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February 22, 2017

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February 22, 2017

Hybrid Plant Breeding: Secrets Behind Haploid Inducers, a Powerful Tool in Maize Breeding

Feb. 22, 2017 — A common strategy to create high-yielding plants is hybrid breeding. However, getting the inbred lines in the first place can be a hassle. In maize, the use of so-called 'haploid inducers' ... read more

A Problem Shared Can Be a Problem Doubled

Feb. 22, 2017 — Customers perceive one and the same service problem very differently, depending on whether they are affected as individuals or in a group, investigators have found. Service failures that affect a ... read more

Reduction of Energy Consumption and Carbon Dioxide Emissions: Promotion or Steering?

Feb. 22, 2017 — Policy interventions to reduce energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions have a variety of effects on the economy and on households. A study has provided the first detailed impact assessment of ... read more

Scientists Identify Chain Reaction That Shields Breast Cancer Stem Cells from Chemotherapy

Feb. 22, 2017 — Working with human breast cancer cells and mice, researchers say they have identified a biochemical pathway that triggers the regrowth of breast cancer stem cells after ... read more

Feb. 22, 2017 — Tiny nanostraws that sample the contents of a cell without causing damage may improve our ability to understand cellular processes and lead to safer medical ... read more

Using a Rabbit Virus to Treat Multiple Myeloma

Feb. 21, 2017 — Treating multiple myeloma (MM) with myxoma virus (MYXV) eliminated a majority of malignant cells in preclinical studies, report investigators. Furthermore, introduction of MYXV had no impact on the ... read more

Feb. 21, 2017 — Isomax is now proved to be the world's first to achieve the performance predicted by theoretical bounds, reports a new ... read more

Winners, Losers Among Fish When Landscape Undergoes Change

Feb. 21, 2017 — As humans build roads, construct buildings and develop land for agriculture, freshwater ecosystems respond ? but not always in the ways one might ... read more

Feb. 21, 2017 — A new study, looking at the sex-specifically inherited X chromosome of prehistoric human remains, shows that hardly any women took part in the extensive migration from the Pontic-Caspian Steppe ... read more

New Peptide to Combat a Disorder That Causes Heart Attacks at Early Age

Feb. 21, 2017 — Some people inherit a condition that elevates their cholesterol to an excessive degree, and no amount of diet or exercise can bring the numbers down. Researchers are developing and testing a new ... read more

Feb. 21, 2017 — A new study lays down ceramic coatings kinetically at room temperature. Coating at room temperature makes microelectronics design and fabrication more flexible and could someday lead to better, less ... read more

Drugs That Alter Inhibitory Targets Offer Therapeutic Strategies for Autism, Schizophrenia

Feb. 21, 2017 — Memories are formed at structures in the brain known as dendritic spines, which communicate with other brain cells through 'synapses.' Researchers recently discovered that an inhibitory ... read more

US Grid Can Handle More Offshore Wind Power, Cutting Pollution and Power Costs

Feb. 21, 2017 — Injecting large amounts of offshore wind power into the US electrical grid is manageable, will cut electricity costs, and will reduce pollution compared to current fossil fuel sources, according to ... read more

Likelihood of Dieting Success Lies Within Your Tweets

Feb. 21, 2017 — There is a direct link between a person's attitude on social media and the likelihood that their dieting efforts will succeed. In fact, researchers have now determined that dieting success ­-- ... read more

Feb. 21, 2017 — Scientists present the smallest member of the CRISPR-Cas9 family developed to date and show that it can fit inside adeno-associated viruses and mutate blindness-causing ... read more

Feb. 21, 2017 — Researchers have recalibrated shark population density using data they gathered during eight years of study on Palmyra ... read more

Feb. 21, 2017 — MS patients are three to six times more likely to develop seizures. Using a mouse model, a team of scientists has found for the first time that chronic demyelination is closely linked to, and is ... read more

New Studies Quantify the Impacts of Water Use on Diversity of Fish and Aquatic Insects in NC Streams

Feb. 21, 2017 — The health of fish and aquatic insects could be significantly affected by withdrawals of fresh water from the rivers and streams across North Carolina according to a new scientific ... read more

Chemists Reveal Novel Biocatalysts for Bioactive Alkaloid Synthesis

Feb. 21, 2017 — Alkaloids are natural nitrogen-containing compounds produced by plants and microbes. These molecules, such as morphine and quinine, are important human medicines. Alkaloids are typically polycyclic ... read more

Feb. 21, 2017 — Researchers have now found that physical forces exerted between cancer cells and the ECM are enough to drive a shape change necessary for metastasis. Those forces converge on an optimal stiffness ... read more

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