Science & Society News
August 4, 2015

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August 4, 2015

Intervention to Screen Women for Partner Violence Does Not Improve Health Outcomes

Aug. 4, 2015 — Screening women for partner violence and providing a resource list did not influence the number of hospitalizations, emergency department, or outpatient care visits compared with women only receiving ... read more

Emergency Department Intervention Does Not Reduce Heavy Drinking or Partner Violence

Aug. 4, 2015 — A brief motivational intervention delivered during an emergency department visit did not improve outcomes for women with heavy drinking involved in abusive relationships, according to a ... read more

Progress Has Been Made in Reducing Rates of Violence in US; Overall Numbers Remain High

Aug. 4, 2015 — Even though homicide and assault rates have decreased in the US in recent years, the number of these and other types of violent acts remains high, according to a new report. The authors write that ... read more

Researcher Calls for Improved Firearm Safety Counseling by Physicians

Aug. 4, 2015 — Physicians should improve the way they discuss firearm safety with patients by showing more respect for the viewpoints of gun owners, according to a new ... read more

Striking a Gender Balance Among Speakers at Scientific Conferences

Aug. 4, 2015 — Increasing the number of female speakers at a scientific conference can be done relatively quickly by calling attention to gender disparities common to such meetings and getting more women involved ... read more

Social Factors Linked to Heart Disease for All

Aug. 4, 2015 — The social determinants of health are multi-dimensional and multi-level, yet we have few studies that examine the social determinants in large, diverse populations. More extensive research and new ... read more

Profit, People and Planet: Balancing Revenue Vs. Responsibility in Fashion

Aug. 4, 2015 — Businesses within the fashion industry face many ethical decisions over the importance of profit vs. social responsibility. Exploitation is rife in developing countries where cheap, unregulated labor ... read more

Modelling the Effect of Vaccines on Cholera Transmission

Aug. 4, 2015 — Cholera is a diarrheal disease that is caused by an intestinal bacterium, Vibrio cholerae. Recently an outbreak of cholera in Haiti brought public attention to this deadly disease. In this work, the ... read more

The Uneasy, Unbreakable Link of Money and Medicine

Aug. 3, 2015 — After centuries of concerns about the potentially compromising role of money in medicine, the debate remains irreconcilable and the link remains indivisible, a new article suggets. Even the reforms ... read more

Are Animal Models Still Essential to Biological Research?

Aug. 3, 2015 — A new article covers the use of animal models in scientific research. The use of animals in scientific research prompts regular debate and it can be difficult to garner a clear picture of the actual ... read more

Aug. 3, 2015 — In an unprecedented effort to understand the connections between mountain water supply and urban demand, more than 50 researchers from 22 different lab groups and seven universities gathered to study ... read more

Bitcoin Virtual Currency Users and Motivations: A Haven for Criminals?

Aug. 3, 2015 — A new study uses Google Trends data in an attempt to understand who uses the anonymous crypto-currency Bitcoin, and for what ... read more

Tool Helps Public Health Agencies Prioritize Health Risks

July 31, 2015 — Public health agencies across the globe are challenged with preventing the spread of chronic diseases while dealing with limited funds and devastating budget cuts. Now, a researcher has applied the ... read more

Half of the Most Popular News on Twitter Is Not Covered by Traditional News Media Sources

July 31, 2015 — Half of the news that appears on Twitter as 'trending topics' goes unmentioned in the traditional news media, and when both sources carry it, 60 percent of the stories appear first on the ... read more

July 31, 2015 — As tropical storm Isaac was gaining momentum toward the Mississippi River in August 2012, researchers were dropping instruments from the sky above to study the ocean conditions beneath the storm. The ... read more

Analysis of Post Deployment Health Assessment Forms Indicates Risks of Alcohol Abuse Among Service Members Returning from Deployment

July 31, 2015 — An analysis of responses to questionnaires administered to U.S. active component service members who had returned from deployment during a 7-year surveillance period found that 3.4 percent and 4.8 ... read more

Gene Drive Research: Safeguarding the Greater Good

July 30, 2015 — Research teams have proactively assembled an international group of 26 experts, including prominent genetic engineers and fruit fly geneticists, to unanimously recommend a series of preemptive ... read more

Research Explores Future Energy Security of China

July 30, 2015 — China needs to reduce its dependence on coal and improve the range of fuels it uses if it is to have long term energy security, according to new research. The study looks at the future of electricity ... read more

Cost of Physician Board Recertification Fuels Questions About How Best to Achieve Better Outcomes for Patients

July 30, 2015 — Many American physicians are pushing back against or debating new requirements for maintaining medical board certifications, which affect more than 250,000 physicians ... read more

Texting While Driving Bans Save 19 Lives Per Year

July 30, 2015 — On average, there was a 7 percent reduction in crash-related hospitalizations in states that have enacted bans on texting and driving, researchers say. Hospitalizations were reduced the most -- 9 ... read more

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