Mind & Brain News
September 4, 2015

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September 4, 2015

Sep. 4, 2015 — Researchers have shown how signals from the spinal cord adjust the sensitivity of hair cells in the inner ear to accommodate shifts in head position associated with active locomotion -- thus ensuring ... read more

Adolescents More Likely Not to Smoke When Cigarette Ads Feature Older Adults

Sep. 4, 2015 — For decades, the tobacco and alcohol industries have been accused of advertising their products to kids. Tremendous public pressure has prompted the implementation of strict guidelines. Today, ... read more

Sep. 4, 2015 — The thrill is part of the game – whoever waits for his bid to be accepted on online auction platforms, feels the excitement in the bidding war for the object of desire. The heart beats faster, ... read more

Emotional Behavior Altered After Multiple Exposures to Anesthesia During Infancy

Sep. 3, 2015 — Repeated exposure to anesthesia early in life causes alterations in emotional behavior that may persist long-term, according to a ... read more

Study Shows How Investments Reflected Shift in Environmental Views

Sep. 3, 2015 — A new study is the first to use financial investors' actions, rather than self-reported opinions, to investigate the trans-Atlantic difference in public opinion on climate change and the ... read more

Do Antipsychotic Medications Affect Cortical Thinning?

Sep. 3, 2015 — People diagnosed with schizophrenia critically rely upon treatment with antipsychotic medications to manage their symptoms and help them function at home and in the workplace. But despite their ... read more

Long-Term Study Links Common Psychiatric Disorders With Increased Risk of Violent Reoffending in Ex-Prisoners

Sep. 2, 2015 — Ex-prisoners with common psychiatric disorders such as bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder) and alcohol and drug abuse are substantially more likely to commit a violent crime after release ... read more

Hiring More Minority Teachers in Schools Gives Fairer Perception of Discipline

Sep. 2, 2015 — Black students in schools with more black teachers have more positive attitudes and higher perceptions of fairness in school discipline, according to a new study. The study also found white students ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — New research may help explain why drug treatments for addiction and depression don't work for some patients. The conditions are linked to reward and aversion responses in the brain. And the ... read more

Diabetes and Brain Tangles May Be Linked Independently of Alzheimer's Disease

Sep. 2, 2015 — Diabetes may be linked to the buildup of tangles or tau in the brain, separate from Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study. A new study looked at the relationship between type 2 diabetes, ... read more

Who Gets a Transplant Organ?

Sep. 2, 2015 — A new study examines how decisions are made when it comes to allocating scare resources. Imagine 12 patients who need new kidneys, and six kidneys available. How would you allocate them? This ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Obstructive sleep apnea may be underdiagnosed in postmenopausal women. A new study strongly associates the condition's traditional risk factors with nocturnal enuresis (bedwetting), suggesting ... read more

Language Acquisition: From Sounds to the Meaning

Sep. 2, 2015 — Without understanding the 'referential function' of language (words as 'verbal labels', symbolizing other things) it is impossible to learn a language. Is this implicit knowledge ... read more

Bisexual and Questioning Women Have Higher Risk of Eating Disorders

Sep. 2, 2015 — Young women who are attracted to both sexes or who are unsure about who they are attracted to are more likely to develop an eating disorder than those attracted to only one sex, according to a new ... read more

Risk of Cognitive Impairment in Children Born Prematurely May Be Predicted Using MRI After Birth

Sep. 2, 2015 — School age children who are born prematurely are more likely to have low mathematical achievement, thought to be associated with reduced working memory and number skills, according to a new ... read more

Psychological Consequences Remain Profound in Coastal Areas of Tohoku

Sep. 2, 2015 — A second round of aggregate findings from a study has revealed that depressive symptoms continue to be higher in coastal areas than in inland areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake and the ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — The first study to test the skills of FBI agents and other law enforcers who have been trained in facial recognition has found they perform better than the average person or even computers on this ... read more

Antipsychotics Inappropriately Prescribed to People With Intellectual Disabilities

Sep. 1, 2015 — Large numbers of people with intellectual disabilities in the UK are being inappropriately prescribed antipsychotic drugs, finds a new study. Intellectual disability is a lifelong condition that ... read more

Medical Students With Mental Health Problems Do Not Feel Adequately Supported

Sep. 1, 2015 — Over 80 percent of medical students with mental health issues feel they receive poor or only moderately adequate support from their medical schools, finds a small online ... read more

Researchers Develop a Likely New Combo Treatment for the Deadliest Form of Brain Cancer

Sep. 1, 2015 — Scientists have developed a potentially promising new combination therapy for glioblastoma, the deadliest form of brain cancer. Glioblastoma, also known as grade IV glioma, is the most aggressive ... read more

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