Science & Society News
August 1, 2015

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August 1, 2015

Tool Helps Public Health Agencies Prioritize Health Risks

July 31, 2015 — Public health agencies across the globe are challenged with preventing the spread of chronic diseases while dealing with limited funds and devastating budget cuts. Now, a researcher has applied the ... read more

Half of the Most Popular News on Twitter Is Not Covered by Traditional News Media Sources

July 31, 2015 — Half of the news that appears on Twitter as 'trending topics' goes unmentioned in the traditional news media, and when both sources carry it, 60 percent of the stories appear first on the ... read more

Analysis of Post Deployment Health Assessment Forms Indicates Risks of Alcohol Abuse Among Service Members Returning from Deployment

July 31, 2015 — An analysis of responses to questionnaires administered to U.S. active component service members who had returned from deployment during a 7-year surveillance period found that 3.4 percent and 4.8 ... read more

Gene Drive Research: Safeguarding the Greater Good

July 30, 2015 — Research teams have proactively assembled an international group of 26 experts, including prominent genetic engineers and fruit fly geneticists, to unanimously recommend a series of preemptive ... read more

Cost of Physician Board Recertification Fuels Questions About How Best to Achieve Better Outcomes for Patients

July 30, 2015 — Many American physicians are pushing back against or debating new requirements for maintaining medical board certifications, which affect more than 250,000 physicians ... read more

Texting While Driving Bans Save 19 Lives Per Year

July 30, 2015 — On average, there was a 7 percent reduction in crash-related hospitalizations in states that have enacted bans on texting and driving, researchers say. Hospitalizations were reduced the most -- 9 ... read more

Rotten Tomatoes and Two Thumbs Up

July 30, 2015 — How online shoppers respond when faced with wide variations in online reviews can give retailers insights into how to display the reviews and what to ... read more

Every Country in the World Can Afford to Support Its Smokers to Stop

July 30, 2015 — A major new review examined a wide range of measures that healthcare systems in different countries can adopt to help smokers to stop, determining that in fact, all countries can afford to support ... read more

With Racial Segregation Declining Between Neighborhoods, Segregation Now Taking New Form

July 30, 2015 — Recent research has shown that racial segregation in the U.S. is declining between neighborhoods, but a new study indicates that segregation is manifesting itself in other ways — not ... read more

Research Could Play Major Role in Curbing Illegal Ivory Sales

July 30, 2015 — A new automated data mining system could lead to a dramatic increase in the detection of potentially illegal online sales of elephant ivory through eBay. Law enforcement agencies and conservationist ... read more

Treating Ships' Ballast Water: Filtration Preferable to Disinfection

July 30, 2015 — Untreated ballast water discharge from ships can spread living organisms and even pathogens across the world thereby introducing non-native or invasive species into the local environment. Scientists ... read more

Links Between Individual Characteristics, Disability Employment Gap Found

July 29, 2015 — Researchers have explored the characteristics of people with disabilities who have achieved success in the workplace. The employment gap was found to be smaller among women, married people, ... read more

Rise in Day Surgery in United Kingdom Has Been Good for Patients and Budgets

July 29, 2015 — The rising proportion of operations carried out as day cases over the past few decades has been good for patients and a much more efficient use of NHS resources, says an expert in a new ... read more

July 29, 2015 — Using a climate model that can tag sources of soot and track where it lands, researchers have determined which areas around the Tibetan Plateau contribute the most soot -- and where. The model can ... read more

State Immunization Laws Should Eliminate Non-Medical Exemptions, Say Internists

July 29, 2015 — Support for eliminating existing exemptions, except for medical reasons, from immunization laws was among the policy recommendations adopted at the summer meeting of the Board of Regents of the ... read more

Science Educators Analyze Genetics Content of Next Generation Science Standards

July 29, 2015 — The genetics content of the Next Generation Science Standards -- a recent set of performance-based expectations for elementary, middle, and high school students in science classes -- represents, on ... read more

Bioethicists Call for End to 'Pay-to-Play' Clinical Research

July 29, 2015 — Charging people to participate in research studies is likely to undermine the fundamental ethical basis of clinical research, according to a new paper written by bioethicists. The paper outlines the ... read more

Early Prosocial Behavior Good Predictor of Kids' Future

July 29, 2015 — Kindergarteners' social-emotional skills are a significant predictor of their future education, employment and criminal activity, among other outcomes, according to a ... read more

More Work Needed to Engage Consumers After Enrolling in Health Insurance Plans, Report Says

July 29, 2015 — To understand the issues facing consumers as well as the payers, providers and support organizations who work directly with them, researchers conducted phone-based interviews with insurance ... read more

Vaccination Rates in Older Adults Fall Short of Targets

July 29, 2015 — A new white paper discusses factors for underutilization of vaccines in older adults and offers recommendations to improve immunization ... read more

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