The Norwegian research institutes NOFIMA and SINTEF and newly launched company Polybait have been utilising odours from the ocean's larder to develop a cream that can be smeared on fishing gear to attract more fish to the bait.
"There already exist several baits with odour attractants on the sports-fishing market, but there is no scientific proof that these actually work," says senior scientist Sten Ivar Siikavuopio of the food research institute NOFIMA. "But can you document such an effect for the cream that you have helped to develop?" "Yes, we certainly can."
Sports fishers and professional fishermen
The cream is aimed at both the sports-fishing and professional markets. According to Polybait's founder Svein Kvalvik, the cream will be targeted at fly and spinner anglers, as well as professional long-line and hand-line fishermen. Kvalvik explains that the cream is a byproduct of a major project, in which Polybait, NOFIMA and SINTEF are developing odour-rich synthetic baits for the autoline fleet with financial support from the Research Council of Norway.
If the mother project is successful, it will no longer be necessary to use fish that we could have eaten as bait on autoline fishing vessels. These boats will also save the energy and space currently needed to freeze and store bait on board. If the new cream is successful, the recently established Tromsø company Polybait will be earning money even before the autoline project has come to an end.
Uses biological "leftovers"
According to NOFIMA's Sten Ivar Siikavuopio, the two projects share a common point of departure; a Norwegian research result that demonstrated that cod are able to detect odour molecules at a distance of as much as 700 metres. NOFIMA, the largest institute in industry-oriented R&D aimed at aquaculture, fisheries and food, was responsible for closing in on the odours that Polybait is using. For the purpose, the institute made use of "leftover" raw materials from the fishing industry.
The smell of prey
The results include three different creams; one for cod, another for halibut and a third for salmon. The odours are extracts of the prey of the individual species. "We started out from what we know that these fish like. For the cod, we did a particularly thorough job with a series of tests in tanks," says Siikavuopio on the telephone from NOFIMA's Tromsø headquarters.
The thickening agent that makes it possible to smear on the odour in the form of a cream was developed more than 1000 kilometres south of Tromsø, at SINTEF in Oslo. Ferdinand Männle, marketing director at SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, tells us that the Institute has resolved several challenges at the same time. "We gave the cream certain properties that allow it to be broken down in water over a long period of time. This was in order to prevent the fishing gear from continuing to attract fish for ever if the line should break. At the same time, we do not allow the cream to dissolve TOO rapidly in the sea. After all, there would be no point if the odour was washed off soon after the line was paid out into the sea. Research scientist Huaitian Bu has played a central part in balancing the requirements. "We have also made sure that most of the cream can be made from renewable resources."
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