Mind & Brain News
February 10, 2016

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February 10, 2016

Better Definition Needed for Reasonable Medical Certainty in Child Abuse Cases

Feb. 10, 2016 — Physicians use different definitions of "reasonable medical certainty" when testifying as expert witnesses in child abuse cases. The variability is troubling because it could result in ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin, Hubert Humphrey and some guy named "Thomas Moore" are among the names that many Americans mistakenly identify as belonging to a past president of the ... read more

Companies Must Adapt Internal Communication as Demographics Change, Study Finds

Feb. 9, 2016 — As baby boomers retire and an increasing number of millennials enter the workforce, internal communicators must adapt to accommodate the shift of generations, the rise of internal social media and ... read more

It Doesn't 'Get Better' for Some Bullied LGBT Youths

Feb. 9, 2016 — In the first study to examine the severity of LGBT bullying over time and its impact on mental health, researchers found that while most LGBT teens are experiencing relief in bullying, about a third ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — Status epilepticus -- continuous or rapid sequential seizure activity for 30 minutes or more -- is a medical emergency with a high mortality rate in both children and adults. Prompt and effective ... read more

COPD May Cause Structural Changes Within the Brain

Feb. 9, 2016 — Patients with COPD demonstrated gray matter decreases in areas of the brain that process breathlessness, fear and sensitivity to pain. The study found patients with COPD show regionally decreased ... read more

Find a Partner Who Marches to the Beat of Your Own Drum

Feb. 9, 2016 — Everyone marches to the beat of their own drum: From walking to talking to producing music, different people's movements occur at different speeds. But do these differences influence ... read more

Ten Fingers Not Needed for Fast Typing

Feb. 9, 2016 — The number of fingers does not determine typing speed, new study shows. People using self-taught typing strategies were found to be as fast as trained ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — Children play an important role in ensuring that they are cared for by adults by using physical and cognitive cues. But what's more important in how they influence adults and elicit their ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — In contrast to enduring stories about extraordinarily high rates of alcohol misuse among Native Americans, researchers have found that Native Americans' binge and heavy drinking rates actually ... read more

Conversion of Head and Neck Cancer Cells Into Radiation-Resistant Cancer Stem Cells Depends on HPV Status, Study Finds

Feb. 9, 2016 — Head and neck cancers that test positive for the human papilloma virus (HPV) are known to respond more favorably to radiation therapy than those that test HPV-negative, but an explanation for these ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — A small but novel study of hunter-gatherers concludes that teaching is part of the human genome, that it is a part of our human nature, researchers say. The Aka are among the last of the world's ... read more

Stress Could Help Activate Brown Fat

Feb. 8, 2016 — Mild stress stimulates the activity and heat production by brown fat associated with raised cortisol, according to a study. Brown adipose tissue (BAT), also known as brown fat, is one of two types of ... read more

Predicting Who Will Develop Multiple Sclerosis

Feb. 8, 2016 — A team of investigators has launched a study of individuals at risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) to better understand the sequence of events that leads some people to develop the disease and set the ... read more

Social Hormone Promotes Cooperation in Risky Situations

Feb. 8, 2016 — A hormone implicated in monogamy and aggression in animals also promotes trust and cooperation in humans in risky situations, researchers ... read more

Sleep Deprivation Linked to False Confessions

Feb. 8, 2016 — Sleep-deprived people are much more likely to sign false confessions than rested individuals, according to a groundbreaking study that has important implications for police interrogation ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Infant girls at risk for autism pay more attention to social cues in faces than infant boys, according to a new study — the first one known to prospectively examine sex-related social differences ... read more

Restricting Ketamine Would Have 'Dire Consequences' for Surgery in Low-Resource Countries, Anesthesiologists Warn

Feb. 8, 2016 — Proposals to restrict access to ketamine by making it a "Schedule I" drug would have a major impact on the availability of anesthesia and surgery in low- to middle-income countries ... read more

Using Medical Marijuana to Stop Seizures in Kids

Feb. 8, 2016 — Desperate for relief, parents are taking unusual steps to help children plagued with seizures. The relief, however, comes in a most unlikely form: ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Cognitive scientists have found more evidence that aging brains work differently than younger brains when performing the same memory task, pointing to a potentially new direction for age-related ... read more

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