Microbes and More News
October 8, 2015

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updated 12:18pm EDT

More Microbes and More News
October 8, 2015

Oct. 7, 2015 — Wheat is vulnerable. Among the most damaging diseases that affect wheat crops across the world are rusts. These parasites cannot grow without infecting a host plant, and are responsible for some of ... read more

Vaginal Microbes Influence Whether Mucus Can Trap HIV

Oct. 6, 2015 — HIV particles are effectively trapped by the cervicovaginal mucus from women who harbor a particular vaginal bacteria species, Lactobacillus crispatus. The findings could lead to new ways to reduce ... read more

High Dietary Fiber Intake Linked to Health Promoting Short Chain Fatty Acids

Sep. 29, 2015 — Eating a lot of fiber-rich foods, such as fruit, vegetables, and legumes -- typical of a Mediterranean diet -- is linked to a rise in health promoting short chain fatty acids, finds ... read more

Sep. 28, 2015 — Scientists have discovered and mapped a light-sensing protein that uses vitamin B12 to perform key functions, including gene ... read more

Sep. 28, 2015 — A landmark study predicts that climate change will have a major impact on life in Antarctica this century. Scientists say that results indicated that by 2100 there would be 25 percent more soil ... read more

Infections in Childhood Could Provide Clues to Disease Development in Later Life

Sep. 27, 2015 — The interaction between infections and the microbiota during infancy in the lungs could help provide clues to disease development later in life, according to the findings of a new ... read more

Plum Good Health Benefits

Sep. 27, 2015 — Researchers have shown a diet containing dried plums can positively affect microbiota, also referred to as gut bacteria, throughout the colon, helping reduce the risk of colon ... read more

Sep. 25, 2015 — A new analysis supports the hypothesis that viruses are living entities that share a long evolutionary history with cells. A new study offers the first reliable method for tracing viral evolution ... read more

Dried Plums Can Reduce Risk of Colon Cancer, Research Shows

Sep. 25, 2015 — A diet containing dried plums can positively affect microbiota, also referred to as gut bacteria, throughout the colon, helping reduce the risk of colon cancer, researchers ... read more

The Life and Times of Domesticated Cheese-Making Fungi

Sep. 24, 2015 — People sure love their cheeses, but scientists have a lot to learn about the fungi responsible for a blue cheese like Roquefort or a soft Camembert. Now researchers have pieced together the story of ... read more

Know Your Chardonnay from Your Chablis? Scientists Reveal New Secrets to Regional Wine Variation

Sep. 24, 2015 — New research has shown for the first time how tiny genetic differences in a single microbe help to produce the distinctive variations in taste and odor between wines from different ... read more

Researchers Propose Ecological Route to Plant Disease Control

Sep. 24, 2015 — New research has revealed a potential natural defence against invasive pathogens which damage food crops across the ... read more

Sep. 22, 2015 — Scientists have found that the gut microbiome of right whales and other baleen species shares characteristics with both cows and meat-eating predators. The dual microbial communities allow whales to ... read more

Human Activity Affecting Microbes in Soil

Sep. 23, 2015 — Agricultural inputs such as nitrogen and phosphorous alter soil microbial communities, which may have unintended environmental consequences, new research from an ecologist ... read more

Physiologists Uncover a New Code at the Heart of Biology

Sep. 23, 2015 — Physiologists trying to understand the genetic code have found a previously unknown code that helps explain which protein should be created to form a particular type of ... read more

Sep. 23, 2015 — Biological engineers have devised a new mix-and-match system to genetically engineer viruses that target specific bacteria. The approach could generate new weapons against bacteria for which there ... read more

Sep. 23, 2015 — A new study reveals the soft palate is a key site for evolution of airborne transmissibility. Scientists made the surprising finding while examining the H1N1 flu strain, which caused a 2009 pandemic ... read more

Sep. 23, 2015 — Duplicate copies of genes safeguard survival of the biotech yeast Pichia pastoris in environments where only methanol is present as feed. A recently elucidated metabolism is similar to that used by ... read more

Sep. 22, 2015 — Microbiologists are addressing the global environmental issue of ocean dead zones. Their research is discovering the potential of naturally occurring bacteria called rhizobia to stem the tide of ... read more

Sep. 22, 2015 — Bugs are winning out, and that's a good thing according to NASA's Human Research Program. As part of NASA's One-Year Mission, researchers are studying how microbes living on ... read more

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