Science & Society News
February 6, 2016

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February 6, 2016

Super Bowl Won’t Make You Feel Super, Even If Your Team Wins

Feb. 5, 2016 — Communication researchers have created a unique way to watch the emotional dynamics of the game in real-time during this year's Super ... read more

Psychological Toll of Madoff Fraud Case Went Far Beyond the Victims, Study Finds

Feb. 4, 2016 — A new study explores where Bernie Madoff’s fraud case left its deepest impact and on whom -- not just among his direct victims, but also on how others viewed the trustworthiness of financial ... read more

Study Measures Impact of Removing Planned Parenthood from Texas Women's Health Program

Feb. 4, 2016 — The public defunding of Planned Parenthood in Texas may have led to a decrease in highly effective forms of contraceptive services and an increase in Medicaid-paid childbirths among women who ... read more

Do Venture Capitalists Matter?

Feb. 4, 2016 — Venture capitalists do help startup firms by closely monitoring their development, say researchers, adding that the availability of direct airplane flights between the two parties helps improve that ... read more

Syrian Aid: Lack of Evidence for 'Interventions That Work,' Say Researchers

Feb. 4, 2016 — The lack of an evidence base in the donor-funded response to Syrian migrant crisis means funds may be allocated to ineffective interventions, say researchers, who call on funders and policymakers in ... read more

Early Poverty Disrupts Link Between Hunger and Eating

Feb. 4, 2016 — How much you eat when you're not really hungry may depend on how well off your family was when you were a child, according to new ... read more

Don't Use Body Mass Index to Determine Whether People Are Healthy

Feb. 4, 2016 — Relying on body mass index (BMI), a numerical measure of a person's height and weight, as a proxy for health incorrectly labels more than 54 million heavy Americans unhealthy when they are not, ... read more

Rhino, Tiger and Snow Leopard DNA Found in Chinese Medicines

Feb. 4, 2016 — More should be done to stop the use of endangered species in traditional Chinese medicines, with snow leopard, tiger and rhinoceros DNA still being found in remedies, according to a leading ... read more

Have National Smoking Bans Worked in Reducing Harms in Passive Smoking?

Feb. 4, 2016 — The most robust evidence yet, published today in the Cochrane Library, suggests that national smoking legislation does reduce the harms of passive smoking, and particularly risks from heart ... read more

Addressing Trauma in Juvenile Offenders Should Be Larger Focus of Rehabilitation, Study Finds

Feb. 3, 2016 — Treating trauma in juvenile offenders can aid social relationships that help them stay out of trouble, according to a new study. Between 65 and 75 percent of juveniles in the criminal justice system ... read more

Fixing Published Research Mistakes Not Easy; Fixing the Publishing System May Be Harder

Feb. 3, 2016 — The process for fixing mistakes in peer-reviewed research articles is flawed, a new article suggests. It points out that journals are slow to respond and even slower to take action when questions ... read more

Feb. 3, 2016 — 'These findings suggest that the way in which people measure success affects their honesty. When success is measured by social comparison, as is the case when winning a competition, dishonesty ... read more

What's the Impact of New Marijuana Laws? The Data So Far

Feb. 3, 2016 — How has new legislation affected marijuana use in the United States? The best available data suggest that marijuana use is increasing in adults but not teens, with a decrease in marijuana-related ... read more

Use of and Barriers to Access to Opioid Analgesics Worldwide

Feb. 3, 2016 — Use of common opioid painkillers such as codeine, morphine and oxycodone has more than quadrupled in Australia over the past decade and doubled worldwide over the same period. Yet at the same time ... read more

Most NFL Arrests Not for Violent Crimes

Feb. 3, 2016 — NFL violence is not as common off the field as it may seem, say researchers. Compared to violent offending data in other studies, the percentage of violent arrests among NFL players was higher. But ... read more

Internet Use Increases Social Inequalities

Feb. 3, 2016 — Internet use is driving a greater wedge in our communities, increasing existing inequalities between rich and poor, a new study ... read more

Feb. 2, 2016 — Teacher turnover is often rightly perceived as a problem for schools. A growing body of evidence finds that teacher turnover reduces student achievement, either directly because replacement teachers ... read more

Charisma Counts: Focus on Great Apes Creates Glaring Research Gaps in Tropical Africa, Asia

Feb. 2, 2016 — Large national parks that are home to gorillas, chimpanzees and other great apes are focal points for much of the field research conducted in tropical Africa and Asia, resulting in crucial knowledge ... read more

Simplified Nutritional Labels Spur Healthier Choices in Grocery Stores

Feb. 2, 2016 — Looking at single number -- a score that represents the nutritional value of what's inside the packaging -- leads to healthier buying choices. The study compares consumer buyer behavior using ... read more

First-Semester GPA a Better Predictor of College Success Than ACT Score

Feb. 2, 2016 — Underrepresented students' first-semester GPA may be a better predictor of whether they'll graduate college than their ACT score or their family's socioeconomic status, a new study has ... read more

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