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August 31, 2016

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August 31, 2016

The Genesis Project: New Life on Exoplanets

Aug. 31, 2016 — Can life be brought to celestial bodies outside our solar system which are not permanently inhabitable? This is the question with which experts are dealing in a recent ... read more

Data Shows Increasing Political Polarization on Climate Change

Aug. 30, 2016 — A new article discusses increasing partisan polarization of American attitudes towards climate change. The article details the escalation of partisan polarization, particularly towards environmental ... read more

Neural Factors That Predict Adolescent Alcohol Use

Aug. 30, 2016 — Researchers have identified 34 neural factors that predict adolescent alcohol consumption. The list, based upon complex algorithms analyzing data from neuropsychological testing and neuroimaging ... read more

Smokers More Prone to Bowel Condition Relapses, Study Suggests

Aug. 30, 2016 — Smoking is strongly linked to relapse of a serious bowel condition, research has confirmed. People with Crohn's disease are more likely to experience a recurrence after surgery if they continue ... read more

Experts Urge Rethink on Health Target

Aug. 30, 2016 — The concept of premature mortality needs to be either abandoned or redefined if it is not to discriminate against older people, according to experts on ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Trying to understand a system of atoms is like herding gnats -- the individual atoms are never at rest and are constantly moving and interacting. When it comes to trying to model the properties and ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Antennas often need to trace circles in the sky. For example, radar arrays atop air-traffic control towers rotate to sweep signals in all directions. Now, electrical engineers are working out a new ... read more

Study on Diversity of Microbial Groups Demonstrates the Effects of Human-Caused Changes in Climate, Land Use and Other Factors

Aug. 30, 2016 — Research shows the diversity of soil bacteria, fungi and nitrogen-fixing bacteria all are better predicted by variation in environmental temperature rather than ... read more

Ethical Concerns Tied to Research on Human-Animal Embryos

Aug. 30, 2016 — Scientists have developed a new bioethical framework for addressing concerns surrounding potentially revolutionary research on human-animal ... read more

Written 'Report Card' Decreases Dentists' Antibiotic Prescriptions

Aug. 30, 2016 — Dentists are less likely to prescribe antibiotics after they receive a personalized report detailing their past prescription rates, according to a randomized controlled trial of UK ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — The job of policing the microenvironment around our cells is carried out by macrophages. Macrophages are the ‘guards’ that patrol most tissues of the body - poised to engulf infections or destroy ... read more

Bipolar Adolescents Continue to Have Elevated Substance Use Disorder Risk as Young Adults

Aug. 30, 2016 — A follow up to a previous study finding an association between adolescent bipolar disorder and the incidence of cigarette smoking and substance use disorder finds that risk was even greater five ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Monkeys in captivity lose much of their native gut bacteria diversity and their gut bacteria ends up resembling those of humans, new research shows. The results suggest that switching to a low-fiber, ... read more

New Drug for Tropical Disease Trypanosomiasis Discovered

Aug. 30, 2016 — Researchers are working to find the fastest way possible to treat and cure human African trypanosomiasis, long referred to as sleeping sickness. Human African trypanosomiasis, or HAT, is a tropical ... read more

Defend or Grow? These Plants Do Both

Aug. 30, 2016 — From natural ecosystems to farmers' fields, plants face a dilemma of energy use: outgrow and out-compete their neighbors for light, or defend themselves against insects and disease. But what if ... read more

Having Children at Home Did Not Prompt Parents to Test for Radon, Secondhand Smoke

Aug. 30, 2016 — New findings show the presence of children in the home did not motivate parents to test and mitigate for radon and secondhand tobacco smoke, both of which cause lung ... read more

Diamonds and Quantum Information Processing on the Nano Scale

Aug. 30, 2016 — Physicists have successfully demonstrated charge transport between Nitrogen-Vacancy color centers in ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — If you really want a drink right now, the source of your craving may be a pea-sized structure deep inside the right side of your brain, according to ... read more

Aug. 30, 2016 — Astronomers have charted the rise and fall of galaxies over 90 percent of cosmic history. The FourStar Galaxy Evolution Survey has built a multicolored photo album of galaxies as they grow from their ... read more

'Morning People' Self-Sabotage Less at Night, Night Owls' Less at Sunrise

Aug. 30, 2016 — A study by psychological researchers shows that people are more likely to undermine their performance at stressful tasks when they're operating at 'peak capacity' based on their ... read more

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