Science & Society News
November 26, 2015

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November 26, 2015

Willingness to Adopt Children With Special Needs the Focus of Recent Study

Nov. 25, 2015 — A new study has focused on the attitudes and preferences of prospective adoptive parents in Canada. The study examined the preferences and attitudes of 5,830 AdoptOntario online registrants between ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — A robotic bartender has to do something unusual for a machine: It has to learn to ignore some data and focus on social signals. Researchers recently investigated how a robotic bartender can ... read more

Lidar Scanning Can Help Identify Structurally Heterogeneous Forest Areas

Nov. 25, 2015 — The inequality of tree sizes in a forest is an important factor affecting its structure and ecology. Forest management practices favoring natural regeneration can result in greater heterogeneity and ... read more

Want Honesty? Make It the Easiest Choice, Suggests Research

Nov. 24, 2015 — We're more likely to do the right thing in situations of moral conflict when it requires little to no effort, new research confirms. If income information is automatically entered into our tax ... read more

Past Performance Plays Minor Role in CEO Selection

Nov. 24, 2015 — An individual's past performance plays a minor role in headhunters' decisions concerning which candidates to put forward for CEO positions in major non-financial firms, according to new ... read more

Sharing Economy Can Help Financial Struggles

Nov. 24, 2015 — The power of the sharing economy in shaking up traditional industries can be harnessed to help financially struggling consumers, according to new ... read more

Innovative Reports to Help Utility Regulators, Policymakers and Electric Industry

Nov. 23, 2015 — The electric industry in the U.S. is undergoing significant changes for a number of reasons, including new and improved technologies, changing customer desires, low load growth in many regions, and ... read more

Urgent Attention Needed to Improve Education for Syrian Refugee Children, Report Finds

Nov. 23, 2015 — There is an urgent need to improve both short-term and long-term approaches to education for the large number of Syrian refugee children in Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan, a new report concludes. Nearly ... read more

City-Wide Effort Boosts NYC's Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates

Nov. 23, 2015 — Work to increase colorectal cancer screening rates in New York City have resulted in a 40 percent increase in screening rates over four ... read more

Hiding Tobacco Products at Convenience Stores Reduces Teens' Risk of Future Tobacco Use

Nov. 23, 2015 — A one-of-a-kind laboratory replica of a convenience store is the first to use a realistic setting to examine whether limiting displays of cigarettes and other tobacco products in retail outlets can ... read more

Out of School and Into Debt? Calls for Teens to Better Understad on Money Matters

Nov. 23, 2015 — A new study has found school leavers and first-year university students don't know how to manage a car loan, repay credit cards or figure out mobile phone ... read more

Law Experts Propose Revisions for International Health Regulations

Nov. 23, 2015 — A trio of global health law experts warn the window for fundamental reform of the International Health Regulations -- opened by the Ebola epidemic -- is 'rapidly ... read more

Independent Panel of Global Experts Calls for Critical Reforms to Prevent Future Pandemics

Nov. 23, 2015 — A hard-hitting analysis of the global response to the 2014-15 Ebola outbreak in West Africa has been issued by an independent group of 20 experts from around the ... read more

Grow Your Own Way: Trade May Not Help a Warming Planet Fight Its Farming Failures

Nov. 20, 2015 — A new study co-authored by an economist suggests that international trade will do little to alleviate climate-induced farming problems. Instead, the report indicates that countries will have to alter ... read more

Marked Decline in Retailer Compliance After Enactment of NYC's Tobacco 21 Law

Nov. 20, 2015 — In a study examining compliance with NYC's law increasing legal age for purchasing cigarettes from 18 to 21, researchers found retailer compliance with ID checks significantly decreased since ... read more

European Hospitals Overlook Every Other Person With HIV

Nov. 20, 2015 — Many European hospitals fail to routinely test people who may be at risk of an HIV-infection, a new study reveals. If tests were more widely used in healthcare, fewer HIV-patients would go unnoticed, ... read more

Nov. 20, 2015 — Kids and teens who take medications like Ritalin to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder are twice as likely to be physically or emotionally bullied by peers than those who don't have ... read more

Sunday the Day of Rest for Fires, Study Suggests

Nov. 20, 2015 — Fires are more prevalent on a Tuesday and less likely on a Sunday, according to a new study, which highlights the dramatic effect humans, religion and culture have on the global ... read more

Decreasing Mental Health Services Increases Mental Health Emergencies

Nov. 20, 2015 — Countywide reductions in psychiatric services -- both inpatient and outpatient -- led to more than triple the number of emergency psychiatric consults and 55 percent increases in lengths of stay for ... read more

Car-Pedestrian Crashes: Wheelchair Users Are a Third More Likely to Die Than Non-Wheelchair Users

Nov. 19, 2015 — An investigation into how often wheelchair users are killed in car-pedestrian crashes finds they are a third more likely to die than non-wheelchair users; more than half of those deaths occur at ... read more

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