Mind & Brain News
August 3, 2015

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August 3, 2015

Analysis of Post Deployment Health Assessment Forms Indicates Risks of Alcohol Abuse Among Service Members Returning from Deployment

July 31, 2015 — An analysis of responses to questionnaires administered to U.S. active component service members who had returned from deployment during a 7-year surveillance period found that 3.4 percent and 4.8 ... read more

July 31, 2015 — A social skills program for high-functioning young adults with autism spectrum disorder significantly improved the participants' ability to engage with their peers, a new study has ... read more

Depressed Females Have Over-Active Glutamate Receptor Gene

July 30, 2015 — Numerous genes that regulate the activity of a neurotransmitter in the brain have been found to be abundant in brain tissue of depressed females. This could be an underlying cause of the higher ... read more

Novel Model Developed to Predict Amount of Nicotine Emitted from E-Cigarettes

July 30, 2015 — Researchers have developed the first ever, evidence-based model that can predict with up to 90 percent accuracy the amount of nicotine emitted by an electronic ... read more

Rotten Tomatoes and Two Thumbs Up

July 30, 2015 — How online shoppers respond when faced with wide variations in online reviews can give retailers insights into how to display the reviews and what to ... read more

Generally Accepted Tools Used to Select Patients for Aneurysm Treatment in Need of Further Evaluation

July 30, 2015 — Strict adherence to two commonly-used tools to weigh the risk of treating unruptured aneurysms may not prevent the majority of morbidity-mortality outcomes associated with ruptured intracranial ... read more

Positive Reinforcement Plays Key Role in Cognitive Task Performance in ADHD Kids

July 30, 2015 — A little recognition for a job well done means a lot to children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder -- more so than it would for typically developing ... read more

Take a Trip Through the Brain: New Imaging Tool

July 30, 2015 — A new imaging tool could do for the brain what the telescope did for space exploration. In the first demonstration of how the technology works, the researchers look inside the brain of an adult mouse ... read more

Trying to Quit Smoking? First Strengthen Self-Control

July 30, 2015 — The desire to quit smoking -- often considered a requirement for enrolling in treatment programs -- is not always necessary to reduce cigarette cravings, argues a review of addiction research. Early ... read more

Every Country in the World Can Afford to Support Its Smokers to Stop

July 30, 2015 — A major new review examined a wide range of measures that healthcare systems in different countries can adopt to help smokers to stop, determining that in fact, all countries can afford to support ... read more

With Racial Segregation Declining Between Neighborhoods, Segregation Now Taking New Form

July 30, 2015 — Recent research has shown that racial segregation in the U.S. is declining between neighborhoods, but a new study indicates that segregation is manifesting itself in other ways — not ... read more

Depressive Ruminations and the Idling Brain

July 30, 2015 — Depressed people often find themselves preoccupied with guilty, shameful, or self-defeating thoughts for large parts of their day. These thoughts not only distract from other activities but also fail ... read more

Blood Test Predicts Prognosis for Traumatic Brain Injuries

July 30, 2015 — A new blood test could help emergency room doctors quickly diagnose traumatic brain injury and determine its severity. The findings could help identify patients who might benefit from extra therapy ... read more

July 30, 2015 — Older Americans receive prescriptions for mental health drugs at more than twice the rate that younger adults do, but they're much less likely to be getting their mental health care from a ... read more

Teaching Med Students About Health Disparities Builds Their Confidence

July 29, 2015 — An innovative three-month elective course has helped make some first-year medical students more confident about dealing with health disparities they'll likely encounter as physicians, according ... read more

July 29, 2015 — A new research study on marine snails uncovered the first cells in the nervous system to fail during aging. The researchers' findings are important to better understanding the underlying ... read more

Prescription for Medical Students: A Day at the Art Museum?

July 29, 2015 — With the growing number of people with Alzheimer's disease, understanding their care is vital for doctors. Yet medical students often just learn the facts and may only see people with advanced ... read more

Targeted Therapy Shows Effectiveness Against a Subtype of the Brain Tumor Medulloblastoma

July 29, 2015 — A subset of medulloblastoma tumors briefly stopped growing or disappeared entirely during treatment with vismodegib, researchers report after a trial with both adults and ... read more

Science Educators Analyze Genetics Content of Next Generation Science Standards

July 29, 2015 — The genetics content of the Next Generation Science Standards -- a recent set of performance-based expectations for elementary, middle, and high school students in science classes -- represents, on ... read more

Generalized Anxiety Disorders Twice as Likely in Those With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

July 29, 2015 — People who have inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, have twice the odds of having a generalized anxiety disorder at some point in their lives when ... read more

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