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September 27, 2016

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September 27, 2016

Sep. 26, 2016 — To fill in the blanks on mitochondria, researchers deleted 174 genes, one by one, in yeast. They then subjected the yeast to high-intensity mass spectrometry to measure unprecedented detail on ... read more

Photons Do the Twist, and Scientists Can Now Measure It

Sep. 26, 2016 — Researchers have measured the twisting force, or torque, generated by light on a silicon chip. Their work holds promise for applications such as miniaturized gyroscopes and torsional sensors to ... read more

Sep. 26, 2016 — A layer of iron and other elements deep underground is the evidence scientists have long been seeking to support the hypothesis that the moon was formed by a planetary object hitting the infant Earth ... read more

Scientists Track Down Possible New Treatment for Epilepsy

Sep. 26, 2016 — Increasing the concentration of specific fats in the brain could suppress epileptic seizures, ground-breaking new research shows. On the basis of this discovery, scientists were able to completely ... read more

The Language of Senses

Sep. 26, 2016 — Sight, touch and hearing are our windows to the world: these sensory channels send a constant flow of information to the brain, which acts to sort out and integrate these signals, allowing us to ... read more

'Teashirt' Gene Links Autism and Kidney Problems, New Study Finds

Sep. 26, 2016 — A gene dubbed the ‘Teashirt’ by its discoverers has been identified as a link between children with kidney problems and autism, in a new study which has implications for how doctors working on ... read more

Sep. 26, 2016 — When a star is young, it is often still surrounded by a primordial rotating disk of gas and dust, from which planets can form. Astronomers like to find such disks because they might be able to catch ... read more

Sep. 26, 2016 — Researchers have discovered how cancer cells become invisible to the body's immune system, a crucial step that allows tumors to metastasize and spread throughout the ... read more

Lowering the Heat Makes New Materials Possible While Saving Energy

Sep. 26, 2016 — A low-temperature process has been developed that has opened a window on the ability to combine incompatible materials, such as ceramics and plastics, into new, useful compound ... read more

Sep. 26, 2016 — Mice placed on a low-calorie diet are less likely to develop abdominal aortic aneurysms, according to a new stud. The paper suggests new ways to prevent the often fatal condition from occurring in ... read more

Sep. 26, 2016 — Researchers have built a three-dimensional map of the anthrax toxin that may explain how it efficiently transfers its lethal components into the cytoplasm of infected cells. The study suggests that ... read more

Unknown Exposure to Second-Hand Smoke Associated With Increased Mortality

Sep. 26, 2016 — A new biomarker has identified known and unknown exposure to second-hand smoke and confirmed a strong association to increased mortality in non-smokers, according to a new study. The results provide ... read more

Enzyme Hyaluronidase Shows Promise as Treatment for Muscle Stiffness Caused by Brain Injury

Sep. 26, 2016 — A naturally occurring enzyme called hyaluronidase may be an effective alternative treatment for spasticity, or muscle stiffness, a disabling condition in people who have had a stroke or other brain ... read more

Computer Engineers Boost App Speeds by More Than 9 Percent

Sep. 26, 2016 — Researchers have found a way to boost the speed of computer applications by more than 9 percent. The improvement results from techniques that allow computer processors to retrieve data more ... read more

Healthcare Leaders Recommend Restructuring Health Care System to Better Serve Needs of U.S. Throughout 21st Century

Sep. 26, 2016 — To keep up with the evolving needs of our nation’s health and health care system, a series of papers recommends restructuring the U.S. health care system in ways that will support more efficient, ... read more

Medulloblastoma Patients Should Receive Both Chemotherapy and Radiation Post-Surgery

Sep. 26, 2016 — The addition of chemotherapy to postoperative treatment for adults with medulloblastoma improves survival, new research demonstrates. Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common brain tumor in children, ... read more

Widespread Adoption of SBRT Has Improved Survival Rates for Elderly Patients With Early Stage Lung Cancer

Sep. 26, 2016 — Survival rates for elderly patients who received stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) rose from roughly 40 to 60 percent over the past decade, ... read more

Shrubs More Expansive Than Trees

Sep. 26, 2016 — Shrubs are more widespread than trees in nature and on Earth. A new study explains their global success. It turns out that the multiple stems of shrubs are of key importance. This feature contributes ... read more

Young Cancer Survivors in Economic Struggle

Sep. 26, 2016 — Young cancer survivors have a 40 per cent higher risk of becoming unemployed, than others, say researchers, noting that they also have a 40 per cent higher risk of receiving governmental financial ... read more

Sep. 26, 2016 — The fungus Aspergillus fumigatus is capable of rapid genetic adaptation in both natural environments and in humans according to a study. This presents doctors with a dilemma: prescribe medication ... read more

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