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April 24, 2017

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April 24, 2017

Apr. 24, 2017 — Traditional toxicological investigations performed on animals (in vivo) are expensive, time-consuming and may cause animal suffering. But new research demonstrates that a neuronal cell model, derived ... read more

Self-Assembled Nanostructures Can Be Selectively Controlled

Apr. 24, 2017 — DNA self-assembly allows the unprecedented control of the optical properties of plasmonic metamolecules, report ... read more

Apr. 24, 2017 — An important concept in future healthcare is the development of devices called “lab on a chip”. These “chips” are injected to fill specifically designed microscopic channels. These channels ... read more

Women in a Tenure Committee May Even Make It More Difficult for a Woman to Get a Job

Apr. 24, 2017 — Having women in scientific committees may decrease women’s opportunities to get a nomination for a professor. According to a study from Finland, male evaluators become less favorable toward female ... read more

Apr. 24, 2017 — Cells in the brain’s master circadian clock synchronize voltage rhythms despite asynchronous calcium rhythms, which might explain how a tissue-wide rhythm is ... read more

Ambulances Respond More Slowly in Summer and Winter

Apr. 24, 2017 — Ambulance response times in London worsen when air temperatures rise or fall beyond certain limits in summer and winter, according to a new ... read more

Little Kids' Regular Bedtimes and Ability to Regulate Emotions May Lessen Obesity Risk

Apr. 24, 2017 — Family structure including regular bedtimes, mealtimes and limited screen time appear to be linked to better emotional health in preschoolers, and that might lower the chances of obesity later, a new ... read more

Smart Pills Could Revolutionize Prevention and Diagnosis of Gut Disorders

Apr. 24, 2017 — Researchers have successfully completed phase one human trials of ingestible capsules that have the potential to revolutionize the prevention and diagnosis of gut disorders and ... read more

Protein Structure: Game-Changing PanDDA Method Unveils Previously Hidden 3-D Structure Data

Apr. 24, 2017 — Scientists have developed a new method to extract previously hidden information from the X-ray diffraction data that are measured when resolving the three-dimensional (3-D) atomic structures of ... read more

Genetics Are Key to Hormone Therapy Lowering Risk of Broken Bones in Older Women

Apr. 24, 2017 — Women at the highest genetic risk for fracture benefit the most from hormone therapy, according to a first-of-its-kind ... read more

Cold Weather, Fewer Sun Hours Are Associated With Increased Rates of Alcoholic Cirrhosis

Apr. 22, 2017 — Colder and less sunny regions of the world have higher rates of alcoholic cirrhosis, a disease caused by excessive drinking which results in irreversible scarring of the liver, new research shows. An ... read more

Space Technologies Improve Surgeries Back on Earth

Apr. 22, 2017 — A novel surgical robotic system has been developed that provides tactile feedback and is capable of single-incision and natural orifice (incision-free) robotic surgery. The system minimizes surgical ... read more

Apr. 22, 2017 — New knowledge has been gained about the behavior of metal nanoparticles when they undergo oxidation, by integrating X-ray imaging and computer modeling and simulation. This knowledge adds to our ... read more

Facebook Plays Vital Role in Reducing Government Corruption, Researchers Find

Apr. 22, 2017 — An economics researcher says the popular social media website – and its open sharing of information – is a vital and often a significant tool against government corruption in countries where ... read more

Bacteria's DNA Fingerprint Suggests It Could Be Spreading Via Food Distribution

Apr. 21, 2017 — Foods should be investigated as a potential source of spread of Clostridium difficile, according to ... read more

Two-Dimensional Melting of Hard Spheres Experimentally Unravelled After 60 Years

Apr. 21, 2017 — Experimental evidence of melting in two-dimensional substances has finally been gained by researchers. Findings from the study could be used to support technological improvements to thin film ... read more

When Liver Immune Cells Turn Bad

Apr. 21, 2017 — A high-fat diet and obesity turn 'hero' virus-fighting liver immune cells 'rogue,' leading to insulin resistance, a condition that often results in type 2 diabetes, according to ... read more

Apr. 21, 2017 — Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a ... read more

Apr. 21, 2017 — Wind-driven expansion of marsh ponds on the Mississippi River Delta is a significant factor in the loss of crucial land in the Delta region, according to new research. The study found that 17 percent ... read more

Data Analysis Finds Lower Risk of Infection With LASIK Than With Contacts Over Time

Apr. 21, 2017 — A meta-data analysis comparing the incidence of microbial keratitis, an infection of the cornea caused by bacteria or a virus, for contact lens wearers versus post-LASIK (laser-assisted in situ ... read more

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