Plants & Animals News
August 4, 2015

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August 4, 2015

Aug. 4, 2015 — Having neural machinery dedicated to face processing suggests that this ability is hard-wired in dogs through cognitive evolution, and may help explain dogs' extreme sensitivity to human social ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — From an early age, human infants are able to produce vocalizations in a wide range of emotional states and situations -- an ability felt to be one of the factors required for the development of ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — The usage of pulsed electric field for conditioning substrates can significantly enhance biogas yield in commercial biogas plants, scientists say. Although the primary effect of the electric field is ... read more

Gut Microbes Affect Circadian Rhythms and Metabolism in Mice

Aug. 3, 2015 — A new study found evidence that gut microbes affect circadian rhythms and metabolism in ... read more

Aug. 3, 2015 — Shifting winds, ocean currents doubled endangered Galápagos penguin population, new research shows. The Galápagos Islands, a chain of islands 1,000 kilometers (600 miles) west of mainland Ecuador, ... read more

Are Animal Models Still Essential to Biological Research?

Aug. 3, 2015 — A new article covers the use of animal models in scientific research. The use of animals in scientific research prompts regular debate and it can be difficult to garner a clear picture of the actual ... read more

Aug. 3, 2015 — A new study of 565 million-year-old fossils has identified how some of the first complex organisms on Earth -- possibly some of the first animals to exist -- reproduced, revealing the origins of our ... read more

Aug. 3, 2015 — As grasses grew more common in Africa, most major mammal groups tried grazing on them at times during the past 4 million years, but some of the animals went extinct or switched back to browsing on ... read more

Aug. 3, 2015 — The mechanism by which an enzyme used in industrial production of an important drug for type-2 diabetes recognizes its target has been demonstrated by a group of researchers. This finding will ... read more

Aug. 3, 2015 — A new study helps with estimating cattle movement to determine disease risk. This study predicts movement within types of premises in counties, such as from one small cow/calf producer to feedlots in ... read more

Goose Barnacles Helping Solve the Mystery of the Crash Site of MH370

Aug. 3, 2015 — On the 29th of July, airplane wreckage washed up on the island of Réunion. It is highly likely that it belongs to the missing Malaysia Airlines airplane MH370. Geologists may be able to identify the ... read more

Aug. 1, 2015 — Conventional theories used by economists for the past 150 years to explain how societies buy, sell, and trade goods and services may be able to unlock mysteries about the behavior of microbial life ... read more

July 31, 2015 — When it comes to vaccinating their babies, bees don't have a choice -- they naturally immunize their offspring against specific diseases found in their environments. Now for the first time, ... read more

Agrarian Settlements Drive Severe Tropical Deforestation Across the Amazon

July 31, 2015 — Resettlement projects in the Amazon are driving severe tropical deforestation, according to new research. Widely hailed as a socially responsible and 'innocuous' strategy of land ... read more

Effects of Spinach Extract on Satiety: Feel Full, Curb Cravings

July 31, 2015 — A new study examines how consuming the concentrated extract of thylakoids found in spinach can reduce hunger and cravings. Thylakoids encourage the release of satiety hormones, which is very ... read more

Starvation Effects Handed Down for Generations

July 31, 2015 — Starvation early in life can alter an organism for generations to come, according to a new study in nematodes. The epigenetic effects are a 'bet-hedging strategy.' Famine survivors are ... read more

RNA-Binding Protein Influences Key Mediator of Cellular Inflammation, Stress Responses

July 31, 2015 — RNA-binding proteins such as RC3H1 regulate the degradation of the mRNA molecules and thus prevent the production of specific proteins. Researchers have now shown that ROQUIN binds several thousand ... read more

Protein Machines Make Fluctuating Flows Unconsciously

July 31, 2015 — Protein machines, regardless of their specific functions, can collectively induce fluctuating hydrodynamic flows and substantially enhance the diffusive motions of particles in the cell, an ... read more

Scientists Warn an Entire Eco-System Is Under Threat from Climate Change

July 31, 2015 — Birds, bugs and blanket bogs -- scientists warn an entire eco-system is under threat from climate ... read more

Butterflies Heat Up the Field of Solar Research

July 31, 2015 — The humble butterfly could hold the key to unlocking new techniques to make solar energy cheaper and more efficient, pioneering new research has shown. By mimicking the v-shaped posture adopted by ... read more

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