Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations

Spinal manipulative therapy reduces central pain sensitization

Date:
February 25, 2014
Source:
American Pain Society
Summary:
The lessening of pain sensitivity achieved with spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) occurs as a result of the treatment and not as much from a placebo effect caused by the expectation of receiving SMT. Chronic low back pain is associated with altered pain processing, suggesting a mechanism related to central sensitization of pain. Central sensitization is considered a factor in the progression of acute pain to chronic pain and in the maintenance of chronic pain.

The lessening of pain sensitivity achieved with spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) occurs as a result of the treatment and not as much from a placebo effect caused by the expectation of receiving SMT, according to a study published in The Journal of Pain.

Spinal manipulative therapy has been shown to reduce the severity of low back pain in some patients. Improved understanding of its pain-relieving mechanisms could enhance clinical effectiveness.

Chronic low back pain is associated with altered pain processing, suggesting a mechanism related to central sensitization of pain. Central sensitization is considered a factor in the progression of acute pain to chronic pain and in the maintenance of chronic pain.

Researchers from the University of Florida investigated whether lessening of pain sensitivity attributed to SMT is specific to the procedure itself or occurs as a placebo effect from treatment expectation. Studies have shown that placebo is associated with robust analgesia produced by anticipation of pain relief.

Subjects for the study had low back pain and were recruited from the University of Florida campus. Participants underwent baseline pressure and thermal pain testing and were randomly assigned to SMT, placebo SMT, enhanced placebo SMT (same as placebo SMT except subjects were informed they would get SMT or a placebo intervention) or no intervention. The 110 study subjects had repeat mechanical and thermal pain sensitivity testing to measure immediate, within session, change in pain sensitivity.

Results showed that significantly more participants receiving the enhanced placebo SMT indicated good to excellent outcomes than those receiving standard placebo SMT or no treatment. A significant difference was not found between subjects receiving SMT and the enhanced placebo.

The authors concluded their findings reveal a mechanism of SMT unrelated to the expectation of receiving SMT, but from modulation of dorsal horn excitability and lessening of central sensitization. This suggests potential for SMT to be a clinically beneficial intervention.


Story Source:

The above story is based on materials provided by American Pain Society. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Joel E. Bialosky, Steven Z. George, Maggie E. Horn, Donald D. Price, Roland Staud, Michael E. Robinson. Spinal Manipulative Therapy–Specific Changes in Pain Sensitivity in Individuals With Low Back Pain (NCT01168999). The Journal of Pain, 2014; 15 (2): 136 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpain.2013.10.005

Cite This Page:

American Pain Society. "Spinal manipulative therapy reduces central pain sensitization." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 25 February 2014. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140225122220.htm>.
American Pain Society. (2014, February 25). Spinal manipulative therapy reduces central pain sensitization. ScienceDaily. Retrieved September 22, 2014 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140225122220.htm
American Pain Society. "Spinal manipulative therapy reduces central pain sensitization." ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140225122220.htm (accessed September 22, 2014).

Share This



More Health & Medicine News

Monday, September 22, 2014

Featured Research

from universities, journals, and other organizations


Featured Videos

from AP, Reuters, AFP, and other news services

Sierra Leone in Lockdown to Control Ebola

Sierra Leone in Lockdown to Control Ebola

AP (Sep. 21, 2014) Sierra Leone residents remained in lockdown on Saturday as part of a massive effort to confine millions of people to their homes in a bid to stem the biggest Ebola outbreak in history. (Sept. 20) Video provided by AP
Powered by NewsLook.com
Sierra Leone's Nationwide Ebola Curfew Underway

Sierra Leone's Nationwide Ebola Curfew Underway

Newsy (Sep. 20, 2014) Sierra Leone is locked down as aid workers and volunteers look for new cases of Ebola. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Changes Found In Brain After One Dose Of Antidepressants

Changes Found In Brain After One Dose Of Antidepressants

Newsy (Sep. 19, 2014) A study suggest antidepressants can kick in much sooner than previously thought. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com
Could Grief Affect The Immune Systems Of Senior Citizens?

Could Grief Affect The Immune Systems Of Senior Citizens?

Newsy (Sep. 19, 2014) The study found elderly people are much more likely to become susceptible to infection than younger adults going though a similar situation. Video provided by Newsy
Powered by NewsLook.com

Search ScienceDaily

Number of stories in archives: 140,361

Find with keyword(s):
Enter a keyword or phrase to search ScienceDaily for related topics and research stories.

Save/Print:
Share:

Breaking News:
from the past week

In Other News

... from NewsDaily.com

Science News

Health News

Environment News

Technology News



Save/Print:
Share:

Free Subscriptions


Get the latest science news with ScienceDaily's free email newsletters, updated daily and weekly. Or view hourly updated newsfeeds in your RSS reader:

Get Social & Mobile


Keep up to date with the latest news from ScienceDaily via social networks and mobile apps:

Have Feedback?


Tell us what you think of ScienceDaily -- we welcome both positive and negative comments. Have any problems using the site? Questions?
Mobile: iPhone Android Web
Follow: Facebook Twitter Google+
Subscribe: RSS Feeds Email Newsletters
Latest Headlines Health & Medicine Mind & Brain Space & Time Matter & Energy Computers & Math Plants & Animals Earth & Climate Fossils & Ruins