Mind & Brain News
February 10, 2016

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February 10, 2016

Remember Where You're Going? How Scent Helps

Feb. 10, 2016 — In bloodhounds and neutrophils, getting the scent is not enough. Dogs and immune cells have to remember the chemoattractant they are pursuing, even when it momentarily fades out or threatens to ... read more

Couch Potatoes May Have Smaller Brains Later in Life

Feb. 10, 2016 — Poor physical fitness in middle age may be linked to a smaller brain size 20 years later, according to a new ... read more

Overconfidence, Loss Aversion Are Key Predictors for Investment Mistakes

Feb. 10, 2016 — A personal financial planning expert has identified several risk factors for people who are more likely to make investment mistakes during a down market. Overconfidence tops the ... read more

Better Definition Needed for Reasonable Medical Certainty in Child Abuse Cases

Feb. 10, 2016 — Physicians use different definitions of "reasonable medical certainty" when testifying as expert witnesses in child abuse cases. The variability is troubling because it could result in ... read more

Alcohol Offender Program Associated With Drop in Deaths, Study Finds

Feb. 9, 2016 — A widely copied alcohol offender program that has been shown to reduce DUIs and domestic violence has how been linked to a cut in deaths. The 24/7 Sobriety Program in South Dakota was associated with ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — A method of connecting neurons, using ultrashort laser pulses -- a breakthrough technique that opens the door to new medical research and treatment opportunities -- has been developed by scientists. ... read more

Common Gene Variant Influences Food Choices ... for Better or Worse

Feb. 9, 2016 — Scientists have recently discovered that for girls who are carriers of a particular gene variant (DRD4 VNTR with 7 repeats), the crucial element that influences a child's fat intake is not the ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin, Hubert Humphrey and some guy named "Thomas Moore" are among the names that many Americans mistakenly identify as belonging to a past president of the ... read more

Companies Must Adapt Internal Communication as Demographics Change, Study Finds

Feb. 9, 2016 — As baby boomers retire and an increasing number of millennials enter the workforce, internal communicators must adapt to accommodate the shift of generations, the rise of internal social media and ... read more

It Doesn't 'Get Better' for Some Bullied LGBT Youths

Feb. 9, 2016 — In the first study to examine the severity of LGBT bullying over time and its impact on mental health, researchers found that while most LGBT teens are experiencing relief in bullying, about a third ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — Status epilepticus -- continuous or rapid sequential seizure activity for 30 minutes or more -- is a medical emergency with a high mortality rate in both children and adults. Prompt and effective ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — Researchers study the link between malformations of the cerebral cortex and the occurrence of the neurological disease. Why does a structural irregularity in the temporal lobe make humans more ... read more

COPD May Cause Structural Changes Within the Brain

Feb. 9, 2016 — Patients with COPD demonstrated gray matter decreases in areas of the brain that process breathlessness, fear and sensitivity to pain. The study found patients with COPD show regionally decreased ... read more

Find a Partner Who Marches to the Beat of Your Own Drum

Feb. 9, 2016 — Everyone marches to the beat of their own drum: From walking to talking to producing music, different people's movements occur at different speeds. But do these differences influence ... read more

Ten Fingers Not Needed for Fast Typing

Feb. 9, 2016 — The number of fingers does not determine typing speed, new study shows. People using self-taught typing strategies were found to be as fast as trained ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — Children play an important role in ensuring that they are cared for by adults by using physical and cognitive cues. But what's more important in how they influence adults and elicit their ... read more

Evidence of a Lipid Link in the Inherited Form of Alzheimer's Disease

Feb. 9, 2016 — Biochemical changes occurring in the blood in the rare inherited form of Alzheimer’s disease have been identified by researchers. Changes in these fat-like substances, may suggest a method to ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — In contrast to enduring stories about extraordinarily high rates of alcohol misuse among Native Americans, researchers have found that Native Americans' binge and heavy drinking rates actually ... read more

Conversion of Head and Neck Cancer Cells Into Radiation-Resistant Cancer Stem Cells Depends on HPV Status, Study Finds

Feb. 9, 2016 — Head and neck cancers that test positive for the human papilloma virus (HPV) are known to respond more favorably to radiation therapy than those that test HPV-negative, but an explanation for these ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — A small but novel study of hunter-gatherers concludes that teaching is part of the human genome, that it is a part of our human nature, researchers say. The Aka are among the last of the world's ... read more

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