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July 30, 2015

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July 30, 2015

July 30, 2015 — Researchers are part of a team of scientists with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) that created a new map of the Milky Way that shows nearly a third of the stars have dramatically changed their ... read more

Every Country in the World Can Afford to Support Its Smokers to Stop

July 30, 2015 — A major new review examined a wide range of measures that healthcare systems in different countries can adopt to help smokers to stop, determining that in fact, all countries can afford to support ... read more

Sugar in Your Cuppa Not Just About a Sweet Tooth

July 30, 2015 — New research has given tea and coffee drinkers new information about why their favorite drinks taste as they do. The study shows that sugar has an important effect in reducing the bitterness of tea ... read more

Treating Ships' Ballast Water: Filtration Preferable to Disinfection

July 30, 2015 — Untreated ballast water discharge from ships can spread living organisms and even pathogens across the world thereby introducing non-native or invasive species into the local environment. Scientists ... read more

Blood Test Predicts Prognosis for Traumatic Brain Injuries

July 30, 2015 — A new blood test could help emergency room doctors quickly diagnose traumatic brain injury and determine its severity. The findings could help identify patients who might benefit from extra therapy ... read more

July 30, 2015 — The combination of elevated levels of carbon dioxide and an increase in ocean water temperature has a significant impact on survival and development of the Antarctic dragonfish (Gymnodraco ... read more

Reproducible Research for Biofuels, Biogas

July 30, 2015 — New research presents a virtual package of data for the production of biogas, which is promising for use in biofuels. Biogas is the production of methane through the anaerobic digestion ... read more

July 30, 2015 — A teen is tackling serious water quality issues that threaten the health of rivers, streams and groundwater. Now she has just put the final touches on her research of a plastic adsorbent that removes ... read more

July 29, 2015 — A new research study on marine snails uncovered the first cells in the nervous system to fail during aging. The researchers' findings are important to better understanding the underlying ... read more

Researchers Design First Artificial Ribosome

July 29, 2015 — Researchers have engineered a tethered ribosome that works nearly as well as the authentic cellular component, or organelle, that produces all the proteins and enzymes within the cell. The engineered ... read more

Prostate Cancer Is Five Different Diseases, Experts Say

July 29, 2015 — Scientists have, for the first time, identified that there are five distinct types of prostate cancer and have found a way to distinguish between them, according to a landmark ... read more

Targeted Therapy Shows Effectiveness Against a Subtype of the Brain Tumor Medulloblastoma

July 29, 2015 — A subset of medulloblastoma tumors briefly stopped growing or disappeared entirely during treatment with vismodegib, researchers report after a trial with both adults and ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Researchers have created the world's highest-performance single-molecule diode. Development of a functional single-molecule diode is a major pursuit of the electronics ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Using a climate model that can tag sources of soot and track where it lands, researchers have determined which areas around the Tibetan Plateau contribute the most soot -- and where. The model can ... read more

New Research Opens the Door for Treatment of Relapsing Bacterial Infections

July 29, 2015 — A new discovery could put people with relapsing urinary tract infections (UTIs) on the fast track for a new therapeutic regimen. An estimated 150 million UTIs occur each year worldwide, accounting ... read more

State Immunization Laws Should Eliminate Non-Medical Exemptions, Say Internists

July 29, 2015 — Support for eliminating existing exemptions, except for medical reasons, from immunization laws was among the policy recommendations adopted at the summer meeting of the Board of Regents of the ... read more

Researchers Illuminate Key Role of NOX Proteins in Liver Disease

July 29, 2015 — A direct connection between two signaling proteins and liver fibrosis, a scarring process underlying chronic liver disease, the 12th leading cause of death in the United States, has been demonstrated ... read more

Science Educators Analyze Genetics Content of Next Generation Science Standards

July 29, 2015 — The genetics content of the Next Generation Science Standards -- a recent set of performance-based expectations for elementary, middle, and high school students in science classes -- represents, on ... read more

Bioethicists Call for End to 'Pay-to-Play' Clinical Research

July 29, 2015 — Charging people to participate in research studies is likely to undermine the fundamental ethical basis of clinical research, according to a new paper written by bioethicists. The paper outlines the ... read more

Red Grape Chemical May Help Prevent Bowel Cancer but Less Is More

July 29, 2015 — Resveratrol, a chemical found in red grapes, is more effective in smaller doses at preventing bowel cancer in mice than high doses, according to new research. Previous research looked at high doses ... read more

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