Science & Society News
July 30, 2015

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July 30, 2015

Every Country in the World Can Afford to Support Its Smokers to Stop

July 30, 2015 — A major new review examined a wide range of measures that healthcare systems in different countries can adopt to help smokers to stop, determining that in fact, all countries can afford to support ... read more

Treating Ships' Ballast Water: Filtration Preferable to Disinfection

July 30, 2015 — Untreated ballast water discharge from ships can spread living organisms and even pathogens across the world thereby introducing non-native or invasive species into the local environment. Scientists ... read more

State Immunization Laws Should Eliminate Non-Medical Exemptions, Say Internists

July 29, 2015 — Support for eliminating existing exemptions, except for medical reasons, from immunization laws was among the policy recommendations adopted at the summer meeting of the Board of Regents of the ... read more

Science Educators Analyze Genetics Content of Next Generation Science Standards

July 29, 2015 — The genetics content of the Next Generation Science Standards -- a recent set of performance-based expectations for elementary, middle, and high school students in science classes -- represents, on ... read more

Bioethicists Call for End to 'Pay-to-Play' Clinical Research

July 29, 2015 — Charging people to participate in research studies is likely to undermine the fundamental ethical basis of clinical research, according to a new paper written by bioethicists. The paper outlines the ... read more

Henry V's Agincourt Naval Fleet Much Smaller Than Previously Believed

July 29, 2015 — The naval preparations that allowed Henry V’s army to travel from England to France in August, 1415 have been the focus of recent study. Using English exchequer rolls in the National Archives at ... read more

New Database Could Make Airport Ground Movements Quicker, Greener and Cheaper

July 29, 2015 — A new system for calculating the quickest and most fuel efficient routes for moving aircraft on the ground could transform the way our airports operate, according to new ... read more

'Dialing for Diabetes Control' Helps Urban Adults Lower Blood Sugar

July 29, 2015 — Periodic telephone counseling can be a highly effective, low-cost tool for lowering blood-sugar levels in minority, urban adults with uncontrolled diabetes. According to the Centers for Disease ... read more

Switching Off Street Lights at Night Does Not Increase Car Crashes, Crime

July 28, 2015 — Reduced street lighting in England and Wales is not associated with road traffic collisions or crime, according to research. The study suggests that local authorities can safely reduce street ... read more

When Being an Immigrant Makes It More–not Less–likely to Have a Job

July 28, 2015 — Race and education shape employment outcomes for U.S.- and foreign-born blacks in surprising ways. This is the first time researchers have examined how the interactions between race and nativity ... read more

More Secondary Schools Serve Healthier Lunches

July 28, 2015 — Secondary students found healthier foods on more lunch menus in 2013 than in 2011, resulting in fewer nutrition disparities for small schools or those with racially diverse student ... read more

Autism Costs Estimated to Reach Nearly $500 Billion, Potentially $1 Trillion, by 2025

July 28, 2015 — Health economists have for the first time projected the total costs of caring for all people with autism spectrum disorder in the United States for the current calendar year and in 10 years if ... read more

Parents' Health Literacy Affects Child Weight-Loss Tactics, Study Finds

July 28, 2015 — Parents who are less health literate may choose weight-loss strategies for their children that are unhealthy or not recommended. Governmental weight-control info may not be reaching families who need ... read more

Effects Over Time of Tobacco Tax Increases in New Zealand

July 28, 2015 — Annual 10 percent tobacco tax increases in New Zealand over the next 20 years should lead to health gains, net health system cost savings and modest reductions of about 2 percent to 3 percent in ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Pharmaceutical firms 'underinvest' in long-term research to develop new cancer-fighting drugs due to the greater time and cost required to conduct such research, according to a newly ... read more

Geography, Skills, Local Companies Affect Higher Education Impact on Economic Development

July 28, 2015 — Policy makers need to take factors like geography, available skills and knowledge and the networks of local companies into account to boost the impact of higher education on economic development, ... read more

Marked Improvement in Health, Healthcare for Medicare Patients

July 28, 2015 — In a 15-year study of older Medicare patients, researchers saw an estimated 20 percent drop in mortality, about 30 percent fewer hospitalizations, and 40 percent reduction in deaths after ... read more

Cancer Healthcare Disparities Exist in LGBTQ Community, Say Researchers

July 28, 2015 — The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender/Transsexual, Queer/Questioning (LGBTQ) community is a growing and medically-underserved minority population in the United States, with 3 to 12 percent of the ... read more

Hormones Influence Unethical Behavior, Experts Say

July 28, 2015 — Hormones play a two-part role in encouraging and reinforcing cheating and other unethical behavior, according to new research. With cheating scandals a persistent threat on college campuses and ... read more

Pharmacy Expenditures for Children With Serious Chronic Illness

July 28, 2015 — In an analysis of expenditures for outpatient pharmacy products used by publicly insured children with serious chronic illness in California, treating hemophilia accounted for about 40 percent of ... read more

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