Mind & Brain News
July 28, 2015

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July 28, 2015

Illuminating Mechanisms of Repetitive Thinking

July 28, 2015 — The ability to engage in mental time travel is a unique and central part of the human experience. And yet this very ability can have detrimental consequences for both physical and mental well-being ... read more

Geography, Skills, Local Companies Affect Higher Education Impact on Economic Development

July 28, 2015 — Policy makers need to take factors like geography, available skills and knowledge and the networks of local companies into account to boost the impact of higher education on economic development, ... read more

July 28, 2015 — The complex mechanisms of interaction and dynamics between the gut microbiota and its host have been illuminated by recent research. Data show that relatively minor changes in microbiota profiles or ... read more

Connection Found Between Audience Reaction, Candidate Debate Success

July 27, 2015 — Audience laughter and applause have unique effects on presidential primary debates, say a researcher in political non-verbal communication. Among other things, he found that laughter benefited ... read more

Selective Imitation Shows Children Are Flexible Social Learners, Study Finds

July 27, 2015 — Children flexibly choose when to imitate and when to innovate the behavior of others, psychologists have found, demonstrating that children are precocious social ... read more

July 27, 2015 — Like Duke Ellington's 1931 jazz standard, the human brain improvises while its rhythm section keeps up a steady beat. But when it comes to taking on intellectually challenging tasks, groups of ... read more

In Lab Tests, New Therapy Slows Spread of Deadly Brain Tumor Cells

July 27, 2015 — The rapid spread of a common and deadly brain tumor has been slowed down significantly in a mouse model by cutting off the way some cancer cells communicate, according to a team of ... read more

Insulin Resistance Increases Risk for Alzheimer's Disease, Study Finds

July 27, 2015 — A strong association between insulin resistance and memory function decline has been found by researchers who suggest that this link increases the risk for Alzheimer's ... read more

Strong Link Between Delirium, Inflammation in Older Patients

July 27, 2015 — Delirium is an acute state of confusion that often affects older adults following surgery or serious illness. Now a study confirms that inflammation -- an immune response that develops when the body ... read more

Emergency Transport Times for Stroke Patients Still in Need of Improvement

July 27, 2015 — Despite efforts to close the time gap between symptom onset and stroke treatment -- including improvements in public education, 911 dispatch operations, pre-hospital detection and triage, hospital ... read more

Device Innovation Is Driving Improvement in Stroke Treatment Outcomes

July 27, 2015 — Two new studies reinforce the value and progress of Intra-Arterial treatment with conclusions that the innovative new devices that facilitate this approach are reducing treatment times, improving ... read more

At What Age Does Hard Work Add a Shine to Lousy Prizes?

July 27, 2015 — Putting in a lot of effort to earn a reward can make unappealing prizes more attractive to kindergartners, but not to preschoolers, according to new research. The findings revealed that when ... read more

Universities Not Yet as International as They Think, Research Reveals

July 27, 2015 — Universities’ internationalization rankings have limited significance according to new research. This is because the way internationalization is measured only takes into account the quantity of ... read more

Sausage or Broccoli on Your Pizza? How Decision Frames Influence People's Food Orders

July 27, 2015 — How people decide to customize their food orders has implications for food retailers and the consumers themselves. A new study seeks to explain the way people decide to customize their food orders ... read more

July 27, 2015 — Babies learn language best by interacting with people rather than passively through a video or audio recording. But it's been unclear what aspects of social interactions make them so important ... read more

July 27, 2015 — Psychologists have revealed new evidence showing how specific language used by parents to talk to their babies can help their child to understand the thoughts of others when they get ... read more

Because It's Not Worth It: Deceptive Claims in Cosmetics Advertising

July 27, 2015 — If you’re skeptical about the claims made by cosmetics firms about the attributes of their lotions and potions, you’re not alone. A new study shows how little truth there seems to be in those ... read more

Scientists' Silk Structure Is Secret to Process of Regenerating Salivary Cells

July 27, 2015 — An American research team is the first to use silk fibers as a framework to grow stem cells into salivary gland cells. The new process could provide relief for millions of individuals with dry mouth, ... read more

Low-Dose Lithium Reduces Side Effects from Most Common Treatment for Parkinson's Disease

July 27, 2015 — Low-dose lithium reduced involuntary motor movements -- the troubling side effect of the medication most commonly used to treat Parkinson's disease (PD) -- in a mouse model of the condition that ... read more

Researchers Identify Neural Signature of Tunnel Vision

July 27, 2015 — A new study measured brain activity while people watched clips from Alfred Hitchcock and other suspenseful films. During high suspense moments, the brain narrows what people see and focuses their ... read more

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