Mind & Brain News
September 3, 2015

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September 3, 2015

Hiring More Minority Teachers in Schools Gives Fairer Perception of Discipline

Sep. 2, 2015 — Black students in schools with more black teachers have more positive attitudes and higher perceptions of fairness in school discipline, according to a new study. The study also found white students ... read more

Bisexual and Questioning Women Have Higher Risk of Eating Disorders

Sep. 2, 2015 — Young women who are attracted to both sexes or who are unsure about who they are attracted to are more likely to develop an eating disorder than those attracted to only one sex, according to a new ... read more

Psychological Consequences Remain Profound in Coastal Areas of Tohoku

Sep. 2, 2015 — A second round of aggregate findings from a study has revealed that depressive symptoms continue to be higher in coastal areas than in inland areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake and the ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — The first study to test the skills of FBI agents and other law enforcers who have been trained in facial recognition has found they perform better than the average person or even computers on this ... read more

How Anesthesia May Fight Lung Infections: Mouse Study

Sep. 1, 2015 — In experiments in mice, researchers have added to evidence that certain so-called “volatile” anesthetics — commonly used during surgeries — may also possess powerful effects on the immune ... read more

Sep. 1, 2015 — Medical research has yet to discover an Alzheimer's treatment that effectively slows the disease's progression, but neuroscientists may have uncovered a mechanism by which onset can be ... read more

Forgiving Others Protects Women from Depression, but Not Men

Sep. 1, 2015 — Researchers studied how different facets of forgiveness affected aging adults' feelings of depression. The researchers found older women who forgave others were less likely to report depressive ... read more

Another Way Urate May Protect Against Parkinson's Disease

Sep. 1, 2015 — A study from members of the research team investigating whether increasing blood levels of the antioxidant urate can slow the progression of Parkinson's disease has found that the ... read more

Suicide-by-Firearm Rates Shift in Two States After Changes in State Gun Laws

Sep. 1, 2015 — A new study examining changes in gun policy in two states finds that handgun purchaser licensing requirements influence suicide rates. Researchers estimate that Connecticut's 1995 law requiring ... read more

Accuracy of Dementia Brain Imaging Must Improve

Sep. 1, 2015 — MRI scans and other tools to detect and diagnose dementia are helpful but not definitive. A new report evaluates how well different types of brain imaging tests work to detect Alzheimer's and ... read more

Helping Toddlers Understand Emotion Key to Development

Sep. 1, 2015 — The simple parenting strategy of helping toddlers understand emotion may reduce behavioral problems later on, finds an American study. Toddlers with higher risk, specifically those with more ... read more

Timing of Sleep Just as Important as Quantity

Sep. 1, 2015 — The timing of an animal's sleep can be just as important as how much sleeps it gets, researchers have ... read more

Reading Emotions in a Second Language

Sep. 1, 2015 — If we read about someone who is smiling and happy, without realizing it, we smile as well. If, however, the text is not in our mother tongue but in a second language, then our mind and body react in ... read more

Full-Time Professional to Full-Time Mother: A Choice Laden With Cost

Sep. 1, 2015 — Women leaving work to raise children have to redefine who they are, a study finds. After exiting professional and managerial occupations, mothers are engaged in an ongoing mother/professional ... read more

Daily Marijuana Use Among U.S. College Students Highest Since 1980

Sep. 1, 2015 — Daily marijuana use among the nation's college students is on the rise, surpassing daily cigarette smoking for the first time in ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — The joy of running. That sense of well-being, freedom and extra energy that runners often experience is not just a matter of endorphins. A new study shows that the "runner's high" ... read more

Parents' Views on Justice Affect Babies' Moral Development

Sep. 1, 2015 — Babies' neural responses to morally charged scenarios are influenced by their parents' attitudes toward justice, new research shows. The developmental neuroscientists found that strong ... read more

Possible New Weapon Against PTSD

Sep. 1, 2015 — Animals who underwent chronic stress prior to a traumatic experience engaged a distinctive brain pathway that encodes traumatic memories more strongly than in unstressed animals, new research ... read more

With Tobacco, What You Don't Know Can Kill You Sooner

Aug. 31, 2015 — The public shows “considerable lack of knowledge” about the risk associated with different types of tobacco products, researchers say. What people can benefit from is knowing the varying levels ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — Men who buy sex have less empathy for women in prostitution than men who don't buy sex and are more likely to report having committed rape and other acts of sexual aggression, according to a new ... read more

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