Psychology News
August 3, 2015

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August 3, 2015

Key Factor for Stability of Capillaries in Brain Identified

July 29, 2015 — The brain needs a lot of oxygen – so every last corner of the brain’s tissue is served by a dense network of fine blood vessels. When these capillaries are damaged by high blood pressure or age, ... read more

Study Finds Brain Chemicals That Keep Wakefulness in Check

July 29, 2015 — Mice that have a particular brain chemical switched off become hyperactive and sleep for just 65 per cent of their normal time, a new study shows. This discovery could help researchers to develop new ... read more

Social Groups and Emotions

July 29, 2015 — The semantic representation of social groups involves areas of the brain associated with processing ... read more

Compliance With Guidelines for Treating Brain Injuries Doesn't Guarantee Better Outcomes

July 29, 2015 — Two decades ago, the Brain Trauma Foundation published its first set of guidelines for treating traumatic brain injury. Now, a study has found no evidence that compliance with the guidelines led to ... read more

Naturally Occurring Protein Fragment Found in the Brain Inhibits Key Enzyme Implicated in Alzheimer's Disease

July 29, 2015 — A natural protein fragment produced in the brain can act as an inhibitor of a key enzyme implicated in the onset of Alzheimer's disease, researchers have discovered for the first time. This is a ... read more

Probiotics Improve Behavioral Symptoms of Chronic Inflammatory Diseases in Mice

July 28, 2015 — Probiotics may improve the behavioral symptoms of chronic inflammatory diseases by altering communication between the immune system and the brain, according to an animal ... read more

Coffee Consumption Habits Impact the Risk of Mild Cognitive Impairment

July 28, 2015 — A new study estimates the association between change or constant habits in coffee consumption and the incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), evaluating 1,445 individuals recruited from 5,632 ... read more

National Study of Deep Brain Stimulation for Depression Fails to Demonstrate Efficacy

July 28, 2015 — Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide, and treatment-resistant symptoms of depression have a terrible personal and societal cost. They can devastate lives, careers, and families. Some ... read more

July 28, 2015 — How do you get to Carnegie Hall? New research on the brain's capacity to learn suggests there's more to it than the adage that 'practice makes perfect.' A music-training study has ... read more

July 28, 2015 — The complex mechanisms of interaction and dynamics between the gut microbiota and its host have been illuminated by recent research. Data show that relatively minor changes in microbiota profiles or ... read more

Where Memory Is Encoded and Retrieved: New Findings in a Long-Standing Debate

July 28, 2015 — Are the same regions and even the same cells of the brain area called hippocampus involved in encoding and retrieving memories or are different areas of this structure engaged? This question has kept ... read more

Specific Cardiovascular Risk Factors May Predict Alzheimer's Disease

July 28, 2015 — Specific cardiovascular risk factors, such as alcohol consumption, smoking, obesity and diabetes, are associated with smaller regional brain volumes that may be early indicators of Alzheimer's ... read more

Blood Markers Identify Women at Risk for Postpartum Depression

July 27, 2015 — The hormone oxytocin, sometimes called 'the love hormone,' may be a factor in postpartum depression, when a mother has a lower than normal level. A blood marker now may help identify the ... read more

July 27, 2015 — Like Duke Ellington's 1931 jazz standard, the human brain improvises while its rhythm section keeps up a steady beat. But when it comes to taking on intellectually challenging tasks, groups of ... read more

Insulin Resistance Increases Risk for Alzheimer's Disease, Study Finds

July 27, 2015 — A strong association between insulin resistance and memory function decline has been found by researchers who suggest that this link increases the risk for Alzheimer's ... read more

July 27, 2015 — One of the big questions intelligence researchers grapple with is just how differences in intelligence are reflected in the human brain. Researchers have succeeded in studying further details ... read more

July 27, 2015 — Babies learn language best by interacting with people rather than passively through a video or audio recording. But it's been unclear what aspects of social interactions make them so important ... read more

Researchers Identify Neural Signature of Tunnel Vision

July 27, 2015 — A new study measured brain activity while people watched clips from Alfred Hitchcock and other suspenseful films. During high suspense moments, the brain narrows what people see and focuses their ... read more

July 26, 2015 — Sleeping not only protects memories from being forgotten, it also makes them easier to access, according to new research. A new study tracked memories for novel, made-up words learnt either prior to ... read more

Brain Structure Reveals Ability to Regulate Emotions

July 24, 2015 — People diagnosed with a personality disorder may find it difficult to function in society due to difficulties in regulating emotions -- but also healthy individuals differ in how often they become ... read more

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