Public Health News
August 4, 2015

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August 4, 2015

New Medicaid Health Care Program for Disabled Adults Improves Aspects of Patients' Care, Report Says

Aug. 4, 2015 — Care linked to heart attacks and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, among disabled adults covered by Medicaid has improved with the expansion of a new health care program in Texas over ... read more

Intervention to Screen Women for Partner Violence Does Not Improve Health Outcomes

Aug. 4, 2015 — Screening women for partner violence and providing a resource list did not influence the number of hospitalizations, emergency department, or outpatient care visits compared with women only receiving ... read more

Progress Has Been Made in Reducing Rates of Violence in US; Overall Numbers Remain High

Aug. 4, 2015 — Even though homicide and assault rates have decreased in the US in recent years, the number of these and other types of violent acts remains high, according to a new report. The authors write that ... read more

Researcher Calls for Improved Firearm Safety Counseling by Physicians

Aug. 4, 2015 — Physicians should improve the way they discuss firearm safety with patients by showing more respect for the viewpoints of gun owners, according to a new ... read more

Social Factors Linked to Heart Disease for All

Aug. 4, 2015 — The social determinants of health are multi-dimensional and multi-level, yet we have few studies that examine the social determinants in large, diverse populations. More extensive research and new ... read more

Modelling the Effect of Vaccines on Cholera Transmission

Aug. 4, 2015 — Cholera is a diarrheal disease that is caused by an intestinal bacterium, Vibrio cholerae. Recently an outbreak of cholera in Haiti brought public attention to this deadly disease. In this work, the ... read more

Tool Helps Public Health Agencies Prioritize Health Risks

July 31, 2015 — Public health agencies across the globe are challenged with preventing the spread of chronic diseases while dealing with limited funds and devastating budget cuts. Now, a researcher has applied the ... read more

Analysis of Post Deployment Health Assessment Forms Indicates Risks of Alcohol Abuse Among Service Members Returning from Deployment

July 31, 2015 — An analysis of responses to questionnaires administered to U.S. active component service members who had returned from deployment during a 7-year surveillance period found that 3.4 percent and 4.8 ... read more

Cost of Physician Board Recertification Fuels Questions About How Best to Achieve Better Outcomes for Patients

July 30, 2015 — Many American physicians are pushing back against or debating new requirements for maintaining medical board certifications, which affect more than 250,000 physicians ... read more

Texting While Driving Bans Save 19 Lives Per Year

July 30, 2015 — On average, there was a 7 percent reduction in crash-related hospitalizations in states that have enacted bans on texting and driving, researchers say. Hospitalizations were reduced the most -- 9 ... read more

Every Country in the World Can Afford to Support Its Smokers to Stop

July 30, 2015 — A major new review examined a wide range of measures that healthcare systems in different countries can adopt to help smokers to stop, determining that in fact, all countries can afford to support ... read more

State Immunization Laws Should Eliminate Non-Medical Exemptions, Say Internists

July 29, 2015 — Support for eliminating existing exemptions, except for medical reasons, from immunization laws was among the policy recommendations adopted at the summer meeting of the Board of Regents of the ... read more

Bioethicists Call for End to 'Pay-to-Play' Clinical Research

July 29, 2015 — Charging people to participate in research studies is likely to undermine the fundamental ethical basis of clinical research, according to a new paper written by bioethicists. The paper outlines the ... read more

More Work Needed to Engage Consumers After Enrolling in Health Insurance Plans, Report Says

July 29, 2015 — To understand the issues facing consumers as well as the payers, providers and support organizations who work directly with them, researchers conducted phone-based interviews with insurance ... read more

'Dialing for Diabetes Control' Helps Urban Adults Lower Blood Sugar

July 29, 2015 — Periodic telephone counseling can be a highly effective, low-cost tool for lowering blood-sugar levels in minority, urban adults with uncontrolled diabetes. According to the Centers for Disease ... read more

Switching Off Street Lights at Night Does Not Increase Car Crashes, Crime

July 28, 2015 — Reduced street lighting in England and Wales is not associated with road traffic collisions or crime, according to research. The study suggests that local authorities can safely reduce street ... read more

Parents' Health Literacy Affects Child Weight-Loss Tactics, Study Finds

July 28, 2015 — Parents who are less health literate may choose weight-loss strategies for their children that are unhealthy or not recommended. Governmental weight-control info may not be reaching families who need ... read more

Effects Over Time of Tobacco Tax Increases in New Zealand

July 28, 2015 — Annual 10 percent tobacco tax increases in New Zealand over the next 20 years should lead to health gains, net health system cost savings and modest reductions of about 2 percent to 3 percent in ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Pharmaceutical firms 'underinvest' in long-term research to develop new cancer-fighting drugs due to the greater time and cost required to conduct such research, according to a newly ... read more

Marked Improvement in Health, Healthcare for Medicare Patients

July 28, 2015 — In a 15-year study of older Medicare patients, researchers saw an estimated 20 percent drop in mortality, about 30 percent fewer hospitalizations, and 40 percent reduction in deaths after ... read more

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