Science & Society News
November 26, 2015

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November 26, 2015

Rice Basket Study Rethinks Roots of Human Culture

Nov. 26, 2015 — Although teaching is useful, it is not essential for cultural progress because people can use reasoning and reverse engineering of existing items to work out how to make tools, suggests a new ... read more

Willingness to Adopt Children With Special Needs the Focus of Recent Study

Nov. 25, 2015 — A new study has focused on the attitudes and preferences of prospective adoptive parents in Canada. The study examined the preferences and attitudes of 5,830 AdoptOntario online registrants between ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — A robotic bartender has to do something unusual for a machine: It has to learn to ignore some data and focus on social signals. Researchers recently investigated how a robotic bartender can ... read more

Lidar Scanning Can Help Identify Structurally Heterogeneous Forest Areas

Nov. 25, 2015 — The inequality of tree sizes in a forest is an important factor affecting its structure and ecology. Forest management practices favoring natural regeneration can result in greater heterogeneity and ... read more

Angler Education Can Benefit Sharks

Nov. 25, 2015 — Fisher education can help protect vulnerable shark populations, a new study has found. The research showed that recreational anglers were more supportive of shark management and conservation if they ... read more

Nov. 24, 2015 — New research suggests that betrayals of trust were the missing link in understanding the rapid spread of our own species around the world. Moral disputes motivated by broken trust and a sense of ... read more

Want Honesty? Make It the Easiest Choice, Suggests Research

Nov. 24, 2015 — We're more likely to do the right thing in situations of moral conflict when it requires little to no effort, new research confirms. If income information is automatically entered into our tax ... read more

Republicans Prefer Politicians With Deep Voices

Nov. 24, 2015 — Masculine features are important assets for conservative politicians, while it is more important for their liberal counterparts to have gentle features, according to two recent scientific articles. ... read more

Nov. 24, 2015 — New analysis reveals a strong correlation between precolonial institutions in Africa and current levels of deforestation. Researchers suggest that many of these structures still operate at a local ... read more

Past Performance Plays Minor Role in CEO Selection

Nov. 24, 2015 — An individual's past performance plays a minor role in headhunters' decisions concerning which candidates to put forward for CEO positions in major non-financial firms, according to new ... read more

'Sport Shoppers' Bargain Hunt Simply for the Thrill of It, New Research Finds

Nov. 24, 2015 — A new type of shopper -- the 'sport shopper' -- has been identified by researchers, for whom shopping is akin to athletic competition. They describe the sport shopper as someone who can ... read more

Sharing Economy Can Help Financial Struggles

Nov. 24, 2015 — The power of the sharing economy in shaking up traditional industries can be harnessed to help financially struggling consumers, according to new ... read more

Innovative Reports to Help Utility Regulators, Policymakers and Electric Industry

Nov. 23, 2015 — The electric industry in the U.S. is undergoing significant changes for a number of reasons, including new and improved technologies, changing customer desires, low load growth in many regions, and ... read more

Good or Bad Innovation Ideas?

Nov. 23, 2015 — The traditional way of running a project with a beginning and an end will soon be history. The scientists say that they have a smarter ... read more

Show Me How You Write on Social Media and I'll Tell You Your Age and Sex

Nov. 23, 2015 — A new tool can detect the sex and age range of the authors behind posts and other comments on social networks. Potential applications include its use in delinquent profiling and detection of ... read more

Urgent Attention Needed to Improve Education for Syrian Refugee Children, Report Finds

Nov. 23, 2015 — There is an urgent need to improve both short-term and long-term approaches to education for the large number of Syrian refugee children in Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan, a new report concludes. Nearly ... read more

City-Wide Effort Boosts NYC's Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates

Nov. 23, 2015 — Work to increase colorectal cancer screening rates in New York City have resulted in a 40 percent increase in screening rates over four ... read more

Hiding Tobacco Products at Convenience Stores Reduces Teens' Risk of Future Tobacco Use

Nov. 23, 2015 — A one-of-a-kind laboratory replica of a convenience store is the first to use a realistic setting to examine whether limiting displays of cigarettes and other tobacco products in retail outlets can ... read more

Out of School and Into Debt? Calls for Teens to Better Understad on Money Matters

Nov. 23, 2015 — A new study has found school leavers and first-year university students don't know how to manage a car loan, repay credit cards or figure out mobile phone ... read more

Law Experts Propose Revisions for International Health Regulations

Nov. 23, 2015 — A trio of global health law experts warn the window for fundamental reform of the International Health Regulations -- opened by the Ebola epidemic -- is 'rapidly ... read more

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