Science & Society News
July 29, 2015

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July 29, 2015

Switching Off Street Lights at Night Does Not Increase Car Crashes, Crime

July 28, 2015 — Reduced street lighting in England and Wales is not associated with road traffic collisions or crime, according to research. The study suggests that local authorities can safely reduce street ... read more

When Being an Immigrant Makes It More–not Less–likely to Have a Job

July 28, 2015 — Race and education shape employment outcomes for U.S.- and foreign-born blacks in surprising ways. This is the first time researchers have examined how the interactions between race and nativity ... read more

More Secondary Schools Serve Healthier Lunches

July 28, 2015 — Secondary students found healthier foods on more lunch menus in 2013 than in 2011, resulting in fewer nutrition disparities for small schools or those with racially diverse student ... read more

Parents' Health Literacy Affects Child Weight-Loss Tactics, Study Finds

July 28, 2015 — Parents who are less health literate may choose weight-loss strategies for their children that are unhealthy or not recommended. Governmental weight-control info may not be reaching families who need ... read more

Effects Over Time of Tobacco Tax Increases in New Zealand

July 28, 2015 — Annual 10 percent tobacco tax increases in New Zealand over the next 20 years should lead to health gains, net health system cost savings and modest reductions of about 2 percent to 3 percent in ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Pharmaceutical firms 'underinvest' in long-term research to develop new cancer-fighting drugs due to the greater time and cost required to conduct such research, according to a newly ... read more

Geography, Skills, Local Companies Affect Higher Education Impact on Economic Development

July 28, 2015 — Policy makers need to take factors like geography, available skills and knowledge and the networks of local companies into account to boost the impact of higher education on economic development, ... read more

Marked Improvement in Health, Healthcare for Medicare Patients

July 28, 2015 — In a 15-year study of older Medicare patients, researchers saw an estimated 20 percent drop in mortality, about 30 percent fewer hospitalizations, and 40 percent reduction in deaths after ... read more

Pharmacy Expenditures for Children With Serious Chronic Illness

July 28, 2015 — In an analysis of expenditures for outpatient pharmacy products used by publicly insured children with serious chronic illness in California, treating hemophilia accounted for about 40 percent of ... read more

Report Examines Medicare, Medicaid Programs at 50 Years and Challenges Ahead

July 28, 2015 — Although Medicare and Medicaid are playing a role in health care payment and delivery reform innovation, it will be difficult to enact large-scale program changes because of the conflicting ... read more

Findings Question Measures Used to Assess Hospital Quality

July 28, 2015 — Hospitals that were penalized more frequently in the Hospital-Acquired Condition (HAC) Reduction Program offered advanced services, were major teaching institutions and had better performance on ... read more

Race, Institutional Factors Play an Important Role in Pharmacogenomic Trial Participation

July 28, 2015 — The participation rate of patients in pharmacogenomic trials has been the focus of recent study. The research has concluded that there are a number of factors at the patient, physician, institution ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Walk into a science museum, and you may read the words “paleontology” or “astronomy.” But you’re not likely to find the word “agriculture” in any science museum, even though many ... read more

Report Documents an Unmet Need for Expanded Family Planning Services at CHCs

July 28, 2015 — As part of a unique survey of nearly 2,000 women of childbearing age who receive health care at the nation's community health centers, 90 percent reported that they were not actively seeking to ... read more

July 27, 2015 — A logging company has agreed to begin dismantling abandoned logging roads currently being used by poachers to access prime Amur (Siberian) tiger habitat in the Russian Far ... read more

Escape Routes from a Low-Diversity Trap in Workforce

July 27, 2015 — The benefits of a diverse workforce are well-recognized, e.g. size of talent pool, return on investment in training, enhanced creativity and problem solving. Yet, in many professions and businesses ... read more

Researchers Identify Model to Predict Successful Wound Healing

July 27, 2015 — Battlefield surgeons and civilian physicians could have a powerful new tool to help patients recover from traumatic injuries, including life-threatening wounds from explosions. Researchers have ... read more

Connection Found Between Audience Reaction, Candidate Debate Success

July 27, 2015 — Audience laughter and applause have unique effects on presidential primary debates, say a researcher in political non-verbal communication. Among other things, he found that laughter benefited ... read more

Sochi Winter Olympics 'Cost Billions More Than Estimated'

July 27, 2015 — As the International Olympic Committee prepares to choose between Beijing and Almaty as the host of the 2022 Winter Olympics, a new report shows that the cost of last year's Games in Sochi, ... read more

Some Adverse Drug Events Not Reported by Manufacturers to FDA by 15-Day Mark

July 27, 2015 — About 10 percent of serious and unexpected adverse events are not reported by drug manufacturers to the US Food and Drug Administration under the 15-day timeframe set out in federal regulations, ... read more

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