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April 26, 2017

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April 26, 2017

Afghanistan and Iraq Veterans' Opioid Use Similar to That of Civilians

Apr. 25, 2017 — Opioid use among Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation New Dawn veterans is roughly comparable to that of the general US population, suggests new ... read more

With Synthetic Mucus, Researchers Take Aim at Antibiotic Resistance

Apr. 25, 2017 — The human body produces about a gallon of mucus per day. By studying and replicating mucus’ natural ability to control pathogenic bacteria, scientists hope to find new methods for combatting ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — A dark slithering creature four feet long that dwells in the foul mud of a remote lagoon in the Philippines has been discovered by researchers. They say studying the animal, a giant shipworm with ... read more

Genes Associated With Resilience Against Brain Pathology Identified

Apr. 25, 2017 — Researchers have discovered two genes, known as UNC5C and ENC1, that are associated with aging individuals having better memory and brain function than would be expected, given the amount of ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — Patients who expressed the tumor antigen NY-ESO-1 had more aggressive cancers and were more likely to die early from their disease, according to a large ... read more

Cold Weather Linked to Mortality Risks in Texas, Research Shows

Apr. 25, 2017 — Cold weather increases the risk of mortality in Texas residents, according to researchers. In the state's 12 major metro areas from 1990 to 2011, researchers found that cold temperatures ... read more

A Pilot Study of Deep Brain Stimulation in Treatment-Resistant Schizophrenia

Apr. 25, 2017 — Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has proven its effectiveness in different types of psychiatric disorders, neuropathic pain and neurodegenerative diseases. Schizophrenia remains one of the leading causes ... read more

Vitamin a and a High-Fat Diet Increasing Risk for Obesity, Diabetes

Apr. 25, 2017 — Vitamin A is an essential nutrient that the human body needs to function properly. But new research suggests that normal levels of vitamin A within a high-fat diet can negatively affect expression of ... read more

Intense Training Without Proper Recovery May Compromise Bone Health in Elite Rowers

Apr. 25, 2017 — Bone mineral density, an indicator of bone strength, typically increases with regular exercise, acting as a protective mechanism against bone fractures and osteoporosis. But a new study suggests that ... read more

One Step Closer to an 'Exercise Pill'

Apr. 25, 2017 — Studies show obese people produce elevated levels of a protein called myostatin. A new study shows suppressing myostatin enhanced muscle mass and dramatically improved markers of heart and kidney ... read more

Scientists Unravel How Protein Impacts Intellectual Disability

Apr. 25, 2017 — A protein helps balance nerve cell communication, scientists have shown in a new study. This new study could have implications for potential treatments of intellectual disability and other ... read more

Ancient Stress Response Provides Clues to Cancer Resistance

Apr. 25, 2017 — Cancer cells deploy an ancient mechanism used by single-celled organisms to elevate their mutation rate in response to stress. This discovery explains one of the best-known hallmarks of cancer -- its ... read more

Religious People More Likely to Oppose Reproductive Technologies

Apr. 25, 2017 — As new and more effective human reproductive genetic technologies develop, people of faith are more likely to disapprove of these tools than nonreligious people, a new study ... read more

Childhood Obesity Quadruples Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes

Apr. 25, 2017 — Children with obesity face four times the risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to children with a body mass index (BMI) in the normal range, according to a new ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — A new study has shed light on how the brain helps us to predict what is coming next in speech. Their research reveals how individual neurons coordinate with neural populations to anticipate events, a ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — Scientists used images from satellites and flyovers to count the number of small boats, or pangas, to find that fishing in Gulf of California, which separates Baja California and mainland Mexico, is ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — Antarctica and the Southern Ocean are not in better environmental shape than the rest of the ... read more

Apr. 25, 2017 — Fluctuations in estrogen triggered atypical functioning in a key brain memory circuit in women with a common version of a gene. Brain scans revealed altered circuit activity linked to changes in the ... read more

New Method Addresses Reproducibility in Computational Experiments

Apr. 25, 2017 — Scientists have developed a workflow management system that addresses irreproducibility when analyzing large genomics datasets with computers. Nextflow contributes to establishing good scientific ... read more

Political Left, Right Similarly Motivated to Avoid Rival Views

Apr. 25, 2017 — People on both sides of the political aisle are similarly motivated to dismiss monetary enticements in order to distance themselves from hearing or reading opposing ideals and information, new ... read more

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