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October 21, 2016

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October 21, 2016

When Quantum Scale Affects the Way Atoms Emit and Absorb Particles of Light

Oct. 21, 2016 — In 1937, US physicist Isidor Rabi introduced a simple model to describe how atoms emit and absorb particles of light. Until now, this model had still not been completely explained. In a recent ... read more

Oct. 21, 2016 — Engineers are developing cheap, energy-efficient lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles from silicon in diatomaceous earth. The research could lead to the development of ultra-high capacity ... read more

Discrimination Based on Weight Doubles Health Risks

Oct. 21, 2016 — How society treats overweight people makes health matters worse, a new study has found. Among the findings, authors note that people who experience weight discrimination often shun social interaction ... read more

Mortality and Cardiovascular Disease: You Don't Have to Be an Olympic Athlete to Reduce the Many Risk Factors

Oct. 21, 2016 — A new study shows that even low physical fitness, up to 20% below the average for healthy people, is sufficient to produce a preventive effect on most of the risk factors that affect people with ... read more

Oct. 21, 2016 — Scientists are hoping to study the genetics of an ultra-rare garden snail are asking the public for its help in finding the lonely mollusc a mate. The snail’s unique qualities make it a one in a ... read more

Oct. 21, 2016 — Unlike drugs, active implants such as electroceuticals act locally, have fewer side effects and function directly through electrical signals, much like the body itself. Now researchers present a new ... read more

Oct. 21, 2016 — What students in school learn from a model experiment depends on how similar the model substances look to the originals, a new study has ... read more

Oct. 21, 2016 — Researchers have revealed the molecular events leading to the regulation of cell growth and proliferation in response to stiffness of the extracellular matrix that surrounds ... read more

Oct. 21, 2016 — A new paper explains why plant breeders have found it difficult to produce wheat varieties which combine high yield and good resistance to Septoria, a disease in wheat which can cut yield losses by ... read more

New Nanomedicine Approach Aims to Improve HIV Drug Therapies

Oct. 21, 2016 — New research aims to improve the administration and availability of drug therapies to HIV patients through the use of ... read more

Study Suggests Farm Traffic Vehicle Accidents Could Be Reduced by More Than Half

Oct. 21, 2016 — Traffic accidents involving farm vehicles in the Midwest would decrease by more than 50 percent if state policies required more lighting and reflection on those vehicles, new research has ... read more

First Atomic-Level Image of the Human 'Marijuana Receptor' Unveiled

Oct. 20, 2016 — In a discovery that advances the understanding of how marijuana works in the human body, an international group of scientists has, for the first time, created a three-dimensional atomic-level image ... read more

CDC Recommends Only Two HPV Shots for Younger Adolescents

Oct. 20, 2016 — The U.S. CDC is recommending that 11- to 12-year-olds receive two doses of HPV vaccine at least six months apart rather than the previously recommended three doses to protect against cancers caused ... read more

Muscles Have Circadian Clocks That Control Exercise Response

Oct. 20, 2016 — Humans may be able to respond better to exercise during the daytime, suggests new research. Oxygen and the internal clock "do a dance together" in muscle cells to make energy, they say. The ... read more

Oct. 20, 2016 — Lignin is a bulky chain of molecules found in wood and is usually discarded during biofuel production. But in a new method to reduce our reliance on fossil fuels, the simple addition of formaldehyde ... read more

Scientists Reveal Link Between Cell Metabolism and the Spread of Cancer

Oct. 20, 2016 — A crucial factor in the spread of cancer has been discovered by a team of researchers that has demonstrated that the metabolism of macrophages, a particular type of white blood cell, can be attuned ... read more

Oct. 20, 2016 — We might not think of our circadian clock until we are jetlagged, but scientists continue to puzzle over what drives our biological timepiece. Now, a study has found that variations in surrounding ... read more

Oct. 20, 2016 — A new design for solar cells that uses inexpensive, commonly available materials could rival and even outperform conventional cells made of silicon. In a new article, researchers describe using tin ... read more

Oct. 20, 2016 — Thousands of new immune system signals have been uncovered with potential implications for immunotherapy, autoimmune diseases and vaccine development. The researchers behind the finding say it is the ... read more

Oct. 20, 2016 — Where did our jaws come from? The question is more complicated than it seems, because not all jaws are the same. In a new article, palaeontologists from China and Sweden trace our jaws back to the ... read more

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