Science & Society News
August 1, 2015

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August 1, 2015

July 31, 2015 — Preliminary insights into the potential pathway of the plane wreckage that washed up on Reunion Island, thought to be from the missing MH370 flight, is provided by American ... read more

Analysis of Post Deployment Health Assessment Forms Indicates Risks of Alcohol Abuse Among Service Members Returning from Deployment

July 31, 2015 — An analysis of responses to questionnaires administered to U.S. active component service members who had returned from deployment during a 7-year surveillance period found that 3.4 percent and 4.8 ... read more

Gene Drive Research: Safeguarding the Greater Good

July 30, 2015 — Research teams have proactively assembled an international group of 26 experts, including prominent genetic engineers and fruit fly geneticists, to unanimously recommend a series of preemptive ... read more

Cost of Physician Board Recertification Fuels Questions About How Best to Achieve Better Outcomes for Patients

July 30, 2015 — Many American physicians are pushing back against or debating new requirements for maintaining medical board certifications, which affect more than 250,000 physicians ... read more

Texting While Driving Bans Save 19 Lives Per Year

July 30, 2015 — On average, there was a 7 percent reduction in crash-related hospitalizations in states that have enacted bans on texting and driving, researchers say. Hospitalizations were reduced the most -- 9 ... read more

Rotten Tomatoes and Two Thumbs Up

July 30, 2015 — How online shoppers respond when faced with wide variations in online reviews can give retailers insights into how to display the reviews and what to ... read more

Every Country in the World Can Afford to Support Its Smokers to Stop

July 30, 2015 — A major new review examined a wide range of measures that healthcare systems in different countries can adopt to help smokers to stop, determining that in fact, all countries can afford to support ... read more

Treating Ships' Ballast Water: Filtration Preferable to Disinfection

July 30, 2015 — Untreated ballast water discharge from ships can spread living organisms and even pathogens across the world thereby introducing non-native or invasive species into the local environment. Scientists ... read more

Links Between Individual Characteristics, Disability Employment Gap Found

July 29, 2015 — Researchers have explored the characteristics of people with disabilities who have achieved success in the workplace. The employment gap was found to be smaller among women, married people, ... read more

State Immunization Laws Should Eliminate Non-Medical Exemptions, Say Internists

July 29, 2015 — Support for eliminating existing exemptions, except for medical reasons, from immunization laws was among the policy recommendations adopted at the summer meeting of the Board of Regents of the ... read more

Science Educators Analyze Genetics Content of Next Generation Science Standards

July 29, 2015 — The genetics content of the Next Generation Science Standards -- a recent set of performance-based expectations for elementary, middle, and high school students in science classes -- represents, on ... read more

Bioethicists Call for End to 'Pay-to-Play' Clinical Research

July 29, 2015 — Charging people to participate in research studies is likely to undermine the fundamental ethical basis of clinical research, according to a new paper written by bioethicists. The paper outlines the ... read more

More Work Needed to Engage Consumers After Enrolling in Health Insurance Plans, Report Says

July 29, 2015 — To understand the issues facing consumers as well as the payers, providers and support organizations who work directly with them, researchers conducted phone-based interviews with insurance ... read more

Shop-Floor Monitoring Goes High Tech

July 29, 2015 — An advanced system based on discrete events paves the way for automated industrial monitoring. This system will enable managers to make better, more timely decisions, the developers ... read more

Ongoing Recovery Efforts Take Toll on Hurricane Survivors

July 29, 2015 — According to a major report on NJ residents living in Superstorm Sandy’s path, over 100,000 experienced significant structural damage to their primary homes. Research finds that tens of thousands ... read more

Henry V's Agincourt Naval Fleet Much Smaller Than Previously Believed

July 29, 2015 — The naval preparations that allowed Henry V’s army to travel from England to France in August, 1415 have been the focus of recent study. Using English exchequer rolls in the National Archives at ... read more

When Cars and Wildlife Collide: Virtual Reality Could Prevent Real-Life Road Accidents

July 29, 2015 — Using a novel simulation approach, researchers took a closer look at how an interactive system, meant to reduce road accidents involving wild animals, can actually affect driver ... read more

New Database Could Make Airport Ground Movements Quicker, Greener and Cheaper

July 29, 2015 — A new system for calculating the quickest and most fuel efficient routes for moving aircraft on the ground could transform the way our airports operate, according to new ... read more

Intensive Biofuel Planting Poses Risk to Human Health

July 29, 2015 — The race to meet carbon-neutral biofuel targets could put human health and food crop production at risk unless it is carefully planned, according to new research. The researchers found that it would ... read more

Alcohol Laws Have a Preventive Effect on Young Men

July 29, 2015 — Young men are at risk of alcohol consumption. Regulations such as the minimum legal drinking age can protect them. A new Swiss study reveals: The more legal measures for alcohol prevention are ... read more

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