Biotechnology News
May 6, 2015

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More Biotechnology News
May 6, 2015

May 1, 2015 — The CRISPR/Cas system, which is based on chemically synthesized small RNAs and commercially available Cas9 enzyme, has enabled long gene-cassette knock-in in mice with highest efficiency ever ... read more

MarkerMiner 1.0: An Easy-to-Use Bioinformatics Platform for DNA Analysis in Angiosperms

Apr. 30, 2015 — Researchers have developed MarkerMiner, a new software that simplifies analysis of next-generation sequencing data in angiosperms. MarkerMiner is an automated, open-source, bioinformatics workflow ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — A simple chemical compound kills several major fungi that affect human health, researchers report. The compound also may have applications for fungal diseases that affect wheat and rice ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — Biochemists have discovered a protein that regulates the hierarchical organization of ribosome development. Ribosomes are complexly structured cellular nanomachines consisting of four ribonucleic ... read more

Are We Exterminating One African Elephant by Not Recognizing Two?

Apr. 30, 2015 — Within the past week, Thailand officials seized seven tons of ivory, representing the slaughter of hundreds of African elephants for illegal trade. While recent reports say that poaching far exceeds ... read more

Apr. 30, 2015 — Researchers have demonstrated for the first time that bacteriophages (bacterial viruses) carry genetic instructions for proteins that mediate the transport of their DNA to specialized replication ... read more

Apr. 29, 2015 — The human body is a cross between a factory and a construction zone -- at least on the cellular level. Certain proteins act as project managers, which direct a wide variety of processes and determine ... read more

How the Lack of Specific Proteins Affects Development of Filamentous Fungi

Apr. 29, 2015 — Fungi can have a great economic impact. In industry, they are used as a source of enzymes or antibiotics. But they can also cause considerable economic damage as they are responsible for infections ... read more

Apr. 29, 2015 — Recombination, or crossing-over, occurs when sperm and egg cells are formed and segments of each chromosome pair are interchanged. This process plays an crucial role in the maintenance of genetic ... read more

Apr. 29, 2015 — Biophysicists are working toward an energy-landscape theory for chromosomes. The theory could help scientists understand the genomic roots of gene regulation, DNA replication and cell ... read more

Research Prompts Rethink of Enzyme Evolution

Apr. 29, 2015 — There is a need for a fundamental rethink of the evolutionary path of enzymes, the proteins vital to all life on Earth, new research suggests. Enzymes catalyze a vast array of biologically relevant ... read more

Gene Mapping Reveals Soy's Dynamic, Differing Roles in Breast Cancer

Apr. 28, 2015 — Scientists have mapped genes affected by phytonutrients in soy, and have found that minimally processed soy flour suppresses breast cancer, while purified isoflavones stimulate genes that accelerate ... read more

Genetically Modified Crops to Fight Spina Bifida

Apr. 28, 2015 — Genetically modified crops are usually designed to have herbicide tolerance and insect resistance, but there are other applications of such engineered plants, such as the incorporation of genes for ... read more

Facts About Our Microbial Menagerie

Apr. 28, 2015 — Trillions of microorganisms inhabit us -- inside and out. Scientists are surveying these microbial metropolises to learn more about their role in health. Here are a few details of what researchers ... read more

Apr. 27, 2015 — The monk parakeets that have invaded Europe and North America over the last 40-50 years fortifying their massive communal nests atop utility poles in many urban areas appear to have originated from ... read more

Apr. 27, 2015 — Researchers have discovered how an abundant class of RNA genes, called lncRNAs can regulate key genes. By studying an important lncRNA, called Xist, the scientists identified how this RNA gathers a ... read more

Parallel Sequencing of DNA and RNA Provides Insight Into Secret World of Cells

Apr. 27, 2015 — Researchers have developed a large-scale sequencing technique called Genome and Transcriptome Sequencing (G&T-seq) that reveals, simultaneously, the unique genome sequence of a single cell and ... read more

More Power to the Mitochondria: Cells' Energy Plant Also Plays Key Role in Stem Cell Development

Apr. 27, 2015 — Mitochondria, the major energy source for most cells, also play an important role in stem cell development — a purpose notably distinct from the tiny organelle’s traditional job as the cell’s ... read more

New 3-D Method Improves Study of Proteins

Apr. 27, 2015 — A new computational method called AGGRESCAN3D has been developed, allowing researchers to study in 3-D the structure of folded globular proteins, and substantially improve the prediction of any ... read more

Apr. 27, 2015 — British stoats suffered a dramatic loss in genetic diversity in the 20th century but extinct British genes were preserved in the stoat population of New Zealand, a new study has found. The research ... read more

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