Public Health News
July 31, 2015

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July 31, 2015

Every Country in the World Can Afford to Support Its Smokers to Stop

July 30, 2015 — A major new review examined a wide range of measures that healthcare systems in different countries can adopt to help smokers to stop, determining that in fact, all countries can afford to support ... read more

State Immunization Laws Should Eliminate Non-Medical Exemptions, Say Internists

July 29, 2015 — Support for eliminating existing exemptions, except for medical reasons, from immunization laws was among the policy recommendations adopted at the summer meeting of the Board of Regents of the ... read more

Bioethicists Call for End to 'Pay-to-Play' Clinical Research

July 29, 2015 — Charging people to participate in research studies is likely to undermine the fundamental ethical basis of clinical research, according to a new paper written by bioethicists. The paper outlines the ... read more

'Dialing for Diabetes Control' Helps Urban Adults Lower Blood Sugar

July 29, 2015 — Periodic telephone counseling can be a highly effective, low-cost tool for lowering blood-sugar levels in minority, urban adults with uncontrolled diabetes. According to the Centers for Disease ... read more

Switching Off Street Lights at Night Does Not Increase Car Crashes, Crime

July 28, 2015 — Reduced street lighting in England and Wales is not associated with road traffic collisions or crime, according to research. The study suggests that local authorities can safely reduce street ... read more

Parents' Health Literacy Affects Child Weight-Loss Tactics, Study Finds

July 28, 2015 — Parents who are less health literate may choose weight-loss strategies for their children that are unhealthy or not recommended. Governmental weight-control info may not be reaching families who need ... read more

Effects Over Time of Tobacco Tax Increases in New Zealand

July 28, 2015 — Annual 10 percent tobacco tax increases in New Zealand over the next 20 years should lead to health gains, net health system cost savings and modest reductions of about 2 percent to 3 percent in ... read more

July 28, 2015 — Pharmaceutical firms 'underinvest' in long-term research to develop new cancer-fighting drugs due to the greater time and cost required to conduct such research, according to a newly ... read more

Marked Improvement in Health, Healthcare for Medicare Patients

July 28, 2015 — In a 15-year study of older Medicare patients, researchers saw an estimated 20 percent drop in mortality, about 30 percent fewer hospitalizations, and 40 percent reduction in deaths after ... read more

Pharmacy Expenditures for Children With Serious Chronic Illness

July 28, 2015 — In an analysis of expenditures for outpatient pharmacy products used by publicly insured children with serious chronic illness in California, treating hemophilia accounted for about 40 percent of ... read more

Report Examines Medicare, Medicaid Programs at 50 Years and Challenges Ahead

July 28, 2015 — Although Medicare and Medicaid are playing a role in health care payment and delivery reform innovation, it will be difficult to enact large-scale program changes because of the conflicting ... read more

Findings Question Measures Used to Assess Hospital Quality

July 28, 2015 — Hospitals that were penalized more frequently in the Hospital-Acquired Condition (HAC) Reduction Program offered advanced services, were major teaching institutions and had better performance on ... read more

Race, Institutional Factors Play an Important Role in Pharmacogenomic Trial Participation

July 28, 2015 — The participation rate of patients in pharmacogenomic trials has been the focus of recent study. The research has concluded that there are a number of factors at the patient, physician, institution ... read more

Report Documents an Unmet Need for Expanded Family Planning Services at CHCs

July 28, 2015 — As part of a unique survey of nearly 2,000 women of childbearing age who receive health care at the nation's community health centers, 90 percent reported that they were not actively seeking to ... read more

Researchers Identify Model to Predict Successful Wound Healing

July 27, 2015 — Battlefield surgeons and civilian physicians could have a powerful new tool to help patients recover from traumatic injuries, including life-threatening wounds from explosions. Researchers have ... read more

Home Births Lead to Higher Infant Mortality, at Least for Mothers Living in Poorer Areas, Experts Say

July 27, 2015 — Home births lead to higher infant mortality than hospital births, at least for mothers living in poorer areas. This is the conclusion of a new study that examines 356,412 low-risk Dutch women who ... read more

Teens With Medical Marijuana Cards Much Likelier to Say They're Addicted, but Few Teens Have Them

July 23, 2015 — Teens using marijuana for medical reasons are 10 times more likely to say they are hooked on marijuana than youth who get marijuana illegally, a new study shows. The study is the first to report on a ... read more

U.S. South Asians More Reluctant to Seek Medication for Pain

July 23, 2015 — When compared with other ethnicities, Asians are the most unsatisfied with the health care they received in the United States, previous research has shown. This dissatisfaction with health care ... read more

Aggressive Vaccination Prevented Amish Measles Contagion from Spreading Broadly

July 23, 2015 — Under-vaccinated communities face heightened risk of measles outbreaks that can spread nationally within a year unless squelched quickly, but a vigorous vaccination response during a 2014 outbreak in ... read more

Leading Experts Prescribe How to Make Cancer Drugs More Affordable

July 23, 2015 — A group of 118 of the nation's leading cancer experts have drafted a prescription for reducing the high cost of cancer drugs and voiced support for a patient-based grassroots movement demanding ... read more

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