Mind & Brain News
February 9, 2016

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February 9, 2016

Feb. 9, 2016 — Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin, Hubert Humphrey and some guy named "Thomas Moore" are among the names that many Americans mistakenly identify as belonging to a past president of the ... read more

Predicting Who Will Develop Multiple Sclerosis

Feb. 8, 2016 — A team of investigators has launched a study of individuals at risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) to better understand the sequence of events that leads some people to develop the disease and set the ... read more

Social Hormone Promotes Cooperation in Risky Situations

Feb. 8, 2016 — A hormone implicated in monogamy and aggression in animals also promotes trust and cooperation in humans in risky situations, researchers ... read more

Sleep Deprivation Linked to False Confessions

Feb. 8, 2016 — Sleep-deprived people are much more likely to sign false confessions than rested individuals, according to a groundbreaking study that has important implications for police interrogation ... read more

Restricting Ketamine Would Have 'Dire Consequences' for Surgery in Low-Resource Countries, Anesthesiologists Warn

Feb. 8, 2016 — Proposals to restrict access to ketamine by making it a "Schedule I" drug would have a major impact on the availability of anesthesia and surgery in low- to middle-income countries ... read more

Using Medical Marijuana to Stop Seizures in Kids

Feb. 8, 2016 — Desperate for relief, parents are taking unusual steps to help children plagued with seizures. The relief, however, comes in a most unlikely form: ... read more

Persistent ADHD Associated With Overly Critical Parents

Feb. 8, 2016 — For many children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, symptoms appear to decrease as they age, but for some they do not and one reason may be persistent parental criticism, according to ... read more

Brain Scars in Multiple Sclerosis Patients Reveal Possible Cause of Taste Problems

Feb. 8, 2016 — Taste deficits appear to be more prevalent among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients than previously reported and correlate with brain lesions left by the debilitating disease, a new study has ... read more

Research Finds No Easy Answers to Use of Drug Screening for Pain Patients

Feb. 8, 2016 — Doctors who treat patients suffering from chronic pain face a quandary, according to research. Monitoring patients through urine drug screenings, part of the standard protocol to ensure patient ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Despite strong preferences for ethical chocolate in focus groups, only 14 percent of millennials in individual choice studies selected candy with ethical or social factors labeling, according to a ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — New research on the brain and memory could help in developing therapies for people with schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease. This work sheds new light on the internal workings of the brain, ... read more

Early Bedtime, Better School Performance

Feb. 8, 2016 — There is a strong relationship between sleep problems and poor academic performances among adolescents, a new study demonstrates. Results show that high school students going to bed between 10 and 11 ... read more

Sustained Aerobic Exercise Increases Adult Neurogenesis in Brain

Feb. 8, 2016 — It may be possible to increase the neuron reserve of the hippocampus – and thus improve preconditions for learning – by promoting neurogenesis via sustained aerobic exercise such as running, say ... read more

Cocaine Users Present Alterations in Function, Structures of Brain

Feb. 8, 2016 — The presence of alterations in brain functioning and structure in cocaine users has been seen in a new study where researchers used three different magnetic resonance imaging techniques to study the ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Scientists are intending to develop and trial a new wearable technology to help people who have had a stroke recover use of their arm and hand. The team will create a wireless sleeve, which will ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — For the first time, researchers have demonstrated a direct link between the Wbp2 gene and progressive hearing loss. The scientists report that the loss of Wbp2 expression leads to progressive ... read more

Alcohol Consumption in Valencia Rockets During Fallas

Feb. 8, 2016 — It is possible to measure the alcohol consumption of a given population based on the presence of a stable metabolite excreted in urine in wastewaters: ethyl sulphate. Now research is focused on the ... read more

Faces of Black Children as Young as 5 Evoke Negative Biases

Feb. 8, 2016 — People are more likely to misidentify a toy as a weapon after seeing a black face than a white face, even when the face in question is that of a five-year-old child, new research ... read more

Study Compares Effectiveness of Phone-Based and Web-Based Smoking Cessation Programs in Four States

Feb. 8, 2016 — A new analysis indicates that states' Web-based and phone-based tobacco cessation programs can help people quit smoking, but certain personal characteristics may lead individuals to prefer one ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Researchers have developed a technique to implement silicon large-scale integration chips in a very thin film of thickness. This fabrication method has the potential to realize a low-invasive ... read more

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