Science & Society News
October 6, 2015

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October 6, 2015

Ethnic, Racial, Socioeconomic Disparities in Retinoblastoma in Children

Oct. 5, 2015 — Ethnic, racial and socioeconomic disparities appear to exist among children with retinoblastoma, a once uniformly fatal but now treatable eye cancer, and those disparities are associated with greater ... read more

Disparities in Time Spent Seeking Medical Care in the United States

Oct. 5, 2015 — Racial/ethnic minorities and unemployed individuals had a longer total time burden (time spent traveling to, waiting for and receiving ambulatory medical care) in a nationally representative study, ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — "An astounding knowledge gap" is how one historian refers to the missing knowledge regarding the Mediterranean region in the years 1933 to 1945. German reports about that region hardly ever ... read more

Oct. 5, 2015 — The targets for lower emissions of carbon dioxide from Europe's basic industries are out of reach, without urgent introduction of innovative carbon dioxide mitigation technologies, say ... read more

Players Object to Extreme Physique of Video Game Characters

Oct. 2, 2015 — A researcher surveyed video game players about their views of characters with unrealistic bodies and found that they objected to the exaggerated and highly sexualized physiques in the ... read more

Hotel 'Greenwashing' Dirties Eco-Friendly Reputation

Oct. 1, 2015 — Hotels across the globe are increasingly encouraging guests to embrace green practices. Yet while guests think they are supporting the environment by shutting off lights and reusing towels, they may ... read more

New Dietary Guidelines Must Be Sustainable, Regardless of Politics

Oct. 1, 2015 — The new iteration of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans must incorporate sustainability considerations -- both for the health and wellbeing of Americans and the world in which we live, urges a new ... read more

Lung Cancer Screening Programs Do Not Increase Rates of Unnecessary Surgeries

Oct. 1, 2015 — Lung cancer screening programs that utilize standardized reporting and include cardiothoracic surgeons as part of a multidisciplinary team can successfully be adopted into clinical practice without ... read more

The Media Love Men... Bad News for Women

Oct. 1, 2015 — Five out of every six names that appear in the media today are those of men, a research team has discovered. That's because the media focuses nearly exclusively on individuals at the top of ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Statistics is one of the fastest-growing degrees in the US, but the growth may not be enough to satisfy the high demand for -- statisticians in technology, consumer products, health care, government, ... read more

Why Do People Vote Strategically, and for Whom?

Oct. 1, 2015 — People vote strategically when they think neither their first nor their second choice has any chance of winning in their electorate, according to an analysis of Quebec's 2012 provincial ... read more

Coincidence or Conspiracy? Studies Investigate Conspiracist Thinking

Oct. 1, 2015 — In pop culture, conspiracy believers -- like FBI agent Fox Mulder on The X Files or professor Robert Langdon in The Da Vinci Code -- tend to reject the notion of coincidence or chance; even the most ... read more

Search Engine for More Accurate, Fast Recognition of Metabolites

Oct. 1, 2015 — Metabolites are small molecules, such as sugars, fatty acids and amino acids that, among other things, serve as sources of energy in the cells and as building materials for cell walls. For ... read more

Collaborative Behaviours, Traditional Practices

Oct. 1, 2015 — A new report on information practices in the physical sciences has been released by researchers. While cross-border and cross-disciplinary collaborations are breaking down subject siloes across the ... read more

Ballistics Imaging Systems Effective With Good Management

Oct. 1, 2015 — During a homicide epidemic in Trinidad and Tobago driven mainly by guns, the developing country had forensic ballistics imaging technology, but faced problems effectively using it to solve crimes, ... read more

Oct. 1, 2015 — Exceptionally detailed maps of five Great Lakes recreational activities have now been mapped by researchers who say the information can be used to help prioritize restoration ... read more

Divorcing Drugs and Violence Is Key to Saving U.S. Drug Policy, Research Shows

Oct. 1, 2015 — New research is being used in public policy discussions surrounding changes to mandatory minimum sentences involving nonviolent drug offenders through the Smarter Sentencing ... read more

New System Helps Teachers Gain Back Valuable Instruction Time

Oct. 1, 2015 — Elementary schoolchildren often dawdle between activities during the school day, losing valuable instructional time in the process. New research has found a way to reclaim these lost minutes and make ... read more

Our Environment Shapes Our Language

Sep. 30, 2015 — In a series of experiments, researchers show that novel communication systems reflect a variety of environmental and interactional factors. These findings challenge long-established ideas that syntax ... read more

The Danish Nitrogen Budget in a Nutshell

Sep. 30, 2015 — To get a clearer overall picture of the sources and sinks of nitrogen, scientists have developed a national nitrogen budget for Denmark for the years 1990 to 2010. The budget shows inputs and outputs ... read more

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