Biology News
August 4, 2015

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August 4, 2015

Aug. 4, 2015 — The usage of pulsed electric field for conditioning substrates can significantly enhance biogas yield in commercial biogas plants, scientists say. Although the primary effect of the electric field is ... read more

Are Animal Models Still Essential to Biological Research?

Aug. 3, 2015 — A new article covers the use of animal models in scientific research. The use of animals in scientific research prompts regular debate and it can be difficult to garner a clear picture of the actual ... read more

Aug. 3, 2015 — The mechanism by which an enzyme used in industrial production of an important drug for type-2 diabetes recognizes its target has been demonstrated by a group of researchers. This finding will ... read more

RNA-Binding Protein Influences Key Mediator of Cellular Inflammation, Stress Responses

July 31, 2015 — RNA-binding proteins such as RC3H1 regulate the degradation of the mRNA molecules and thus prevent the production of specific proteins. Researchers have now shown that ROQUIN binds several thousand ... read more

Protein Machines Make Fluctuating Flows Unconsciously

July 31, 2015 — Protein machines, regardless of their specific functions, can collectively induce fluctuating hydrodynamic flows and substantially enhance the diffusive motions of particles in the cell, an ... read more

Cell Aging Slowed by Putting Brakes on Noisy Transcription

July 30, 2015 — Working with yeast and worms, researchers found that incorrect gene expression is a hallmark of aged cells and that reducing such “noise” extends lifespan in these ... read more

Research Could Lead to Protective Probiotics for Frogs

July 30, 2015 — In research that could lead to protective probiotics to fight the 'chytrid' fungus that has been decimating amphibian populations worldwide, researchers have grown bacterial species from ... read more

July 30, 2015 — Researchers have discovered how parasitic plants evolved the ability to detect and attack their hosts. Their findings could lead to new techniques to control the thieving ... read more

July 30, 2015 — In a global study of drought impacts, forest trees took an average of two to four years to resume normal growth rates, a revelation indicating that Earth's forests are capable of storing less ... read more

How a Single Molecule Turns One Immune Cell Into Another

July 30, 2015 — All it takes is one molecule to reprogram an antibody-producing B cell into a scavenging macrophage. This transformation is possible, new evidence shows, because the molecule (C/EBPa, a transcription ... read more

July 30, 2015 — Despite their remarkably similar appearance, the 'golden jackals' of East Africa and Eurasia are actually two entirely different species. The discovery, based on DNA evidence, increases the ... read more

July 30, 2015 — Health experts have warned for years that the overuse of antibiotics is creating 'superbugs' able to resist drugs treating infection. Now scientists have found evidence that an invisible ... read more

July 30, 2015 — The combination of elevated levels of carbon dioxide and an increase in ocean water temperature has a significant impact on survival and development of the Antarctic dragonfish (Gymnodraco ... read more

July 29, 2015 — An analysis of data on stomach acidity and diet in birds and mammals suggests that high levels of stomach acidity developed not to help animals break down food, but to defend animals against food ... read more

Red Grape Chemical May Help Prevent Bowel Cancer but Less Is More

July 29, 2015 — Resveratrol, a chemical found in red grapes, is more effective in smaller doses at preventing bowel cancer in mice than high doses, according to new research. Previous research looked at high doses ... read more

Too Much Love: Male Animals More Sickly Than Females

July 29, 2015 — Male animals are the sickliest gender. According to a study, males use their energy in the competition to reproduce, so their immune system weakens allowing infectious diseases and their early ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Investigators have induced structures incorporated within individual cells to produce laser light. The wavelengths of light emitted by these intracellular microlasers differ based on factors such as ... read more

Figuring out How to Make Tastier Wines Using Fewer Pesticides

July 29, 2015 — Wine-making is steeped in age-old traditions, but to address the threat of pests and concerns over heavy pesticide use, vintners are turning to science. With the goal of designing better grape ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Cell biologists report an advance in understanding the workings of an error correction mechanism that helps cells detect and correct mistakes in cell division early enough to prevent chromosome ... read more

Atomic View of Bacterial Enzymes That Help Human Digestion

July 29, 2015 — A group of researchers has reached deep into the human gut, plucked out a couple enzymes produced by bacteria residing there and determined their biological activities and molecular structures -- ... read more

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