Biotechnology News
August 31, 2015

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August 31, 2015

Endangered Animals Can Be Identified by Rate of Genetic Diversity Loss

Aug. 31, 2015 — A new study presents a novel approach for identifying vertebrate populations at risk of extinction by estimating the rate of genetic diversity loss, a measurement that could help researchers and ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — Among birds, the line between species is often blurry. Some closely related species interbreed where their ranges overlap, producing hybrid offspring. In the coastal marshes of New England, this has ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — From 1952, DNA was sequenced, modified and extensively studied, but no technique was able to produce clear direct images of DNA. Now, researchers have developed a new technique to produce a direct ... read more

HIV Particles Do Not Cause AIDS, Our Own Immune Cells Do

Aug. 27, 2015 — Scientists have discovered that HIV does not cause AIDS by the virus's direct effect on the host's immune cells, but rather through the cells' lethal influence on one another. In a new ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — RNA can be translated into protein or transformed into gene-regulating molecules. A newly discovered 'reader' protein recognizes a chemical instruction tag affixed to RNA, an important step ... read more

Getting a Picture of the Molecules in a Cell in Just Minutes

Aug. 27, 2015 — Scientists can now take a peek into a single plant cell and -- within minutes -- get a view of the small molecules, including metabolites, hormones, nutrients, and lipids, inside ... read more

How Dynamin Mediates Membrane Constriction and Scission

Aug. 27, 2015 — Cells continually form membrane vesicles that are released into the cell. If this vital process is disturbed, nerve cells, for example, cannot communicate with each other. The protein molecule ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Cell mechanics are considerably more complex than previously thought and may affect cell structures at various ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — A new study has found that the genetic diversity of wild plant species could be altered rapidly by anthropogenic climate ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — Using DNA sequencing, researchers have accurately painted a clear picture of fish spawning activities in a marine protected area and have created a baseline for continuing studies on the effects of ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — A new study is providing a clearer picture of the evolutionary history and genetic organization of cannabis, a step that could have agricultural, medical and legal implications for this valuable ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — For more than a decade, gene sequencers have been improving more rapidly than the computers required to make sense of their outputs. Searching for DNA sequences in existing genomic databases can ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — New cost-effective material which mimics natural 'extracellular matrix' has allowed scientists to capture previously unseen behavior in individual plant cells, including new shapes and ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — Could the sperm harpoon the egg to facilitate fertilization? That’s the intriguing possibility raised by the discovery that a protein within the head of the sperm forms spiky filaments, suggesting ... read more

High Use of Alternative Medicine in Senior Oncology Patients

Aug. 26, 2015 — Many seniors with cancer are also using complementary or alternative medicines that could interfere with their cancer ... read more

Algorithm Helps Identify Elusive Genes That Express Like Clockwork

Aug. 25, 2015 — An algorithm is giving scientists a new way to identify the dynamics of oscillatory genes, which play an essential role in development functions like cell division, circadian rhythms and limb ... read more

Batting Practice in the Genome

Aug. 25, 2015 — In the biochemical game of genetics, it was thought that the proteins controlling gene regulation in animals were either spectators or players. But scientists have now found that spectator proteins ... read more

Adaptive Mutation Mechanism May Explain Some Forms of Antibiotic Resistance

Aug. 25, 2015 — Evolutionary theory says mutations are blind and occur randomly. But in the phenomenon of adaptive mutation, cells can peek under the blindfold, increasing their mutation rate in response to stress. ... read more

Aug. 25, 2015 — Barley, a widely grown cereal grain commonly used to make beer and other alcoholic beverages, possesses a large and highly repetitive genome that is difficult to fully sequence. Now scientists have ... read more

Aug. 25, 2015 — Scientists have described precisely how a plant can sense a pathogen, bringing an unprecedented level of detail to a fundamental hypothesis in plant immunity of relevance to tackling disease in ... read more

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