Plants & Animals News
August 4, 2015

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August 4, 2015

Aug. 4, 2015 — Researchers analyzed circadian rhythms in abundance and type of microbiota in the gut and feces of mice using genetic sequencing. They found that the absolute abundance of a large group of rod-shaped ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — The dangers of relying on climate-based projections of future crop pest distributions have been highlighted by a new paper that suggests that rapid evolution can confound model ... read more

Novel Fatigue Syndrome in Feedlot Cattle Discovered

Aug. 4, 2015 — A novel fatigue syndrome affecting feedlot cattle has been discovered by researchers. The syndrome is similar to one affecting the swine industry. The study concludes it would be imperative for the ... read more

New Biosensors for Managing Microbial 'Workers'

Aug. 4, 2015 — New biosensors have been developed that could improve control and complexity of metabolically engineered microbes, bringing us one step closer to a future in which genetically engineered bacteria can ... read more

Teen Marijuana Use Not Linked to Later Depression, Lung Cancer, Other Health Problems, Study Finds

Aug. 4, 2015 — Chronic marijuana use by teenage boys does not appear to be linked to later physical or mental health issues such as depression, psychotic symptoms or asthma, according to a new ... read more

Protecting the Environment by Re-Thinking Death

Aug. 4, 2015 — Scientists first had to re-think death before they could develop a way of testing the potential harm to the environment caused by thousands of chemicals humankind uses each ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — Human activities such as livestock farming, fishing or hunting yearly waste tons of food into natural ecosystems. A large part of this anthropogenic food is provided as carrion and subsidizes a wide ... read more

Aug. 4, 2015 — The usage of pulsed electric field for conditioning substrates can significantly enhance biogas yield in commercial biogas plants, scientists say. Although the primary effect of the electric field is ... read more

Volcanic Bacteria Take Minimalist Approach to Survival

Aug. 4, 2015 — New research is helping to solve the puzzle of how bacteria are able to live in nutrient-starved environments. It is well-established that the majority of bacteria in soil ecosystems live in dormant ... read more

Are Animal Models Still Essential to Biological Research?

Aug. 3, 2015 — A new article covers the use of animal models in scientific research. The use of animals in scientific research prompts regular debate and it can be difficult to garner a clear picture of the actual ... read more

Aug. 3, 2015 — The mechanism by which an enzyme used in industrial production of an important drug for type-2 diabetes recognizes its target has been demonstrated by a group of researchers. This finding will ... read more

Effects of Spinach Extract on Satiety: Feel Full, Curb Cravings

July 31, 2015 — A new study examines how consuming the concentrated extract of thylakoids found in spinach can reduce hunger and cravings. Thylakoids encourage the release of satiety hormones, which is very ... read more

Starvation Effects Handed Down for Generations

July 31, 2015 — Starvation early in life can alter an organism for generations to come, according to a new study in nematodes. The epigenetic effects are a 'bet-hedging strategy.' Famine survivors are ... read more

RNA-Binding Protein Influences Key Mediator of Cellular Inflammation, Stress Responses

July 31, 2015 — RNA-binding proteins such as RC3H1 regulate the degradation of the mRNA molecules and thus prevent the production of specific proteins. Researchers have now shown that ROQUIN binds several thousand ... read more

Protein Machines Make Fluctuating Flows Unconsciously

July 31, 2015 — Protein machines, regardless of their specific functions, can collectively induce fluctuating hydrodynamic flows and substantially enhance the diffusive motions of particles in the cell, an ... read more

Scientists Warn an Entire Eco-System Is Under Threat from Climate Change

July 31, 2015 — Birds, bugs and blanket bogs -- scientists warn an entire eco-system is under threat from climate ... read more

Butterflies Heat Up the Field of Solar Research

July 31, 2015 — The humble butterfly could hold the key to unlocking new techniques to make solar energy cheaper and more efficient, pioneering new research has shown. By mimicking the v-shaped posture adopted by ... read more

Cell Aging Slowed by Putting Brakes on Noisy Transcription

July 30, 2015 — Working with yeast and worms, researchers found that incorrect gene expression is a hallmark of aged cells and that reducing such “noise” extends lifespan in these ... read more

Study Questions Presence in Blood of Heart-Healthy Molecules from Fish Oil Supplements

July 30, 2015 — The importance of a diet rich in fish oils -- now a billion dollar food-supplement industry -- has been debated for over half a century. A new study questions the relevance of fish oil-derived ... read more

Research Could Lead to Protective Probiotics for Frogs

July 30, 2015 — In research that could lead to protective probiotics to fight the 'chytrid' fungus that has been decimating amphibian populations worldwide, researchers have grown bacterial species from ... read more

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