Public Health News
October 4, 2015

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updated 4:54am EDT

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October 4, 2015

'Housing First' Approach for Homeless People Doesn't Help Obesity

Sep. 29, 2015 — The 'Housing First' approach of giving homeless people with mental illness a place to live without any preconditions such as sobriety or enrollment in a psychiatric treatment program has ... read more

Home-Based Counselling Strategies Alone May Not Improve Neonatal Survival in Rural Africa

Sep. 29, 2015 — Implementing a home-based volunteer counselling strategy during pregnancy and the first few days of an infant's life in rural Africa may not be enough to improve neonatal survival, despite ... read more

HIV Patients Should Be Included in Early Clinical Trials of Anti-TB Drugs

Sep. 29, 2015 — Tuberculosis is the number one cause of death in HIV-infected patients in Africa and a leading cause of death in this population worldwide, yet the majority of these patients are excluded from the ... read more

Air Pollution, Traffic Linked to Deaths, Organ Rejection in Lung Transplant Patients

Sep. 29, 2015 — For the first time, research shows that lung transplant patients in Europe who live on or near busy roads with high levels of air pollution are more likely to die or to experience chronic organ ... read more

Data Scientist Develops Novel Health ROI to Optimize Biomedical Resource Allocations

Sep. 28, 2015 — Public and private entities that fund biomedical research face difficult choices on how to allocate a finite level of capital, and scientists often take risks in selecting research topics multiple ... read more

Universal TB Screening of Immigrants to Canada Costly, Inefficient

Sep. 28, 2015 — Canada's blanket practice of screening all newly arriving immigrants for tuberculosis is highly inefficient and should focus on only those arriving from countries with high rates of TB, ... read more

Sep. 28, 2015 — More than 80 percent of cardiovascular disease deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, but very little data on the impact of diet on cardiovascular disease exists from these ... read more

Cut Through the Confusion: Asking Questions Can Demystify Research

Sep. 28, 2015 — An expert encourages everyone to learn more about interpreting scientific and medical ... read more

Researcher Advocates Ending Medicare Coverage of Controversial Mammography Tool

Sep. 28, 2015 — A costly tool used on nearly all mammograms does not increase cancer detection rates and should no longer be covered by Medicare, argues a family physician and comparative effectiveness ... read more

Flu Infection Reveals Many Paths to Immune Response

Sep. 28, 2015 — A new study of influenza infection in an animal model broadens understanding of how the immune system responds to flu virus, showing that the process is more dynamic than usually described, engaging ... read more

Over Three-Quarters of People With Cancer Worldwide Have No Access to Safe Surgery

Sep. 28, 2015 — Over 80 percent of the 15 million people diagnosed with cancer worldwide in 2015 will need surgery, but less than a quarter will have access to proper, safe, affordable surgical care when they need ... read more

Coverage of Celebrity's Mastectomy Has Improved Awareness of Reconstructive Breast Surgery Options

Sep. 28, 2015 — A new study found improved public awareness about reconstructive breast surgery options following Angelina Jolie's decision to undergo a double mastectomy and subsequent ... read more

The Lancet Oncology: Tackling the Global Shortfall in Radiotherapy Could Save Millions of Lives and Boost the Economy of Poorer Countries

Sep. 26, 2015 — Millions of people are dying from potentially treatable cancers like breast and prostate because of a chronic underinvestment in radiotherapy resources, according to a major new Commission on access ... read more

When Paired With Coinfection, Social Isolation Might Fuel Rather Than Foil Epidemics

Sep. 25, 2015 — When social isolation and coinfection occur together, diseases can spread faster and further than with either effect alone, new research shows. At the heart of the new study are two effects that have ... read more

In-Flight Medical Emergencies: What Doctors and Travelers Must Know

Sep. 24, 2015 — A new article offers guidance for both healthcare providers and other travelers about how to handle mid-air medical emergencies. This important advice could save your ... read more

Sep. 24, 2015 — Scientists have provided a detailed map of how basic research translates into new treatments for deadly diseases. Charting the network of discoveries that led to the development of important ... read more

'Immune Camouflage' May Explain H7N9 Influenza Vaccine Failure

Sep. 24, 2015 — The avian influenza A (H7N9) virus has been a major concern since the first outbreak in China in 2013. Due to its high rate of lethality and pandemic potential, H7N9 vaccine development has become a ... read more

Fewer Patients Die at Fully Accredited Hospitals

Sep. 24, 2015 — For the first time, researchers can now demonstrate an association between the level of hospital accreditation and the mortality rate among patients, reports a Danish ... read more

Significant Differences in Frailty Found by Region, by Race Among Older Americans

Sep. 24, 2015 — A large-scale survey of older Americans living at home or in assisted living settings found that 15 percent are frail, a diminished state that makes people more vulnerable to falls, chronic disease ... read more

Concerns Over FDA's Increasing Use of Expedited Development and Approval Pathways

Sep. 23, 2015 — Two studies carried out by US researchers raise questions about whether most new drugs are any more effective than existing products or whether they have been adequately assessed before ... read more

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