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May 27, 2016

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May 27, 2016

Moving Beyond Race-Based Drugs

May 26, 2016 — Prescribing certain medications on the basis of a patient's race has long come under fire from those uneasy with using race as a surrogate for biology when treating disease. But there are ... read more

New Study Uncovers Mechanisms Underlying How Diabetes Damages the Heart

May 26, 2016 — Cardiac complications are the number one cause of death among diabetics. Now a team of scientists has uncovered a molecular mechanism involved in a common form of heart damage found in people with ... read more

May 26, 2016 — Imagine a device that is selectively transparent to various wavelengths of light at one moment, and opaque to them the next, following a minute adjustment. Researchers report a discovery that brings ... read more

May 26, 2016 — The world's most advanced light microscopes allow us to see single molecules, proteins, viruses and other very small biological structures -- but even the best microscopes have their limits. Now ... read more

Coping With Active Surveillance Anxiety in Prostate Cancer

May 26, 2016 — Men with prostate cancer who are under medical surveillance reported significantly greater resilience and less anxiety after receiving an intervention of mindfulness meditation, a study found. The ... read more

Why Everyone Wants to Help the Sick, but Not the Unemployed

May 26, 2016 — New research explains why health-care costs are running out of control, while costs to unemployment protection are kept in line. The answer is found deep in our psychology, where powerful intuitions ... read more

May 26, 2016 — Not all habits are bad. Some are even necessary. But inability to switch from acting habitually to acting in a deliberate way can underlie addiction and obsessive compulsive disorders. Working with a ... read more

First Discovery in United States of Colistin Resistance in a Human E. Coli Infection

May 26, 2016 — The Multidrug Resistant Organism Repository and Surveillance Network at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research characterized a transferrable gene for colistin resistance in the United States that ... read more

Fasting-Like Diet Reduces Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms

May 26, 2016 — A mouse study, followed by a human study, indicates that the fasting-mimicking diet holds promise as a treatment for autoimmune diseases. A fasting-like diet switches on a process in which body kills ... read more

Surrogate Endpoints Poor Proxy for Survival in Cancer Drug Approval Process

May 26, 2016 — Surrogate endpoints used to support the majority of new cancer drugs approved in the US often lack formal study, according to the authors of a new report. This analysis questions whether the US Food ... read more

Scientists Illuminate Hidden Regulator in Gene Transcription

May 26, 2016 — Gene transcription is the process by which DNA is copied and synthesized as messenger RNA (mRNA) -- which delivers its genetic blueprints to the cell's protein-making machinery. Now researchers ... read more

May 26, 2016 — Researchers are seeking to redesign concrete -- the most widely used human-made material in the world -- by following nature's blueprints. In a new paper, the team contrasts cement paste -- ... read more

Another Reason to Stay Active as We Age

May 26, 2016 — Researchers found that individuals who maintain an active jogging habit into their senior years are spending nearly the same amount of metabolic energy as a ... read more

Brain Picks Up the Beat of Music Automatically

May 26, 2016 — A sense of rhythm is a uniquely human characteristic. Music cognition scientists discovered that the sense of rhythm – also known as the beat – is so fundamental to humans that we recognize ... read more

Difficult Decisions Involving Perception Increase Activity in Brain's Insular Cortex, Study Finds

May 26, 2016 — As the difficulty of making a decision based on sensory evidence increases, activity in the brain's insular cortex also increases, according to ... read more

Global Warming: Spring Snow a No-Go?

May 26, 2016 — Spring snowpack, relied on by ski resorts and water managers throughout the Western United States, may be more vulnerable to a warming climate in coming decades, according to a new ... read more

Study Visualizes Proteins Involved in Cancer Cell Metabolism

May 26, 2016 — Scientists using cryo-EM have broken through a technological barrier in visualizing proteins with an approach that may have an impact on drug discovery and development. The scientists have also ... read more

Cuing Environmental Responses in Fungi

May 26, 2016 — Sensory perception lies at the heart of adaptation to changing conditions, and helps fungi to improve growth and recycle organic waste, and to know when and how to infect a plant or animal host. New ... read more

Harbour Porpoises Are Skilled Hunters and Eat Almost Constantly

May 26, 2016 — Harbour porpoises have sometimes been described as 'living in the fast lane.' Being smaller than other cetaceans and living in cold northern waters means that the porpoises require a lot of ... read more

How Researchers Make a Battery in Seven Easy Steps

May 26, 2016 — Learn how researchers assemble experimental ... read more

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