Science & Society News
September 1, 2015

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September 1, 2015

Smaller Cities in Developing World Often Unprepared for Disaster

Sep. 1, 2015 — While many planners focus on the threat of natural disasters to major metropolises around the world, a new study shows smaller cities are often even less equipped to handle such ... read more

Large Parks Key to City Success, Research Shows

Sep. 1, 2015 — Cities should feature compact development alongside large, contiguous green spaces to maximize benefits of urban ecosystems to humans, research has ... read more

Single Mothers Much More Likely to Live in Poverty Than Single Fathers, Study Finds

Aug. 31, 2015 — Single mothers earn significantly less than single fathers, and they are penalized for each additional child they have even though the income of single fathers remains the same or increases with each ... read more

Forget Cash: Plastic Is the New Sign of Criminal Activity

Aug. 31, 2015 — The ERAD Prepaid Card Reader is a small, handheld device that uses wireless connectivity to allow law enforcement officers in the field to check the balance of ... read more

Dialect Influences Appalachian Students' Experiences in College

Aug. 31, 2015 — Language diversity isn't always celebrated on campus, a linguist writes in a new article, callomg dialect the 'last acceptable personal trait to make fun ... read more

Preventive Medicine Experts Speak out About Reducing Firearm Violence

Aug. 31, 2015 — A wide range of critical topics related to firearm violence, from the interaction of alcohol abuse with gun violence, effects of changes to gun laws in various states, how criminals obtain guns in a ... read more

Five-Color Nutritional Labelling System Is the Most Effective for Consumers

Aug. 31, 2015 — The 5-colour nutrition label (5-CNL) is the most effective nutritional information system for allowing consumers to recognize and compare the nutritional quality of foods, a group of researchers ... read more

'Happy Meals' Bill Could Improve Healthfulness of Fast Food Meals for Kids in New York City

Aug. 31, 2015 — A bill to improve the nutritional value of fast food restaurant meals marketed to children could have a wide enough impact to reduce calories, fat, and sodium, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 31, 2015 — White-tailed eagles detect and avoid the ingestion of large metal particles (larger than 8 mm) but ignore smaller metal particles whilst feeding on shot mammalian carcasses. Lead-based bullets split ... read more

Older Adults Possess Important Forms of Expertise

Aug. 28, 2015 — New research on aging and skill development provides the most complete analysis to date of skill development in a traditional society. The results show that most skills essential to Tsimane survival ... read more

15 Percent of Cigarettes Sold in NYC Have Illegal Tax Stamps, Study Finds

Aug. 27, 2015 — Licensed tobacco retailers throughout New York City are selling a substantial number of cigarette packs carrying either counterfeit or out-of-state tax ... read more

Is Lack of Guidance on The Sunshine Act Hampering Publication of Clinical Trial Results?

Aug. 27, 2015 — A research article has concluded that a lack of professional guidance on how to interpret elements of The Physician Payments Sunshine Act (2010) may be having a “chilling effect” on physicians’ ... read more

Aug. 27, 2015 — Products labeled with a Fair Trade logo cause prospective buyers to dig deeper into their pockets. Participants were willing to pay on average 30 percent more for ethically produced goods, compared ... read more

Covert and Overt Forms of Sexism Are Equally Damaging to Working Women

Aug. 27, 2015 — Frequent sexist wisecracks, comments and office cultures where women are ignored are just as damaging to women as single instances of sexual coercion and unwanted sexual attention, according to a new ... read more

New Survey on Americans' Views on Papal Encyclical on Climate Change

Aug. 26, 2015 — A new national survey found that fewer than one in three Americans, and 40 percent of Catholics, are aware of Pope Francis's efforts to publicize global warming as a priority issue for the ... read more

Wide-Ranging Networking Boosts Employee Creativity

Aug. 26, 2015 — Companies can promote creativity in employees by encouraging them to network beyond their immediate business networks, according to a new ... read more

Aug. 26, 2015 — A new model for recovering would-be wasted -- or surplus -- food and repurposing it to feed hungry people, generate revenue and even create jobs was recently piloted in West Philadelphia. The report ... read more

One in Four Hepatitis C Patients Denied Initial Approval for Drug Treatment

Aug. 26, 2015 — Nearly one in four patients with chronic hepatitis C are denied initial approval for a drug therapy that treats the most common strain of the ... read more

Post-Hurricane Recovery Analysis

Aug. 26, 2015 — Ten years after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita devastated the Gulf Coast, researchers have analyzed and documented the recovery effort for the state. Initial reports on housing, infrastructure and ... read more

Police Professionals Are Better Observers Than Ordinary Civilians

Aug. 26, 2015 — Dutch research shows that trained detectives of specialized observation teams are much better at registering details of a drug deal than ordinary civilians. Previous legal-psychological research ... read more

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