Mind & Brain News
September 1, 2015

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September 1, 2015

Reading Emotions in a Second Language

Sep. 1, 2015 — If we read about someone who is smiling and happy, without realizing it, we smile as well. If, however, the text is not in our mother tongue but in a second language, then our mind and body react in ... read more

Full-Time Professional to Full-Time Mother: A Choice Laden With Cost

Sep. 1, 2015 — Women leaving work to raise children have to redefine who they are, a study finds. After exiting professional and managerial occupations, mothers are engaged in an ongoing mother/professional ... read more

Parents' Views on Justice Affect Babies' Moral Development

Sep. 1, 2015 — Babies' neural responses to morally charged scenarios are influenced by their parents' attitudes toward justice, new research shows. The developmental neuroscientists found that strong ... read more

Possible New Weapon Against PTSD

Sep. 1, 2015 — Animals who underwent chronic stress prior to a traumatic experience engaged a distinctive brain pathway that encodes traumatic memories more strongly than in unstressed animals, new research ... read more

Dialect Influences Appalachian Students' Experiences in College

Aug. 31, 2015 — Language diversity isn't always celebrated on campus, a linguist writes in a new article, callomg dialect the 'last acceptable personal trait to make fun ... read more

Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders in Primary Care Increases Patient Access

Aug. 31, 2015 — Expanding the number of sites offering office-based opioid treatment with buprenorphine utilizing addiction nurse care managers, trainings and technical support resulted in more physicians becoming ... read more

Magnetic Stimulation Effective in Helping Parkinson's Patients Walk

Aug. 31, 2015 — About 50 percent of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) experience freezing of gait (FOG), an inability to move forward while walking. This can affect not only mobility but also balance. In a ... read more

Alzheimer’s Disease: Overlooked for 30 Years, There Is a New Kid on the Block

Aug. 31, 2015 — Alzheimer's disease is associated with the appearance of characteristic neurotoxic protein aggregates in various regions in the brain. Chemical analysis of these insoluble deposits reveals that ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — For more than a hundred years, people have known that dendritic arbors -- the projections that neurons use to receive information from other neurons -- differ in size and shape depending on neuron ... read more

Television Viewing Linked to Higher Injury Risk in Hostile People

Aug. 31, 2015 — People with hostile personality traits who watch more television than their peers may be at a greater risk for injury, potentially because they are more susceptible to the influence of television on ... read more

Ticagrelor Administered in the Ambulance Reduces Ischaemic Events 24 Hours After PCI

Aug. 31, 2015 — Ticagrelor administered in the ambulance reduces ischaemic events 24 hours after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to new ... read more

Depressed Patients Have More Frequent Chest Pain Even in the Absence of Coronary Artery Disease

Aug. 31, 2015 — Depressed patients have more frequent chest pain even in the absence of coronary artery disease, according to results. The findings suggest that pain and depression may share a common neurochemical ... read more

Close Friendships in Adolescence Predict Health in Adulthood

Aug. 31, 2015 — Teens are often warned to beware the undue influence of peer pressure, but new research suggests that following the pack in adolescence may have some unexpected benefits for physical health in early ... read more

Testosterone Changes Brain Structures in Female-to-Male Transsexuals

Aug. 31, 2015 — Brain imaging shows that testosterone therapy given as part of sex reassignment changes the brain structures and the pathway associated with speech and verbal fluency. This result supports research ... read more

Food May Be Addictive: Food Craving May Be 'Hard-Wired' in the Brain

Aug. 31, 2015 — An international group of researchers have found that food craving activates different brain networks between obese and normal weight patients. This indicates that the tendency to want food may be ... read more

Clinical Trial Shows First Treatment for ‘emotional Flatness’ Associated With Schizophrenia

Aug. 31, 2015 — Results of a clinical trial seem to show the first effective treatment for the negative symptoms – withdrawal, lack of emotion, and apathy – associated with ... read more

Psychotic Patients Distinguished from Controls While Watching Movie Alice in Wonderland

Aug. 31, 2015 — Researchers using fMRI (functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging) have found that even first-episode psychotic patients process information differently from a control group. To ensure both groups ... read more

Cold Weather Linked to Increased Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation Patients

Aug. 30, 2015 — Cold weather is associated with increased risk of ischaemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation, according to new research. The study in nearly 290,000 patients suggests that cool climate may ... read more

Cold Weather Associated With Higher Risk of Severe Heart Attack

Aug. 30, 2015 — Cold weather is associated with a higher risk of severe heart attack, according to new research. The six year study found that each 10°C drop in temperature was associated with a 7% increased risk ... read more

A Single Cocaine Dose Lowers Perceptions of Sadness and Anger

Aug. 30, 2015 — A single dose of cocaine can interfere with the ability to recognize negative emotions such as anger and sadness, according to new ... read more

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