Mind & Brain News
July 1, 2015

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July 1, 2015

Sleep Deprivation Could Reduce Intrusive Memories of Traumatic Scenes

July 1, 2015 — A good night's sleep has long been recommended to those who have experienced a traumatic event. But a new study provides preliminary experimental work suggesting it could actually be the wrong ... read more

People With Epilepsy Can Benefit from Smartphone Apps to Manage Their Condition

July 1, 2015 — While many people with epilepsy can control their seizures with medication, those unpredictable and involuntary changes in behavior and consciousness can be limiting for others. Neurologists ... read more

July 1, 2015 — An experiment originally designed to test the visual abilities of octopuses and cuttlefish has given researchers an unprecedented insight into the human ability to perceive polarized light -- the ... read more

Hospital-Wide Program for Delirium, Alcohol Withdrawal and Suicide/harm Impacts Readmission Rates

June 30, 2015 — In a new report, clinicians describe the implementation and effectiveness of a hospital-wide clinical improvement initiative for acute care patients at risk for delirium, alcohol withdrawal and ... read more

Small RNAs Found to Play Important Roles in Memory Formation

June 30, 2015 — A type of genetic material called “microRNA” plays surprisingly different roles in the formation of memory in animal models, researchers have found. In some cases, these RNAs increase memory, ... read more

What Effect Does Marijuana Really Have on Weight Gain?

June 30, 2015 — While cannabis alters the functions of neurobiological circuits controlling appetite, its effect on weight gain is complex since several factors appear to be involved. The main finding of the study ... read more

Almost One in Three US Adults Owns at Least One Gun

June 29, 2015 — Almost one in three US adults owns at least one gun, and they are predominantly white married men over the age of 55, reveals research. Gun owners are are more than twice as likely as non-gun owners ... read more

Clot-Removal Devices Now Recommended for Some Stroke Patients

June 29, 2015 — Updated stroke treatment recommendations include using a stent retrieval device to remove blood clots from large arteries in select patients. Clot-busting medication -- tPA -- continues to be the ... read more

PTSD, Traumatic Experiences May Raise Heart Attack, Stroke Risk in Women

June 29, 2015 — Women with severe PTSD or traumatic events may have a 60 percent higher lifetime risk of cardiovascular disease. The study is the first to examine trauma exposure, PTSD, and onset of cardiovascular ... read more

Children from High Conflict Homes Process Emotion Differently, Could Face Social Challenges

June 29, 2015 — Children of parents who are frequently in conflict process emotional interactions differently and may face social challenges later in life compared with children from low conflict homes. The findings ... read more

Huge Congregations View Racial Inequality Differently Than Others Do, Study Shows

June 29, 2015 — Congregation size has an impact on how people view the reasons for racial inequality in America, according to a new study. Those who attend very large congregations do not tend to attribute social ... read more

June 29, 2015 — Researchers have discovered a key mechanism underlying how animals keep track of the seasons. The study shows how circadian clock machinery in the brain encodes seasonal changes in daylight duration ... read more

June 29, 2015 — Stringing together meaningless sounds to create meaningful signals was previously thought to be the preserve of humans alone, but a new study has revealed that babbler birds are also able to ... read more

June 29, 2015 — Laboratories that test chemicals for neurological toxicity could reduce their use of laboratory mice and rats by replacing these animal models with tiny aquatic flatworms known as freshwater ... read more

Upsetting a Fragile Alliance Triggers a Deadly Childhood Disease

June 29, 2015 — SMA is a devastating neuromuscular disorder that robs children of their ability to walk, eat, or breathe. Mostly caused by an inherited flaw in the Survival Motor Neuron (SMN) gene, SMA is presently ... read more

Specialized Therapy Can Aid Traumatized Children in Developing Nations

June 29, 2015 — A specific type of talk therapy dispensed in the developing world to orphans and other vulnerable children who experienced trauma such as sexual and domestic abuse showed dramatic results, despite ... read more

When Times Are Tough, Parents Favor Daughters Over Sons

June 29, 2015 — In tough economic times, parents financially favor daughters over sons, according to researchers. The study found participants preferred to enroll a daughter rather than a son in beneficial programs, ... read more

Tamper-Resistant Opioids Will Not Solve Opioid Addiction Problem, Study Suggests

June 29, 2015 — Governments in Canada and the United States are promoting tamper-resistant drugs, which are more difficult to crush, snort or inject, to prevent addiction and other harms. Opioid users may tamper ... read more

June 29, 2015 — With the advent of video games, a frequently asked question has been whether we get as engrossed in them emotionally as we do when we see a scary movie. The answer is yes and in new ways, according ... read more

Predicting Which Glioblastoma Patients May Benefit from Drug Treatment

June 29, 2015 — Clinicians testing the drug dasatinib, approved for several blood cancers, had hoped it would slow the aggressive growth of the deadly brain cancer glioblastoma; however, clinical trials to date have ... read more

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