Science & Society News
August 30, 2015

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August 30, 2015

Older Adults Possess Important Forms of Expertise

Aug. 28, 2015 — New research on aging and skill development provides the most complete analysis to date of skill development in a traditional society. The results show that most skills essential to Tsimane survival ... read more

15 Percent of Cigarettes Sold in NYC Have Illegal Tax Stamps, Study Finds

Aug. 27, 2015 — Licensed tobacco retailers throughout New York City are selling a substantial number of cigarette packs carrying either counterfeit or out-of-state tax ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Products labeled with a Fair Trade logo cause prospective buyers to dig deeper into their pockets. Participants were willing to pay on average 30 percent more for ethically produced goods, compared ... read more

Covert and Overt Forms of Sexism Are Equally Damaging to Working Women

Aug. 27, 2015 — Frequent sexist wisecracks, comments and office cultures where women are ignored are just as damaging to women as single instances of sexual coercion and unwanted sexual attention, according to a new ... read more

New Survey on Americans' Views on Papal Encyclical on Climate Change

Aug. 26, 2015 — A new national survey found that fewer than one in three Americans, and 40 percent of Catholics, are aware of Pope Francis's efforts to publicize global warming as a priority issue for the ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — A new model for recovering would-be wasted -- or surplus -- food and repurposing it to feed hungry people, generate revenue and even create jobs was recently piloted in West Philadelphia. The report ... read more

Police Professionals Are Better Observers Than Ordinary Civilians

Aug. 26, 2015 — Dutch research shows that trained detectives of specialized observation teams are much better at registering details of a drug deal than ordinary civilians. Previous legal-psychological research ... read more

Friends' Online Influence Increases Ecommerce Purchases 60 Percent

Aug. 25, 2015 — A study on peer influence in ecommerce shows a 60 percent higher chance of buying an online service if it's purchased by ... read more

Disabilities: Playing Adaptive Sports Linked to Higher Employment, Economic Impact

Aug. 25, 2015 — A new study finds playing an adaptive sport can have dramatic results on the athlete and the ... read more

Aug. 25, 2015 — Less than a month before Congress votes on whether to reauthorize a controversial program mandating healthier school lunches, a new study confirms the suspicions of school officials -- many students ... read more

Cartoons Reveal Attitudes Toward Parenting

Aug. 25, 2015 — Researchers have tapped a novel data source to track changing attitudes toward parenting during the 20th and early 21st centuries: cartoons in the New Yorker ... read more

Aug. 25, 2015 — Students heading back to school can always count on one thing: Technology will be a little bit more advanced than it was last year. After all, 21st century learning experiences are increasingly ... read more

Misconduct-Related Separation from the Military Linked With Risk of Being Homeless

Aug. 25, 2015 — Among US veterans who returned from Afghanistan and Iraq, being separated from the military for misconduct was associated with an increased risk of ... read more

Criminologist Tackles Perception of NFL Players

Aug. 25, 2015 — A 24-hour news cycle, viral videos and tweets about football players' run-ins with the law can make it seem like criminal activity is an epidemic in the National Football League. But a new study ... read more

Study Investigates Whether Blind People Characterize Others by Race

Aug. 25, 2015 — Most people who meet a new acquaintance, or merely pass someone on the street, need only a glance to categorize that person as a particular race. But, sociologists wondered, what can we learn about ... read more

Flood Damage After Hurricane Katrina Could Have Been Prevented, Experts Say

Aug. 24, 2015 — A decade after hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans, experts say the flooding that caused over 1,800 deaths and billions of dollars in property damage could have been prevented had the U.S. Army Corps ... read more

Voter ID Law Effects Hard to Pinpoint

Aug. 24, 2015 — Indiana's strict voter identification law may have prevented some elderly citizens from voting in the last two presidential elections, but there's little evidence it kept large numbers of ... read more

Women in Mostly Male Workplaces Exhibit Psychological Stress Response

Aug. 24, 2015 — Today's workforce is highly sex-segregated -- for example, most elementary school teachers are women, while most chemistry professors are men. Researchers examine one important consequence of ... read more

Aug. 24, 2015 — Like the Rubik's Cube, a three-dimensional combination puzzle where every twist also scrambles the face opposite of it, economics puzzles are similarly interlinked -- a change in policy may lead ... read more

Giving Pharmacists the Power to Combat Opioid Overdoses

Aug. 24, 2015 — In response to the growing opioid crisis, several states, including Massachusetts and Rhode Island, have granted pharmacists the authority to provide naloxone rescue kits without a prescription to ... read more

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