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October 28, 2016

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October 28, 2016

Oct. 28, 2016 — For the first time, researchers have directly measured the complicated 3D patterns of flowing plasma as it strikes the walls of fusion and space propulsion ... read more

Early Pacific Seafarers Likely Latched Onto El Nino, Other Climate Patterns

Oct. 28, 2016 — Researchers employed computer simulations and climatic data to help them explore the travels that led to the settlement of islands in Remote ... read more

Screws That Fit the Body's Notches

Oct. 28, 2016 — Complex bone fractures are often set with titanium or steel screws and plates. However, if these remain in the body for some time, they can cause health problems. A new bioceramic screw nail has the ... read more

Oct. 28, 2016 — Finding the ideal position for interventional needles – as used in biopsies, for instance – is a difficult and time-consuming process. This can now be performed automatically, using a robotic arm ... read more

Oct. 27, 2016 — Researchers have identified the first known example of fossilized brain tissue in a dinosaur from Sussex. The tissues resemble those seen in modern crocodiles and ... read more

Oct. 27, 2016 — It's difficult to make predictions, especially about the future, and even more so when they involve the reactions of living cells -- huge numbers of genes, proteins and enzymes, embedded in ... read more

Oct. 27, 2016 — A new kind of bioluminescent sensor causes individual brain cells to imitate fireflies and glow in the dark. The probe is a genetically modified form of luciferase, the enzyme that a number of other ... read more

Oct. 27, 2016 — The most powerful telescope orbiting Mars is providing new details of the scene near the Martian equator where Europe's Schiaparelli test lander hit the surface last ... read more

Oct. 27, 2016 — Pediatric researchers report that children with ASD may mistakenly be diagnosed with ADHD because they have autism-related social impairments rather than problems with attention. This is important ... read more

Senescent Cells, Atherosclerosis Progression Appear to Be Linked

Oct. 27, 2016 — Atherosclerosis is a disease in which arteries narrow due to plaques. That narrowing can lead to heart attacks and strokes — both of which are leading causes of death in the U.S. Now, in paper ... read more

Vitamin D Supplements for Pregnant Women Should Be Customised to the Individual to Ensure Benefits Are Felt

Oct. 27, 2016 — Vitamin D supplements are less effective at raising vitamin D levels in pregnant women if they deliver their babies in the winter, have low levels of vitamin D early in pregnancy or gain more weight ... read more

Oct. 27, 2016 — Men can take birth control shots to prevent pregnancy in their female partners, according to a new study. Researchers are still working to perfect the combination of hormonal contraceptives to reduce ... read more

Oct. 27, 2016 — Scientists have solved one of the most challenging and long-standing problems in atmospheric science: to understand how particles are formed in the ... read more

Climate Change Means Major Ecosystem Shifts for the Mediterranean Basin

Oct. 27, 2016 — Global warming above 1.5°Celsius, the ideal limit set by the 2015 Paris Agreement, will change the Mediterranean region, producing ecosystems never seen throughout the last 10,000 years, a new study ... read more

Oct. 27, 2016 — Physicists have identified a long-missing piece in the puzzle of exactly how fossil fuel combustion contributes to air pollution and a warming climate. Performing chemistry experiments in a new way, ... read more

Oct. 27, 2016 — For the first time, scientists have revealed ancient gene mixing between chimpanzees and bonobos, humankind's closest relatives, showing parallels with Neanderthal mixing in human ancestry. The ... read more

Research Into Basic Workings of Immune System Points to Way of Improving Therapies for Cancer

Oct. 27, 2016 — In people with chronic infections or cancer, disease-fighting T cells tend to behave like an overworked militia - wheezing, ill-prepared, tentative - in a state of "exhaustion" that allows ... read more

Oct. 27, 2016 — New results from NASA's Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) mission are providing insights into the huge impacts that dominated the early history of Earth's moon and other ... read more

Oct. 27, 2016 — By developing an atomic-scale picture of how the cancer-linked enzyme PP2A binds to other proteins, researchers have developed a new list of nearly 100 of its potential ... read more

Mitochondria Control Stem Cell Fate

Oct. 27, 2016 — If the powerhouse of the cell, mitochondria, is disrupted, stem cells in the gut suffer, researchers have discovered. The human intestinal system covers an area of approximately 300 to 500 square ... read more

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