Science & Society News
September 4, 2015

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September 4, 2015

Adolescents More Likely Not to Smoke When Cigarette Ads Feature Older Adults

Sep. 4, 2015 — For decades, the tobacco and alcohol industries have been accused of advertising their products to kids. Tremendous public pressure has prompted the implementation of strict guidelines. Today, ... read more

Sep. 4, 2015 — The thrill is part of the game – whoever waits for his bid to be accepted on online auction platforms, feels the excitement in the bidding war for the object of desire. The heart beats faster, ... read more

'Unethical' Targets in India's Private Hospitals

Sep. 3, 2015 — Many doctors working in India's private hospitals are under pressure to carry out unnecessary tests and procedures to meet revenue targets, according to a new ... read more

Scientists Use Instagram Data to Forecast Top Models at New York Fashion Week

Sep. 3, 2015 — Researchers have predicted the popularity of new faces to the world of fashion modeling with over 80 percent accuracy using advanced computational methods and data from ... read more

How to Curb Emissions: Put a Price on Carbon

Sep. 3, 2015 — Literally putting a price on carbon pollution and other greenhouse gasses is the best approach for nurturing the rapid growth of renewable energy and reducing emissions. While prospects for a ... read more

Study Shows How Investments Reflected Shift in Environmental Views

Sep. 3, 2015 — A new study is the first to use financial investors' actions, rather than self-reported opinions, to investigate the trans-Atlantic difference in public opinion on climate change and the ... read more

Arabs or Jews, Children Who Need Pain Relief in the ER Get It

Sep. 3, 2015 — Children with broken bones or joint dislocations in northern Israel emergency departments received equal pain treatment, regardless of their ethnicity or the ethnicity of the nurses who treated them, ... read more

Needle Exchange Program Prevented 120 New Cases of HIV in Two Years, Study Suggests

Sep. 3, 2015 — The District of Columbia's needle exchange program prevented 120 new cases of HIV infection and saved an estimated $44 million over just a two-year period, according to a first-of-a-kind ... read more

Long-Term Study Links Common Psychiatric Disorders With Increased Risk of Violent Reoffending in Ex-Prisoners

Sep. 2, 2015 — Ex-prisoners with common psychiatric disorders such as bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder) and alcohol and drug abuse are substantially more likely to commit a violent crime after release ... read more

Hiring More Minority Teachers in Schools Gives Fairer Perception of Discipline

Sep. 2, 2015 — Black students in schools with more black teachers have more positive attitudes and higher perceptions of fairness in school discipline, according to a new study. The study also found white students ... read more

Who Gets a Transplant Organ?

Sep. 2, 2015 — A new study examines how decisions are made when it comes to allocating scare resources. Imagine 12 patients who need new kidneys, and six kidneys available. How would you allocate them? This ... read more

Supply Signals Critical to Firms' Profitability

Sep. 2, 2015 — Advance supply signals, such as financial health and production viability, contain rich information on supplier conditions. When and how these signals should be used is critical for improving ... read more

Study Uses Internet, Social Media to Show How Fracking Documentary Influenced Public Perception, Political Change

Sep. 2, 2015 — A new study is the first to use the Internet and social media to systematically show how a documentary film reshaped public perception and ultimately led to municipal bans on hydraulic ... read more

Risk of Financial Crisis Higher Than Previously Estimated

Sep. 2, 2015 — The risk of a financial crisis is substantially higher than previously estimated, according to new research that accounts for multiple levels of interconnectedness in the financial ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — In crisis situations, aid organizations have to manage the great numbers of volunteers who spontaneously appear wanting to help. Researchers have taken a look at how to better recruit, retain and ... read more

Psychological Consequences Remain Profound in Coastal Areas of Tohoku

Sep. 2, 2015 — A second round of aggregate findings from a study has revealed that depressive symptoms continue to be higher in coastal areas than in inland areas affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake and the ... read more

Sep. 2, 2015 — The first study to test the skills of FBI agents and other law enforcers who have been trained in facial recognition has found they perform better than the average person or even computers on this ... read more

Economic Security Requires New Measures of Well-Being

Sep. 1, 2015 — Economic well-being for low-income families in the US is often determined by federal measures that establish basic requirements for essentials such as food, shelter and clothing, but a new study ... read more

New International Standards Needed to Manage Ocean Noise

Sep. 1, 2015 — As governments and industries expand their use of high-decibel seismic surveys to explore the ocean bottom for resources, experts from eight universities or organizations say new global standards and ... read more

Police at Risk of Traffic Injuries in Stopped Cars, as Well as When Speeding, Study Finds

Sep. 1, 2015 — Vehicle crashes are the largest cause of death among police in the United States, but what conditions contribute to the risk faced by officers? The first quantitative study of the issue finds a few ... read more

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