Science & Society News
February 8, 2016

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February 8, 2016

The Refugee Crisis: Biologists Warn of the Problems of Determining Age from Biological Indicators in Children

Feb. 8, 2016 — The thousands of unaccompanied asylum seeking children (UASC) entering Europe to seek escape from war and poverty are in the headlines as the British Government considers the acceptance of 3000 ... read more

Alcohol Consumption in Valencia Rockets During Fallas

Feb. 8, 2016 — It is possible to measure the alcohol consumption of a given population based on the presence of a stable metabolite excreted in urine in wastewaters: ethyl sulphate. Now research is focused on the ... read more

Study Compares Effectiveness of Phone-Based and Web-Based Smoking Cessation Programs in Four States

Feb. 8, 2016 — A new analysis indicates that states' Web-based and phone-based tobacco cessation programs can help people quit smoking, but certain personal characteristics may lead individuals to prefer one ... read more

Study Evaluates Pay-for-Performance Program for Medicaid Children in an ACO

Feb. 5, 2016 — The first pay-for-performance (P4P) evaluation of pediatricians under a full-risk Medicaid accountable care organization (ACO) for children shows P4P incentives were partially responsible for higher ... read more

'Pushback' Against Constant Connectivity Also Reflected in Images

Feb. 5, 2016 — People expressing the wish to resist constant online connectivity -- dubbed "pushback" by researchers -- is manifested as powerfully in images as in text, further study has ... read more

Super Bowl Won’t Make You Feel Super, Even If Your Team Wins

Feb. 5, 2016 — Communication researchers have created a unique way to watch the emotional dynamics of the game in real-time during this year's Super ... read more

Graphical Display of Nutrition Information Helps Keep Health-Conscious Eaters on Target

Feb. 4, 2016 — In a time-constrained situation, such as standing in line at a cafeteria or restaurant, it can be difficult for consumers to quickly calculate and use numerical nutrition information -- beyond the ... read more

'Meaningful' Media May Push Altruism Across Bounds of Race and Age

Feb. 4, 2016 — People who watch meaningful entertainment may be more willing to lend a hand to people they consider different, according to ... read more

New Science Helps Put Spotlight on Unseen Global Impacts

Feb. 4, 2016 — As the world grows more connected, 'out of sight, out of mind' looms as a perilous consequence of globalization. A sustainability scholar presents an integrated way to track the many ... read more

Gambling Is Associated With 'Risk-Taking Behavior' in Young Teens, Study Finds

Feb. 4, 2016 — Gambling among young teens may be associated with increased use of alcohol, cigarettes, or marijuana, according to a study that surveyed sixth- to eighth-graders in Italian ... read more

Feb. 4, 2016 — If you find yourself toggling over to look at Facebook several dozen times a day, it's not necessarily because the experience of being on social media is so wonderful. It may be a sign that ... read more

'On-Ramping' Paves the Way for Women Scientists, Engineers to Return to Academia

Feb. 4, 2016 — Pursuing scientific or engineering careers in industry, government or private research after getting a Ph.D. used to be considered a one-way ticket out of academia. But new research finds numerous ... read more

Athlete Passion Linked to Acceptance of Performance Enhancing Drugs

Feb. 4, 2016 — The more of a certain kind of passion varsity athletes have for their sport, the more favourable their attitudes towards the use of performance enhancing drugs, or PEDs, according to a recent study. ... read more

Mature Drivers Favor Checks on Over 70s, New Study Finds

Feb. 4, 2016 — The majority of older drivers are in favor of tighter rules on checking the health and suitability of over-70s to drive -- even if those checks could take them off the road themselves -- according to ... read more

Psychological Toll of Madoff Fraud Case Went Far Beyond the Victims, Study Finds

Feb. 4, 2016 — A new study explores where Bernie Madoff’s fraud case left its deepest impact and on whom -- not just among his direct victims, but also on how others viewed the trustworthiness of financial ... read more

Incarceration of a Parent During Childhood May Later Add to Men's Heart Attack Risk

Feb. 4, 2016 — Men who as children experienced a family member’s incarceration are approximately twice as likely to have a heart attack in later adulthood in comparison with men who were not exposed to such a ... read more

Study Measures Impact of Removing Planned Parenthood from Texas Women's Health Program

Feb. 4, 2016 — The public defunding of Planned Parenthood in Texas may have led to a decrease in highly effective forms of contraceptive services and an increase in Medicaid-paid childbirths among women who ... read more

Do Venture Capitalists Matter?

Feb. 4, 2016 — Venture capitalists do help startup firms by closely monitoring their development, say researchers, adding that the availability of direct airplane flights between the two parties helps improve that ... read more

Half of the Large Carnivore Attacks Are Due to the Imprudence of Human Behavior

Feb. 4, 2016 — Close to 50 percent of large carnivore attacks on humans have involved risk-taking human behaviors. This is one of the main conclusions reached by a study which have analyzed the circumstances of 700 ... read more

Syrian Aid: Lack of Evidence for 'Interventions That Work,' Say Researchers

Feb. 4, 2016 — The lack of an evidence base in the donor-funded response to Syrian migrant crisis means funds may be allocated to ineffective interventions, say researchers, who call on funders and policymakers in ... read more

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