Cell Biology News
February 12, 2016

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February 12, 2016

New Imaging Technique Shows How DNA Is Protected at Chromosomes' Ends

Feb. 11, 2016 — A new imaging technique has allowed researchers to see how DNA loops around a protein that aids in the formation of a special structure in telomeres. Telomeres are essentially caps on the ends of ... read more

Alternative Proteins Encoded by the Same Gene Have Widely Divergent Functions in Cells

Feb. 11, 2016 — In a first large-scale systematic study, researchers found that most sibling proteins -- known as 'protein isoform' encoded by the same gene -- often play radically different roles within ... read more

Remember Where You're Going? How Scent Helps

Feb. 10, 2016 — In bloodhounds and neutrophils, getting the scent is not enough. Dogs and immune cells have to remember the chemoattractant they are pursuing, even when it momentarily fades out or threatens to ... read more

Feb. 10, 2016 — DNA is unwound by a type of “pumpjack” mechanism, similar to the way one operates on an oil rig, a team of scientists suggests. This finding is based on new close-up images of the proteins that ... read more

Chemical Cages: New Technique Advances Synthetic Biology

Feb. 10, 2016 — A clever means of localizing and confining enzymes and the substrate molecules they bind with has been presented by researchers, speeding up reactions essential for life ... read more

Common Gene Variant Influences Food Choices ... for Better or Worse

Feb. 9, 2016 — Scientists have recently discovered that for girls who are carriers of a particular gene variant (DRD4 VNTR with 7 repeats), the crucial element that influences a child's fat intake is not the ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — Ecological epigenetics has now been further advanced thanks, to the development of a new research technique. Epigenetic research has grown immensely as a field of research all across the world. In ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — A team of scientists has discovered the purpose of a highly conserved genetic tool that is present in both mosses and flowering plants, organisms whose common ancestor dates back 450 million years. ... read more

Barley Helps Improve Blood Sugar Levels, Reduce Appetite

Feb. 9, 2016 — Barley can rapidly improve people's health by reducing blood sugar levels and the risk for diabetes, a recent study shows. The secret lies in the special mixture of dietary fibers found in ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — Scientists have been trying to figure out how it is possible for bacteria to perceive light and react to it ever since they started using microscopes 300 years ago. Scientists have now solved this ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — Our favorite foods could be made healthier thanks to a new technique which has identified harmful bacterial molecules in certain processed foods such as burgers and ready meals. The study identifies ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — When some maize varieties generate defensive compounds against caterpillars they become more susceptible to aphids, researchers have ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Vitamin B6 is essential for all living organisms. Researchers have discovered an unexpected role for this micronutrient, in relation to nitrogen metabolism. The results indicate that one of the ... read more

Leishmania Parasites Reveal Their Sexuality

Feb. 8, 2016 — With 16 million people affected worldwide, mainly in developing countries, leishmaniosis (also called leishmaniasis) is a major public health problem. It is, however, a neglected disease, from the ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Researchers have engineered a new synthetic biopathway that can more efficiently and cost-effectively turn agricultural waste, like corn stover and orange peels, into a variety of useful products ... read more

A Step Closer to Understanding Fertilization

Feb. 8, 2016 — Researchers have taken a step closer to understanding the mechanism that leads to the fusion of egg and sperm at fertilization. Using the technique X-ray crystallography, they have determined the 3-D ... read more

Experts Urge Extreme Caution on 'Rewilding' to Save Wild Places

Feb. 8, 2016 — Efforts to 'rewild' the landscape have become increasingly popular in some corners, but researchers say that scientific evidence supporting the potential benefits of this form of ... read more

Higher Cellulolytic Activity of a Vital Microorganism Explained

Feb. 8, 2016 — Researchers say that a better understanding of a bacterium could lead to cheaper production of cellulosic ethanol and other advanced biofuels. Their discovery was made during an investigation into ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — New close-up images of the proteins that copy DNA inside the nucleus of a cell have led a team of scientists to propose a brand new mechanism for how this molecular machinery works. The scientists ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Gene expression in a fruit fly embryo can be accurately and predictably tuned, new research shows. This study has important implications in cellular and developmental biology, with potential ... read more

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