Mind & Brain News
July 30, 2015

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July 30, 2015

Every Country in the World Can Afford to Support Its Smokers to Stop

July 30, 2015 — A major new review examined a wide range of measures that healthcare systems in different countries can adopt to help smokers to stop, determining that in fact, all countries can afford to support ... read more

Science Educators Analyze Genetics Content of Next Generation Science Standards

July 29, 2015 — The genetics content of the Next Generation Science Standards -- a recent set of performance-based expectations for elementary, middle, and high school students in science classes -- represents, on ... read more

July 29, 2015 — The formation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), which allows understanding the unexpected behavior of some antagonists that block physiological responses, has been the focus of recent ... read more

Key Factor for Stability of Capillaries in Brain Identified

July 29, 2015 — The brain needs a lot of oxygen – so every last corner of the brain’s tissue is served by a dense network of fine blood vessels. When these capillaries are damaged by high blood pressure or age, ... read more

Study Finds Brain Chemicals That Keep Wakefulness in Check

July 29, 2015 — Mice that have a particular brain chemical switched off become hyperactive and sleep for just 65 per cent of their normal time, a new study shows. This discovery could help researchers to develop new ... read more

Alcohol Laws Have a Preventive Effect on Young Men

July 29, 2015 — Young men are at risk of alcohol consumption. Regulations such as the minimum legal drinking age can protect them. A new Swiss study reveals: The more legal measures for alcohol prevention are ... read more

Social Groups and Emotions

July 29, 2015 — The semantic representation of social groups involves areas of the brain associated with processing ... read more

Adolescents With Sleep Problems More Likely to Self-Harm

July 29, 2015 — There is a strong relationship between sleep problems such as insomnia, and self-harm, according to findings in a new Norwegian study. The researchers say that depressive symptoms accounted for some, ... read more

Compliance With Guidelines for Treating Brain Injuries Doesn't Guarantee Better Outcomes

July 29, 2015 — Two decades ago, the Brain Trauma Foundation published its first set of guidelines for treating traumatic brain injury. Now, a study has found no evidence that compliance with the guidelines led to ... read more

Scientists Discover Link Between Common Medications and Serious Falls in Older Men

July 28, 2015 — A significant link between serious falls causing injury in older men and a particular group of commonly used medicines has been identified by a group of researchers. Many medicines which are commonly ... read more

Probiotics Improve Behavioral Symptoms of Chronic Inflammatory Diseases in Mice

July 28, 2015 — Probiotics may improve the behavioral symptoms of chronic inflammatory diseases by altering communication between the immune system and the brain, according to an animal ... read more

Coffee Consumption Habits Impact the Risk of Mild Cognitive Impairment

July 28, 2015 — A new study estimates the association between change or constant habits in coffee consumption and the incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), evaluating 1,445 individuals recruited from 5,632 ... read more

Autism Costs Estimated to Reach Nearly $500 Billion, Potentially $1 Trillion, by 2025

July 28, 2015 — Health economists have for the first time projected the total costs of caring for all people with autism spectrum disorder in the United States for the current calendar year and in 10 years if ... read more

Sleepy Fruitflies Get Mellow

July 28, 2015 — Whether you're a human, a mouse, or even a fruitfly, losing sleep is a bad thing, leading to physiological effects and behavioral changes. Researchers used fruitflies to probe deeper into the ... read more

How to Digitally Stoke That Old-Time Auction Fever

July 28, 2015 — The authors explore the impact of time pressure and social competition on bidders in online auctions and how those factors influence auction results and users' ... read more

Majority Rule: Why Conformity Can Actually Be a Good Thing

July 28, 2015 — Like to go your own way? Most of us actually prefer to follow the pack, according to research. That's one of the outcomes from a study that examines how mathematical models predict human ... read more

Neurology Researchers Evaluate Evidence Base for Tests for Clinical Cognitive Assessment

July 28, 2015 — Researchers have been conducting evidence-based reviews of testing used for five domains -- attention, language, memory, spatial cognition, and executive function. New recommendations for improving ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Researchers are looking for biomarkers that might serve as an early warning system for Alzheimer's disease. The process is not without complications, but these scientists possess a collective ... read more

Illuminating Mechanisms of Repetitive Thinking

July 28, 2015 — The ability to engage in mental time travel is a unique and central part of the human experience. And yet this very ability can have detrimental consequences for both physical and mental well-being ... read more

National Study of Deep Brain Stimulation for Depression Fails to Demonstrate Efficacy

July 28, 2015 — Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide, and treatment-resistant symptoms of depression have a terrible personal and societal cost. They can devastate lives, careers, and families. Some ... read more

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