Mind & Brain News
August 31, 2015

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August 31, 2015

Dialect Influences Appalachian Students' Experiences in College

Aug. 31, 2015 — Language diversity isn't always celebrated on campus, a linguist writes in a new article, callomg dialect the 'last acceptable personal trait to make fun ... read more

Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorders in Primary Care Increases Patient Access

Aug. 31, 2015 — Expanding the number of sites offering office-based opioid treatment with buprenorphine utilizing addiction nurse care managers, trainings and technical support resulted in more physicians becoming ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — For more than a hundred years, people have known that dendritic arbors -- the projections that neurons use to receive information from other neurons -- differ in size and shape depending on neuron ... read more

Television Viewing Linked to Higher Injury Risk in Hostile People

Aug. 31, 2015 — People with hostile personality traits who watch more television than their peers may be at a greater risk for injury, potentially because they are more susceptible to the influence of television on ... read more

Ticagrelor Administered in the Ambulance Reduces Ischaemic Events 24 Hours After PCI

Aug. 31, 2015 — Ticagrelor administered in the ambulance reduces ischaemic events 24 hours after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to new ... read more

Depressed Patients Have More Frequent Chest Pain Even in the Absence of Coronary Artery Disease

Aug. 31, 2015 — Depressed patients have more frequent chest pain even in the absence of coronary artery disease, according to results. The findings suggest that pain and depression may share a common neurochemical ... read more

Close Friendships in Adolescence Predict Health in Adulthood

Aug. 31, 2015 — Teens are often warned to beware the undue influence of peer pressure, but new research suggests that following the pack in adolescence may have some unexpected benefits for physical health in early ... read more

Testosterone Changes Brain Structures in Female-to-Male Transsexuals

Aug. 31, 2015 — Brain imaging shows that testosterone therapy given as part of sex reassignment changes the brain structures and the pathway associated with speech and verbal fluency. This result supports research ... read more

Food May Be Addictive: Food Craving May Be 'Hard-Wired' in the Brain

Aug. 31, 2015 — An international group of researchers have found that food craving activates different brain networks between obese and normal weight patients. This indicates that the tendency to want food may be ... read more

Clinical Trial Shows First Treatment for ‘emotional Flatness’ Associated With Schizophrenia

Aug. 31, 2015 — Results of a clinical trial seem to show the first effective treatment for the negative symptoms – withdrawal, lack of emotion, and apathy – associated with ... read more

Psychotic Patients Distinguished from Controls While Watching Movie Alice in Wonderland

Aug. 31, 2015 — Researchers using fMRI (functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging) have found that even first-episode psychotic patients process information differently from a control group. To ensure both groups ... read more

Cold Weather Linked to Increased Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation Patients

Aug. 30, 2015 — Cold weather is associated with increased risk of ischaemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation, according to new research. The study in nearly 290,000 patients suggests that cool climate may ... read more

Cold Weather Associated With Higher Risk of Severe Heart Attack

Aug. 30, 2015 — Cold weather is associated with a higher risk of severe heart attack, according to new research. The six year study found that each 10°C drop in temperature was associated with a 7% increased risk ... read more

A Single Cocaine Dose Lowers Perceptions of Sadness and Anger

Aug. 30, 2015 — A single dose of cocaine can interfere with the ability to recognize negative emotions such as anger and sadness, according to new ... read more

Scientists Show How Magnetic Pulses Change the Brain in Treatment for Depressed Patients

Aug. 30, 2015 — A group of scientists have found a way of understanding how transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can give relief to severely depressed patients. TMS is used as an alternative to electro-convulsive ... read more

How Can We Prevent Suicide? Major Study Shows Risk Factors Associated With Depression

Aug. 30, 2015 — A major multi-national study of suicides has identified the behavior patterns which precede many suicide attempts. This may lead to changes in clinical practice in the care of patients affected with ... read more

Depression and Extremes of Blood Pressure Predict Highest Rates of Harmful Vascular Events

Aug. 29, 2015 — Depressive symptoms and extremes of blood pressure predict the highest rates of harmful vascular events in patients with existing heart disease, diabetes or stroke, according to new ... read more

Confidence in Parenting Could Help Break Cycle of Abuse

Aug. 29, 2015 — To understand how confidence in parenting may predict parenting behaviors in women who were abused as children, psychologists have found that mothers who experienced more types of maltreatment as ... read more

Borderline Personality Traits Linked to Lowered Empathy

Aug. 29, 2015 — Those with borderline personality disorder, or BPD, a mental illness marked by unstable moods, often experience trouble maintaining interpersonal relationships. New research indicates that this may ... read more

Can You Avoid Hangovers After Heavy Drinking?

Aug. 29, 2015 — Are some people immune to hangovers, and can eating or drinking water after heavy drinking prevent a hangover? The answers appear to be 'no' and 'no' according to new ... read more

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