Mind & Brain News
October 7, 2015

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October 7, 2015

Sex Is More Likely on Days College Students Use Marijuana or Binge Drink

Oct. 7, 2015 — Undergraduate college students were more likely to have sex on days they used marijuana or binged on alcohol than on days they didn't, new research has ... read more

Oct. 7, 2015 — Most female mammals give birth and care for their offspring, while the males often breed with multiple partners and play little role in parenting once the mating is over. Yet researchers have had a ... read more

Oct. 7, 2015 — In a study exploring racial bias and how people use their mind's-eye image of an imagined person's size to represent someone as either threatening or high-status, researchers found that ... read more

Brain Cooling Lessens Chances of Head Injury Recovery, Study Finds

Oct. 7, 2015 — Head injury patients do not benefit from a therapy that involves cooling their bodies to reduce brain swelling, research has found. Doctors say the therapy may increase patients' risk of death ... read more

Youngest Students in Class 30% More Likely to Die in Suicide Than Older Classmates, Japanese Study Shows

Oct. 7, 2015 — Researchers found for the first time that those who were born right before the school cutoff day and thus youngest in their cohort have 30% higher mortality rates by suicide, compared to their peer ... read more

Smoking Cessation Drug Proves Initially More Effective for Women

Oct. 7, 2015 — The most effective prescription drug used to quit smoking initially helps women more than men, according to a study, which found that varenicline, marketed as Chantix, was more effective earlier in ... read more

Should Women Consume Alcohol During Pregnancy?

Oct. 6, 2015 — Experts discuss the evidence and current guidelines on the controversial topic of alcohol consumption during ... read more

Oct. 6, 2015 — Repeating aloud boosts verbal memory, especially when you do it while addressing another ... read more

American Placebo: New Analysis of Chronic Pain Drug Trials Shows Increasing Placebo Responses Over Time, in the US Only

Oct. 6, 2015 — Rising placebo responses may play a part in the increasingly high failure rate for clinical trials of drugs designed to control chronic pain caused by nerve damage, suggests a new report. ... read more

Virus-Drug Combination Shows Improved Effectiveness Against Brain Tumor Cells

Oct. 6, 2015 — A rabbit virus currently being developed for cancer therapy can be paired with one of several existing drugs to deliver a more potent punch to a deadly type of brain tumor cell, researchers have ... read more

How Dominant Parents Affect Kids' Self-Worth

Oct. 6, 2015 — Children's self-esteem is linked to the behavior of who is considered the most powerful parent within the household, new research ... read more

Mutation Involved in Neurodegeneration Discovered

Oct. 6, 2015 — A mutation that increases the level of a special class of sphingolipids -- molecules important to cell structure and signaling -- can lead to neurodegeneration due to problems with neuronal ... read more

Scientists Identify How Normally Protective Immune Responses Kill Neurons

Oct. 6, 2015 — Scientists have discovered why certain immune responses, which typically help cells recognize and fight viral and bacterial infections, can sometimes be harmful to the brain. Many brain disorders ... read more

Burnout Impacts Transplant Nurses, Study Shows

Oct. 6, 2015 — More than half of nurses who work with organ transplant patients in the United States experience high levels of emotional exhaustion, a primary sign of burnout, according to a ... read more

Male Suicide on Rise as Result of Austerity, Report Suggests

Oct. 6, 2015 — Young males between the ages of 10 and 24 have committed suicide in growing numbers as a direct result of austerity measures brought in across Europe following the 2009 recession, a new report ... read more

Bankers Suppress Their Identities to Survive, Thrive at Work, Finds Study

Oct. 6, 2015 — Senior investment bankers don’t care what others think of them and don’t see their work as part of their identities, according to a ... read more

Flu Shot Reduces Risk of Stroke, Study Suggests

Oct. 6, 2015 — The risk of suffering a stroke is significantly reduced for up to two months after receiving a flu vaccine, a major new study has ... read more

Predicting Which Soldiers Will Commit Severe, Violent Crimes

Oct. 6, 2015 — A new report shows that a machine learning model using Department of Defense and Army administrative records was able to identify in advance the 5 percent of US Army soldiers serving from 2004 to ... read more

Older Patients Recover More Slowly from Concussion

Oct. 6, 2015 — Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), or concussion, accounts for 75 percent of all TBI and represents an important public health problem. Difficulty in working memory is frequently reported in ... read more

If Relationships Are Good, Any Humor by Leaders Improves Job Satisfaction

Oct. 5, 2015 — Past research about the use of humor by leaders suggests that positive humor should result in happier subordinates who are satisfied with their jobs. Conventional wisdom also suggests that leaders ... read more

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