Public Health News
October 7, 2015

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updated 2:24am EDT

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October 7, 2015

Schools Are Underprepared for Pandemics, Natural Disasters

Oct. 5, 2015 — Missouri schools are no more prepared to respond to pandemics, natural disasters, and bioterrorism attacks than they were in 2011, according to a new study. Researchers found that on average, schools ... read more

Ethnic, Racial, Socioeconomic Disparities in Retinoblastoma in Children

Oct. 5, 2015 — Ethnic, racial and socioeconomic disparities appear to exist among children with retinoblastoma, a once uniformly fatal but now treatable eye cancer, and those disparities are associated with greater ... read more

Disparities in Time Spent Seeking Medical Care in the United States

Oct. 5, 2015 — Racial/ethnic minorities and unemployed individuals had a longer total time burden (time spent traveling to, waiting for and receiving ambulatory medical care) in a nationally representative study, ... read more

Lung Cancer Screening Programs Do Not Increase Rates of Unnecessary Surgeries

Oct. 1, 2015 — Lung cancer screening programs that utilize standardized reporting and include cardiothoracic surgeons as part of a multidisciplinary team can successfully be adopted into clinical practice without ... read more

'Housing First' Approach for Homeless People Doesn't Help Obesity

Sep. 29, 2015 — The 'Housing First' approach of giving homeless people with mental illness a place to live without any preconditions such as sobriety or enrollment in a psychiatric treatment program has ... read more

Home-Based Counselling Strategies Alone May Not Improve Neonatal Survival in Rural Africa

Sep. 29, 2015 — Implementing a home-based volunteer counselling strategy during pregnancy and the first few days of an infant's life in rural Africa may not be enough to improve neonatal survival, despite ... read more

HIV Patients Should Be Included in Early Clinical Trials of Anti-TB Drugs

Sep. 29, 2015 — Tuberculosis is the number one cause of death in HIV-infected patients in Africa and a leading cause of death in this population worldwide, yet the majority of these patients are excluded from the ... read more

Air Pollution, Traffic Linked to Deaths, Organ Rejection in Lung Transplant Patients

Sep. 29, 2015 — For the first time, research shows that lung transplant patients in Europe who live on or near busy roads with high levels of air pollution are more likely to die or to experience chronic organ ... read more

Data Scientist Develops Novel Health ROI to Optimize Biomedical Resource Allocations

Sep. 28, 2015 — Public and private entities that fund biomedical research face difficult choices on how to allocate a finite level of capital, and scientists often take risks in selecting research topics multiple ... read more

Universal TB Screening of Immigrants to Canada Costly, Inefficient

Sep. 28, 2015 — Canada's blanket practice of screening all newly arriving immigrants for tuberculosis is highly inefficient and should focus on only those arriving from countries with high rates of TB, ... read more

Sep. 28, 2015 — More than 80 percent of cardiovascular disease deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, but very little data on the impact of diet on cardiovascular disease exists from these ... read more

Cut Through the Confusion: Asking Questions Can Demystify Research

Sep. 28, 2015 — An expert encourages everyone to learn more about interpreting scientific and medical ... read more

Researcher Advocates Ending Medicare Coverage of Controversial Mammography Tool

Sep. 28, 2015 — A costly tool used on nearly all mammograms does not increase cancer detection rates and should no longer be covered by Medicare, argues a family physician and comparative effectiveness ... read more

Flu Infection Reveals Many Paths to Immune Response

Sep. 28, 2015 — A new study of influenza infection in an animal model broadens understanding of how the immune system responds to flu virus, showing that the process is more dynamic than usually described, engaging ... read more

Over Three-Quarters of People With Cancer Worldwide Have No Access to Safe Surgery

Sep. 28, 2015 — Over 80 percent of the 15 million people diagnosed with cancer worldwide in 2015 will need surgery, but less than a quarter will have access to proper, safe, affordable surgical care when they need ... read more

Coverage of Celebrity's Mastectomy Has Improved Awareness of Reconstructive Breast Surgery Options

Sep. 28, 2015 — A new study found improved public awareness about reconstructive breast surgery options following Angelina Jolie's decision to undergo a double mastectomy and subsequent ... read more

The Lancet Oncology: Tackling the Global Shortfall in Radiotherapy Could Save Millions of Lives and Boost the Economy of Poorer Countries

Sep. 26, 2015 — Millions of people are dying from potentially treatable cancers like breast and prostate because of a chronic underinvestment in radiotherapy resources, according to a major new Commission on access ... read more

When Paired With Coinfection, Social Isolation Might Fuel Rather Than Foil Epidemics

Sep. 25, 2015 — When social isolation and coinfection occur together, diseases can spread faster and further than with either effect alone, new research shows. At the heart of the new study are two effects that have ... read more

In-Flight Medical Emergencies: What Doctors and Travelers Must Know

Sep. 24, 2015 — A new article offers guidance for both healthcare providers and other travelers about how to handle mid-air medical emergencies. This important advice could save your ... read more

Sep. 24, 2015 — Scientists have provided a detailed map of how basic research translates into new treatments for deadly diseases. Charting the network of discoveries that led to the development of important ... read more

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