Science & Society News
February 11, 2016

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February 11, 2016

What 'Tainted' Engagement Rings Reveal About Consumer Expectations

Feb. 11, 2016 — We're told diamonds -- and their value -- are forever. But new research into the re-sale of diamond engagement rings shows a diamond's value is affected by the story people attach to it and ... read more

Overconfidence, Loss Aversion Are Key Predictors for Investment Mistakes

Feb. 10, 2016 — A personal financial planning expert has identified several risk factors for people who are more likely to make investment mistakes during a down market. Overconfidence tops the ... read more

Scientists Write Document Explaining Zika Virus, Urge Vigilance

Feb. 10, 2016 — Public concerns about Zika have triggered scientists to write a new Extension document to explain the virus. Meanwhile, state mosquito control agencies and the Florida Department of Health monitor ... read more

Strategy for Increasing Survival of Mothers, Newborns in South Asia

Feb. 10, 2016 — In several South Asian countries, midwifery is not an established profession. As a result, complications in both mothers and newborns are extremely common. Now a researcher has been commissioned by ... read more

Better Definition Needed for Reasonable Medical Certainty in Child Abuse Cases

Feb. 10, 2016 — Physicians use different definitions of "reasonable medical certainty" when testifying as expert witnesses in child abuse cases. The variability is troubling because it could result in ... read more

Homeownership a 'Dream Deferred' for Millennial Generation

Feb. 9, 2016 — Millennials face significant hurdles in their quest for homeownership, said a professor of agricultural and consumer economics and co-author of a new paper examining homeownership trends among those ... read more

The Big Dig: Global Software Solution for Road, Water and Sewer Repairs

Feb. 9, 2016 — Researchers have developed an innovative method of tracking the many issues involved with the repair and renewal of road, water and sewer ... read more

Carbon Reductions Won't Hinder Chinese Growth

Feb. 9, 2016 — China's new efforts to price carbon could lower the country's carbon dioxide emissions significantly without impeding economic development over the next three decades, new research ... read more

Injury Deaths, Life-Expectancy Gap Between US and Other High-Income Countries

Feb. 9, 2016 — The contribution of three causes of injury death to the gap in life expectancy between the United States and 12 comparable countries in 2012 has been estimated in a new study. The researchers focused ... read more

Cutting Prison Sentences Could Reduce Spread of HIV

Feb. 9, 2016 — Reducing the number of men who go to prison could help curb the spread of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in a community. A new computer model suggests that reducing incarceration in a ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — Many populations of African animal species have dramatically decreased or already disappeared altogether. A team of European researchers has now predicted hunting pressure for the Congo Basin and ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — No longer satisfied to be washed out by epic seas and vast oceans, the world's lakes, rivers, streams, canals, reservoirs and other land-locked waters continue a push to be recognized -- and ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — Rescue workers searching for disaster survivors could use the smell of decomposition to decide what kind of rescue dogs to work with in the hopes of improving their chances of finding survivors. New ... read more

Feb. 9, 2016 — In contrast to enduring stories about extraordinarily high rates of alcohol misuse among Native Americans, researchers have found that Native Americans' binge and heavy drinking rates actually ... read more

Expanding Use of Vaccines Could Save Up to $44 for Every Dollar Spent, Study Suggests

Feb. 8, 2016 — Vaccinations, long recognized as an excellent investment that saves lives and prevents illness, could have significant economic value that far exceeds their original cost, a new study has ... read more

What's Nature Worth? Study Helps Put a Price on Groundwater and Other Natural Capital

Feb. 8, 2016 — Scientists have adapted traditional asset valuation approaches to measure the value of such natural capital assets, linking economic measurements of ecosystem services with models of natural dynamics ... read more

Sleep Deprivation Linked to False Confessions

Feb. 8, 2016 — Sleep-deprived people are much more likely to sign false confessions than rested individuals, according to a groundbreaking study that has important implications for police interrogation ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — The dengue virus affects 390 million people globally every year, and fears are that early 2016 will see an epidemic, particularly in South-East Asia, due to the predicted extreme intensity of El ... read more

Feb. 8, 2016 — Agricultural policies aimed at alleviating poverty in Africa could be making things worse, according to new research. The study finds that the so-called 'green revolution' policies in ... read more

Veterans Affairs Health System Faces Significant Challenges, Studies Find

Feb. 8, 2016 — A series of reports prepared as part of a Congressionally mandated review of the Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system finds that demands on the VA will continue to increase through the end of the ... read more

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