Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Prevalence of undiagnosed HIV infection low among state prison entrants

Date:
November 26, 2013
Source:
The JAMA Network Journals
Summary:
An analysis indicates that the prevalence of undiagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among state prison entrants in North Carolina was low, at 0.09 percent, according to a study.

An analysis indicates that the prevalence of undiagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among state prison entrants in North Carolina was low, at 0.09 percent, according to a study appearing in the November 27 issue of JAMA.

"A substantial proportion of individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus in the United States enter a correctional facility annually. Therefore, incarceration presents an opportunity for HIV detection. Even though many states have adopted policies of mass HIV screening of inmates, the extent to which HIV testing on prison entry detects new infections is unclear," according to background information in the article.

David Alain Wohl, M.D., of the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and colleagues examined HIV prevalence among inmates entering a state prison system and the proportion known to state public health authorities as having previously tested HIV seropositive. Individuals were evaluated who entered the North Carolina Department of Public Safety (NC DPS) between June 2008 and April 2009. Testing entering inmates for HIV in North Carolina was voluntary; however, a state statute mandated screening for syphilis. Excess blood was batch tested for HIV antibodies. Before removing links to the inmate's HIV test result, identifiers were used to merge prison test results with the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services (NC DHHS) HIV testing database.

During the study period, 23,373 inmates entered the NC DPS. Of these inmates, 22,134 (94.7 percent) had HIV testing performed on blood remaining after syphilis testing. Testing of excess blood revealed that 320 inmates (1.45 percent) were HIV seropositive. Of those who tested HIV seropositive, 300 (93.8 percent) were known by the NC DHHS to be infected with HIV prior to incarceration. Therefore, 20 of 22,134, or 0.09 percent of tested inmates and not known to be infected previously.

"In contrast to the perception that undiagnosed HIV infection is prevalent among incarcerated individuals, our results indicate that few new cases of HIV enter prison," the authors write. "Other at-risk populations with higher levels of undiagnosed HIV infection may constitute a higher priority for screening for HIV than prisoners."


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by The JAMA Network Journals. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. David Alain Wohl, Carol Golin, David L. Rosen, Jeanine M. May, Becky L. White. Detection of Undiagnosed HIV Among State Prison Entrants. JAMA, 2013; 310 (20): 2198 DOI: 10.1001/jama.2013.280740

Cite This Page:

The JAMA Network Journals. "Prevalence of undiagnosed HIV infection low among state prison entrants." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 26 November 2013. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131126191555.htm>.
The JAMA Network Journals. (2013, November 26). Prevalence of undiagnosed HIV infection low among state prison entrants. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 20, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131126191555.htm
The JAMA Network Journals. "Prevalence of undiagnosed HIV infection low among state prison entrants." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131126191555.htm (accessed October 20, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Monday, October 20, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

How Nigeria Beat Its Ebola Outbreak

How Nigeria Beat Its Ebola Outbreak

Newsy (Oct. 20, 2014) The World Health Organization has declared Nigeria free of Ebola. Health experts credit a bit of luck and the government's initial response. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Another Study Suggests Viagra Is Good For The Heart

Another Study Suggests Viagra Is Good For The Heart

Newsy (Oct. 20, 2014) An ingredient in erectile-dysfunction medications such as Viagra could improve heart function. Perhaps not surprising, given Viagra's history. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Ebola Worries End for Dozens on U.S. Watch Lists

Ebola Worries End for Dozens on U.S. Watch Lists

Reuters - US Online Video (Oct. 20, 2014) Forty-three people who had contact with Thomas Eric Duncan, the first person diagnosed with Ebola in the U.S., were cleared overnight of twice-daily monitoring after 21 days of showing no symptoms. Rough Cut (no reporter narration). Video provided by Reuters
Powered by NewsLook.com
Fauci: Ebola Protocols to Focus on Training

Fauci: Ebola Protocols to Focus on Training

AP (Oct. 20, 2014) Dr. Anthony Fauci, head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, says he expects revised CDC protocols on Ebola to focus on training, observation and ensuring health care workers are more protected. (Oct. 20) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:

Strange & Offbeat Stories


Health & Medicine

Mind & Brain

Living & Well

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins