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Enforcement and anti-poaching measures set to fail

Date:
January 13, 2014
Source:
University of Kent
Summary:
Enforcement and anti-poaching measures will fail because they don't address the real drivers of poaching and illegal trade, such as increasing demand, resulting in rising prices of illegal goods, including ivory, experts say.

Photo taken at the Carnivore and Pangolin Conservation Program, Cuc Phuong, Vietnam.
Credit: Copyright Dan Challender

In a paper published in Conservation Letters, researchers from the University of Kent's Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE) argue that despite record levels of funding being invested in enforcement and anti-poaching measures, many species are already on the path of extinction and bold strategies are needed to protect them.

Co-authors Dan Challender and Professor Douglas MacMillan call for resources to be directed to a broader range of long-term conservation strategies, which go beyond regulation and intensifying enforcement effort, to conserve high-value species such as the African elephant, tiger and pangolins.

The paper also provides evidence that regulatory approaches are being overwhelmed by the drivers of poaching and trade, with enforcement of trade controls, including those agreed through CITES -- the Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species -- attracting organised criminals who have the capacity to operate even under increased enforcement effort.

Dan Challender of DICE, Co-author of the paper, said: 'In the immediate future we should incentivise and build capacity within local communities to conserve wildlife. Current enforcement measures are proving unsuccessful and more needs to be done to bring local communities, which live in close proximity to the species on-board, by rewarding them for conserving wildlife. When their children are hungry and cannot afford to go to school then saving pangolins seems much less of a priority to them.'

Professor MacMillan adds: 'In the longer term we should look to establish legal and sustainable trade in many species threatened by poaching using tax revenues from such trade to fund species conservation efforts.

'We also need to take the pressure off wild populations by investing in supply approaches such as ranching and wildlife farming which could lower the incentive to poach. Likewise, we need to reduce demand through social marketing programmes, though further research into wildlife consumption is needed to inform such programmes.'


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by University of Kent. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Daniel W. S. Challender, Douglas C. MacMillan. Poaching is more than an enforcement problem. Conservation Letters, 2014; DOI: 10.1111/conl.12082

Cite This Page:

University of Kent. "Enforcement and anti-poaching measures set to fail." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 13 January 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140113125148.htm>.
University of Kent. (2014, January 13). Enforcement and anti-poaching measures set to fail. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140113125148.htm
University of Kent. "Enforcement and anti-poaching measures set to fail." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140113125148.htm (accessed October 22, 2014).

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