Mind & Brain News
August 5, 2015

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August 5, 2015

Sequential Voting in Presidential Primaries Best System to Winnow Candidates

Aug. 4, 2015 — The sequential election format of the US presidential primary is the best mechanism to select a candidate who would prevail in a head-to-head election against any one of the other candidates, says a ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Scientists have made a discovery that brings them closer to a new therapy based on selectively erasing dangerous and tenacious drug-associated memories. A new study demonstrates the effectiveness of ... read more

Intervention to Screen Women for Partner Violence Does Not Improve Health Outcomes

Aug. 4, 2015 — Screening women for partner violence and providing a resource list did not influence the number of hospitalizations, emergency department, or outpatient care visits compared with women only receiving ... read more

Emergency Department Intervention Does Not Reduce Heavy Drinking or Partner Violence

Aug. 4, 2015 — A brief motivational intervention delivered during an emergency department visit did not improve outcomes for women with heavy drinking involved in abusive relationships, according to a ... read more

Progress Has Been Made in Reducing Rates of Violence in US; Overall Numbers Remain High

Aug. 4, 2015 — Even though homicide and assault rates have decreased in the US in recent years, the number of these and other types of violent acts remains high, according to a new report. The authors write that ... read more

Profit, People and Planet: Balancing Revenue Vs. Responsibility in Fashion

Aug. 4, 2015 — Businesses within the fashion industry face many ethical decisions over the importance of profit vs. social responsibility. Exploitation is rife in developing countries where cheap, unregulated labor ... read more

Benefits, Risks of Antidepressants During Pregnancy

Aug. 4, 2015 — Treating maternal psychiatric disorder with commonly used antidepressants is associated with a lower risk of certain pregnancy complications including preterm birth and delivery by Caesarean section, ... read more

Head Impacts, Collegiate Football Practice, Games

Aug. 4, 2015 — Researchers examined the number and severity of subconcussive head impacts sustained by college football players over an entire season during practices and games. The researchers found that the ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Workplace wellness can be a positive source of health and empowerment for employees. While many employers have found that wellness programs are ineffective at engaging employees, a new strategy may ... read more

Aug. 3, 2015 — Researchers investigated how frequent, long-distance travel is represented in mass and social media. They found that the images portrayed do not take into account the damaging side effects of ... read more

Marriage Can Lead to Dramatic Reduction in Heavy Drinking in Young Adults

Aug. 3, 2015 — Research on alcohol-use disorders consistently shows problem drinking decreases as we age. Now, researchers have found evidence that marriage can cause dramatic drinking reductions even among people ... read more

Aug. 3, 2015 — To learn new motor skills, neurons within the cerebellum engage in elegant, virtually mathematical, computations to quickly compare expected and actual sensory feedback. They then quickly readjust, ... read more

Character Traits Outweigh Material Benefits in Assessing Value Others Bring to Us

Aug. 3, 2015 — When it comes to making decisions involving others, the impression we have of their character weighs more heavily than do our assessments of how they can benefit us, a team of researchers has ... read more

Study Uncovers Communication Strategies Couples Can Use to Address Financial Uncertainty

Aug. 3, 2015 — Money can be a significant source of conflict in relationships, particularly during stressful times. New research details techniques romantic couples can use to address financial uncertainty, ... read more

Look Into My Pupils: Pupil Mimicry May Lead to Increased Trust

Aug. 3, 2015 — People often mimic each other's facial expressions or postures without even knowing it, but new research shows that they also mimic the size of each other's pupils, which can lead to ... read more

Computer Games Can Pick Up Dyslexia in Minority Pupils

Aug. 3, 2015 — While pupils from minority groups are over-represented in Norwegian special needs education, practically no children from these groups are diagnosed with dyslexia. As a consequence many miss out on ... read more

New Survey Enhances Precision of Distinguishing Between Expectable Vs. Worrisome Early Childhood Misbehavior

Aug. 3, 2015 — Researchers are using a novel dimensional method for distinguishing misbehavior that is expectable in early childhood versus that which is cause for clinical concern. Using a survey developed by the ... read more

Aug. 3, 2015 — Cerebral palsy is the most common cause of physical disability in children. It has historically been considered to be caused by factors such as birth asphyxia, stroke and infections in the developing ... read more

Aug. 3, 2015 — Picky eating among children is a common but burdensome problem that can result in poor nutrition for kids, family conflict, and frustrated parents. Although many families see picky eating as a phase, ... read more

Brain Teaser: 3-D Printed 'Tissue' to Help Combat Disease

Aug. 3, 2015 — A bench-top brain that accurately reflects actual brain tissue would be significant for researching not only the effect of drugs, but brain disorders like schizophrenia, and degenerative brain ... read more

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