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Scientists Create First Life-Form With Man-Made Genetic Code

Date:
May 7, 2014
Source:
Newsy / Powered by NewsLook.com
Summary:
By adding two genetic units to the DNA of E. coli bacteria, U.S. scientists have created an alien organism capable of producing new types of proteins. Video provided by Newsy


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last updated on 2015-02-01 at 1:25 pm EST

Brain-Dwelling Tapeworm Reveals Genetic Secrets

Brain-Dwelling Tapeworm Reveals Genetic Secrets

Reuters - Innovations Video Online (Dec. 22, 2014) — Cambridge scientists have unravelled the genetic code of a rare tapeworm that lived inside a patient's brain for at least four year. Researchers hope it will present new opportunities to diagnose and treat this invasive parasite. Matthew Stock reports. Video provided by Reuters
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Explaining How We Differ From Our Closest Ape Relatives

Explaining How We Differ From Our Closest Ape Relatives

FORA.tv (Dec. 22, 2014) — Explaining How We Differ From Our Closest Ape Relatives California Academy of Sciences - Cal Academy of Sciences Walking upright on two legs is the hallmark of the human lineage. Understanding when and how we made the transition to this unique way of moving about the world is key to deciphering how, and why, we evolved. Scientists have traditionally studied hands, feet, arms and legs to understand animal movement, but primates differ in body shape as much as they do in their limbs, and this is related to the ways they are designed to move about the world - whether they hold their bodies upright or horizontally, whether they hang below branches in the trees or walk above them on all fours, and more. Over the past few decades, more bones associated with the trunk, including ribs, pelves and vertebrae, have been discovered for fossil hominins and our relatives, shedding new light on the evolution of body form in apes and humans. In addition, new 3D computer technologies allow us to study these fossils in new ways. These new insights into the evolution of human body form paint a striking new picture of the transition from ape to hominin, leading to a whole new way of thinking about our origins. Video provided by FORA.tv
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Does Social Engagement Have a Genetic Root?

Does Social Engagement Have a Genetic Root?

FORA.tv (May 13, 2013) — Does Social Engagement Have a Genetic Root? California Academy of Sciences - California Academy of Sciences Innovation is critical for both individual and evolutionary success, but creative disruption requires taking risks. New research marrying the theory and methods of economics to cutting-edge neuroscience techniques - an emerging field known as NeuroEconomics - is making new discoveries about the biological processes that motivate us to take risks and create new solutions to unforeseen challenges. Dr. Platt will describe how the brain overcomes uncertainty to explore novel alternatives and create new knowledge. Parallel findings from humans, monkeys, rodents, and worms indicate that a common suite of underlying mechanisms has evolved to control the desire to explore. At one extreme, neuropsychiatric disorders like attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and addiction, may arise from dysfunctional control of exploration. At the other, uniquely human faculties of creativity and technological innovation may reflect elaboration of this shared biological heritage controlling our desire to explore.
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We Must Genetically Engineer Babies to Stop Disease

We Must Genetically Engineer Babies to Stop Disease

FORA.tv (Feb. 13, 2013) — Imagine a world free of genetic diseases, where parents control their offspring's height, eye color and intelligence. The science may be closer than you think. Genes interact in ways that we don't fully understand and there could be unintended consequences, new diseases that result from our tinkering. But even if the science could be perfected, is it morally wrong? Would it lead to eugenics and a stratified society where only the rich enjoy the benefits of genetic enhancement? Or would the real injustice be depriving our children of every scientifically possible opportunity?
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