Science & Society News
November 28, 2015

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November 28, 2015

Instrument to Measure Brand Embarrassment Developed by Economists

Nov. 27, 2015 — Whether people wear T-shirts with a big logo of a brand depends on a person's "brand embarrassment tendency" (BET). Embarrassment is an intense, negative emotion and it derives from ... read more

Nov. 26, 2015 — A new study shows that if the emission reductions pledges brought to Paris are implemented and followed by measures of equal or greater ambition, they have the potential to reduce the probability of ... read more

Rice Basket Study Rethinks Roots of Human Culture

Nov. 26, 2015 — Although teaching is useful, it is not essential for cultural progress because people can use reasoning and reverse engineering of existing items to work out how to make tools, suggests a new ... read more

NTDs Disproportionately Found in Areas of Poverty in Islamic Nations

Nov. 25, 2015 — The Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation is an inter-governmental organization of 57 Muslim-majority countries with a mission to promote human rights and advance science and technology ... read more

Willingness to Adopt Children With Special Needs the Focus of Recent Study

Nov. 25, 2015 — A new study has focused on the attitudes and preferences of prospective adoptive parents in Canada. The study examined the preferences and attitudes of 5,830 AdoptOntario online registrants between ... read more

Nov. 25, 2015 — A robotic bartender has to do something unusual for a machine: It has to learn to ignore some data and focus on social signals. Researchers recently investigated how a robotic bartender can ... read more

Lidar Scanning Can Help Identify Structurally Heterogeneous Forest Areas

Nov. 25, 2015 — The inequality of tree sizes in a forest is an important factor affecting its structure and ecology. Forest management practices favoring natural regeneration can result in greater heterogeneity and ... read more

Angler Education Can Benefit Sharks

Nov. 25, 2015 — Fisher education can help protect vulnerable shark populations, a new study has found. The research showed that recreational anglers were more supportive of shark management and conservation if they ... read more

Nov. 24, 2015 — New research suggests that betrayals of trust were the missing link in understanding the rapid spread of our own species around the world. Moral disputes motivated by broken trust and a sense of ... read more

Want Honesty? Make It the Easiest Choice, Suggests Research

Nov. 24, 2015 — We're more likely to do the right thing in situations of moral conflict when it requires little to no effort, new research confirms. If income information is automatically entered into our tax ... read more

Doctors Give Chilling Account of Treating Casualties of Paris Terrorist Attacks

Nov. 24, 2015 — A group of doctors from the Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris describe in chilling detail how they coped with the large influx of wounded on the night of Friday Nov. 13, 2015, following the ... read more

Republicans Prefer Politicians With Deep Voices

Nov. 24, 2015 — Masculine features are important assets for conservative politicians, while it is more important for their liberal counterparts to have gentle features, according to two recent scientific articles. ... read more

Nov. 24, 2015 — New analysis reveals a strong correlation between precolonial institutions in Africa and current levels of deforestation. Researchers suggest that many of these structures still operate at a local ... read more

Past Performance Plays Minor Role in CEO Selection

Nov. 24, 2015 — An individual's past performance plays a minor role in headhunters' decisions concerning which candidates to put forward for CEO positions in major non-financial firms, according to new ... read more

'Sport Shoppers' Bargain Hunt Simply for the Thrill of It, New Research Finds

Nov. 24, 2015 — A new type of shopper -- the 'sport shopper' -- has been identified by researchers, for whom shopping is akin to athletic competition. They describe the sport shopper as someone who can ... read more

Sharing Economy Can Help Financial Struggles

Nov. 24, 2015 — The power of the sharing economy in shaking up traditional industries can be harnessed to help financially struggling consumers, according to new ... read more

Racial, Ethnic Disparities in Unintended Pregnancy Explained

Nov. 23, 2015 — A new study examined why African American and Hispanic women have higher rates of unintended pregnancy than White women, and found that unique factors explained the differences in unintended ... read more

Innovative Reports to Help Utility Regulators, Policymakers and Electric Industry

Nov. 23, 2015 — The electric industry in the U.S. is undergoing significant changes for a number of reasons, including new and improved technologies, changing customer desires, low load growth in many regions, and ... read more

Good or Bad Innovation Ideas?

Nov. 23, 2015 — The traditional way of running a project with a beginning and an end will soon be history. The scientists say that they have a smarter ... read more

Show Me How You Write on Social Media and I'll Tell You Your Age and Sex

Nov. 23, 2015 — A new tool can detect the sex and age range of the authors behind posts and other comments on social networks. Potential applications include its use in delinquent profiling and detection of ... read more

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