Mind & Brain News
December 2, 2015

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December 2, 2015

Underage Drinkers' Brand Preferences Vary by Race, Age, Study Finds

Dec. 1, 2015 — Two beer brands -- Bud Light and Budweiser -- are uniformly popular among underage drinkers, regardless of age, gender or ethnicity, while certain other brands appear to have a unique appeal to ... read more

Decline in Cognitive Ability Leads to Fear of Upfront Costs

Dec. 1, 2015 — Older individuals with lower cognitive abilities are susceptible to behavioral biases, such as being adverse to upfront costs, report investigators in a new ... read more

Dec. 1, 2015 — Scientists capitalize on technological advances to lay the groundwork for drug development against 'disordered' proteins that play key roles in human health and disease. A small, drug-like ... read more

Dec. 1, 2015 — The results of a national survey about weight loss barriers finds 90 percent of respondents discounted one of the most important factors -- your mind. A neuropsychologist says the most crucial factor ... read more

Physicians and Burnout: It's Getting Worse

Dec. 1, 2015 — Burnout among US physicians is getting worse. An update from a three-year study evaluating burnout and work-life balance shows that American physicians are worse off today than they were three years ... read more

Higher Cigarette Taxes Linked to Fewer Infant Deaths

Dec. 1, 2015 — Higher taxes and prices for cigarettes are strongly associated with lower infant mortality rates in the United States, according to a new study. The association was stronger for African American ... read more

Why and When Straight Women Form Close Friendships With Gay Men

Dec. 1, 2015 — Psychology researchers examine the dynamics behind gay-straight friendships in one of the first empirical studies of its kind. The research affirmed that women place more trust in dating advice from ... read more

Lower Survival Rates in Women With Breast Cancer Diagnosed With Depression

Nov. 30, 2015 — Women with breast cancer who subsequently had a recorded diagnosis of depression had a 45% higher risk of death from all causes, according to a study. The researchers suggest this finding could help ... read more

Gender Segregation in Jobs Is Not Rooted in Early Family Planning

Nov. 30, 2015 — Despite decades of efforts to banish the idea of 'jobs for men' -- construction worker, firefighter, mechanic -- and 'jobs for women' -- teacher, flight attendant, registered ... read more

Income-Based School Assignment Policy Influences Diversity, Achievement

Nov. 30, 2015 — When public schools in Wake County, North Carolina switched from a school assignment policy based on race to one based on socioeconomic status, schools became slightly more segregated but the ... read more

Sleep Gene Found to Be Linked to Heart Failure

Nov. 30, 2015 — A gene that, when working properly, appears to reduce the risk of heart failure and improve treatment outcomes has been identified by researchers, highlighting a possible target for the development ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — A new genetic model has been developed that is yielding new insights into what happens when astrocytes go awry. Damage to astrocytes -- star-shaped cells found in the brain and spinal cord -- is ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — Many human gene variants have evolved specifically to protect older adults against neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases, thus preserving their contributions to society, report ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — Do you often take chances and yet still land on your feet? Then you probably have a well-developed ... read more

Threats Against Children During the Separation Process for Women in Abusive Relationships

Nov. 30, 2015 — Mothers who separate from their abusive partners are four times more likely to report threats to take or to harm their children than those who stay in the relationship, a new study has ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — The active ingredient in aspirin blocks an enzyme that triggers cell death in several neurodegenerative diseases. More potent forms of salicylic aspirin exist, which may provide treatments for these ... read more

Nov. 30, 2015 — Researchers have shown for the first time that the protein BRCA1 is required for normal learning and memory and is depleted by Alzheimer's disease. BRCA1 is a key protein involved in DNA repair, ... read more

Parental Absence Affects Brain Development in Children

Nov. 30, 2015 — Researchers have found that children who have been left without direct parental care for extended periods of time show larger gray matter volumes in the brain, according to a new ... read more

Reduced Blood Flow Seen in Brain After Clinical Recovery of Acute Concussion

Nov. 30, 2015 — Some athletes who experience sports-related concussions have reduced blood flow in parts of their brains even after clinical recovery, according to new research. The results suggest a role for MRI in ... read more

How Can I Tell If They're Lying?

Nov. 27, 2015 — Sarcasm, white lies and teasing can be difficult to identify for those with certain disorders. For those who suffer from diseases like Alzheimer's or Parkinson's, or neurodevelopmental ... read more

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