Mind & Brain News
February 8, 2016

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February 8, 2016

Predicting Who Will Develop Multiple Sclerosis

Feb. 8, 2016 — A team of investigators has launched a study of individuals at risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) to better understand the sequence of events that leads some people to develop the disease and set the ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Despite strong preferences for ethical chocolate in focus groups, only 14 percent of millennials in individual choice studies selected candy with ethical or social factors labeling, according to a ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Scientists are intending to develop and trial a new wearable technology to help people who have had a stroke recover use of their arm and hand. The team will create a wireless sleeve, which will ... read more

Alcohol Consumption in Valencia Rockets During Fallas

Feb. 8, 2016 — It is possible to measure the alcohol consumption of a given population based on the presence of a stable metabolite excreted in urine in wastewaters: ethyl sulphate. Now research is focused on the ... read more

Faces of Black Children as Young as 5 Evoke Negative Biases

Feb. 8, 2016 — People are more likely to misidentify a toy as a weapon after seeing a black face than a white face, even when the face in question is that of a five-year-old child, new research ... read more

Study Compares Effectiveness of Phone-Based and Web-Based Smoking Cessation Programs in Four States

Feb. 8, 2016 — A new analysis indicates that states' Web-based and phone-based tobacco cessation programs can help people quit smoking, but certain personal characteristics may lead individuals to prefer one ... read more

Public Back Ban on Children's Junk Food Advertising

Feb. 7, 2016 — Three quarters of the UK public back a ban on junk food advertising before the 9pm TV watershed, according to a new survey. And one in two support a tax on sugary drinks, which could help tackle the ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — A shock-absorbing football helmet system being developed could blunt some dangerous physics that today's head protection ... read more

Does Shopping Helps You Feel Better After a Setback?

Feb. 5, 2016 — If you just flubbed a big work project, you might be feeling down on yourself. Maybe you'll head to the mall to indulge in a little retail therapy. Buying products is a common way to make ... read more

Hallucinogen May Protect Against Intimate Partner Violence, Researcher Suggests

Feb. 5, 2016 — Hallucinogen research gains traction, suggests class of substance could be therapeutic for problem behaviors, including intimate partner violence, according to one ... read more

'Pushback' Against Constant Connectivity Also Reflected in Images

Feb. 5, 2016 — People expressing the wish to resist constant online connectivity -- dubbed "pushback" by researchers -- is manifested as powerfully in images as in text, further study has ... read more

Super Bowl Won’t Make You Feel Super, Even If Your Team Wins

Feb. 5, 2016 — Communication researchers have created a unique way to watch the emotional dynamics of the game in real-time during this year's Super ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — The ability to see the direction in which something is moving is vital for survival. Only in this way is it possible to avoid predators, capture prey or, as humans in a modern world, cross a road ... read more

Parental Preference for Boys Damages Girls’ Self-Esteem and Happiness

Feb. 5, 2016 — While most studies of parental sex discrimination explore the devastating social and demographic effects of a cultural preference for boys, a new study examines its psychological effects on the girls ... read more

The Significance of Non-Motor Microtubule-Associated Protein in Maintaining Synaptic Plasticity Thorough a Novel Mechanism

Feb. 5, 2016 — NMDA glutamate receptors, which function as receptors that bond with glutamates, are known to be deeply involved in animal memory and learning. In order for memories to be created inside the brain, ... read more

Scientists Discover Molecular Link Between Psychiatric Disorders and Type 2 Diabetes

Feb. 5, 2016 — Scientists show that a gene called 'DISC1,' which is believed to play a role in mental health disorders, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and some forms of depression, influences the ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — Neurobiologists have demonstrated experimentally that aggression has an influence on the production of new nerve cells in the brain. The scientists conducted a series of experiments on male ... read more

First-of-Its-Kind Study Explains Why Rest Is Critical After a Concussion

Feb. 5, 2016 — Neuroscientists say rest -- for more than a day -- is critical for allowing the brain to reset neural networks and repair any short-term injury. This new study in mice also shows that repeated mild ... read more

Feb. 5, 2016 — Children with Down syndrome who have motor speech deficits have been inadequately diagnosed, which could have a major impact on the interventions used by speech pathologists when treating patients, a ... read more

Scientists Find Brain Plasticity Assorted Into Functional Networks

Feb. 4, 2016 — Scientists had thought that most synapses of a similar type and in a similar location in the brain behaved in a similar fashion with respect to how experience induces plasticity. In this work, ... read more

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