Public Health News
February 10, 2016

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updated 10:01am EST

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February 10, 2016

Cutting Prison Sentences Could Reduce Spread of HIV

Feb. 9, 2016 — Reducing the number of men who go to prison could help curb the spread of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in a community. A new computer model suggests that reducing incarceration in a ... read more

Veterans Affairs Health System Faces Significant Challenges, Studies Find

Feb. 8, 2016 — A series of reports prepared as part of a Congressionally mandated review of the Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system finds that demands on the VA will continue to increase through the end of the ... read more

Study Compares Effectiveness of Phone-Based and Web-Based Smoking Cessation Programs in Four States

Feb. 8, 2016 — A new analysis indicates that states' Web-based and phone-based tobacco cessation programs can help people quit smoking, but certain personal characteristics may lead individuals to prefer one ... read more

Study Evaluates Pay-for-Performance Program for Medicaid Children in an ACO

Feb. 5, 2016 — The first pay-for-performance (P4P) evaluation of pediatricians under a full-risk Medicaid accountable care organization (ACO) for children shows P4P incentives were partially responsible for higher ... read more

Study Measures Impact of Removing Planned Parenthood from Texas Women's Health Program

Feb. 4, 2016 — The public defunding of Planned Parenthood in Texas may have led to a decrease in highly effective forms of contraceptive services and an increase in Medicaid-paid childbirths among women who ... read more

Syrian Aid: Lack of Evidence for 'Interventions That Work,' Say Researchers

Feb. 4, 2016 — The lack of an evidence base in the donor-funded response to Syrian migrant crisis means funds may be allocated to ineffective interventions, say researchers, who call on funders and policymakers in ... read more

Early Poverty Disrupts Link Between Hunger and Eating

Feb. 4, 2016 — How much you eat when you're not really hungry may depend on how well off your family was when you were a child, according to new ... read more

Don't Use Body Mass Index to Determine Whether People Are Healthy

Feb. 4, 2016 — Relying on body mass index (BMI), a numerical measure of a person's height and weight, as a proxy for health incorrectly labels more than 54 million heavy Americans unhealthy when they are not, ... read more

Have National Smoking Bans Worked in Reducing Harms in Passive Smoking?

Feb. 4, 2016 — The most robust evidence yet, published today in the Cochrane Library, suggests that national smoking legislation does reduce the harms of passive smoking, and particularly risks from heart ... read more

What's the Impact of New Marijuana Laws? The Data So Far

Feb. 3, 2016 — How has new legislation affected marijuana use in the United States? The best available data suggest that marijuana use is increasing in adults but not teens, with a decrease in marijuana-related ... read more

Clinical Investigations of Mitochondrial Replacement Techniques Are 'Ethically Permissible' If Conditions Met

Feb. 3, 2016 — Conducting clinical investigations of mitochondrial replacement techniques in humans is ethically permissible as long as significant conditions and principles are met, says a new ... read more

Use of and Barriers to Access to Opioid Analgesics Worldwide

Feb. 3, 2016 — Use of common opioid painkillers such as codeine, morphine and oxycodone has more than quadrupled in Australia over the past decade and doubled worldwide over the same period. Yet at the same time ... read more

Rate of Office Visits, Cumulative Costs Prior to Colonoscopies for Colon Cancer Screening

Feb. 2, 2016 — Researchers analyzed billing data to determine the proportion of colonoscopies for colon cancer screening and polyp surveillance that were preceded by office visits and the associated payments for ... read more

Study Examines Response to Sexual Violence on Campus

Feb. 2, 2016 — To address concerns over sexual violence on college campuses, higher education institutions are required to appoint a Title IX Coordinator to investigate incidents, but few are trained to deal with ... read more

Super Bowl Celebrations Spread Flu, According to Researchers

Feb. 1, 2016 — Cities with teams in the Super Bowl see a rise in flu deaths, new research shows. The effects are greater when the Super Bowl occurs close to the peak of flu season or when the dominant influenza ... read more

Experts Cite Multiple Contacts for Hepatitis C Virus Exposure in Ghana

Feb. 1, 2016 — West African residents have frequent opportunities for exposure to the hepatitis C virus, according to a new comprehensive ... read more

Feb. 1, 2016 — New work on how news media coverage shapes perceptions of obesity, has been published by investigators. They examined how perspectives on obesity portrayed in news articles affect people's ... read more

Uncovering the Financial Ties of Advocates for Cancer Drug Approval

Feb. 1, 2016 — Speakers who nominally represent cancer patients at advisory meetings on new drugs often have financial ties with the company seeking marketing approval. And those ties aren't always disclosed, ... read more

Appalachia Continues to Have Higher Cancer Rates Than the Rest of US, but Gap Is Narrowing

Feb. 1, 2016 — Men and women in Appalachia continue to have higher cancer incidence rates compared with those in the rest of the United States regardless of race or location. The disparity is attributed in part to ... read more

Jan. 29, 2016 — An online 'pop quiz' researchers developed in 2009 shows promising accuracy in predicting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in young women, although not, apparently, in young ... read more

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