Biology News
October 13, 2015

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October 13, 2015

Oct. 12, 2015 — For all our love of the simple slice of bread, we don't have a solid understanding of much of the science behind squishy dough, like the interplay between a dough's microstructure and its ... read more

Establishment of Systems Metabolic Engineering Strategies to Develop Microbial Strains

Oct. 12, 2015 — Ten general strategies of systems metabolic engineering have been proposed by experts to successfully develop industrial microbial ... read more

Oct. 9, 2015 — Researchers describe the ecological peculiarities of Drosophyllum lusitanicum, a plant which feeds on insects it has attracted by producing a sweet ... read more

Oct. 9, 2015 — Inside cells, communication between the nucleus, which harbors our precious genetic material, and the cytoplasm is mediated by the constant exchange of thousands of signaling molecules and proteins. ... read more

Oct. 9, 2015 — A new global review that set out to investigate the hazards of marine plastic pollution has warned that all seven species of marine turtles can ingest or become entangled in the discarded debris that ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — A mammalian photoreceptive protein melanopsin spontaneously releases the chromophore retinal, say researchers. The property would be important to regulate non-visual photoreception in ... read more

Rapid Method for Water, Soil Pathogen Screening Developed

Oct. 8, 2015 — A new study defines an accurate, inexpensive, high-throughput, and rapid alternative for screening of pathogens from various environmental samples, the first such study to comprehensively assess ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Researchers have been able to watch the interior cells of a plant synthesize cellulose for the first time by tricking the cells into growing on the plant's surface, according to a new paper. ... read more

Scientists Discover Essential Amino Acid Sensor in Key Growth-Regulating Metabolic Pathway

Oct. 8, 2015 — Scientists have at last answered the long-standing question of how the growth-regulating pathway known as mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) detects the presence of the amino acid ... read more

Quantifying the Impact of Climate on Ecosystems Worldwide

Oct. 8, 2015 — Record-breaking temperatures and droughts are directly affecting ecosystems worldwide, an international research team of life scientists ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Researchers have identified many of the genetic changes that take place in burying beetles as they assume the role of parent. These findings may provide clues about the fundamental genetics of ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Biochemists have long known that crucial cell processes depend on a highly regulated cleanup system known as proteolysis, where specialized proteins called proteases degrade damaged or ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — With their tiny forelimbs and long hindlimbs and feet, jerboas are oddly proportioned creatures that look something like a pint-size cross between a kangaroo and the common mouse. How these 33 ... read more

In the Sex Lives of Male Worms in the Lab, One Gene Makes a Big Difference

Oct. 8, 2015 — For tiny nematode worms of the species Caenorhabditis elegans -- males are rare and all but irrelevant in nature. That's because the vast majority of C. elegans individuals are self-fertilizing ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — When it comes to catching elusive prey, many fishes rely on a special trick: protruding jaws that quickly extend their reach to snap up that next meal. Now, researchers have found a clever way to ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — A new study could explain why elephants rarely get cancer. The results show that elephants have extra copies of a gene encoding a tumor suppressor, p53. Further, elephants may have a more robust ... read more

Shhh ... To Make Ocean Conservation Work We Should Keep the Noise Down

Oct. 8, 2015 — Quiet areas should be sectioned off in the oceans to give us a better picture of the impact human generated noise is having on marine animals, according to a new ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — The organization of DNA packaged in chromosomes during cell division has been very difficult to study experimentally. Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona have found that the ... read more

Oct. 8, 2015 — Working with gut stem cells from humans and mice, scientists have successfully grown healthy intestine atop a 3-D scaffold made of a substance used in surgical ... read more

Climate Change Could Benefit Northern Lizards

Oct. 7, 2015 — Higher temperatures result in Swedish sand lizards laying their eggs earlier, which leads to better fitness and survival in their offspring, according to new ... read more

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