Mind & Brain News
September 4, 2015

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September 4, 2015

Study Shows How Investments Reflected Shift in Environmental Views

Sep. 3, 2015 — A new study is the first to use financial investors' actions, rather than self-reported opinions, to investigate the trans-Atlantic difference in public opinion on climate change and the ... read more

Hiring More Minority Teachers in Schools Gives Fairer Perception of Discipline

Sep. 2, 2015 — Black students in schools with more black teachers have more positive attitudes and higher perceptions of fairness in school discipline, according to a new study. The study also found white students ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — New research may help explain why drug treatments for addiction and depression don't work for some patients. The conditions are linked to reward and aversion responses in the brain. And the ... read more

Who Gets a Transplant Organ?

Sep. 2, 2015 — A new study examines how decisions are made when it comes to allocating scare resources. Imagine 12 patients who need new kidneys, and six kidneys available. How would you allocate them? This ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — Obstructive sleep apnea may be underdiagnosed in postmenopausal women. A new study strongly associates the condition's traditional risk factors with nocturnal enuresis (bedwetting), suggesting ... read more

Language Acquisition: From Sounds to the Meaning

Sep. 2, 2015 — Without understanding the 'referential function' of language (words as 'verbal labels', symbolizing other things) it is impossible to learn a language. Is this implicit knowledge ... read more

Bisexual and Questioning Women Have Higher Risk of Eating Disorders

Sep. 2, 2015 — Young women who are attracted to both sexes or who are unsure about who they are attracted to are more likely to develop an eating disorder than those attracted to only one sex, according to a new ... read more

Risk of Cognitive Impairment in Children Born Prematurely May Be Predicted Using MRI After Birth

Sep. 2, 2015 — School age children who are born prematurely are more likely to have low mathematical achievement, thought to be associated with reduced working memory and number skills, according to a new ... read more

Psychological Consequences Remain Profound in Coastal Areas of Tohoku

Sep. 2, 2015 — A second round of aggregate findings from a study has revealed that depressive symptoms continue to be higher in coastal areas than in inland areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake and the ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — The first study to test the skills of FBI agents and other law enforcers who have been trained in facial recognition has found they perform better than the average person or even computers on this ... read more

Antipsychotics Inappropriately Prescribed to People With Intellectual Disabilities

Sep. 1, 2015 — Large numbers of people with intellectual disabilities in the UK are being inappropriately prescribed antipsychotic drugs, finds a new study. Intellectual disability is a lifelong condition that ... read more

Researchers Develop a Likely New Combo Treatment for the Deadliest Form of Brain Cancer

Sep. 1, 2015 — Scientists have developed a potentially promising new combination therapy for glioblastoma, the deadliest form of brain cancer. Glioblastoma, also known as grade IV glioma, is the most aggressive ... read more

How Anesthesia May Fight Lung Infections: Mouse Study

Sep. 1, 2015 — In experiments in mice, researchers have added to evidence that certain so-called “volatile” anesthetics — commonly used during surgeries — may also possess powerful effects on the immune ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — Medical research has yet to discover an Alzheimer's treatment that effectively slows the disease's progression, but neuroscientists may have uncovered a mechanism by which onset can be ... read more

To Email or Not to Email? For Those in Love, It's Better Than Leaving a Voice Message

Sep. 1, 2015 — In this digital age, an email can be more effective in expressing romantic feelings than leaving a voicemail message, a study study ... read more

Forgiving Others Protects Women from Depression, but Not Men

Sep. 1, 2015 — Researchers studied how different facets of forgiveness affected aging adults' feelings of depression. The researchers found older women who forgave others were less likely to report depressive ... read more

Another Way Urate May Protect Against Parkinson's Disease

Sep. 1, 2015 — A study from members of the research team investigating whether increasing blood levels of the antioxidant urate can slow the progression of Parkinson's disease has found that the ... read more

Suicide-by-Firearm Rates Shift in Two States After Changes in State Gun Laws

Sep. 1, 2015 — A new study examining changes in gun policy in two states finds that handgun purchaser licensing requirements influence suicide rates. Researchers estimate that Connecticut's 1995 law requiring ... read more

Accuracy of Dementia Brain Imaging Must Improve

Sep. 1, 2015 — MRI scans and other tools to detect and diagnose dementia are helpful but not definitive. A new report evaluates how well different types of brain imaging tests work to detect Alzheimer's and ... read more

Helping Toddlers Understand Emotion Key to Development

Sep. 1, 2015 — The simple parenting strategy of helping toddlers understand emotion may reduce behavioral problems later on, finds an American study. Toddlers with higher risk, specifically those with more ... read more

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