Science & Society News
July 29, 2015

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July 29, 2015

July 29, 2015 — Using a climate model that can tag sources of soot and track where it lands, researchers have determined which areas around the Tibetan Plateau contribute the most soot -- and where. The model can ... read more

State Immunization Laws Should Eliminate Non-Medical Exemptions, Say Internists

July 29, 2015 — Support for eliminating existing exemptions, except for medical reasons, from immunization laws was among the policy recommendations adopted at the summer meeting of the Board of Regents of the ... read more

Science Educators Analyze Genetics Content of Next Generation Science Standards

July 29, 2015 — The genetics content of the Next Generation Science Standards -- a recent set of performance-based expectations for elementary, middle, and high school students in science classes -- represents, on ... read more

Henry V's Agincourt Naval Fleet Much Smaller Than Previously Believed

July 29, 2015 — The naval preparations that allowed Henry V’s army to travel from England to France in August, 1415 have been the focus of recent study. Using English exchequer rolls in the National Archives at ... read more

New Database Could Make Airport Ground Movements Quicker, Greener and Cheaper

July 29, 2015 — A new system for calculating the quickest and most fuel efficient routes for moving aircraft on the ground could transform the way our airports operate, according to new ... read more

'Dialing for Diabetes Control' Helps Urban Adults Lower Blood Sugar

July 29, 2015 — Periodic telephone counseling can be a highly effective, low-cost tool for lowering blood-sugar levels in minority, urban adults with uncontrolled diabetes. According to the Centers for Disease ... read more

Switching Off Street Lights at Night Does Not Increase Car Crashes, Crime

July 28, 2015 — Reduced street lighting in England and Wales is not associated with road traffic collisions or crime, according to research. The study suggests that local authorities can safely reduce street ... read more

When Being an Immigrant Makes It More–not Less–likely to Have a Job

July 28, 2015 — Race and education shape employment outcomes for U.S.- and foreign-born blacks in surprising ways. This is the first time researchers have examined how the interactions between race and nativity ... read more

More Secondary Schools Serve Healthier Lunches

July 28, 2015 — Secondary students found healthier foods on more lunch menus in 2013 than in 2011, resulting in fewer nutrition disparities for small schools or those with racially diverse student ... read more

Parents' Health Literacy Affects Child Weight-Loss Tactics, Study Finds

July 28, 2015 — Parents who are less health literate may choose weight-loss strategies for their children that are unhealthy or not recommended. Governmental weight-control info may not be reaching families who need ... read more

Effects Over Time of Tobacco Tax Increases in New Zealand

July 28, 2015 — Annual 10 percent tobacco tax increases in New Zealand over the next 20 years should lead to health gains, net health system cost savings and modest reductions of about 2 percent to 3 percent in ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Pharmaceutical firms 'underinvest' in long-term research to develop new cancer-fighting drugs due to the greater time and cost required to conduct such research, according to a newly ... read more

Geography, Skills, Local Companies Affect Higher Education Impact on Economic Development

July 28, 2015 — Policy makers need to take factors like geography, available skills and knowledge and the networks of local companies into account to boost the impact of higher education on economic development, ... read more

Marked Improvement in Health, Healthcare for Medicare Patients

July 28, 2015 — In a 15-year study of older Medicare patients, researchers saw an estimated 20 percent drop in mortality, about 30 percent fewer hospitalizations, and 40 percent reduction in deaths after ... read more

Pharmacy Expenditures for Children With Serious Chronic Illness

July 28, 2015 — In an analysis of expenditures for outpatient pharmacy products used by publicly insured children with serious chronic illness in California, treating hemophilia accounted for about 40 percent of ... read more

Report Examines Medicare, Medicaid Programs at 50 Years and Challenges Ahead

July 28, 2015 — Although Medicare and Medicaid are playing a role in health care payment and delivery reform innovation, it will be difficult to enact large-scale program changes because of the conflicting ... read more

Findings Question Measures Used to Assess Hospital Quality

July 28, 2015 — Hospitals that were penalized more frequently in the Hospital-Acquired Condition (HAC) Reduction Program offered advanced services, were major teaching institutions and had better performance on ... read more

ACA Open Enrollment Periods Associated With Improved Coverage, Access to Care and Health

July 28, 2015 — Results of a national survey that included more than half a million adults indicates significant improvements in trends for self-reported insurance coverage, access to a personal physician and ... read more

Study Finds Unexpected Biases Against Teen Girls' Leadership

July 28, 2015 — Are today's teen girls poised to close the gender gap tomorrow? A new research report suggests that teen girls face a powerful barrier to leadership: gender ... read more

Race, Institutional Factors Play an Important Role in Pharmacogenomic Trial Participation

July 28, 2015 — The participation rate of patients in pharmacogenomic trials has been the focus of recent study. The research has concluded that there are a number of factors at the patient, physician, institution ... read more

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