Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Survival predictors of cardiac arrest in the ICU

Date:
August 15, 2011
Source:
Canadian Medical Association Journal
Summary:
The type of cardiac arrest suffered by patients in intensive care units may predict their long-term survival rate, states a new study.

The type of cardiac arrest suffered by patients in intensive care units (ICUs) may predict their long-term survival rate, states a study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Cardiac arrests are the leading cause of death in North America. They affect more than 200 000 people each year, and less than 25% of people survive to hospital discharge.

Researchers from the University of Alberta sought to understand survival rates for people who suffer cardiac arrest in the ICU. They looked at data over a five-year period (January 2000 to April 2005) from four Alberta hospitals with coronary care units and general ICUs, including survival rates at one and five years as well as short-term rates. Most studies focus on survival to discharge from hospital compared with longer-term survival.

The study included 517 patients, with 62% male participants and a mean age of 67 years. Of these, 27% survived to hospital discharge, 24% to one year and 16% to five years. General ICU patients were more likely to die in the ICU compared with coronary care or cardiac surgical ICU patients. Time of day of cardiac arrest did not affect survival to discharge.

Factors associated with a high risk of death after cardiac arrest in the ICU include pulseless electrical activity or asystolic arrest, longer duration of resuscitation and decreased long-term survival with advanced age.

"Although overall survival among ICU patients may have greatly improved, survival among those experiencing cardiac arrest in the ICU, particularly arrest due to pulseless electrical activity or asystole, remained comparatively poor," states Dr. Demetrios Kutsogiannis, University of Alberta, with coauthors.

"We hope this study will help inform the public about outcomes after arrests in hospital intensive and coronary care units," state the authors. "It is hoped that improved informed decision-making regarding end-of-life resuscitation attempts may occur between patients, families and their physicians prior to serious illness and potential coronary or ICU care."

With the advancing age of the Canadian population, informed decision-making in end-of-life care is becoming more important to respect the wishes of patients and their families.

"In-hospital arrests represent a much more heterogeneous group of diseases, both with respect to the underlying medical condition of the patient, the cause of the arrest and the resuscitation environment (e.g., [ICU] v. general ward)," writes Dr. Benjamin Abella, Center for Resuscitation Science and the Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, in a related commentary. Patients in the ICU have different diseases and conditions, and these may influence cardiac survival rates.

"Patients whose pathophysiology allows for rapid reversal after in-hospital cardiac arrest, such as the patient with myocardial infarction…have a strong potential for survival and should receive aggressive treatment, both during and after resuscitation," he states.

Customizing evaluation and treatment of cardiac arrests to better understand the underlying causes and outcomes may help improve patient survival rates.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by Canadian Medical Association Journal. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Cite This Page:

Canadian Medical Association Journal. "Survival predictors of cardiac arrest in the ICU." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 15 August 2011. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110815121319.htm>.
Canadian Medical Association Journal. (2011, August 15). Survival predictors of cardiac arrest in the ICU. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 29, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110815121319.htm
Canadian Medical Association Journal. "Survival predictors of cardiac arrest in the ICU." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110815121319.htm (accessed July 29, 2014).

Share This




More Health & Medicine News

Tuesday, July 29, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Deadly Ebola Virus Threatens West Africa

Deadly Ebola Virus Threatens West Africa

AP (July 28, 2014) West African nations and international health organizations are working to contain the largest Ebola outbreak in history. It's one of the deadliest diseases known to man, but the CDC says it's unlikely to spread in the U.S. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
$15B Deal on Vets' Health Care Reached

$15B Deal on Vets' Health Care Reached

AP (July 28, 2014) A bipartisan deal to improve veterans health care would authorize at least $15 billion in emergency spending to fix a veterans program scandalized by long patient wait times and falsified records. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Two Americans Contract Ebola in Liberia

Two Americans Contract Ebola in Liberia

Reuters - US Online Video (July 28, 2014) Two American aid workers in Liberia test positive for Ebola while working to combat the deadliest outbreak of the virus ever. Linda So reports. Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Traditional African Dishes Teach Healthy Eating

Traditional African Dishes Teach Healthy Eating

AP (July 28, 2014) Classes are being offered nationwide to encourage African Americans to learn about cooking fresh foods based on traditional African cuisine. The program is trying to combat obesity, heart disease and other ailments often linked to diet. (July 28) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins