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May 28, 2016

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May 28, 2016

Zika Virus Infects Human Placental Macrophages

May 27, 2016 — One of Zika's mysteries is how the virus passes from an infected mother, through the placenta, to a developing fetus. The route may not be direct either -- transmission via multiple cell types ... read more

Rethinking Hospital Alarms

May 27, 2016 — On average, there are about 480,000 patients in hospitals in the United States -- each generating about 135 clinical alarms per day. But studies show that more than 90 percent of these alarms result ... read more

Using Virtual Users to Develop Accessible ICT-Based Applications

May 27, 2016 — In a new report, researchers report the development of a set of parametric cognitive virtual models of users with disabilities that can be used to simulate the user interaction with Information and ... read more

May 27, 2016 — A new study indicates that sharks of the same species can have different ... read more

Rapid Bone Growth and Underwater Breathing: Putting the Science of Harry Potter’s Universe to the Test

May 27, 2016 — In the world of Harry Potter the young wizard undergoes two magical biological transformations: eating Gillyweed to grow gills in order to breathe underwater and drinking Skele-Gro to repair broken ... read more

Tax on Plug-in Vehicles Is Not Answer to Road-Funding Woes, Study Shows

May 27, 2016 — Given declining revenues from gasoline and diesel fuel taxes and the need for new ways of funding road infrastructure, state and federal policymakers are considering or have enacted annual ... read more

Small Talk: Electronic Media Keeping Kids from Communicating With Parents

May 27, 2016 — It happens in many households. Kids are tapping on their cell phones or are preoccupied by their favorite TV show as their parents ask them a question or want them to do a chore. Unlike previous ... read more

Vitamin Nicotinamide Riboside Protects Mice from Diabetes Complications

May 27, 2016 — A naturally occurring vitamin, nicotinamide riboside, can improve metabolic symptoms and prevent peripheral nerve damage in mouse models of diabetes, according to a new ... read more

May 27, 2016 — Fossil remains of a previously unknown family of carnivorous Australian marsupials that lived 15 million years ago have been discovered at the Riversleigh World Heritage Fossil Site in north-western ... read more

May 27, 2016 — By increasing the level of a specific microRNA (miRNA) molecule, researchers have for the first time restored chemotherapy sensitivity in vitro to a line of human pancreatic cancer cells that had ... read more

May 27, 2016 — Skin, eye and hair pigmentation requires a delicate balance of acidity within the cellular compartments where melanin is made -- that balance is partly regulated, scientists now know, by a protein ... read more

The Dying Child: Room for Improvement in End-of-Life Care

May 27, 2016 — Many pediatricians and pediatric subspecialists believe that their clinical care extends from treating ill children through end-of-life care. However, are pediatricians actually meeting the needs of ... read more

Palliative, Hospice Care Lacking Among Dying Cancer Patients, Researcher Finds

May 27, 2016 — Medical societies recommend that patients with advanced cancer receive palliative care soon after diagnosis and receive hospice care for at least the last three days of their life. Yet major gaps ... read more

Stress Affects Males, Females Differently

May 26, 2016 — A stress receptor in the brain regulates metabolic responses to stressful situations differently in male and female mice, report researchers. The results could aid in the development of treatments ... read more

Moving Beyond Race-Based Drugs

May 26, 2016 — Prescribing certain medications on the basis of a patient's race has long come under fire from those uneasy with using race as a surrogate for biology when treating disease. But there are ... read more

New Study Uncovers Mechanisms Underlying How Diabetes Damages the Heart

May 26, 2016 — Cardiac complications are the number one cause of death among diabetics. Now a team of scientists has uncovered a molecular mechanism involved in a common form of heart damage found in people with ... read more

May 26, 2016 — Imagine a device that is selectively transparent to various wavelengths of light at one moment, and opaque to them the next, following a minute adjustment. Researchers report a discovery that brings ... read more

May 26, 2016 — The world's most advanced light microscopes allow us to see single molecules, proteins, viruses and other very small biological structures -- but even the best microscopes have their limits. Now ... read more

Coping With Active Surveillance Anxiety in Prostate Cancer

May 26, 2016 — Men with prostate cancer who are under medical surveillance reported significantly greater resilience and less anxiety after receiving an intervention of mindfulness meditation, a study found. The ... read more

Why Everyone Wants to Help the Sick, but Not the Unemployed

May 26, 2016 — New research explains why health-care costs are running out of control, while costs to unemployment protection are kept in line. The answer is found deep in our psychology, where powerful intuitions ... read more

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