behind bars. Those who are obese, are chronically ill or have attempted suicide are more likely ... read more

May 27, 2015 — When cells are normal and unstressed, the molecule keeps transcription moving so that genes are "expressed" and RNA is jotted down more quickly. When cells are stressed and transcription ... read more

Weak Electric Current to the Brain May Improve Thinking in People With Schizophrenia

May 27, 2015 — Lightly stimulating the brain with electricity may improve short-term memory in people with schizophrenia, according to a new study. The procedure, known as transcranial direct current stimulation, ... read more

Machine-Learning Breakthrough Paves Way for Medical Screening, Prevention and Treatment

May 27, 2015 — A breakthrough in machine learning has also brought about a 'game changer' for the science of metabolomics -- and will hasten the development of diagnostic and predictive tests for ... read more

Are We Wired to Be Natural Naysayers?

May 27, 2015 — We may cave in to peer pressure, marketing and persuasion, but faced with decisions, the default response programmed into our brains is to say "no," a recent study ... read more

Not Making Enough Money? Check Your Attitude

May 28, 2015 — Holding cynical beliefs about others may have a negative effect on your income according to research using survey data from the United States and Europe. The reviews looked at cynicism (as measured ... read more

May 28, 2015 — Normal aging affects our ability to carry out complex cognitive tasks. But exactly how our brain functions change during this process is largely unknown. Now, researchers have demonstrated that aging ... read more

Better Understanding of Links Between Pain, Anxiety Reveals Treatment Opportunities

May 27, 2015 — Anxiety is common in people suffering from chronic pain, and people with anxiety are more likely to suffer from chronic pain. Now researchers have found the biological basis for this link in the ... read more

Molecules Involved in Alzheimer's Have a Role in Weakening of Connections Between Neurons

May 27, 2015 — Molecules that are strongly associated with Alzheimer's disease are important players in a process called long-term depression (LTD), researchers have discovered. LTD is a process through which ... read more

Pathway Identified That May Cause Seizures, Shorten Survival for Patients With Severe Brain Tumors

May 27, 2015 — A chemical pathway that may be associated with seizures and shorter patient survival in some patients with malignant glioma, the most common and deadly form of brain tumor, has been identified by ... read more

May 27, 2015 — Schubert’s music sounds played today much differently than it did 200 years ago. To find out why, the body language of pianists is now being ... read more

Earning a College Degree Before, but Not After, Getting Married Protects Against Obesity

May 28, 2015 — People who earn a college degree before getting married are much less likely to become obese than those who graduate from college after getting married, according to a new ... read more

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