Science & Society News
November 25, 2015

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November 25, 2015

Want Honesty? Make It the Easiest Choice, Suggests Research

Nov. 24, 2015 — We're more likely to do the right thing in situations of moral conflict when it requires little to no effort, new research confirms. If income information is automatically entered into our tax ... read more

Past Performance Plays Minor Role in CEO Selection

Nov. 24, 2015 — An individual's past performance plays a minor role in headhunters' decisions concerning which candidates to put forward for CEO positions in major non-financial firms, according to new ... read more

Sharing Economy Can Help Financial Struggles

Nov. 24, 2015 — The power of the sharing economy in shaking up traditional industries can be harnessed to help financially struggling consumers, according to new ... read more

Innovative Reports to Help Utility Regulators, Policymakers and Electric Industry

Nov. 23, 2015 — The electric industry in the U.S. is undergoing significant changes for a number of reasons, including new and improved technologies, changing customer desires, low load growth in many regions, and ... read more

City-Wide Effort Boosts NYC's Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates

Nov. 23, 2015 — Work to increase colorectal cancer screening rates in New York City have resulted in a 40 percent increase in screening rates over four ... read more

Hiding Tobacco Products at Convenience Stores Reduces Teens' Risk of Future Tobacco Use

Nov. 23, 2015 — A one-of-a-kind laboratory replica of a convenience store is the first to use a realistic setting to examine whether limiting displays of cigarettes and other tobacco products in retail outlets can ... read more

Out of School and Into Debt? Calls for Teens to Better Understad on Money Matters

Nov. 23, 2015 — A new study has found school leavers and first-year university students don't know how to manage a car loan, repay credit cards or figure out mobile phone ... read more

Law Experts Propose Revisions for International Health Regulations

Nov. 23, 2015 — A trio of global health law experts warn the window for fundamental reform of the International Health Regulations -- opened by the Ebola epidemic -- is 'rapidly ... read more

Independent Panel of Global Experts Calls for Critical Reforms to Prevent Future Pandemics

Nov. 23, 2015 — A hard-hitting analysis of the global response to the 2014-15 Ebola outbreak in West Africa has been issued by an independent group of 20 experts from around the ... read more

Marked Decline in Retailer Compliance After Enactment of NYC's Tobacco 21 Law

Nov. 20, 2015 — In a study examining compliance with NYC's law increasing legal age for purchasing cigarettes from 18 to 21, researchers found retailer compliance with ID checks significantly decreased since ... read more

European Hospitals Overlook Every Other Person With HIV

Nov. 20, 2015 — Many European hospitals fail to routinely test people who may be at risk of an HIV-infection, a new study reveals. If tests were more widely used in healthcare, fewer HIV-patients would go unnoticed, ... read more

Sunday the Day of Rest for Fires, Study Suggests

Nov. 20, 2015 — Fires are more prevalent on a Tuesday and less likely on a Sunday, according to a new study, which highlights the dramatic effect humans, religion and culture have on the global ... read more

British Hospitals Face Serious Shortage of Liver Specialists

Nov. 19, 2015 — Fewer than one in three hospitals employ a full-time doctor who specializes in liver medicine, according to a survey of 144 hospitals in the UK. The results suggest that staffing levels for liver ... read more

Number of High-Skilled Mexican Entrepreneurs Migrating to US Has Increased

Nov. 19, 2015 — The number of high-skilled Mexican entrepreneurs migrating to the United States has increased in recent years, but the trend is not solely in response to organized crime activity in Mexico, according ... read more

'Orphan Drug' Loophole Needs Closing, Researchers Say

Nov. 19, 2015 — Health experts are calling on lawmakers and regulators to close loopholes in the Orphan Drug Act they claim give drug companies millions of dollars in unintended and misplaced subsidies and tax ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — Youth violence undermines social and economic development, especially in the poorest corners of the world, according to new research. However, increased government spending on education may be the ... read more

The Netherlands Scores Average in Climate Change Adaptation

Nov. 19, 2015 — Compared to other countries, the Netherlands takes an average position when it comes to implementing climate change adaptation initiatives. In the period 2010-2014, little changes have been observed ... read more

Nov. 19, 2015 — A first-of-its-kind program targets groups with highest tobacco rates and matches smokers with counselors in their demographic to help them quit, say experts from one of American's largest ... read more

Closing Low-Performing New York City High Schools Had Positive Effects, Study Shows

Nov. 19, 2015 — New York City's policy of closing very low-performing high schools during the last decade produced notable benefits for the middle schoolers who likely would have enrolled in these schools, ... read more

More Than Half of 'Children' Misperceive or Reject Parents' Political Party Affiliations

Nov. 19, 2015 — More than half of all 'children' in the US either misperceive or reject their parents' political party affiliations, suggests a new study that relies on data from two family-based ... read more

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